Data Sharing for International Water Resource Management: Eastern Europe, Russia and the CIS

Springer Science & Business Media
1
Free sample

The Issues, Conclusions, and Recommendations of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop - Budapest, Hungary July 27 -31, 1997 TIlOMAS NAFF University of Pennsylvania 847 Williams Hall Philadelphia, PA 19104-6305 USA tna. /J"@sas. upenn. edu 1. The Issues Sharing data and infonnation enables people to think together in solving problems, in building trust essential for cooperative efforts toward sustaining shared vital natural resources, and in avoiding conflict. It is axiomatic that all planning and policy making, not least for environmental and resource sustainability, depend for success on accmate data and infonnation dispensed freely to all who need it, from farmers to heads of state. These maxims are particularly apt when applied to water resources that are international and transboundary. In those circumstances, the need for cooperation and sharing are acute if the water source is to be managed, distributed, and used equitably and efficiently. In many parts of the world, the collection, management, reporting, and quality of water and environmental data are often so poor and incomplete as to render them useless, or they are treated as security issues and are therefore classified. Either way, wherever those conditions exist, essential planning and policy data and information of good quality are relatively hard to come by. The consequences are high, particularly for effective basin-wide river management and resource sustainability.
Read more
5.0
1 total
Loading...

Additional Information

Publisher
Springer Science & Business Media
Read more
Published on
Mar 14, 2013
Read more
Pages
252
Read more
ISBN
9789401712095
Read more
Language
English
Read more
Genres
Computers / Data Modeling & Design
Computers / Information Theory
Computers / Programming / Algorithms
Nature / Natural Resources
Science / Earth Sciences / General
Science / Earth Sciences / Hydrology
Technology & Engineering / Environmental / General
Read more
Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
Read more

Reading information

Smartphones and Tablets

Install the Google Play Books app for Android and iPad/iPhone. It syncs automatically with your account and allows you to read online or offline wherever you are.

Laptops and Computers

You can read books purchased on Google Play using your computer's web browser.

eReaders and other devices

To read on e-ink devices like the Sony eReader or Barnes & Noble Nook, you'll need to download a file and transfer it to your device. Please follow the detailed Help center instructions to transfer the files to supported eReaders.
Difficult ethical and political issues confront the application of scientific and technological solutions for preventing pollution from occurring. Often the questions embodying proposed solutions to known problems are ambiguous; and no singular solution can exist for all locations. Yet the common organizing principle for all solutions to environmental problems must be scientific, because only sound science can provide a rational understanding that decision-makers can use universally. The NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) on Tools and Methods for Pollution Prevention (October 12-14, 1998, Prague, Czech Republic) was designed to assemble experts from NATO and former socialist countries of Eastern Europe to discuss science-based tools and methods, either available or in development, that can be used to analyze environmental impacts of manufacturing processes and manufactured products. The presentations at the workshop were written up specifically for the purpose of this book, albeit after peer reviews and thorough revisions. Most of the chapters focus on specific method development for designing environmentally benign processes or products. Several chapters take a broader view and focus on such designs from an implementation perspective, and dwell on ethical conflicts, resistance to change because of inertia or inadequate infrastructure, and on the lack of resources. We placed these chapters at the beginning of the book. The volume starts with the overview by Sikdar et aI. , who describe the scope and difficulties of pollution prevention in the manufacturing sectors.
A NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) was conducted on June 21-23, 1994 in Visegnid, Hungary related to the clean-up of former Soviet military installation sites. This ARW included a technical site visit to the Komarom Base Site which is a former Soviet military installation in Hungary. During this three-day ARW, a strategy and set of recommendations were developed for selecting technologies and evaluating remediation as the economic and approaches for these sites. This strategy incorporated such critical issues financial conditions of the region, temporal considerations with regard to the urgency for which remedial actions are needed for these sites, the prioritization of resource allocations for site clean-up using risk-based considerations, and other crucial issues which will affect the implementation of remedial activities in the region. Approximately 40 invited experts, representing a number of different disciplines as well as both NATO and Cooperation Partner countries from the region, participated in this ARW. The types of former Soviet military installations in Central and Eastern Europe include: aircraft bases, fueling areas, maintenance and repair facilities, training grounds, non ammunition storage areas (for lubricants, chemicals, paints, equipment), ammunition storage areas, medical facilities, production facilities, and municipal facilities. Environmental contamination at these sites poses significant human health and environmental risks. Site contaminants include: solvents (e. g. , BTEX), mineral oil hydrocarbons, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), chlorinated hydrocarbons, heavy metals, pesticides residues, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The primary environmental media adversely affected by these contaminants are soils, ground water and surface water.
©2018 GoogleSite Terms of ServicePrivacyDevelopersArtistsAbout Google
By purchasing this item, you are transacting with Google Payments and agreeing to the Google Payments Terms of Service and Privacy Notice.