A Concise History of Finland: the 11th to the 21st Century

Klaava Media
6
Free sample

In 2017, Finland will celebrate its 100th Independence Day. It has been a long and turbulent path to prosperity for this Northern European nation, but today, Finland is a stable democracy. This book outlines the key historical events that created the nation. The story of Finland starts from the early Middle Ages, and takes readers to the new challenges set by globalization.

Geographically located between East and West, Finland has been influenced and ruled by both cultures. The King of Sweden ruled Finland until the early 19th century, when he lost the scarcely inhabited territory to the Czar of Russia. 100 years ago, when the last Czar was dethroned, Finland seized the moment, and became a sovereign state. It, however, meant the beginning of a civil war. Later, Finns fought for their independence in the Second World War.

History isn't about wars alone. The book describes how international relationships and a strong president can define a nation for decades. The concept of Finlandization can still be a touchy subject for Finns, but it is an elemental part of the nation's history.

Today, Finland is the home of some 5.4 million people, millions of Angry Birds, rock group Nightwish and Nokia. Finland is also renowned for its high rankings in global school system comparisons and for its economical competitiveness.

A Concise History of Finland starts from 1000-year old events, but the focus of the book is on the 19th and 20th centuries. The book is a perfect guide to Finland's past for travelers, students, business people, media, and everyone interested in history.
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Additional Information

Publisher
Klaava Media
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Published on
Oct 7, 2012
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Pages
64
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ISBN
9789525901382
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Features
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Language
English
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Genres
History / Europe / Scandinavia
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Read Aloud
Available on Android devices
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 Few regions of the world have been praised as frequently as North Europe in recent years. One day the news is all about the best work-life balance in the world (Denmark), the other day we hear about the best school system in the world (Finland), the happiest nation of the world (Norway), or the best country for women to live in (Sweden).

This book focuses on the northernmost countries in Scandinavia: Finland, Norway and Sweden. If you want to discover what the secret sauce of those nations is, this is a good place to start. We have selected chapters from travel guidebooks, cultural guides and even from a cookbook to show you some of the many tourist sights and cultural curiosities of the North. Authors Kim Anton, Erin Dahl, Ari Hakkarainen, Kari Ojala, Russell Snyder and Soile Varis have contributed sections from their books to this collection.

The countries are large and varying in geography: everything from the sea, archipelago, vast forests, mountains, fells, lakes, and fjords to marshlands establish the natural environment. Most people live in capital cities and regional centers, leaving the great outdoors wilderness for all of us to experience.

Each country has its own language and culture. Swedish, however, is the common language for these countries. Today, English is widely understood everywhere in the Nordic countries as the school system has been teaching foreign languages (often multiple) for decades. Cultural differences between Nordic nations are obvious, but from traveler’s point of view not dramatic. Cultural differences between Nordic and other European nations, however, can be surprisingly wide, but that’s where a guidebook can help.

Here is a taste of Scandinavia for you to explore at the comfort of your reading nook – perhaps before heading out to the North yourself. As the selection of writings show, there are plenty of destinations to see and things to do: city life, mountain biking, fishing in pristine rivers, camping, island hopping, road touring, Arctic adventures, or hiking in the wilderness. If something is missing, Finns will invent it (e.g. wife carrying competition), Swedes will sell it to the world (e.g. entire country available on Airbnb), and Norwegians will win the cross-country skiing world championship (again).


The core of this book is a systematic treatment of the historic transformation of the West from monarchy to democracy. Revisionist in nature, it reaches the conclusion that monarchy is a lesser evil than democracy, but outlines deficiencies in both. Its methodology is axiomatic-deductive, allowing the writer to derive economic and sociological theorems, and then apply them to interpret historical events. A compelling chapter on time preference describes the progress of civilization as lowering time preferences as capital structure is built, and explains how the interaction between people can lower time all around, with interesting parallels to the Ricardian Law of Association. By focusing on this transformation, the author is able to interpret many historical phenomena, such as rising levels of crime, degeneration of standards of conduct and morality, and the growth of the mega-state. In underscoring the deficiencies of both monarchy and democracy, the author demonstrates how these systems are both inferior to a natural order based on private-property. Hoppe deconstructs the classical liberal belief in the possibility of limited government and calls for an alignment of conservatism and libertarianism as natural allies with common goals. He defends the proper role of the production of defense as undertaken by insurance companies on a free market, and describes the emergence of private law among competing insurers. Having established a natural order as superior on utilitarian grounds, the author goes on to assess the prospects for achieving a natural order. Informed by his analysis of the deficiencies of social democracy, and armed with the social theory of legitimation, he forsees secession as the likely future of the US and Europe, resulting in a multitude of region and city-states. This book complements the author's previous work defending the ethics of private property and natural order. Democracy—The God that Failed will be of interest to scholars and students of history, political economy, and political philosophy.
 Few regions of the world have been praised as frequently as North Europe in recent years. One day the news is all about the best work-life balance in the world (Denmark), the other day we hear about the best school system in the world (Finland), the happiest nation of the world (Norway), or the best country for women to live in (Sweden).

This book focuses on the northernmost countries in Scandinavia: Finland, Norway and Sweden. If you want to discover what the secret sauce of those nations is, this is a good place to start. We have selected chapters from travel guidebooks, cultural guides and even from a cookbook to show you some of the many tourist sights and cultural curiosities of the North. Authors Kim Anton, Erin Dahl, Ari Hakkarainen, Kari Ojala, Russell Snyder and Soile Varis have contributed sections from their books to this collection.

The countries are large and varying in geography: everything from the sea, archipelago, vast forests, mountains, fells, lakes, and fjords to marshlands establish the natural environment. Most people live in capital cities and regional centers, leaving the great outdoors wilderness for all of us to experience.

Each country has its own language and culture. Swedish, however, is the common language for these countries. Today, English is widely understood everywhere in the Nordic countries as the school system has been teaching foreign languages (often multiple) for decades. Cultural differences between Nordic nations are obvious, but from traveler’s point of view not dramatic. Cultural differences between Nordic and other European nations, however, can be surprisingly wide, but that’s where a guidebook can help.

Here is a taste of Scandinavia for you to explore at the comfort of your reading nook – perhaps before heading out to the North yourself. As the selection of writings show, there are plenty of destinations to see and things to do: city life, mountain biking, fishing in pristine rivers, camping, island hopping, road touring, Arctic adventures, or hiking in the wilderness. If something is missing, Finns will invent it (e.g. wife carrying competition), Swedes will sell it to the world (e.g. entire country available on Airbnb), and Norwegians will win the cross-country skiing world championship (again).


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