Data Modeling Made Simple: A Practical Guide for Business and IT Professionals

Technics Publications
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 Data Modeling Made Simple will provide the business or IT professional with a practical working knowledge of data modeling concepts and best practices. This book is written in a conversational style that encourages you to read it from start to finish and master these ten objectives: Know when a data model is needed and which type of data model is most effective for each situation Read a data model of any size and complexity with the same confidence as reading a book Build a fully normalized relational data model, as well as an easily navigatable dimensional model Apply techniques to turn a logical data model into an efficient physical design Leverage several templates to make requirements gathering more efficient and accurate Explain all ten categories of the Data Model Scorecard Learn strategies to improve your working relationships with others Appreciate the impact unstructured data has, and will have, on our data modeling deliverables Learn basic UML concepts Put data modeling in context with XML, metadata, and agile development Book Review by Johnny Gay
In this book review, I address each section in the book and provide what I found most valuable as a data modeler. I compare, as I go, how the book's structure eases the new data modeler into the subject much like an instructor might ease a beginning swimmer into the pool.

This book begins like a Dan Brown novel. It even starts out with the protagonist, our favorite data modeler, lost on a dark road somewhere in France. In this case, what saves him isn't a cipher, but of all things, something that's very much like a data model in the form of a map! The author deems they are both way-finding tools.

The chapters in the book are divided into 5 sections. The chapters in each section end with an exercise and a list of the key points covered to reinforce what you've learned. I find myself comparing the teaching structure of the book to the way most of us learn to swim. 
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Additional Information

Publisher
Technics Publications
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Published on
Dec 29, 2015
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Pages
244
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ISBN
9781634620161
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Language
English
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Genres
Computers / Data Modeling & Design
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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 Object-Role Modeling (ORM) is a fact-based approach to data modeling that expresses the information requirements of any business domain simply in terms of objects that play roles in relationships. All facts of interest are treated as instances of attribute-free structures known as fact types, where the relationship may be unary (e.g. Person smokes), binary (e.g. Person was born on Date), ternary (e.g. Customer bought Product on Date), or longer. Fact types facilitate natural expression, are easy to populate with examples for validation purposes, and have greater semantic stability than attribute-based structures such as those used in Entity Relationship Modeling (ER) or the Unified Modeling Language (UML).

All relevant facts, constraints and derivation rules are expressed in controlled natural language sentences that are intelligible to users in the business domain being modeled. This allows ORM data models to be validated by business domain experts who are unfamiliar with ORM’s graphical notation. For the data modeler, ORM’s graphical notation covers a much wider range of constraints than can be expressed in industrial ER or UML class diagrams, and thus allows rich visualization of the underlying semantics.

Suitable for both novices and experienced practitioners, this book covers the fundamentals of the ORM approach. Written in easy-to-understand language, it shows how to design an ORM model, illustrating each step with simple examples. Each chapter ends with a practical lab that discusses how to use the freeware NORMA tool to enter ORM models and use it to automatically generate verbalizations of the model and map it to a relational database.

Data Modeling Made Simple with CA ERwin Data Modeler r8 will provide the business or IT professional with a practical working knowledge of data modeling concepts and best practices, and how to apply these principles with CA ERwin Data Modeler r8. You’ll build many CA ERwin data models along the way, mastering first the fundamentals and later in the book the more advanced features of CA ERwin Data Modeler. This book combines real-world experience and best practices with down to earth advice, humor, and even cartoons to help you master the following ten objectives: 1. Understand the basics of data modeling and relational theory, and how to apply these skills using CA ERwin Data Modeler 2. Read a data model of any size and complexity with the same confidence as reading a book 3. Understand the difference between conceptual, logical, and physical models, and how to effectively build these models using CA ERwin’s Data Modelers Design Layer Architecture 4. Apply techniques to turn a logical data model into an efficient physical design and vice-versa through forward and reverse engineering, for both ‘top down’ and bottom-up design 5. Learn how to create reusable domains, naming standards, UDPs, and model templates in CA ERwin Data Modeler to reduce modeling time, improve data quality, and increase enterprise consistency 6. Share data model information with various audiences using model formatting and layout techniques, reporting, and metadata exchange 7. Use the new workspace customization features in CA ERwin Data Modeler r8 to create a workflow suited to your own individual needs 8. Leverage the new Bulk Editing features in CA ERwin Data Modeler r8 for mass metadata updates, as well as import/export with Microsoft Excel 9. Compare and merge model changes using CA ERwin Data Modelers Complete Compare features 10. Optimize the organization and layout of your data models through the use of Subject Areas, Diagrams, Display Themes, and more Section I provides an overview of data modeling: what it is, and why it is needed. The basic features of CA ERwin Data Modeler are introduced with a simple, easy-to-follow example. Section II introduces the basic building blocks of a data model, including entities, relationships, keys, and more. How-to examples using CA ERwin Data Modeler are provided for each of these building blocks, as well as ‘real world’ scenarios for context. Section III covers the creation of reusable standards, and their importance in the organization. From standard data modeling constructs such as domains to CA ERwin-specific features such as UDPs, this section covers step-by-step examples of how to create these standards in CA ERwin Data Modeling, from creation, to template building, to sharing standards with end users through reporting and queries. Section IV discusses conceptual, logical, and physical data models, and provides a comprehensive case study using CA ERwin Data Modeler to show the interrelationships between these models using CA ERwin’s Design Layer Architecture. Real world examples are provided from requirements gathering, to working with business sponsors, to the hands-on nitty-gritty details of building conceptual, logical, and physical data models with CA ERwin Data Modeler r8. From the Foreword by Tom Bilcze, President, CA Technologies Modeling Global User Community: Data Modeling Made Simple with CA ERwin Data Modeler r8 is an excellent resource for the ERwin community. The data modeling community is a diverse collection of data professionals with many perspectives of data modeling and different levels of skill and experience. Steve Hoberman and Donna Burbank guide newbie modelers through the basics of data modeling and CA ERwin r8. Through the liberal use of illustrations, the inexperienced data modeler is graphically walked through the components of data models and how to create them in CA ERwin r8. As an experienced data modeler, Steve and Donna give me a handbook for effectively using the new and enhanced features of this release to bring my art form to life. The book delves into advanced modeling topics and techniques by continuing the liberal use of illustrations. It speaks to the importance of a defined data modeling architecture with soundly modeled data to assist the enterprise in understanding of the value of data. It guides me in applying the finishing touches to my data designs.
This book provides you with a collection of best practices, guidelines, and tips for using the Unified Modeling Language (UML) for business analysis. The contents have been assembled over the years based on experience and documented best practices. Over sixty easy to understand UML diagram examples will help you to apply these ideas immediately. If you use, expect to use, or think you should use the Unified Modeling Language (UML) or use cases in your business analysis activities, this book will help you: • communicate more succinctly and effectively with your stakeholders including your software development team, • increase the likelihood that your requirements will be reviewed and understood, • reduce requirements analysis, documentation, and review time. The first three chapters explain the reasons for utilizing the UML for business analysis, present a brief history of the UML and its diagram categories, and describe a set of general modeling guidelines and tips applicable to all of the UML diagram types. Each of the next thirteen chapters is dedicated to a different UML diagram type: 1. Use Case Diagrams 2. Activity Diagrams 3. Interaction Overview Diagrams 4. Class Diagrams 5. Object Diagrams 6. State Machine Diagrams 7. Timing Diagrams 8. Sequence Diagrams 9. Communication Diagrams 10. Composite Structure Diagrams 11. Component Diagrams 12. Deployment Diagrams 13. Package Diagrams The next two chapters explain additional diagram types that are important for business analysts and that can be created using UML notation: • Context Diagrams using Communication diagram notation • Data Models using Class diagram notation These chapters are followed by a chapter that describes criteria for selecting the various diagram types. The final chapter presents a case study.
Did you ever try getting Businesspeople and IT to agree on the project scope for a new application? Or try getting Marketing and Sales to agree on the target audience? Or try bringing new team members up to speed on the hundreds of tables in your data warehouse — without them dozing off? Whether you are a businessperson or an IT professional, you can be the hero in each of these and hundreds of other scenarios by building a High-Level Data Model. The High-Level Data Model is a simplified view of our complex environment. It can be a powerful communication tool of the key concepts within our application development projects, business intelligence and master data management programs, and all enterprise and industry initiatives. Learn about the High-Level Data Model and master the techniques for building one, including a comprehensive ten-step approach and hands-on exercises to help you practice topics on your own. In this book, we review data modeling basics and explain why the core concepts stored in a high-level data model can have significant business impact on an organization. We explain the technical notation used for a data model and walk through some simple examples of building a high-level data model. We also describe how data models relate to other key initiatives you may have heard of or may be implementing in your organization. This book contains best practices for implementing a high-level data model, along with some easy-to-use templates and guidelines for a step-by-step approach. Each step will be illustrated using many examples based on actual projects we have worked on. Names have been changed to protect the innocent, but the pain points and lessons have been preserved. One example spans an entire chapter and will allow you to practice building a high-level data model from beginning to end, and then compare your results to ours. Building a high-level data model following the ten step approach you’ll read about is a great way to ensure you will retain the new skills you learn in this book. As is the case in many disciplines, using the right tool for the right job is critical to the overall success of your high-level data model implementation. To help you in your tool selection process, there are several chapters dedicated to discussing what to look for in a high-level data modeling tool and a framework for choosing a data modeling tool, in general. This book concludes with a real-world case study that shows how an international energy company successfully used a high-level data model to streamline their information management practices and increase communication throughout the organization—between both businesspeople and IT. Data modeling is one of the under-exploited, and potentially very valuable, business capabilities that are often hidden away in an organization’s Information Technology department. Data Modeling for the Business highlights both the resulting damage to business value, and the opportunities to make things better. As an easy-to follow and comprehensive guide on the ‘why’ and ‘how’ of data modeling, it also reminds us that a successful strategy for exploiting IT depends at least as much on the information as the technology. Chris Potts, Corporate IT Strategist and Author of fruITion: Creating the Ultimate Corporate Strategy for Information Technology One of the most critical systems issues is aligning business with IT and fulfilling business needs using data models. The authors of Data Modeling for the Business do a masterful job at simply and clearly describing the art of using data models to communicate with business representatives and meet business needs. The book provides many valuable tools, analogies, and step-by-step methods for effective data modeling and is an important contribution in bridging the much needed connection between data modeling and realizing business requirements. Len Silverston, author of The Data Model Resource Book series
 How do we design for data when traditional design techniques cannot extend to new database technologies? In this era of big data and the Internet of Things, it is essential that we have the tools we need to understand the data coming to us faster than ever before, and to design databases and data processing systems that can adapt easily to ever-changing data schemas and ever-changing business requirements. There must be no intellectual disconnect between data and the software that manages it. It must be possible to extract meaning and knowledge from data to drive artificial intelligence applications. Novel NoSQL data organization techniques must be used side-by-side with traditional SQL databases. Are existing data modeling techniques ready for all of this?

The Concept and Object Modeling Notation (COMN) is able to cover the full spectrum of analysis and design. A single COMN model can represent the objects and concepts in the problem space, logical data design, and concrete NoSQL and SQL document, key-value, columnar, and relational database implementations. COMN models enable an unprecedented level of traceability of requirements to implementation. COMN models can also represent the static structure of software and the predicates that represent the patterns of meaning in databases.

This book will teach you:

the simple and familiar graphical notation of COMN with its three basic shapes and four line styles how to think about objects, concepts, types, and classes in the real world, using the ordinary meanings of English words that aren’t tangled with confused techno-speak how to express logical data designs that are freer from implementation considerations than is possible in any other notation how to understand key-value, document, columnar, and table-oriented database designs in logical and physical terms how to use COMN to specify physical database implementations in any NoSQL or SQL database with the precision necessary for model-driven development
Data Modeling Essentials, Third Edition, covers the basics of data modeling while focusing on developing a facility in techniques, rather than a simple familiarization with "the rules". In order to enable students to apply the basics of data modeling to real models, the book addresses the realities of developing systems in real-world situations by assessing the merits of a variety of possible solutions as well as using language and diagramming methods that represent industry practice.

This revised edition has been given significantly expanded coverage and reorganized for greater reader comprehension even as it retains its distinctive hallmarks of readability and usefulness. Beginning with the basics, the book provides a thorough grounding in theory before guiding the reader through the various stages of applied data modeling and database design. Later chapters address advanced subjects, including business rules, data warehousing, enterprise-wide modeling and data management. It includes an entirely new section discussing the development of logical and physical modeling, along with new material describing a powerful technique for model verification. It also provides an excellent resource for additional lectures and exercises.

This text is the ideal reference for data modelers, data architects, database designers, DBAs, and systems analysts, as well as undergraduate and graduate-level students looking for a real-world perspective.

Thorough coverage of the fundamentals and relevant theory.Recognition and support for the creative side of the process.Expanded coverage of applied data modeling includes new chapters on logical and physical database design.New material describing a powerful technique for model verification.Unique coverage of the practical and human aspects of modeling, such as working with business specialists, managing change, and resolving conflict.
 Data models are the main medium used to communicate data requirements from business to IT, and within IT from analysts, modelers, and architects, to database designers and developers. Therefore it’s essential to get the data model right. But how do you determine right? That’s where the Data Model Scorecard® comes in.


The Data Model Scorecard is a data model quality scoring tool containing ten categories aimed at improving the quality of your organization’s data models.  Many of my consulting assignments are dedicated to applying the Data Model Scorecard to my client’s data models – I will show you how to apply the Scorecard in this book.


This book, written for people who build, use, or review data models, contains the Data Model Scorecard template and an explanation along with many examples of each of the ten Scorecard categories. There are three sections:

In Section I, Data Modeling and the Need for Validation, receive a short data modeling primer in Chapter 1, understand why it is important to get the data model right in Chapter 2, and learn about the Data Model Scorecard in Chapter 3.

In Section II, Data Model Scorecard Categories, we will explain each of the ten categories of the Data Model Scorecard. There are ten chapters in this section, each chapter dedicated to a specific Scorecard category:

·        Chapter 4: Correctness

·        Chapter 5: Completeness

·        Chapter 6: Scheme

·        Chapter 7: Structure

·        Chapter 8: Abstraction

·        Chapter 9: Standards

·        Chapter 10: Readability

·        Chapter 11: Definitions

·        Chapter 12: Consistency

·        Chapter 13: Data

In Section III, Validating Data Models, we will prepare for the model review (Chapter 14), cover tips to help during the model review (Chapter 15), and then review a data model based upon an actual project (Chapter 16).
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