What is a child? Is childhood a universal concept or is it disappearing in modern society?
We all have our own idea of what childhood is, but it is surprisingly difficult to pin down – and widely debated among politicians, professionals, academics, and even parents and children themselves.
This important book questions and analyses what it is to be a child, focusing on the theory and evidence. Part I identifies aspects of childhood that provide an analytical framework for the book's subsequent discussion. Part II considers 'childhood in context' – examining both historical and contemporary evidence from around the world. Part III draws together these discussions to assess the question of whether, and to what extent, childhood is a fixed or fluid phenomenon. Throughout, the author:
■ Draws on evidence from an array of cultures, contexts and forms of social organization.
■ Explores the complementary value of psychological, biological and sociological theories.
■ Considers anthropological, geographical and environmental influences on children's lives.
■ Seeks to understand the impact of policy and law on how children are treated and perceived.
A Universal Child? makes you think about your own childhood, the world in which today's children live and the variety of experiences which can be defined as a childhood. It provides a clear base for further analysis and debate for all those interested in what it means to be a child, making it invaluable reading for students of Childhood Studies and those studying related social science courses
The book is split into three sections:
Part 1 focuses on young people, their attitudes and behaviour; Part 2 considers the way in which their behaviour is constructed as criminal and then addressed; Part 3 considers the limitations of current practices and potential alternatives.
Within this broad framework, the differentiated and contested nature of young people’s experiences and our (and their) ideas of ‘youth’ can be counterposed to prevailing one-sided and often discriminatory assumptions about them; in order then to open up questions about the nature and purposes of the youth justice system, and to introduce some possibilities for reconstructing it according to fundamental principles of rights, welfare and social justice.
Doing Justice to Young People will be essential reading for anybody working in or studying youth crime and youth justice.
A split-second decision with no second chance: get it wrong and you wake up dead.
On a blowtorch-hot night in Cape Town, American ex-model Roxy Palmer and her gunrunner husband, Joe, are carjacked, leaving Joe lying in a pool of blood. As the carjackers make their getaway, Roxy makes a fateful choice that changes her life forever.
Disco and Godwynn, the ghetto gangbangers who sped away in Joe's convertible, will stop at nothing to track her down. Billy Afrika, a mixed-race ex-cop turned mercenary, won't let her out of his sight because Joe owed him a chunk of money. And remorselessly hunting them all is Piper, a love-crazed psychopath determined to renew his vows with his jailhouse "wife," Disco.
As these desperate lives collide and old debts are settled in blood, Roxy is caught in a wave of escalating violence in the beautiful and brutal African seaport. With savage plotting and breakneck suspense that ends in a shattering cataclysm of violence, Wake Up Dead confirms Roger Smith as one of the world's best new thriller writers.
His family’s sons and daughters fought the Revolutionary War against the most powerful army on Earth, and two generations later refused to bow to their perception of a tyrannical Federal government that threatened to take away their newly found freedom during the Civil War. Stewart’s dreams come full circle when his twin great-grandsons, Hiram and Martin, are faced with a heart wrenching dilemma: do they fight against the very country their ancestors established by supporting the Confederacy … or do they defend their families on the horrific home front in North Carolina?
American Spirit tells the fascinating story of these early Americans through touching scenes of love, humor, sad farewells, and faith in God combined with action-packed and detailed descriptions of battles and home front dilemmas. Author Roger Smith shares years of research along with maps, photographs, illustrations, and a detailed bibliography to create both a delightful story based on facts and a historically accurate portrait of a pivotal time in American history. In doing so, he poses an underlying, yet poignant question to the reader: Do the noble virtues our forefathers displayed in meeting the many challenges they faced still exist in American society today?
With an emphasis on working collaboratively with fellow professionals, service users and the community, and developing an holistic approach to working, this is an essential resource for anyone studying on courses in social work, nursing, education, health, medicine, social policy, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, physiotherapy and dentistry, and for all those with an interest in the human services.
Comprised of 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the physiology of bone, with emphasis on the structures produced by bone cells and the different hormones that influence them. The symptoms, signs, and investigation of metabolic bone disease are then described and compared. The following chapters focus on the biochemistry and clinical aspects of disorders affecting the skeleton, from osteoporosis and osteomalacia to Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, fibrous dysplasia, osteopetroses and hyperostoses, and fibrogenesis imperfecta ossium. The final chapter offers a short description of advances that have been made in understanding these biochemical disorders, including the significance of low-plasma calcitonin in women; the role of mithramycin in Paget's disease; and the identification of the different types of osteogenesis imperfecta.
This monograph will be a valuable resource for physicians, pediatricians, and orthopedic surgeons.
«Roger Smith, grande révélation du thriller sudafricain depuis Deon Meyer.»
Le Figaro Magazine
«[...] le plus explosif auteur sud-africain du moment livre un portrait apocalyptiquement réjouissant de la contrée où les hommes-debonne- volonté-se-donnent-la-main-pourdépasser- les-divisions-du-passé...»
«L’écriture incisive et rythmée de Smith est hypnotique.»
The Washington Post
Cela fait dix ans que l’homme d’affaires John Turner et son épouse Tanya ont quitté Johannesburg pour s’installer près de Tucson en Arizona. Ils ont une fille de neuf ans et le couple prospère grâce à un brevet d’aspirateur de piscine. Le tableau paraît idyllique, mais ne l’est absolument pas-: John, qui est tombé amoureux de son assistante, veut divorcer. Tanya, qui déteste et son mari et sa nouvelle vie américaine, refuse catégoriquement et menace de le faire chanter.Le couple partage en effet un lourd secret-: John a été complice d’enlèvement et de meurtre en Afrique du Sud et Tanya, qui sait tout de l’affaire, pourrait facilement le faire tomber. John, bien décidé à recouvrer sa liberté, tente alors d’utiliser les grands moyens pour arriver à ses fins. Et tout semble lui sourire jusqu’au moment où les tueurs qu’il a embauchés commettent l’erreur qui change tragiquement la donne...
Dans ce roman noir d’une violence extrême, Roger Smith donne à voir les conséquences terrifiantes d’un désir inassouvi lorsque, véritable dieu vengeur, le hasard s’en mêle.
Though it is to be hoped that many professional students of architecture will find this hand-book serviceable to them in their elementary studies, it has been my principal endeavour to adapt it to the requirements of those who are preparing for the professional pursuit of the sister arts, and of that large and happily increasing number of students who pursue the fine arts as a necessary part of a complete liberal education, and who know that a solid and comprehensive acquaintance with art, especially if joined to some skill in the use of the pencil, the brush, the modelling tool, or the etching needle, will open sources of pleasure and interest of the most refined description.
The broad facts of all art history; the principles which underlie each of the fine arts; and the most precious or most noteworthy examples of each, ought to be familiar to every art student, whatever special branch he may follow. Beyond these limits I have not attempted to carry this account of Gothic and Renaissance architecture; within them I have endeavoured to make the work as complete as the space at my disposal permitted.
THE architecture generally known as Gothic, but often described as Christian Pointed, prevailed throughout Europe to the exclusion of every rival for upwards of three centuries; and it is to be met with, more or less, during two others. Speaking broadly, it may be said that its origin took place in the twelfth century, that the thirteenth was the period of its development, the fourteenth that of its perfection, and the fifteenth that of its decline; while many examples of its employment occur in the sixteenth.
In the following chapters the principal changes in the features of buildings which occurred during the progress of the style in England will be described. Subsequently, the manner in which the different stages of development were reached in different countries will be given; for architecture passed through very nearly the same phases in all European nations, though not quite simultaneously.
It must be understood that through the whole Gothic period, growth or at least change was going on; the transitions from one stage to another were only periods of more rapid change than usual. The whole process may be illustrated by the progress of a language. If, for instance, we compare round-arched architecture in the eleventh century to the Anglo-Saxon form of speech of the time of Alfred the Great, and the architecture of the twelfth century to the English of Chaucer, that of the thirteenth will correspond to the richer language of Shakespeare, that of the fourteenth to the highly polished language of Addison and Pope, and that of the fifteenth to the English of our own day. We can thus obtain an apt parallel to the gradual change and growth which went on in architecture; and we shall find that the oneness of the language in the former case, and of the architecture in the latter, was maintained throughout.
For an account of the Christian round-arched architecture which preceded Gothic, the reader is referred to the companion volume in this series. Here it will be only necessary briefly to review the circumstances which went before the appearance of the pointed styles.
Gonfl aux stéroïdes, le fils de Mike Lane, un riche Blanc du Cap, vient d’assassiner la fille qu’il a ramenée chez lui. Pas question pour sa mère que la police l’arrête et l’expédie à Pollsmoor, une prison dont il n’aurait que très peu de chances de ressortir vivant. Sans vergogne, elle accuse le fils de sa femme de ménage. Faible, Mike ne dit rien. Quant à la police, elle est trop heureuse de résoudre le meurtre et marche dans la combine.
Mais la femme de ménage a aussi une fille... et cette fille, elle, ne lâchera pas tant qu’elle n’aura pas rétabli la vérité. Dans une Afrique du Sud où les rapports Noirs-Blancs sont toujours tendus et où la police n’aime pas trop qu’on mette le nez dans ses affaires, l’histoire risque fort de mal finir...
Roman noir empli de pièges et de personnages perdus, Pièges et Sacrifices est une toile d’araignée machiavélique.