Simone Weil: Late Philosophical Writings

University of Notre Dame Pess
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Although trained as a philosopher, Simone Weil (1909–43) contributed to a wide range of subjects, resulting in a rich field of interdisciplinary Weil studies. Yet those coming to her work from such disciplines as sociology, history, political science, religious studies, French studies, and women’s studies are often ignorant of or baffled by her philosophical investigations. In Simone Weil: Late Philosophical Writings, Eric O. Springsted presents a unique collection of Weil’s writings, one concentrating on her explicitly philosophical thinking. The essays are drawn chiefly from the time Weil spent in Marseille in 1940-42, as well as one written from London; most have been out of print for some time; three appear for the first time; all are newly translated. Beyond making important texts available, this selection provides the context for understanding Weil's thought as a whole. This volume is important not only for those with a general interest in Weil; it also specifically presents Weil as a philosopher, chiefly one interested in questions of the nature of value, moral thought, and the relation of faith and reason. What also appears through this judicious selection is an important confirmation that on many issues respecting the nature of philosophy, Weil, Wittgenstein, and Kierkegaard shared a great deal.
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About the author

Simone Weil (1909-1943), was a French mystic, social philosopher, and activist in the French Resistance during World War II, whose posthumously published works have had particular influence on French and English social thought.

Eric O. Springsted is the librarian at the Center of Theological Inquiry and co-founder of the American Weil Society, where he was its president for over thirty years.

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Additional Information

Publisher
University of Notre Dame Pess
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Published on
Aug 28, 2015
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Pages
216
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ISBN
9780268092917
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Language
English
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Genres
History / Women
Philosophy / History & Surveys / Modern
Philosophy / Political
Philosophy / Religious
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Este ensayo redactado por una jovencísima Simone Weil en 1934, no vio la luz hasta que Albert Camus lo incluyó como pieza fundamental en la antología Oppression et liberté de 1955.
Reflexiones sobre las causas de la libertad y de la opresión social constituyen una síntesis del pensamiento de Simone Weil a finales de 1934 que recapitula las enseñanzas de su militancia en el seno del sindicalismo revolucionario antes de su decisiva experiencia como obrera en la gran industria.
Su propósito principal es captar el mecanismo de la opresión en las condiciones materiales de la organización social. Para este análisis invita a servirse de lo que considera el verdadero legado de Marx, el materialismo como método de conocimiento y acción. Una aplicación consecuente de este método lleva a descubrir las causas de la opresión en la estructura de la fábrica, en la especialización y división de funciones, no en el régimen de propiedad. Frente a la «religión de las fuerzas productivas» característica de la vulgata marxista y al dogma reconfortante del progreso como crisol mágico de la revolución, Simone Weil pone los cimientos para una nueva ciencia de la sociedad centrada en el estudio de la lucha por el poder y de la fuerza social. Sobre esta base, y en la época del auge de los totalitarismos, propone indagar las condiciones de una sociedad libre, en la que la capacidad individual de pensar y actuar, el «espíritu metódico», prevalezca sobre la máquina social y la colectividad ciega.
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