Logic and Algebra

Contemporary mathematics - American Mathematical Society

Book 302
American Mathematical Soc.
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This volume outlines current developments in model theory and combinatorial set theory and presents state-of-the-art research. Well-known researchers report on their work in model theory and set theory with applications to algebra. The papers of J. Brendle and A. Blass present one of the most interesting areas of set theory. Brendle gives a very detailed and readable account of Shelah's solution for the long-standing problem of $\mathrm{Con}(\mathfrak{d}
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American Mathematical Soc.
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Published on
Dec 31, 2002
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Mathematics / Logic
Mathematics / Set Theory
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This book is a collection of papers given by invited speakers at the AMS Special Session on Quantum Computation and Information held at the January 2000 Annual Meeting of the AMS in Washington, DC. The papers in this volume give readers a broad introduction to the many mathematical research challenges posed by the new and emerging field of quantum computation and quantum information. Of particular interest is a long paper by Lomonaco and Kauffman discussing mathematical and computational aspects of the so-called hidden subgroup algorithm.This book is intended to help readers recognize that, as a result of this new field of quantum information science, mathematical research opportunities abound in such diverse mathematical fields as algebraic coding theory, algebraic geometry, algebraic topology, communication theory, control theory, cryptography, differential geometry, differential topology, dynamical systems, game theory, group theory, information theory, number theory, operator theory, robotics, theory of computation, mathematical logic, mathematical physics, and more.It is hoped that this book will act as a catalyst to encourage members of the mathematical community to take advantage of the many mathematical research opportunities arising from the 'grand challenge' of Quantum Information Science. This book is the companion volume to ""Quantum Computation: A Grand Mathematical Challenge for the Twenty-First Century and the Millennium"", PSAPM/58, Volume 58 in the ""Proceedings of Symposia in Applied Mathematics"" series.
This textbook prepares graduate students for research in numerical analysis/computational mathematics by giving to them a mathematical framework embedded in functional analysis and focused on numerical analysis. This helps the student to move rapidly into a research program. The text covers basic results of functional analysis, approximation theory, Fourier analysis and wavelets, iteration methods for nonlinear equations, finite difference methods, Sobolev spaces and weak formulations of boundary value problems, finite element methods, elliptic variational inequalities and their numerical solution, numerical methods for solving integral equations of the second kind, and boundary integral equations for planar regions. The presentation of each topic is meant to be an introduction with certain degree of depth. Comprehensive references on a particular topic are listed at the end of each chapter for further reading and study.

Because of the relevance in solving real world problems, multivariable polynomials are playing an ever more important role in research and applications. In this third editon, a new chapter on this topic has been included and some major changes are made on two chapters from the previous edition. In addition, there are numerous minor changes throughout the entire text and new exercises are added.

Review of earlier edition:

"...the book is clearly written, quite pleasant to read, and contains a lot of important material; and the authors have done an excellent job at balancing theoretical developments, interesting examples and exercises, numerical experiments, and bibliographical references."

R. Glowinski, SIAM Review, 2003

This book focuses on the theoretical aspects of small strain theory of elastoplasticity with hardening assumptions. It provides a comprehensive and unified treatment of the mathematical theory and numerical analysis. It is divided into three parts, with the first part providing a detailed introduction to plasticity, the second part covering the mathematical analysis of the elasticity problem, and the third part devoted to error analysis of various semi-discrete and fully discrete approximations for variational formulations of the elastoplasticity. This revised and expanded edition includes material on single-crystal and strain-gradient plasticity. In addition, the entire book has been revised to make it more accessible to readers who are actively involved in computations but less so in numerical analysis. Reviews of earlier edition: “The authors have written an excellent book which can be recommended for specialists in plasticity who wish to know more about the mathematical theory, as well as those with a background in the mathematical sciences who seek a self-contained account of the mechanics and mathematics of plasticity theory.” (ZAMM, 2002) “In summary, the book represents an impressive comprehensive overview of the mathematical approach to the theory and numerics of plasticity. Scientists as well as lecturers and graduate students will find the book very useful as a reference for research or for preparing courses in this field.” (Technische Mechanik) "The book is professionally written and will be a useful reference to researchers and students interested in mathematical and numerical problems of plasticity. It represents a major contribution in the area of continuum mechanics and numerical analysis." (Math Reviews)
Research into contact problems continues to produce a rapidly growing body of knowledge. Recognizing the need for a single, concise source of information on models and analysis of contact problems, accomplished experts Sofonea, Han, and Shillor carefully selected several models and thoroughly study them in Analysis and Approximation of Contact Problems with Adhesion or Damage. The book describes very recent models of contact processes with adhesion or damage along with their mathematical formulations, variational analysis, and numerical analysis.

Following an introduction to modeling and functional and numerical analysis, the book devotes individual chapters to models involving adhesion and material damage, respectively, with each chapter exploring a particular model. For each model, the authors provide a variational formulation and establish the existence and uniqueness of a weak solution. They study a fully discrete approximation scheme that uses the finite element method to discretize the spatial domain and finite differences for the time derivatives. The final chapter summarizes the results, presents bibliographic comments, and considers future directions in the field.

Employing recent results on elliptic and evolutionary variational inequalities, convex analysis, nonlinear equations with monotone operators, and fixed points of operators, Analysis and Approximation of Contact Problems with Adhesion or Damage places these important tools and results at your fingertips in a unified, accessible reference.

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