At a time when Western values and Italianness are increasingly challenged by the forces of globalization, it is necessary to reconsider former epistemologies of space and ontologies of identity that now seem to be obsolete. In this context, the Mediterranean paradigm is (re)-emerging as a crucial framework through which Italy can re-examine its cultural traditions, while charting future paths based on the transnational exchanges with other cultures from the Mediterranean basin. Italian diasporic experiences - especially to the Americas - also assume a particular relevance. Even in the past, by leaving their homes Italian emigrants have always challenged traditional boundaries of nationality and ethnicity, triggering complex processes of negotiation of identity.
In un contesto socio-culturale in cui i valori occidentali e l’italianità sono quotidianamente problematizzati dai vari effetti della globalizzazione, è opportuno riconsiderare certe epistemologie che appaiono ormai obsolete e non più applicabili ad uno spazio i cui cui confini sono sempre più porosi, e ad una identità la cui ontologia è sempre più sfaccettata. In questo contesto, il paradigma mediterraneo non può che ri-emergere come una prospettiva ideale dalla quale l’Italia può ri-esaminare le sue antiche tradizioni culturali, senza per questo rinunciare ad esplorare nuovi percorsi socio-culturali basati sul confronto transnazionale con altre culture del bacino mediterraneo. La stessa esperienza della diaspora italiana (specie verso le Americhe) assume poi una rilevanza particolare. Già in passato, infatti, gli emigranti italiani che lasciavano il paese erano costretti a sfidare e superare i confini della nazione e dell’etnia, dando il via ad un proficuo processo di negoziazione identitaria.
DW and CAI vary in their structure (from high to low) and in levels of goals, content, specificity, and abstraction. Positive research evidence finds that DW and CAI is effective and actually cost-effective, with relatively healthy undergraduates, psychiatric outpatients, incarcerated felons, and physically handicapped patients supporting the use of this relatively new approach. This evolutionary step or paradigmatic shift cannot take place overnight, professionals suspicious of this new technology, will find this work a way to assuage their fears and help start this new cure on an experiential basis, utilizing structured interviews before starting to use writing and CAI at a distance. It presents an ample field of applications that will make research more cost-effective than traditional talk-based, f2f approaches.
DW/CAI represents one way in which MH professionals can progress to meet managed care companies demands for accountability. Progress in most realms of business, science, education, law is based on the written record. The talking cure has occupied the last century as one of the greatest advances in how to help distressed people. By the same token, the writing cure represents the breakthrough for this coming century. Up to the present talk was conceived as the main if not the only vehicle of communication and healing. Adding DW/CAI to preventive and therapeutic armamentaria represents a distinct advance in how MH services will be delivered, to be accountable for professionals, and to conduct research economically, i. e., doing well while doing good. This work, therefore, combines theory, research, and practice to demonstrate the many advantages that DW/CAI offers as either an alternative, substitute, or supplement for talk therapy. Cyberspace is coming, instead of seeing it as a threat to traditional talk-based f2f practices, MH professionals will have to start to see the advantages of working with patients, clients, subjects, or respondents at a distance. Ethical and professional issues will present themselves in this new way, and should not detract professionals from starting this relatively new way to intervene, and to ensure that this new way to practice is delivered compassionately, responsibly, and effectively.