A revolução russa

Editora Todavia S.A
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"O livro deixa de lado as doutrinações ideológicas e consegue destrinchar os acontecimentos desse evento-chave do século XX tanto para especialistas quanto para leigos." Passados cem anos, a Revolução Russa continua a ser considerada um acontecimento decisivo para compreender o século XX e o tempo em que vivemos. Levou à implantação do regime comunista, abriu caminho para a criação da União Soviética e moldou boa parte da geopolítica global. Com erudição e clareza, Sheila Fitzpatrick, uma das maiores autoridades no tema, narra a saga da revolução marxista que buscava derrubar o Czar e sonhava, assim, transformar a Rússia e o mundo. A Revolução Russa chega agora em edição revista e atualizada pela autora, lançando uma nova luz sobre um evento-chave da história moderna.
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About the author

Sheila Fitzpatrick nasceu em 1941 em Melbourne, na Austrália. Autora de diversos livros, ela atualmente reside nos Estados Unidos, onde é professora de História da Rússia Moderna na Universidade de Chicago.
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Additional Information

Editora Todavia S.A
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Published on
Sep 11, 2017
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History / Russia & the Former Soviet Union
Political Science / World / Russian & Former Soviet Union
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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Asked shortly after the revolution about how she viewed the new government, Tatiana Varsher replied, "With the wide-open eyes of a historian." Her countrywoman, Zinaida Zhemchuzhnaia, expressed a similar need to take note: "I want to write about the way those events were perceived and reflected in the humble and distant corner of Russia that was the Cossack town of Korenovskaia." What these women witnessed and experienced, and what they were moved to describe, is part of the extraordinary portrait of life in revolutionary Russia presented in this book. A collection of life stories of Russian women in the first half of the twentieth century, In the Shadow of Revolution brings together the testimony of Soviet citizens and émigrés, intellectuals of aristocratic birth and Soviet milkmaids, housewives and engineers, Bolshevik activists and dedicated opponents of the Soviet regime. In literary memoirs, oral interviews, personal dossiers, public speeches, and letters to the editor, these women document their diverse experience of the upheavals that reshaped Russia in the first half of this century.

As is characteristic of twentieth-century Russian women's autobiographies, these life stories take their structure not so much from private events like childbirth or marriage as from great public events. Accordingly the collection is structured around the events these women see as touchstones: the Revolution of 1917 and the Civil War of 1918-20; the switch to the New Economic Policy in the 1920s and collectivization; and the Stalinist society of the 1930s, including the Great Terror. Edited by two preeminent historians of Russia and the Soviet Union, the volume includes introductions that investigate the social historical context of these women's lives as well as the structure of their autobiographical narratives.

H διακεκριµένη ιστορικός Sheila Fitzpatrick καταπιάνεται µε τις δοµές εξουσίας στην ΕΣΣ? υπό τον Στάλιν και ανατρέπει πολλές από τις κρατούσες απόψεις. Ο Ιωσήφ Στάλιν ήταν ο αδιαµφισβήτητος ηγέτης επί δεκαετίες, τόσο στο εσωτερικό της χώρας όσο και για τον δυτικό κόσµο, µε αποτέλεσµα οι περισσότεροι ιστορικοί να αντιµετωπίζουν τους αξιωµατούχους του ως πειθήνια όργανα µε διακοσµητικό ρόλο. Όµως στην πραγµατικότητα αυτοί οι αξιωµατούχοι µοιράστηκαν σε έναν βαθµό την εξουσία και λειτούργησαν ως µία συλλογική οµάδα διακυβέρνησης από τα τέλη της δεκαετίας του ’20 ως τον θάνατο του Στάλιν.
Μετά από εκτεταµένη, πρωτότυπη έρευνα, η συγγραφέας παρουσιάζει πρώτη φορά σε βάθος αυτό τον στενό κύκλο. Περιγράφει πώς αυτοί οι σύντροφοι συνεργάζονταν στενά µε τον ηγέτη τους, τον οποίο φοβούνταν αλλά και θαύµαζαν: από τον Μπέρια, που η υπόλοιπη οµάδα φρόντισε να εκτελεστεί αµέσως µετά τον θάνατο του Στάλιν· τον Μόλοτοφ, που παρέµεινε µέλος της οµάδας ακόµα και όταν συνέλαβαν και εξόρισαν τη σύζυγό του· τον Ορτζονικίτζε, υπεύθυνο της βιοµηχανίας· τον Αντρέγεφ, που πήγαινε στις εκκαθαρίσεις ακούγοντας Μπετόβεν σε ένα φορητό γραµµόφωνο· ως τον Χρουστσόφ, που διέλυσε τελικά την οµάδα το 1957.
Από τις Μεγάλες Εκκαθαρίσεις και τον B΄ Παγκόσµιο ως την παράνοια των ύστατων χρόνων του σταλινισµού, το βιβλίο παρουσιάζει µια ολότελα νέα εικόνα του Στάλιν µέσα στον περίγυρό του – µια εικόνα που αλλάζει την αντίληψή µας για τη διακυβέρνηση του σοβιετικού καθεστώτος.
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