The first theme is about the ellipse, the shape of the shadow cast by a circle. The next, a natural continuation of the first, is a study of all three types of conic sections, the ellipse, the parabola and the hyperbola.
The third theme is about certain properties of geometrical figures related to the problem of finding the largest area that can be enclosed by a curve of given length. This problem is called the isoperimetric problem. In itself, this topic contains motivation for major parts of the curriculum in mathematics at college level and sets the stage for more advanced mathematical subjects such as functions of several variables and the calculus of variations.
The emergence of non-Euclidean geometries in the beginning of the nineteenth century represents one of the dramatic episodes in the history of mathematics. In the last theme the non-Euclidean geometry in the Poincaré disc model of the hyperbolic plane is developed.Contents:An Ellipse in the ShadowWith Conic Sections in the LightOptimal Plane FiguresThe Poincaré Disc Model of Non-Euclidean GeometryExercises
Readership: Pure mathematicians, professionals, high school and undergraduate students.
Keywords:Conic Sections;Conics;Dandelin Spheres;Isoperimetric Problems;Variational Problems;Optimization;Non-Euclidean Geometry;Hyperbolic Plane;PoincarÃ© Disc Model;Hyperbolic TilingsReviews:
“This lively written book shows that even “old fashioned” geometry such as conic sections can be presented in a very attractive form … The text under review maintains a nice balance between informal presentation of mathematical problems, their connections and history on one hand and concrete mathematics on the other.”Mathematical Reviews
“The book can be recommended to persons — also non-scientists — who are interested in geometrical aspects and its historical background.”Mathematics Abstracts