The Roaring Twenties - Historical Circumstances of "The Great Gatsby"

GRIN Verlag
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Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 2,0, Martin Luther University, language: English, abstract: “The Lost Generation” is a term which encompasses a broad range of American authors who were born around 1900. Amongst those litterateurs are many who are said to be among the most influential and important writers in the history of American letters. This term paper shall examine what historical circumstances constituted the “common adventures” and “common attitudes” of that generation as reflected in Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby. The term “The Lost Generation” was given by Gertrude Stein, an authoress of note and contemporary of both Fitzgerald and Hemingway, who used her quotation: “you are all a lost generation,” as the epigraph for his novel The Sun Also Rises. What is meant by the attribute “lost”? Why was this dismal term applied to the young adults of the 1920s – an era of prosperity and freedom in America? How did Fitzgerald depict this “lost” world in The Great Gatsby, with respect to material abundance on the one hand versus spiritual poverty on the other? The zeitgeist of an era inevitably shapes the human beings who live in it: how they act, what they look like, and what they think the meaning of their lives in particular and humanity in general might be. Therefore, it is necessary to explore the 1920s in America in order to understand fully the meaning Fitzgerald communicates in The Great Gatsby. This paper will therefore investigate several characteristics of the decade which are relevant for the interpretation of the novel. The parameters to be surveyed are: society in general; the materialism, wealth and industrialization which created that society; Prohibition as one of the most significant elements of the 20s; the faltering faith in God (as but one example of the failure of institutions that were supposed to be a refuge for human beings); and the loss of faith in the American dream and other treasured ideals. These issues will be analyzed in consideration of The Great Gatsby and the question of how Fitzgerald uses them as tropes for his social criticism of the so called Jazz Age. The paper will be based on a number of monographs and anthologies dealing with the major American writers and literature of the 1920s as well as the historical context that shaped their literary vision. The particular focus will be on Fitzgerald’s seminal novel, The Great Gatsby, as it incorporates and inflects the major historical and literary themes of its time.
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Publisher
GRIN Verlag
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Published on
Jan 3, 2012
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Pages
14
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ISBN
9783656093862
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Language
English
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Genres
Language Arts & Disciplines / Linguistics / General
Literary Collections / American / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Eligible for Family Library

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Toni Friedrich
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1,0, Martin Luther University, language: English, abstract: Issued in 1990 Hanif Kureishi ́s novel The Buddha of Suburbia has become a world-acclaimed masterpiece ever since. It ́s protagonist, Karim, takes the reader on his riveting journey to discover and explain life of the seventies in and around London. The author masterfully depicts the multiple cultural facets this time had to offer and creates a plot replete with stories of ethnicity, class and gender. However, one element seems to be of peculiar importance in its reoccurring implementation within the story – music. This paper is intended to examine the element of music and attempts to determine the role it plays within the world Kureishi illustrates. In order to fully grasp the element of music within the book it will be necessary to have a wider look on the phenomenon first. How can music in a most general sense be described and what makes it such a meaningful subject matter for scientists of linguistics, philosophy and anthropology? In a second step the paper will try to find reasons why Kureishi might have decided to use this motif at such length and what messages he tries to bring across. However, the major part of the paper will, of course, be dealing with the novel: What are the major themes that are related to music? In how far is music affiliated with the broad spectrum of culture that Kureishi draws in his book? What subcultures can be detected and to what extent are they influenced by music? The single most intriguing aspect connected to this issue is the character of Charlie. That is why his odyssey through a life so profoundly determined by music will be especially focused on. What effect does music have on the decade of his life pictured in the novel? What stages does he go through and what does the author provide the reader with in order to interpret Charlie ́s decisions, the development of his character, and his final state at the end of the book. Although The Buddha of Suburbia will be the main source of the investigation, the articles of Bart Moor-Gilbert and Sussane Reichl, which discuss Kureishi ́s novel, will be consulted, too. Moreover, various monographies and papers dealing with the issue of music and culture will also be substantial to the examination
Toni Friedrich
Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,3, Martin Luther University, language: English, abstract: The Easter Rising of national Irish rebels is still nowadays regarded as one of the most crucial events throughout Irish history. One may consider it as an botched attempt to gain sovereignty and disparage it to be an uprising that was senseless and doomed to failure in advance, others view it as a symbol of Irish martyrdom and as an insurgence that was anything but useless. Advocates claim that the Easter Rising was necessary to exercise pressure onto the British usurpators. They state that a military uprising like this, even if there was less prospect of success, showed Westminster that there could not be any long- term peace in Ireland without dealing with the question of home rule. Opponents argue that Irish rebels caused the loss of lives of innocent people by fighting a war that was at this time not backed up by the common Irish people, and that in the end they themselves are to be blamed for the casualties and devastation the fights demanded. Supporters reply that the insurrection was the first step to a free state of Ireland, that it stirred nationalism in the minds of the Catholics of the Island and that it was a milestone on the way to the republic. Whatever scholars think of it, it is a matter of fact that this event is one of the most commemorated incidents in Ireland. Countless erected monuments and installed plates at places all over the Island reminisce of the losses and sacrifices of the 1916 rebels. They are called patriots who fought, outnumbered and starved, for a holy aim and who had to submit to ruthless soldiers, sent by an illicit and tyrannous foreign government. Therefore the uprising prevails in the mind of the Irish people, bolstered up by songs, poems or parades and days of commemoration. This paper shall examine the circumstances right before the outbreak of the rising, its preparation and the course of events within it. Furthermore it intends to show in what way the British restored their power and how they responded to the open violence. The paper is supposed to try to display what aftermaths the Easter Rising actually had and if there was any sense in this adventure that was apparently doomed to failure in advance. Another point is concerned with the reflection of the rebellion. If it is blamed to be another example of useless hatred, conducted by only few men of weird mind, or if it is viewed as a necessary act of freedom by heroes who sacrificed themselves on the altar of a free Ireland.
Toni Friedrich
Examensarbeit aus dem Jahr 2012 im Fachbereich Amerikanistik - Literatur, Note: 1,0, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: „To produce a mighty book, you must choose a mighty theme“, schrieb Herman Melville in seinem Roman "Moby Dick". Es sind Geschichten, die den Menschen ihre Welt zu erklären helfen, die jenen Büchern den Status der Unvergänglichkeit verleihen. Eines der wirkungsmächtigsten Themen, um die sich jene Geschichten winden, ist das Phänomen des Bösen. Wenige Dinge bewegen den Menschen mehr, als das Ringen um Verständnis für das in der Welt existierende, willkürlich hervorgebrachte Leid. Ken Keseys "One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest" ist einer der Romane, der von menschlichen Schicksalen als Täter und Opfer berichtet und im Wiedererkennungswert seiner fiktiven Figuren eine immense Bedeutsamkeit für die Realität des Lesers entfaltet. Die folgende Arbeit soll den Versuch unternehmen, die Elemente des Bösen im Roman in ihrem Erscheinungsbild und ihrem Ursprung zu erklären. Von diesen Ergebnissen ausgehend, sollen diese Erkenntnisse mit der Darstellung jener Aspekte des Bösen in der gleichnamigen Theateradaptation von Dale Wasserman sowie im Film von Milos Forman verglichen werden. Um die Essenzen der verschiedenen Materialisierungen des Bösen adäquat interpretieren zu können, ist es notwendig, den Terminus des Bösen zu präzisieren. Dies erfordert einen theoretischen Teil, der die Grundlage für die nachstehenden Untersuchungen bilden soll. Um ein möglichst breit gefächertes Bild vom Phänomen des Bösen zeichnen zu können, werden hierzu verschiedene philosophische Betrachtungen herangezogen. Bei der Analyse des Böse und dem Vergleich der Darstellung desselbigen im Roman, dem Drama und dem Film, lassen sich, zunächst ausgehend von Keseys Werk, vier Kategorien als Quelle des Leids eruieren: die Wärter der Station, die Oberschwester Ratched sowie die Heilanstalt und The Combine. Im Sinne einer strukturellen Auswertung soll zunächst vom konkreten Subjekt (Wärter, Schwester) ausgegangen werden, bevor hiernach die eher abstrakten Entitäten Heilanstalt und The Combine Eingang in die Untersuchung finden. Die Erläuterung der Figuren der Wärter und der Oberschwester auf der einen und die Ergründung des Wesens der Heilanstalt und der Combine auf der anderen Seite erfolgt hierbei zunächst durch enge Analysearbeit am Text/Film selbst. Die im theoretisch-philosophischen Abschnitt gewonnen Erkenntnisse sollen dann im jeweiligen Kapitel Einzug in den praktischen Teil der Arbeit, der Herausarbeitung der Charakteristika der Elemente des Bösen, finden.
Toni Friedrich
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2011 im Fachbereich Jura - Rechtsphilosophie, Rechtssoziologie, Rechtsgeschichte, Note: 1,3, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg (Geschichte), Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Diese Hausarbeit soll den Versuch unternehmen, zwei Aspekte zu untersuchen: Zum einen soll eruiert werden, welche Entwicklung die Rollen des Vaters und des Ehemannes im Spiegel der bedeutendsten Gesetzestexte des 19. Jahrhunderts – das Allgemeine Preußische Landrecht, der Code Civil und das Bürgerliche Gesetzbuch – hin zum modernen Entwurf des BGB genommen haben. Hierbei sollen in concreto folgende Fragen beantwortet werden: Inwieweit haben sich die gesellschaftliche Konzeptionen des Vaters und des Ehemannes, ihre Rollen und Machtbefugnisse innerhalb der Familie, im Spiegel der Paragraphen des 19. Jahrhunderts verändert? Welche Paragraphen belegen einen etwaigen strukturellen Wandel? Wie different sind die Befunde aus ALR, CC und BGB (alt) im Vergleich zur modernen Ausgabe des BGB? Dabei soll geprüft werden, ob, analog zur populären Vorstellung, ein geradliniger Prozess hin zur modernen Wahrnehmung des Vaters und Ehemannes als gleich-, und eben nicht vorberechtigten Familienmitgliedes festgestellt werden kann. Der zweite Aspekt der Hausarbeit wird sich auf die enge Definition von Vater innerhalb der Gesetzestexte konzentrieren und soll dabei ermitteln, ob es sich hierbei vornehmlich um eine biologische (in etwa: Erzeuger = Vater) oder eher um eine soziologische (in etwa: Ehemann der Mutter = Vater) Begriffsdeutung handelt. Sind diese Maßgaben ausschließlich normative Bestimmungen (denn es sind ja unweigerlich normative Quellen), oder können sie gar als deskriptiv, als in gewisser Weise das Gesellschaftsbild wiedergebend, bezeichnet werden? Trifft letzteres zu, so könnte bejaht werden, dass im „Eherecht das sittliche Wesen der Ehe die Grundlage bildet“ und dass der „Institutionsbegriff [Ehe] als Mittel zur Abteilung konkreter Entscheidungen aus einem nicht offengelegten Wertesystem“ dienen kann. Um dies zu eruieren, sollen Wörterbücher und Lexika nach den Begriffen Ehemann und vor allem Vater untersucht und mit den Ergebnissen aus der Quellenarbeit mit den Kodifikationen des 19. Jahrhunderts verglichen werden.
Toni Friedrich
Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,3, Martin Luther University, language: English, abstract: The Easter Rising of national Irish rebels is still nowadays regarded as one of the most crucial events throughout Irish history. One may consider it as an botched attempt to gain sovereignty and disparage it to be an uprising that was senseless and doomed to failure in advance, others view it as a symbol of Irish martyrdom and as an insurgence that was anything but useless. Advocates claim that the Easter Rising was necessary to exercise pressure onto the British usurpators. They state that a military uprising like this, even if there was less prospect of success, showed Westminster that there could not be any long- term peace in Ireland without dealing with the question of home rule. Opponents argue that Irish rebels caused the loss of lives of innocent people by fighting a war that was at this time not backed up by the common Irish people, and that in the end they themselves are to be blamed for the casualties and devastation the fights demanded. Supporters reply that the insurrection was the first step to a free state of Ireland, that it stirred nationalism in the minds of the Catholics of the Island and that it was a milestone on the way to the republic. Whatever scholars think of it, it is a matter of fact that this event is one of the most commemorated incidents in Ireland. Countless erected monuments and installed plates at places all over the Island reminisce of the losses and sacrifices of the 1916 rebels. They are called patriots who fought, outnumbered and starved, for a holy aim and who had to submit to ruthless soldiers, sent by an illicit and tyrannous foreign government. Therefore the uprising prevails in the mind of the Irish people, bolstered up by songs, poems or parades and days of commemoration. This paper shall examine the circumstances right before the outbreak of the rising, its preparation and the course of events within it. Furthermore it intends to show in what way the British restored their power and how they responded to the open violence. The paper is supposed to try to display what aftermaths the Easter Rising actually had and if there was any sense in this adventure that was apparently doomed to failure in advance. Another point is concerned with the reflection of the rebellion. If it is blamed to be another example of useless hatred, conducted by only few men of weird mind, or if it is viewed as a necessary act of freedom by heroes who sacrificed themselves on the altar of a free Ireland.
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