Geometrie und Billard

Springer-Verlag
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Wie bewegt sich ein Massenpunkt in einem Gebiet, an dessen Rand er elastisch zurückprallt? Welchen Weg nimmt ein Lichtstrahl in einem Gebiet mit ideal reflektierenden Rändern? Anhand dieser und ähnlicher Fragen stellt das vorliegende Buch Zusammenhänge zwischen Billard und Differentialgeometrie, klassischer Mechanik sowie geometrischer Optik her. Dabei beschäftigt sich das Buch unter anderem mit dem Variationsprinzip beim mathematischen Billard, der symplektischen Geometrie von Lichtstrahlen, der Existenz oder Nichtexistenz von Kaustiken, periodischen Billardtrajektorien und dem Mechanismus für Chaos bei der Billarddynamik. Ergänzend wartet dieses Buch mit einer beachtlichen Anzahl von Exkursen auf, die sich verwandten Themen widmen, darunter der Vierfarbensatz, die mathematisch-physikalische Beschreibung von Regenbögen, der poincaresche Wiederkehrsatz, Hilberts viertes Problem oder der Schließungssatz von Poncelet.​
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Mathematical billiards describe the motion of a mass point in a domain with elastic reflections off the boundary or, equivalently, the behavior of rays of light in a domain with ideally reflecting boundary. From the point of view of differential geometry, the billiard flow is the geodesic flow on a manifold with boundary. This book is devoted to billiards in their relation with differential geometry, classical mechanics, and geometrical optics. Topics covered include variational principles of billiard motion, symplectic geometry of rays of light and integral geometry, existence and nonexistence of caustics, optical properties of conics and quadrics and completely integrable billiards, periodic billiard trajectories, polygonal billiards, mechanisms of chaos in billiard dynamics, and the lesser-known subject of dual (or outer) billiards.The book is based on an advanced undergraduate topics course. Minimum prerequisites are the standard material covered in the first two years of college mathematics (the entire calculus sequence, linear algebra). However, readers should show some mathematical maturity and rely on their mathematical common sense. A unique feature of the book is the coverage of many diverse topics related to billiards, for example, evolutes and involutes of plane curves, the four-vertex theorem, a mathematical theory of rainbows, distribution of first digits in various sequences, Morse theory, the Poincare recurrence theorem, Hilbert's fourth problem, Poncelet porism, and many others. There are approximately 100 illustrations. The book is suitable for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers interested in ergodic theory and geometry.
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Additional Information

Publisher
Springer-Verlag
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Published on
Apr 2, 2013
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Pages
165
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ISBN
9783642319259
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Best For
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Language
German
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Genres
Mathematics / Geometry / Differential
Mathematics / Geometry / General
Mathematics / Linear & Nonlinear Programming
Mathematics / Mathematical Analysis
Mathematics / Topology
Science / Mechanics / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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