Garbo, el espía: El agente doble español que se burló de Hitler e hizo posible el desembarco de Normandía

Grupo Planeta Spain

De entre todas las personas que hicieron realidad la victoria aliada en la segunda guerra mundial hay una cuya historia resulta tan asombrosa, tan novelesca, tan espectacular, que cuesta creer que pueda ser cierta. Pero lo es.

Su protagonista, Juan Pujol, nació en Barcelona a principios del siglo XX y desde muy joven demostró ser un artista del engaño y un feroz antinazi. Convencido de que estaba dotado para el espionaje, tras la guerra civil española se ofreció como agente doble a los Aliados, quienes no lo aceptaron en sus filas hasta que no demostró que los alemanes confiaban en él a ciegas.

Los Aliados tenían sus razones para dudar: bajo el alias de Garbo, Pujol creó, para los servicios de inteligencia nazis, ejércitos hechos de aire, escuadras de barcos que únicamente existían en su cabeza y una red de agentes formada sólo por él mismo. Aunque su verdadera gran actuación consistió en hacer creer a los alemanes que el desembarco del día D tendría lugar en Calais, y no en Normandía, lo que facilitó el ataque aliado y el principio del fin de la segunda guerra mundial.

Tras la contienda, y temiendo la venganza de los nazis supervivientes, Pujol huyó de Europa, hizo creer a su familia que había muerto y rehízo su vida con otro nombre. Durante casi cuarenta años, su paradero se convirtió en el santo grial de los historiadores del espionaje de la segunda guerra mundial. Pero el hombre que con su portentosa imaginación se había convertido en una pieza clave de la inteligencia británica aún tenía reservada una última y estelar aparición...
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About the author

Stephan Talty nació en Buffalo, Nueva York. Ha sido periodista de sucesos en el Miami Herald, y reportero freelance en Dublín y Nueva York. Ha colaborado con The New York Times Magazine, GQ, Playboy, The Irish Times, The Chicago Review y muchas otras publicaciones.

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Grupo Planeta Spain
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Published on
Sep 12, 2013
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Biography & Autobiography / General
Biography & Autobiography / Historical
Biography & Autobiography / Military
History / Europe / General
History / Military / World War II
History / World
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"I share the country's admiration for the bravery of Captain Phillips and his selfless concern for his crew. His courage is a model for all Americans."
--President Barack Obama It was just another day on the job for fifty-three-year-old Richard Phillips, captain of the Maersk Alabama, the United States-flagged cargo ship which was carrying, among other things, food and agricultural materials for the World Food Program. That all changed when armed Somali pirates boarded the ship. The pirates didn't expect the crew to fight back, nor did they expect Captain Phillips to offer himself as hostage in exchange for the safety of his crew. Thus began the tense five-day stand-off, which ended in a daring high-seas rescue when U.S. Navy SEALs opened fire and picked off three of the captors. "It never ends like this," Captain Phillips said. And he's right. A Captain's Duty tells the life-and-death drama of the Vermont native who was held captive on a tiny lifeboat off Somalia's anarchic, gun-plagued shores. A story of adventure and courage, it provides the intimate details of this high-seas hostage-taking--the unbearable heat, the death threats, the mock executions, and the escape attempt. When the pirates boarded his ship, Captain Phillips put his experience into action, doing everything he could to safeguard his crew. And when he was held captive by the pirates, he marshaled all his resources to ensure his own survival, withstanding intense physical hardship and an escalating battle of wills with the pirates. This was it: the moment where training meets instinct and where character is everything. Richard Phillips was ready.
Knižní předloha k filmu Kapitán Phillips s Tomem Hanksem v hlavní roli „Takhle to nikdy nekončí…“ Richard Phillips, třiapadesátiletý kapitán nákladní lodi Maersk Alabama, která plula pod americkou vlajkou a vezla potraviny a materiál pro zemědělskou výrobu v rámci Světového potravinového programu OSN, si byl vědom nebezpečí, které mu hrozí, zmiňoval se o něm i v emailu své ženě. Osmý duben roku 2005 pro něj ale začal jako další obyčejný den – obyčejný tedy do chvíle, kdy na jeho plavidlo, zhruba dvě stě mil od Afrického rohu, zaútočili somálští piráti vyzbrojení puškami AK-47 a vnikli na jeho palubu. Piráti ovšem nepočítali s tím, že posádka se bude bránit, a nečekali, že kapitán se nabídne jako rukojmí místo své posádky a lodi. Tento otevřeně hovořící a drsný námořní důstojník, který se stal jejich vězněm, je prostě zaskočil. Následovalo pět napínavých dnů jakési nerozhodné hry „kdo z koho“ a narůstajícího souboje vůlí, které skončily odvážnou a životu nebezpečnou záchranou uprostřed oceánu. Jde o úžasný příběh kapitána Phillipse, obyčejného člověka, který dělal to, co považoval za svou povinnost, a tím se stal hrdinou. A nyní je ten příběh, vylíčený v knize, i vzrušujícím filmem. Kapitán Richard Phillips vyrůstal v Underhillu ve Vermontu se sedmi sourozenci. V roce 1988 se oženil s Andreou Coggiovou, zdravotní sestrou, se kterou má dvě děti. Roku 1979 absolvoval Massachusettskou námořní akademii a v roce 2009 se stal kapitánem na nákladní lodi Maersk Alabama.
“Gripping . . . a compelling story of personal hubris and humbling defeat.”
—Jack Weatherford,author of the New York Times bestseller Genghis Khan and the Making of the
Modern World

In a masterful dual narrative that pits the heights of human ambition and achievement against the supremacy of nature, New York Times bestselling author Stephan Talty tells the story of a mighty ruler and a tiny microbe, antagonists whose struggle would shape the modern world.

In the spring of 1812, Napoleon Bonaparte was at the height of his powers. Forty-five million called him emperor, and he commanded a nation that was the richest, most cultured, and advanced on earth. No army could stand against his impeccably trained, brilliantly led forces, and his continued sweep across Europe seemed inevitable.

Early that year, bolstered by his successes, Napoleon turned his attentions toward Moscow, helming the largest invasion in human history. Surely, Tsar Alexander’s outnumbered troops would crumble against this mighty force.

But another powerful and ancient enemy awaited Napoleon’s men in the Russian steppes. Virulent and swift, this microscopic foe would bring the emperor to his knees.

Even as the Russians retreated before him in disarray, Napoleon found his army disappearing, his frantic doctors powerless to explain what had struck down a hundred thousand soldiers. The emperor’s vaunted military brilliance suddenly seemed useless, and when the Russians put their own occupied capital to the torch, the campaign became a desperate race through the frozen landscape as troops continued to die by the thousands. Through it all, with tragic heroism, Napoleon’s disease-ravaged, freezing, starving men somehow rallied, again and again, to cries of “Vive l’Empereur!”

Yet Talty’s sweeping tale takes us far beyond the doomed heroics and bloody clashes of the battlefield. The Illustrious Dead delves deep into the origins of the pathogen that finally ended the mighty emperor’s dreams of world conquest and exposes this “war plague’s” hidden role throughout history. A tale of two unstoppable forces meeting on the road to Moscow in an epic clash of killer microbe and peerless army, The Illustrious Dead is a historical whodunit in which a million lives hang in the balance.

From the Hardcover edition.
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