Advanced Structural Materials: Properties, Design Optimization, and Applications

CRC Press
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A snapshot of the central ideas used to control fracture properties of engineered structural metallic materials, Advanced Structural Materials: Properties, Design Optimization, and Applications illustrates the critical role that advanced structural metallic materials play in aerospace, biomedical, automotive, sporting goods, and other industries in the twenty-first century. The book presents an overview of the structure, properties, and applications of these materials, including the basic ideas behind their design. It contains examples and accessible language, elucidating the basic concepts that guide the development of new alloys and composite materials.

With in-depth reviews from leading contributors, the text develops an understanding of the breadth and depth of advances in the field. It begins with a broad introduction to advanced structural materials, then examines materials at the frontiers of emerging applications such as biomaterials, MEMS, amorphous materials, and nanotechnology. The chapter authors are experts in their own right and they assume no prior knowledge of a given material system, delineating the fundamental concepts and applications of advanced structural materials. The rich array of carefully selected topics provides useful insights into the structure, properties, and applications of advanced structural materials.

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Additional Information

Publisher
CRC Press
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Published on
Dec 21, 2006
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Pages
528
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ISBN
9781420017465
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Technology & Engineering / Materials Science / General
Technology & Engineering / Mechanical
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Eligible for Family Library

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The book outlines many of the processes developed using various materials ranging from metals to plastics, and composites to human tissue. It presents recent innovations and potential viable applications that include: near-net shape capabilities, superior design, geometric flexibility, innovations in fabrication using multiple materials, and reduced tooling and fixturing. It also introduces several illustrations and case studies that focus on the present and far-reaching applications, developments, and future prospects of AM technologies.

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This book is designed to provide lecture notes (theory) and experimental design of major concepts typically taught in most Mechanics of Materials courses in a sophomore- or junior-level Mechanical or Civil Engineering curriculum. Several essential concepts that engineers encounter in practice, such as statistical data treatment, uncertainty analysis, and Monte Carlo simulations, are incorporated into the experiments where applicable, and will become integral to each laboratory assignment. Use of common strain (stress) measurement techniques, such as strain gages, are emphasized. Application of basic electrical circuits, such as Wheatstone bridge for strain measurement, and use of load cells, accelerometers, etc., are employed in experiments. Stress analysis under commonly applied loads such as axial loading (compression and tension), shear loading, flexural loading (cantilever and four-point bending), impact loading, adhesive strength, creep, etc., are covered. LabVIEW software with relevant data acquisition (DAQ) system is used for all experiments. Two final projects each spanning 2‒3 weeks are included: (i) flexural loading with stress intensity factor determination and (ii) dynamic stress wave propagation in a slender rod and determination of the stress‒strain curves at high strain rates.

The book provides theoretical concepts that are pertinent to each laboratory experiment and prelab assignment that a student should complete to prepare for the laboratory. Instructions for securing off-the-shelf components to design each experiment and their assembly (with figures) are provided. Calibration procedure is emphasized whenever students assemble components or design experiments. Detailed instructions for conducting experiments and table format for data gathering are provided. Each lab assignment has a set of questions to be answered upon completion of experiment and data analysis. Lecture notes provide detailed instructions on how to use LabVIEW software for data gathering during the experiment and conduct data analysis.

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