The contributions to this book answer three questions: (1) How have external actors assessed the ‘Arabellions’ and what role did they see for themselves in this context? (2) Which goals and instruments did external actors pursue toward the MENA region? In particular, how did they deal with conflicting goals, such as support for human rights and democracy, on the one hand, and concerns about security and stability, on the other? (3) How can we explain the varying responses of external actors to the Arabellions?
This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Integration.
Tanja A. Borzel is Professor of Political Science and holds the Chair for European Integration at the Otto-Suhr-Institut of Political Science, Freie Universitat Berlin, Germany. She is co-coordinator of the Research College 'The Transformative Power of Europe', and directs the Jean Monnet Center of Excellence 'Europe and its Citizens'.
Assem Dandashly is a lecturer in European Public Policy in the Department of Political Science at Maastricht University, The Netherlands. Prior to that, he was a Research Fellow at the Kolleg-Forschergruppe "The Transformative Power of Europe," Freie Universitat Berlin, Germany. He holds a Ph.D. in Political Science (2012) from the University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.
Thomas Risse is Professor of International Politics at the Otto Suhr Institut of Political Science, Freie Universitat Berlin, Germany, where is co-coordinator of the Research College 'The Transformative Power of Europe', and coordinator of the Collaborative Research Center 'Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood'.
In contrast to widespread scepticism, our results show that the EU’s integration capacity has been strong. Credible accession conditionality and pre-accession assistance have had a positive impact on democracy, governance capacity, and economic transformation, at least before accession. After accession, EU institutions have proven resilient. Eastern enlargement has not affected negatively the legislative capacity of the EU. It has not led to a deterioration of compliance and implementation of EU law either; initial differentiated integration has quickly returned to normal levels.
This generally positive assessment stands in stark contrast with increasing public opposition to future EU enlargements. We identify some less known sources of such opposition: the lack of communication and political debate about enlargement between EU leaders and their citizens. Public opposition undermines the credibility of EU conditionality, which is crucial for having a positive impact on neighbouring countries in the future.
The chapters in this book originally appeared in a special issue in the Journal of European Public Policy.
The 28 full papers, 5 posters and 8 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 93 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: Digital Library Design; User Aspects; Search; Web Archives; Semantics; Multimedia and Time Aspects; Digital Library Evaluation; Digital Humanities; e-Infrastructures.
The papers are organized in the following topical sections:
Database management enabling information systems
Semantic Web drivers for advanced information management
Securing dynamic media content integration
From digital libraries to intelligent knowledge environments
Visualization – key to external cognition in virtual information environments
From human-computer interaction to human-artefact interaction
Domains for virtual information and knowledge environments.