Public Investment Management in the New EU Member States: Strengthening Planning and Implementation of Transport Infrastructure Investments

World Bank Publications
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This paper describes the characteristics of public investment management (PIM) in seven EU countries as it applies to a single sector transport infrastructure. The report highlights some of the common challenges that four relatively new EU member states Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Latvia face as they plan and execute their transport infrastructure projects. It recognizes the importance that EU-mandated processes and procedures have in shaping national systems in the new member states (NMS), but the report finds that actual practices often fall short of EU goals due to capacity constraints, weak institutional structures, and other factors. The experiences of the NMS are compared with those of more developed economies (namely Spain, the UK, and Ireland) to assess whether the later countries have faced similar challenges in managing public investment, and if so, what measures they have adopted to overcome them. This comparative analysis serves to draw out several good practice examples that are relevant for all countries. How those practices are applied in each country is a matter for further study, as each country considers its own political culture and administrative tradition. This paper is a first step toward building dialogue among public finance practitioners in Central and Eastern Europe on how to make public investment projects more effective and efficient over the long term.
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Publisher
World Bank Publications
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Published on
Feb 20, 2009
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Pages
40
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ISBN
9780821378953
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Language
English
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Genres
Business & Economics / Industries / Transportation
Business & Economics / Infrastructure
Political Science / Public Policy / General
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This content is DRM free.
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The past two decades in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union have been times of tremendous change, with countries undergoing rapid transformation from centrally-planned to market-oriented economies. While poverty increased during the initial years of transition, primarily on account of the sharp economic contraction, the resurgence of economic growth in the region since 1998 has resulted in a rebound in household incomes and living standards. Data from the 2006 Life in Transition Survey (LiTS) a joint initiative of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the World Bank provides a unique opportunity to investigate the extent to which citizens of ECA countries are satisfied with their lives and with the performances of their governments, and to study key factors influencing their outlook in a systematic way across all countries of the region. The main objective of the LiTS was to assess the impact of transition on people, covering four main themes. First, it collected personal information on aspects of material well-being, including household expenditures, possession of consumer goods such as a car or mobile phone, and access to local public services and utilities. Second, the survey included measures of satisfaction and attitudes towards economic and political reforms as well as public service delivery. Third, the LiTS captured individual 'histories' key events and episodes that may have influenced their attitudes towards reforms, and information on family background, employment, and coping strategies. Finally, the survey also attempted to capture the extent to which crime and corruption are affecting peoples' lives, and the extent to which individuals' trust in other people and in state institutions has changed over time.
Denne bog af manden, der samler urter til de bedste restauranter i Danmark, griber fat i en af tidens store trends: At mange gerne vil i gang med at samle spændende spiselige planter og svampe – ja, i det hele taget være ude i og høste af den fantastiske natur, der omgiver os. Så tag med på tur! Thomas Laursen er eksperten, der har samlet vilde urter det meste af sit liv og kender Danmarks natur som sin egen bukselomme. Og han har øjnene med sig, når han dagligt bevæger sig rundt derude. Hans arbejde er at finde spiselige planter, bær, tang, urter og svampe, som han leverer til de bedste restauranter i Danmark. Med denne bog har læseren mulighed for at følge med ham ud i naturen. ”Ofte siger folk, at de skal i skoven for at plukke vilde planter!” fortæller Thomas. ”Men skoven er faktisk slet ikke det mest oplagte sted. I det hele taget er der ikke et sted, hvor man kan finde alt. Man er nødt til at bevæge sig rundt til forskellige typer natur, der er i de forskellige biotoper.” For at kunne finde planter, er man derfor nødt til på forhånd at vide lidt om, hvilke planter der vokser i de forskellige biotoper, så man også ved, hvad man skal lede efter og holde øje med. Derfor er bogen er inddelt i de forskellige biotoper: Vandløbet, mosen og søen, Stranden, Løvskoven, Nåleskoven, Grøften, engen og vejkanten, Stranden, Saltengen, Løvskoven, Nåleskoven, Hegnet, Byen, Marken, Ruderatet og Havet. Thomas viser, hvordan man går på jagt efter de lækre vilde råvarer, og hvilke biologiske forhold, der skal være til stede, hvis man vil finde alt fra karljohansvampe, kantareller og malurt til skovmærke og spiseligt tang. Undervejs giver han sine bedste tips og råd med på vejen. Turen ender efter hvert kapitel hjemme i Thomas’ køkken, hvor han viser enkle, lækre og moderne retter med det vilde som hovedingrediens. Retterne kan alle tilberedes derhjemme, men nogle af dem er også egnede som et lille måltid eller en lille feltration ude i naturen.
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