Thin Films: Heteroepitaxial Systems

World Scientific
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Heteroepitaxial films are commonplace among today's electronic and photonic devices. The realization of new and better devices relies on the refinement of epitaxial techniques and improved understanding of the physics underlying epitaxial growth. This book provides an up-to-date report on a wide range of materials systems. The first half reviews metallic and dielectric thin films, including chapters on metals, rare earths, metal-oxide layers, fluorides, and high-Tc superconductors. The second half covers semiconductor systems, reviewing developments in group-IV, arsenide, phosphide, antimonide, nitride, II-VI and IV-VI heteroepitaxy. Topics important to several systems are covered in chapters on atomic processes, ordering and growth dynamics.
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World Scientific
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Published on
Jun 1, 1999
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Science / Physics / Condensed Matter
Technology & Engineering / Materials Science / General
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Revised and fully updated, the Second Edition of this textbook offers a comprehensive explanation of the technology and physics of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) such as infrared, visible-spectrum, ultraviolet, and white LEDs made from III–V semiconductors. The elementary properties of LEDs such as electrical and optical characteristics are reviewed, followed by the analysis of advanced device structures. With nine additional chapters, the treatment of LEDs has been vastly expanded, including new material on device packaging, reflectors, UV LEDs, III–V nitride materials, solid-state sources for illumination applications, and junction temperature. Radiative and non-radiative recombination dynamics, methods for improving light extraction, high-efficiency and high-power device designs, white-light emitters with wavelength-converting phosphor materials, optical reflectors, and spontaneous recombination in resonant-cavity structures, are discussed in detail. Fields related to solid-state lighting such as human vision, photometry, colorimetry, and color rendering are covered beyond the introductory level provided in the first edition. The applications of infrared and visible spectrum LEDs in silica fiber, plastic fiber, and free-space communication are also discussed. Semiconductor material data, device design data, and analytic formulae governing LED operation are provided. With exercises, solutions and illustrative examples, this textbook will be of interest to scientists and engineers working on LEDs, and to graduate students in electrical engineering, applied physics, and materials science.

Introduction to Solid State Physics, in its Second Edition, provides a comprehensive introduction to the physical properties of crystalline solids. It explains the structure of crystals, theory of crystal diffraction and the reciprocal lattice. As the book advances, it describes different kinds of imperfections in crystals, bonding in solids, and vibration in one-dimensional monoatomic and diatomic linear lattice. Different theories of specific heat, thermal conductivity of solids and lattice thermal conductivity are thoroughly dealt with. Coverage also includes the free electron theory, band theory of solids and semiconductors. In addition, the book also describes in detail the magnetic properties of solids and superconductivity. Finally, the book includes discussions on lasers, nanotechnology and the basic principles of fibre optics and holography. Some new topics like cellular method, quantum Hall effect, de Haas van Alphen effect, Pauli paramagnetism and semiconductor laser have been added in the present edition of the book to make it more useful for the students.

The book is designed to meet the requirements of undergraduate and postgraduate students of physics for their courses in solid state physics, condensed matter physics and material science.

• Puts a conceptual emphasis on the subject.
• Includes numerous diagrams and figures to clarify the concepts.
• Gives step-by-step explanations of theories.
• Provides chapter-end exercises to test the knowledge acquired.


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