The long-lived General José Norton de Matos (1867-1955) had his greatest success in the colonial issue, besides the ‘Miracle of Tancos’ and him running for President, in 1949. Indeed, his commission in India, where he was in charge of Land Surveying, his participation in the mission responsible for establishing the borders of Macao, and the offices of Governor-General and High Commissioner, in Angola, marked many years of activity overseas, after which he wrote doctrinal books and collaborated in newspapers and magazines. The aim of this study is to follow the colonial thinking of Norton de Matos, in order to integrate it into his time. Having dealt with the overseas issue during three political regimes, we shall assess his colonial thinking based on the main thrust of the Constitutional Monarchy, First Republic, and the dictatorial regime of Estado Novo. Therefore, it is important to establish the contact points between the three regimes and explain the ideas that permeated his views.
Sérgio Neto licenciou-se em História, pela Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Coimbra, em 2000, com a média final mais alta desse ano, tendo-lhe sido atribuído o Prémio Eng.º António de Almeida. Em 2007, concluiu o mestrado em História Contemporânea na mesma universidade, tendo a dissertação Colónia Mártir, Colónia Modelo. Cabo Verde no pensamento colonial português (1925-1965) sido publicada pela Imprensa da Universidade Coimbra, e recebido uma menção honrosa na edição de 2010 do Prémio Victor de Sá de História Contemporânea para Jovens Investigadores, da Universidade do Minho. Em 2014, concluiu o doutoramento em Altos Estudos Contemporâneos – Estudos Internacionais Comparativos pela Universidade de Coimbra. Professor do ensino básico e secundário e do ensino sénior, o autor tem vindo a desenvolver investigação sobre o colonialismo português desde 2001, altura em que ganhou o Prémio “Estímulo à Investigação”, do Serviço de Ciência da Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian. Os resultados conheceram publicação em diversos artigos e comunicações. É investigador integrado do Centro de Estudos Interdisciplinares do Século XX (CEIS20).
Sérgio Neto has a Ph.D. degree in Contemporary History and International Comparative Studies from the University of Coimbra. His thesis focused on Norton de Matos colonial mind, between the period of the Constitutional Monarchy and the New State Regime. In 2007 he completed a Masters in Contemporary History at the College of Humanities of the University of Coimbra, with the presentation of a dissertation about Cape Verde. In 2008 he published is first book, entitled “Martyr colony, model colony: Cape Verde in Portuguese colonial mind (1925-1965)”. In 2010 this book was distinguished with an honorable mention of the Award Victor de Sá, a Contemporary History Award for Young Researchers, from the University of Minho. In 2001 he was awarded with the Research Stimulus Prize of the Science Service of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation. He’s a researcher at the Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of the Twentieth Century, of the University of Coimbra-CEIS20. He has participated in national and international conferences and has integrated various committees of scientific meetings. He is the author of several articles published in Portugal and abroad.