Each translation of The Meditations by Marcus Aurelius takes some liberties. Words are added and some removed in order to better reach meaning and understanding. This latest translation and new modern edition is meant to restore some of these missing elements, and provide a clear and accurate presentation of this great classic in English.
senior official in the Florentine Republic. After being imprisoned, and then exiled from politics,
he wrote "The Prince" in 1513. While a keen commentator on political and military matters,
Machiavelli also wrote poetry and comedies which were popular in his lifetime, unlike his
political works. Still, his first love was ever and always politics.
The history-making development of the Chinese economy has entered a new phase. China is moving aggressively from a strategy of imitation to one of innovation. Driven both by domestic needs and by global ambition, China is establishing itself at the forefront of technological innovation. Western businesses need to prepare for a tidal wave of innovation from China that is about to hit Western markets, and Chinese businesses need to understand the critical importance of innovation in their future.
Experts George Yip and Bruce McKern explain this epic transformation and propose strategies for both Western and Chinese companies. This book is for everyone who does business with China or in China, or is interested in the development of the world's fastest-growing economy. Western CEOs can learn from Chinese companies and can create an effective innovation process in China, for China and the world. Chinese CEOs can benefit from understanding the strategies of their peers as they strive to enter foreign markets. And all Western businesses should prepare for disruption from their new competitors.
Yip and McKern provide case studies of successful firms, outline ten ways in which the managerial and innovative capabilities of these firms differ from those of Western firms, and describe how multinationals doing business in China can become part of the Chinese ecosystem of new knowledge and technology. Yip and McKern argue that these innovation capabilities will be the basis for creating world-class products and services to meet the challenges of a new era of global competition.
Given the near-silence in technological and business history about post-World War II socialist enterprises, this book gives voice to a generation of Communist China’s managers, entrepreneurs, cadres, and workers from the Liberation to the early 1970s. Using recently-opened online archival resources, it details and assesses the course of technical and organizational experimentation at state-owned, cooperative, and private enterprises as the PRC strove to construct a socialist economy through trial-and-error initiatives. Core questions treated are: How did Chinese enterprises operate, evolve, experiment, improvise and adjust during the PRC’s first generation? What technological initiatives were crucial to these processes, necessarily developed with limited expertise and thin financial resources? How could constructing “socialism with Chinese characteristics” have helped lay foundations for the post-1980 “Chinese miracle,” as the PRC confidently entered the 21st century while Soviet and Central European socialisms crumbled? And what might current-day Western managers and entrepreneurs learn from Chinese practice and performance a half-century ago?
Readers can anticipate a granular, bottom-up analysis of how businesses worked day-to-day in a planned economy, how enterprise practices and technological strategies shifted during the first postwar generation, how managers and technicians emerged after the capitalist exodus, how organizations experimented and adapted, and how the controversies and convulsions of the PRC’s early decades fashioned durable technical and organizational capabilities.
This book include Sun Tzu’s biography and his
military treatise, “The Art of War” written by Sun Tzu depicts a philosophy of
war for managing conflicts and winning battles. Some modern philosophers
believe that apart from the writings of the author, it also contains commentary
and clarifications from later military philosophers, such as Li Quan and Du Mu.
This masterpiece, since its first publication, has been translated and
distributed internationally, and was frequently referred and used by generals
and theorists. There are numerous theories concerned with the completion of the
text but it has been archeological proved that the Art of War was composed by
at least the early Han dynasty. Since it is nearly impossible to predict the
correct date of its completion, the differing theories regarding the work's
author(s) and date of completion will never resolve. It was one of the six
survived major works written before the unification of China in the 2nd century
BC. In the late 1st millennium AD, during the Song Dynasty, these six major
works were combined with a Tang Dynasty text into a collection also known as
the Seven Military Classics. Being the central part of the collection, “The Art
of War” formed the bases of orthodox military theory in China. The language
used in the book can be distinguishable from a Western text on warfare and
strategy. It was said that the text had recurrent mentions such as a leader
must be “serene and inscrutable” and capable of comprehending “unfathomable
plans”, which was confusing for Western readers who lack the awareness of the
East Asian context. These statements will make clear sense if studied with
Taoist thought and practice.