Japanese Economic Interests in Sabah after the Second World War

GRIN Verlag
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Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2015 in the subject History - Asia, National University of Malaysia, course: History, language: English, abstract: The development of the Malaysian economy currently inherited from three previous levels, starting from the growth and rapid development level of natural resources industries from the mid 19th century until the year 1914, followed by a volatility or instability period of natural resources industries between the First and Second World War and last but not least the level of consolidation and rationalisation of natural resources industries together with a diversified economy after 1945. Although Malaysia is a former British colony, the importance of Japan’s economy has contributed to the change of the foreign policy from the Pro-West Policy during the colonial and post-colonial era to the Look-to-The-East Policy during the administration of Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. Therefore the main issue of this study is to unravel the importance of Japanese economic in North Borneo and Sabah after the Second World War. In terms of the methodology used, this research entails identifying and collecting several primary and secondary sources from the library, the National Archives of Malaysia and National Library of Singapore.
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About the author

Currently working as the founder of Gold Eagle Company, Dr. Uqbah Iqbal was born in the United States and emigrated to Malaysia at the age of six. Winning Second Place in Malaysian Historical Essay Writing Competition 2013, he was the recipient of Research University Fellowship Scheme from the National University of Malaysia, MyBrain 15 (MyPhD) Postgraduate Scholarship Programme from Ministry of Education Malaysia, Graduate on Time Award and Outstanding Student Award from Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, the National University of Malaysia as well as the Youngest Ph.D. in History Holder and the only Malaysian achieved a Ph.D. in History in conjunction with the 43rd Convocation of the National University of Malaysia. He’s authoring 67 books/ebooks and 208 journal articles. He’s joining the editorial board of 81 journals and also a reviewer for 210 journals and 10 book publishing companies/book websites. Until now, he has published 368 publications and reviewed 1,437 manuscripts and articles for journals and conferences. Through his involvement as a reviewer with the Nonfiction Authors Association, 7 of his reviewed books received 3 Gold, 2 Silver and 2 Bronze Awards. By 2017, 383 Journals and Conferences recognized him as one of the Best Social Scientist, Reviewer, Author, Researcher, Editor, Reviewer Board Member and Editorial Board Member and 369 of his articles get appreciation. In 2016, OMICS Publishing Group recognized him as a Valuable Author, Editor and Reviewer under Management Journals Category. In 2017, Scientific Federation recognized him as one of the brilliant and most gifted minds of this century while International Agency for Standards and Ratings recognized him as the World Champion in Social Science (Winner among 5,462 nominations from 67 countries) (Sept - Oct), the World Champion in Humanities (Winner among 5,756 nominations from 56 countries) (Oct - Nov), the World Champion in Social Science (Winner among 5,371 nominations from 51 countries) (Nov), the World Champion in Humanities (Winner among 5,455 nominations from 55 countries) (Nov) and the World Champion in Social Science (Winner among 5,119 nominations from 59 countries) (Nov). He is the First Malaysian Historian that has his own 3 special issue journals, most journal articles and considers himself as the last Malaysian historian from his generation. Currently, there are 118 book companies around the world who are selling his books/ebooks.

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Additional Information

Publisher
GRIN Verlag
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Published on
May 28, 2015
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Pages
12
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ISBN
9783656969327
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Language
English
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Genres
History / Asia / General
History / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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It can be seen that the issue of violence and repression committed by the Myanmar regime has led to Rohingya ethnic suffering seems never-ending. In addition, the suffering experienced by these ethnic are very sad because their children, women and the whole Rohingya Muslims are oppressed and their human rights are denied. Even they also get service and treated with the most extreme and severe. In the turmoil that hit Myanmar, we see Myanmar conduct various forms of violence against the Rohingya community. Although ASEAN practice Non-Intervention Policy (NIP) in its member issue, but the issue conducted by Myanmar against Rohingya ethnic involving human rights and it is a humanitarian issue that needs to be solved immediately. Issues that occur in Myanmar is seen as a form of violence by their efforts to erode the Rohingya ethnic group committed by the military in Myanmar. With it, this could give a bad impression to the ASEAN following Myanmar brutal action against the Rohingya ethnic.

ASEAN which brings the goal of maintaining peace and prosperity in Southeast Asia seems scratches through Myanmar’s cruel action. Moreover, in this case also found that the Rohingya issue also poses a dilemma to the ASEAN member countries. This is because there are ASEAN member countries who want to help the Rohingya and this is a dilemma for ASEAN practiced NIP. This policy stated that any country that has the problem should not be interference from other ASEAN members. Therefore, it is clear that NIP is now less relevant practiced because the Rohingya ethnic need protection and assistance in line with human rights and humanitarian contained in ASEAN. However, if seen NIP has maintained security in the ASEAN region since ASEAN was established. It is better this NIP amended in line with the current situation prevailing in the ASEAN. Therefore, it is expected with this basic modifications can help and defend the fate of Rohingya ethnic in general as well as ensuring peace and prosperity among ASEAN members, and is capable of enhancing the reputation of ASEAN on a global level.

The name Genghis Khan often conjures the image of a relentless, bloodthirsty barbarian on horseback leading a ruthless band of nomadic warriors in the looting of the civilized world. But the surprising truth is that Genghis Khan was a visionary leader whose conquests joined backward Europe with the flourishing cultures of Asia to trigger a global awakening, an unprecedented explosion of technologies, trade, and ideas. In Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World, Jack Weatherford, the only Western scholar ever to be allowed into the Mongols’ “Great Taboo”—Genghis Khan’s homeland and forbidden burial site—tracks the astonishing story of Genghis Khan and his descendants, and their conquest and transformation of the world.

Fighting his way to power on the remote steppes of Mongolia, Genghis Khan developed revolutionary military strategies and weaponry that emphasized rapid attack and siege warfare, which he then brilliantly used to overwhelm opposing armies in Asia, break the back of the Islamic world, and render the armored knights of Europe obsolete. Under Genghis Khan, the Mongol army never numbered more than 100,000 warriors, yet it subjugated more lands and people in twenty-five years than the Romans conquered in four hundred. With an empire that stretched from Siberia to India, from Vietnam to Hungary, and from Korea to the Balkans, the Mongols dramatically redrew the map of the globe, connecting disparate kingdoms into a new world order.

But contrary to popular wisdom, Weatherford reveals that the Mongols were not just masters of conquest, but possessed a genius for progressive and benevolent rule. On every level and from any perspective, the scale and scope
of Genghis Khan’s accomplishments challenge the limits of imagination. Genghis Khan was an innovative leader, the first ruler in many conquered countries to put the power of law above his own power, encourage religious freedom, create public schools, grant diplomatic immunity, abolish torture, and institute free trade. The trade routes he created became lucrative pathways for commerce, but also for ideas, technologies, and expertise that transformed the way people lived. The Mongols introduced the first international paper currency and postal system and developed and spread revolutionary technologies like printing, the cannon, compass, and abacus. They took local foods and products like lemons, carrots, noodles, tea, rugs, playing cards, and pants and turned them into staples of life around the world. The Mongols were the architects of a new way of life at a pivotal time in history.

In Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World, Jack Weatherford resurrects the true history of Genghis Khan, from the story of his relentless rise through Mongol tribal culture to the waging of his devastatingly successful wars and the explosion of civilization that the Mongol Empire unleashed. This dazzling work of revisionist history doesn’t just paint an unprecedented portrait of a great leader and his legacy, but challenges us to reconsider how the modern world was made.


From the Hardcover edition.
This clearly written and engrossing book presents a global narrative of the origins of the modern world from 1400 to the present. Unlike most studies, which assume that the “rise of the West” is the story of the coming of the modern world, this history, drawing upon new scholarship on Asia, Africa, and the New World and upon the maturing field of environmental history, constructs a story in which those parts of the world play major roles, including their impacts on the environment. Robert B. Marks defines the modern world as one marked by industry, the nation state, interstate warfare, a large and growing gap between the wealthiest and poorest parts of the world, increasing inequality within the wealthiest industrialized countries, and an escape from the environmental constraints of the “biological old regime.” He explains its origins by emphasizing contingencies (such as the conquest of the New World); the broad comparability of the most advanced regions in China, India, and Europe; the reasons why England was able to escape from common ecological constraints facing all of those regions by the eighteenth century; a conjuncture of human and natural forces that solidified a gap between the industrialized and non-industrialized parts of the world; and the mounting environmental crisis that defines the modern world.

Now in a new edition that brings the saga of the modern world to the present in an environmental context, the book considers how and why the United States emerged as a world power in the twentieth century and became the sole superpower by the twenty-first century, and why the changed relationship of humans to the environmental likely will be the hallmark of the modern era—the “Anthopocene.” Once again arguing that the U.S. rise to global hegemon was contingent, not inevitable, Marks also points to the resurgence of Asia and the vastly changed relationship of humans to the environment that may in the long run overshadow any political and economic milestones of the past hundred years.
This book is a collection of papers presented at the historical dialogue conducted by the Malaysian Historical Society (on behalf of Malaysia) and Indonesian Historians Society (on behalf of Indonesia) in Johor Bahru from 1-3 October 2010, hosted and organized by Yayasan Warisan Johor. The meeting in Johor Bahru is the third in a series of Malaysia-Indonesia Historical Collective Generating Dialogue. The first dialogue was held in Jakarta from 17 to 19 March 2009, inaugurated by the President of the Republic of Indonesia, Bapak Dr. H. Susilo Bambang Yudhuyuno at the Presidential Palace. The second dialogue takes place in Tanjung Pinang in Riau Islands from October 7 to 10, 2009, inaugurated by the Governor of Riau Province, Bapak Ismeth Abdullah. Dialogue in Johor Bahru is the third in the series and the first to be held in Malaysia, inaugurated by the Chief Minister of Johor, YAB Dato' Haji Abdul Ghani Othman.

Oral evidence is among the most important sources in historical research. Documentation of oral history is a test of our ability as a researcher, about the ability to get other people's beliefs in order to provide their cooperation and ability to dispute their memories in an honest and imaginative. This book is available to help a person achieve the objective of producing recordings and transcripts of historical value as a source of good history. The first chapter introduces the history and historical sources in order to provide basic knowledge about the history and sources for historical research. This knowledge is fundamental in the task of documenting oral histories as sources.

It can be seen that the issue of violence and repression committed by the Myanmar regime has led to Rohingya ethnic suffering seems never-ending. In addition, the suffering experienced by these ethnic are very sad because their children, women and the whole Rohingya Muslims are oppressed and their human rights are denied. Even they also get service and treated with the most extreme and severe. In the turmoil that hit Myanmar, we see Myanmar conduct various forms of violence against the Rohingya community. Although ASEAN practice Non-Intervention Policy (NIP) in its member issue, but the issue conducted by Myanmar against Rohingya ethnic involving human rights and it is a humanitarian issue that needs to be solved immediately. Issues that occur in Myanmar is seen as a form of violence by their efforts to erode the Rohingya ethnic group committed by the military in Myanmar. With it, this could give a bad impression to the ASEAN following Myanmar brutal action against the Rohingya ethnic.

ASEAN which brings the goal of maintaining peace and prosperity in Southeast Asia seems scratches through Myanmar’s cruel action. Moreover, in this case also found that the Rohingya issue also poses a dilemma to the ASEAN member countries. This is because there are ASEAN member countries who want to help the Rohingya and this is a dilemma for ASEAN practiced NIP. This policy stated that any country that has the problem should not be interference from other ASEAN members. Therefore, it is clear that NIP is now less relevant practiced because the Rohingya ethnic need protection and assistance in line with human rights and humanitarian contained in ASEAN. However, if seen NIP has maintained security in the ASEAN region since ASEAN was established. It is better this NIP amended in line with the current situation prevailing in the ASEAN. Therefore, it is expected with this basic modifications can help and defend the fate of Rohingya ethnic in general as well as ensuring peace and prosperity among ASEAN members, and is capable of enhancing the reputation of ASEAN on a global level.

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