Gosling examines the effects of the introduction of Western science into India, and the relationship between Indian traditions of thought and secular Western scientific doctrine. He charts the early development of science in India, its role in the secularization of Indian society, and the subsequent reassertion, adaptation and rejection of traditional modes of thought. The beliefs of key Indian scientists, including Jagadish Chandra Bose, P.C. Roy and S.N. Bose are explored and the book goes on to reflect upon how individual scientists could still accept particular religious beliefs such as reincarnation, cosmology, miracles and prayer.
Science and the Indian Tradition gives an in-depth assessment of results of the introduction of Western science into India, and will be of interest to scholars of Indian history and those interested in the interaction between Western and Indian traditions of intellectual thought.
This book published by Advaita Ashrama, a publication house of Ramakrishna Math, Belur Math, India is a sincere attempt at examining some of the core issues faced by India today and it makes us realize the gross departure of the country’s populace from the ideals placed by Swami Vivekananda for the making of an “ideal society”.
In the wake of Swami Vivekananda, the country had seen the emergence of great spiritual personalities like Mahatma Gandhi, Aurobindo, Ramana Maharshi and others. All these great figures together were the country's bulwark against the dangerous ideology of materialism and sensuality. It is needless to state that in spite of this, the damaging ideology of materialism has gripped the nation’s soul and infused her with thorough profaneness in every sphere of life. Swami Vivekananda, as a leader of sacred nationhood, is the torch to be lighted in these dismal and dark days that see the erosion of spiritual values in the Indian society, especially among the younger generation.
A central concern of Polkinghorne’s collection of writings is to reconcile what science can say about the processes of the universe with theology’s belief in a God active within creation. The author examines two related concepts in depth. The first is the divine self-limitation involved in creation that leads to an important reappraisal of the traditional claim that God does not act as a cause among causes. The other is the nature of time and God’s involvement with it, an issue that Polkinghorne shows can link metascience and theological understandings. In the final section of the book, the author reviews three centuries of the science and theology debate and assesses the work of major contemporary contributors to the discussion: Wolfhart Pannenberg, Thomas Torrance, and Paul Davies. He also considers why the science-theology discussion has for several centuries been a particular preoccupation of the English.