The Historical Development of the Malay Nationalism Before Independence

GRIN Verlag
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Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2014 in the subject History - Asia, National University of Malaysia, course: History, language: English, abstract: This study will analyze the historical development of Malay nationalism against Western powers, particularly the British in Malaya before independence in 1957. The method used in this study is based on the method of observation of the resources available at the library and the National Archives of Malaysia. This study will begin with the dismantling of the prior history of Malaya’s early economic development. The arrival of the Western powers, namely the Portuguese, Dutch and British to Malaya was due to the economic importance of Malaya, which is also known as the Land of Gold and Gold Peninsular by foreign races. Malaya was colonized for more than 400 years since the Portuguese colonization in 1511. When the British controlled Malaya, the inclusion of their pro-Western idea has created conflict with the Malay community. This study will focus on the historiography of the Malay community to look at the historical development of Malay nationalism and the parties involved in the resistance against the British. After the country gained independence, the implementation of the Look East Policy by Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad in 1982 is seen to end the continuous conflict between pro-Western idea that been brought by the colonists and the Malay nationalism spirit, with the Japanese model representing the East model has replaced the long-standing Western models that dominate the lives of the Malays as far back as the Portuguese domination of Malacca in 1511.
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About the author

Currently working as the founder of Gold Eagle Company, Dr. Uqbah Iqbal was born in the United States and emigrated to Malaysia at the age of six. Winning Second Place in Malaysian Historical Essay Writing Competition 2013, he was the recipient of Research University Fellowship Scheme from the National University of Malaysia, MyBrain 15 (MyPhD) Postgraduate Scholarship Programme from Ministry of Education Malaysia, Graduate on Time Award and Outstanding Student Award from Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, the National University of Malaysia as well as the Youngest Ph.D. in History Holder and the only Malaysian achieved a Ph.D. in History in conjunction with the 43rd Convocation of the National University of Malaysia. He’s authoring 67 books/ebooks and 208 journal articles. He’s joining the editorial board of 81 journals and also a reviewer for 210 journals and 10 book publishing companies/book websites. Until now, he has published 368 publications and reviewed 1,437 manuscripts and articles for journals and conferences. Through his involvement as a reviewer with the Nonfiction Authors Association, 7 of his reviewed books received 3 Gold, 2 Silver and 2 Bronze Awards. By 2017, 383 Journals and Conferences recognized him as one of the Best Social Scientist, Reviewer, Author, Researcher, Editor, Reviewer Board Member and Editorial Board Member and 369 of his articles get appreciation. In 2016, OMICS Publishing Group recognized him as a Valuable Author, Editor and Reviewer under Management Journals Category. In 2017, Scientific Federation recognized him as one of the brilliant and most gifted minds of this century while International Agency for Standards and Ratings recognized him as the World Champion in Social Science (Winner among 5,462 nominations from 67 countries) (Sept - Oct), the World Champion in Humanities (Winner among 5,756 nominations from 56 countries) (Oct - Nov), the World Champion in Social Science (Winner among 5,371 nominations from 51 countries) (Nov), the World Champion in Humanities (Winner among 5,455 nominations from 55 countries) (Nov) and the World Champion in Social Science (Winner among 5,119 nominations from 59 countries) (Nov). He is the First Malaysian Historian that has his own 3 special issue journals, most journal articles and considers himself as the last Malaysian historian from his generation. Currently, there are 118 book companies around the world who are selling his books/ebooks.

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Additional Information

Publisher
GRIN Verlag
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Published on
Dec 16, 2014
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Pages
29
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ISBN
9783656861430
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Language
English
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Genres
History / Asia / General
History / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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The name Genghis Khan often conjures the image of a relentless, bloodthirsty barbarian on horseback leading a ruthless band of nomadic warriors in the looting of the civilized world. But the surprising truth is that Genghis Khan was a visionary leader whose conquests joined backward Europe with the flourishing cultures of Asia to trigger a global awakening, an unprecedented explosion of technologies, trade, and ideas. In Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World, Jack Weatherford, the only Western scholar ever to be allowed into the Mongols’ “Great Taboo”—Genghis Khan’s homeland and forbidden burial site—tracks the astonishing story of Genghis Khan and his descendants, and their conquest and transformation of the world.

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From the Hardcover edition.
Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2014 in the subject Economics - History, National University of Malaysia, course: History, language: English, abstract: This study analyzes the historical development of the economic nature of the Malay community in the East Coast and Northern Malay Peninsula during pre-colonial era. The method used is based on the screening methods of the resources that are available in the library and the National Archives of Malaysia. The study objective are to dismantling the historical development of the Malay peninsula economic from the perspective of the Malay world, the economic nature of the Malay community during pre-colonial era, and the impact of international trade on the Malay Peninsula economic at this time. The Malay Peninsula became the focus of the study because of its economy is the cord to the formation of the Malaysian economy. The historical development of the Malay Peninsula economic will focus on the East Coast and the North. While studies published by the Western scholar more emphasis on the states on the West Coast of the Malay Peninsula, the majority Malay community at that time concentrated in the East Coast and Northern Malay Peninsula. In contrast to the study of the Western scholar, the study will look at the historical development of the Malay Peninsula economic and Malay society economic nature from the perspective of the Malay world itself. It allows in-depth investigations to the extent to which socio-economic structure of the Malays changing as a result of international trade. Findings showed that local traditional society has their own socio-economic life, with the political structure in the form of feudalism and consists of one single society before the arrival of British colonialism.
Andrei Lankov has gone where few outsiders have ever been. A native of the former Soviet Union, he lived as an exchange student in North Korea in the 1980s. He has studied it for his entire career, using his fluency in Korean and personal contacts to build a rich, nuanced understanding. In The Real North Korea, Lankov substitutes cold, clear analysis for the overheated rhetoric surrounding this opaque police state. After providing an accessible history of the nation, he turns his focus to what North Korea is, what its leadership thinks, and how its people cope with living in such an oppressive and poor place. He argues that North Korea is not irrational, and nothing shows this better than its continuing survival against all odds. A living political fossil, it clings to existence in the face of limited resources and a zombie economy, manipulating great powers despite its weakness. Its leaders are not ideological zealots or madmen, but perhaps the best practitioners of Machiavellian politics that can be found in the modern world. Even though they preside over a failed state, they have successfully used diplomacy-including nuclear threats-to extract support from other nations. But while the people in charge have been ruthless and successful in holding on to power, Lankov goes on to argue that this cannot continue forever, since the old system is slowly falling apart. In the long run, with or without reform, the regime is unsustainable. Lankov contends that reforms, if attempted, will trigger a dramatic implosion of the regime. They will not prolong its existence. Based on vast expertise, this book reveals how average North Koreans live, how their leaders rule, and how both survive.
Seminar paper from the year 2015 in the subject History - Asia, National University of Malaysia, course: History, language: English, abstract: The focus of this study is to dismantle the concept of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere during the Second World War. The methodology used is based on the research methods of the resources available in libraries. This concept arose when the trade dispute continues to be a political issue that contributed to the decline of Anglo-Japanese relations up by the Second World War. South Sea is the center of Japan's second most important investment after Manchukuo. Japan announced this concept on August 1, 1940 with two goals, namely freeing Southeast Asia from the exploitation of the Western powers and launching 3 A Movements. The system includes a combination of regional, cultural, economic and defense under Japan's efforts will be made as a buffer against expansion of Western imperialism. The basic aim of Japan’s policy is the establishment of a peaceful world based on Hakko Ichiu spirit (eight corners of the world under one roof). The first step to ensure this success is to establish a New Order in East Asia, with essentially located in Japan, Manchukuo and China. Although all Japanese leaders insist there are no ambitions of expansionism and imperialism against the West, countries that do not have the honesty and do not understand the true intentions of Japan should be taught through military force. Japanese government will be directly involved in exploiting and developing areas of the South Sea which is under its control.
Isu kekejaman dan penindasan yang dilakukan oleh regim Myanmar telah menyebabkan etnik Rohingya mengalami penderitaan yang kelihatan tidak kunjung habisnya. Selain itu,penderitaan yang di alami oleh etnik ini amatlah menyedihkan kerana jika dilihat kanak-kanak,perempuan dan masyarakat keseluruhan Rohingya yang beragama Islam ditindas dan hak asasi mereka turut dinafikan. Bahkan mereka juga turut mendapat layanan dan diperlakukan dengan amat keterlaluan dan teruk. Oleh itu,dalam kemelut yang melanda di Myanmar ini, kita lihat Myanmar melakukan pelbagai bentuk kekejaman terhadap masyarat Rohingya,walaupun ASEAN mengamalkan dasar Tidak Campur Tangan dalam isu negara-negara yang menganggotai ASEAN, namun isu yang dilakukan oleh Myanmar terhadap etnik Rohingnya melibatkan hak asasi manusia dan ia merupakan isu kemanusiaan yang perlu diselesaikan dengan segera kerana ia melibatkan pelanggaran hak asasi manusia dan melibatkan ASEAN dalam hal ini. Isu yang berlaku di Myanmar ini dilihat sebagai satu bentuk kekejaman dengan usaha mereka yang mahu menghapuskan etnik Rohingya yang dilakukan oleh golongan tentera di Myanmar. Dengan itu,ini mampu memberi gambaran buruk kepada ASEAN berikutan dengan tindakan kejam Myanmar terhadap etnik Rohingya. ASEAN yang membawa matlamat menjaga keamanan dan kemakmuran di Asia Tenggara dilihat tercalar akibat perbuatan kejam Myanmar. Selain itu,dalam hal ini juga didapati bahawa isu Rohingya ini juga menimbulkan dilema kepada negara-negara anggota ASEAN. Hal ini demikian kerana terdapat negara-negara anggota ASEAN yang ingin membantu masyarakat Rohingya dan ini mengalami dilema kerana dasar tidak campur tangan yang diamalkan ASEAN. Dasar tersebut menyebabkan mana-mana negara yang mengalami masalah tidak boleh ada campur tangan daripada anggota-anggota ASEAN yang lain. Oleh itu, jelaslah bahawa Dasar Tidak Campur Tangan (DTC) kini kurang relevan diamalkan kerana etnik Rohingya perlukan pembelaan dan bantuan selari dengan hak asasi dan kemanusiaan yang terdapat dalam ASEAN. Walau bagaimanapun,DTC ini jika dilihat telah mengekalkan keamanan di rantau ASEAN sejak ASEAN ditubuhkan. Dengan itu adalah lebih baik DTC ini diubah selari dengan keadaan semasa yang berlaku di dalam ASEAN. Oleh itu, diharap dengan pengubahsuaian yang dilakukan dasar itu mampu membantu dan membela nasib etnik Rohingya amnya sekaligus menjamin keamanan dan kemakmuran dalam kalangan anggota_anggota ASEAN, lalu ini mampu meningkatkan nama baik ASEAN di peringkat global.
Kajian ini akan menganalisis dasar ekonomi Jepun di Semenanjung Tanah Melayu dalam mencapai keberkesanan konsep Lingkungan Kesemakmuran Bersama Asia Timur Raya. Kajian akan menumpukan Semenanjung Tanah Melayu kerana pembentukan ekonominya merupakan tunjang kepada pembentukan ekonomi Malaysia. Sepanjang pendudukan Jepun, keadaan ekonomi di Semenanjung Tanah Melayu tidak berkembang. Ini kerana British sebelumnya telah menjalankan Dasar Bumi Hangus. Suasana peperangan ketika itu tidak mengalakkan berlakunya sebarang pelaburan Jepun di Semenanjung Tanah Melayu. Jepun juga tidak berupaya menjalankan urusan perdagangan sama ada dalam atau luar Semenanjung Tanah Melayu kerana dihalang oleh Tentera Bersekutu. Secara keseluruhan, kecenderungan dasar Jepun ke arah pemusatan kuasa dan perancangan ekonomi kerajaan bagi mencapai matlamat Lingkungan Kesemakmuran Bersama Asia Timur Raya. Namun tanpa akses kepada pasaran luar negara, ekonomi Semenanjung Tanah Melayu runtuh. Dapat dilihat tiada peluang diberikan kepada Semenanjung Tanah Melayu dalam Lingkungan Kesemakmuran Bersama Asia Timur Raya kerana polisi asasnya adalah mengekalkan Semenanjung Tanah Melayu sebagai jajahan Jepun dan koloni tetap bagi dieksploitasi oleh pendatang Jepun. Akibatnya tentera Jepun setelah menumbangkan kuasa-kuasa Barat yang bertapak terlebih dahulu, dengan kelakuan kejam mereka ini menyebabkan penduduk tempatan tidak mungkin menerima konsep Lingkungan Kesemakmuran Bersama Asia Timur Raya. Ini bererti menukarkan satu bentuk penjajahan dengan satu bentuk yang lain. Eksploitasi kejam penjajahan Jepun juga mengkhianati semua propaganda dan janji-janji manis mereka mengenai Lingkungan Kesemakmuran Bersama Asia Timur Raya yang bersifat anti kolonialisme Barat.
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