Certainly one of the most troublesome unresolved problems facing many Asian and Western countries after the Asia Pacific war (19311945) is the question of the atrocities committed by the Japanese Imperial Army throughout Asia and the Japanese government's repeated attempts to whitewash their wartime responsibilities. The psychological and physical wounds suffered by victims, their families, and relations remain unhealed after more than half a century, and the issue is now pressing. This collection undertakes the critical task of addressing some of the multifaceted and complex issues of Japanese war crimes and redress.
This collection is divided into five themes. In "It's Never Too Late to Seek Justice," the issues of reconciliation, accountability, and Emperor Hirohito's responsibility for war crimes are explored. "The American POW Experience Remembered" includes a moving account of the Bataan Death March by an American ex-soldier. "Psychological Responses" discusses the socio-psychological affects of the Nanjing Massacre and Japanese vivisection on Chinese subjects. The way in which Japanese war atrocities have been dealt with in the theater and cinema is the focus of "Artistic Responses." And central to "History Must not Forget" are the questions of memory, trauma, biological warfare, and redress. Included in this volume are samples of the many presentations given at the International Citizens' Forum on War Crimes and Redress held in Tokyo in December 1999.
Japanese War Crimes will be mandatory reading for those interested in East Asian history, genocide studies, and international politics.
Peter Li has been editor-in-chief of East Asia: An International Quarterly and associate professor of Asian Studies and Comparative Literature at Rutgers University, New Brunswick.
"...essential reading for anyone concerned about the future of human rights. This excellent anthology, based on a landmark conference in Tokyo, exposes not only the staggering scale of the Pacific Holocaust, but the global dimensions of a movement, half a century later, to seek full disclosure and redress for the victims. A multitude of perspectives can be found in this extraordinary book--those of historian and politician, activist and artist, perpetrator and victim--which, like strands woven into tapestry, offer a densely textured portrait of Japan's horrific legacy of genocide and denial. Collectively, these essays tell an epic story of atrocity and amnesia, ultimately defeated by a worldwide struggle for Remembrance."--Iris Chang, author of The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II
"For those who do not know much about the Asia-Pacific War, for those who would like to find out more, for those who are struggling to comprehend one of the darkest chapters of history and for those who are calling for an official and unequivocal apology and due compensation from Japan, this edition is a must. It engages us on all levels: historical, artistic, psychological, political and philosophical. Then transcending these levels, it becomes a clarion call for the international community to embark on the only road that would lead to a better future for us all. This road would start with Japan's being held accountable for its crimes against humanity and its full acceptance of that responsibility; it would continue with ensuring justice for its victims and would end with reconciliat
How do we explain such killings, crossing ideological bounds and political conditions? According to Rummel, the one constant factor in all the Chinese mass murder, as it was in the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany, is arbitrary power. It was the factor that united warlords, Nationalists, Communists, and foreign armies. The author argues that whenever such undisciplined power is centralized and unchecked, the possibility exists that it will be used at the whim of dictators to kill for their own ends, whether the aim is ethnic-racial purity, national unity, development, or utopia.
The book presents successive periods in modern Chinese history, with each chapter divided into three parts. Rummel first relates the history of the period within which the nature and the amount of killings are presented. He then provides a detailed statistical table giving the basic estimates with their sources and qualifications. The final part offers an appendix that explains and elaborates the statistical computations and estimates.
While estimates are available in the literature on the number of Chinese killed in Communist land reform, or in Tibet, or by the Nationalists in one military campaign or another, until this book no one has tried to systematically accumulate, organize, add up, and analyze these diverse killings for all of China's governments in this century. For
This examination counters revisionist claims that the United States led Japan into war in 1941 and that war could have been avoided by the pursuit of a more conciliatory policy on the part of the U.S. It explores why it was necessary for the U.S. to demand unconditional surrender and refutes claims that Japan was a victim of the war. The acquisition of U.S. territory in the Pacific initially began with the annexation of Hawaii and continued with the former possessions of Spain, ceded in the Spanish American War. Nimmo follows this story through the Philippine War, efforts to promote Philippine independence, the Commonwealth era, and finally independence in 1946.
Japan's imperial regime had volatile ambitions but limited resources, thus encouraging them to unleash a particularly brutal offensive against the peoples of Asia and surrounding ocean islands. Their 1931 to 1945 invasions and policies further added to Asia's pre-war woes, particularly in China, by badly disrupting marginal economies, leading to famines and epidemics. Altogether, the victims of Japan's World War Two aggression took many forms and were massive in number.
Gruhl offers a survey and synthesis of the historical literature and documentation, statistical data, as well as personal interviews and first-hand accounts to provide a comprehensive overview analysis. The sequence of diplomatic and military events leading to Pearl Harbor, as well as those leading to the U.S. decision to drop the atom bomb, are explored here as well as Japan's war crimes and postwar revisionist/apologist views regarding them. This book will be of intense interest to Asian specialists, and those concerned with human rights issues in a historical context.