Hot-Carrier Reliability of MOS VLSI Circuits

The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science

Book 227
Springer Science & Business Media
Free sample

As the complexity and the density of VLSI chips increase with shrinking design rules, the evaluation of long-term reliability of MOS VLSI circuits is becoming an important problem. The assessment and improvement of reliability on the circuit level should be based on both the failure mode analysis and the basic understanding of the physical failure mechanisms observed in integrated circuits. Hot-carrier induced degrada tion of MOS transistor characteristics is one of the primary mechanisms affecting the long-term reliability of MOS VLSI circuits. It is likely to become even more important in future generation chips, since the down ward scaling of transistor dimensions without proportional scaling of the operating voltage aggravates this problem. A thorough understanding of the physical mechanisms leading to hot-carrier related degradation of MOS transistors is a prerequisite for accurate circuit reliability evaluation. It is also being recognized that important reliability concerns other than the post-manufacture reliability qualification need to be addressed rigorously early in the design phase. The development and use of accurate reliability simulation tools are therefore crucial for early assessment and improvement of circuit reliability : Once the long-term reliability of the circuit is estimated through simulation, the results can be compared with predetermined reliability specifications or limits. If the predicted reliability does not satisfy the requirements, appropriate design modifications may be carried out to improve the resistance of the devices to degradation.
Read more
Loading...

Additional Information

Publisher
Springer Science & Business Media
Read more
Published on
Dec 6, 2012
Read more
Pages
212
Read more
ISBN
9781461532507
Read more
Language
English
Read more
Genres
Technology & Engineering / Electrical
Technology & Engineering / Electronics / Circuits / General
Read more
Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
Read more

Reading information

Smartphones and Tablets

Install the Google Play Books app for Android and iPad/iPhone. It syncs automatically with your account and allows you to read online or offline wherever you are.

Laptops and Computers

You can read books purchased on Google Play using your computer's web browser.

eReaders and other devices

To read on e-ink devices like the Sony eReader or Barnes & Noble Nook, you'll need to download a file and transfer it to your device. Please follow the detailed Help center instructions to transfer the files to supported eReaders.
The intention of this book is to address a number of timely, performance-critical issues within the field of short-distance optical communications, from a circuit designer’s perspective. It discusses the major trade-offs the designer has to deal with in the development of monolithically integrated receivers in CMOS technologies. As such, it is based on Dr. Muller’s doctoral dissertation entitled “A Standard CMOS Multi-Channel Single-Chip Receiver for Multi-Gigabit Optical Data Communications”, subm- ted to the School of Engineering of the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) in May 2006. The dissertation material has been enhanced by the presentation of a number of alternative design approaches and circuit topologies, providing exhaustive coverage of the state of the art in optical sho- distance receiver circuit design. The need for a new processor input/output (I/O) interface paradigm is dictated by ongoing te- nology scaling and the advent of multi-core systems. Indeed, each new generation of microprocessors and digital signal processors provides higher computing power and data throughput, whereas the available bandwidth of the I/O interfaces is subject to much slower growth. Moving beyond - coming serial links to an optical data link paradigm for very short-distance (board-to-board and chip-- chip communications allows for considerable I/O interface bandwidth enhancement. Fully integrated silicon CMOS receivers are considered to be the technology of choice to lead this solution to economic success, because monolithic integration results in lower volume-manufacturing cost, improved yield and reduced assembly and test expenses.
"This is teaching at its best!"

--Hans Camenzind, inventor of the 555 timer (the world's most successful integrated circuit), and author of Much Ado About Almost Nothing: Man's Encounter with the Electron (Booklocker.com)

"A fabulous book: well written, well paced, fun, and informative. I also love the sense of humor. It's very good at disarming the fear. And it's gorgeous. I'll be recommending this book highly."

--Tom Igoe, author of Physical Computing and Making Things Talk

Want to learn the fundamentals of electronics in a fun, hands-on way? With Make: Electronics, you'll start working on real projects as soon as you crack open the book. Explore all of the key components and essential principles through a series of fascinating experiments. You'll build the circuits first, then learn the theory behind them!

Build working devices, from simple to complex You'll start with the basics and then move on to more complicated projects. Go from switching circuits to integrated circuits, and from simple alarms to programmable microcontrollers. Step-by-step instructions and more than 500 full-color photographs and illustrations will help you use -- and understand -- electronics concepts and techniques.

Discover by breaking things: experiment with components and learn from failure Set up a tricked-out project space: make a work area at home, equipped with the tools and parts you'll need Learn about key electronic components and their functions within a circuit Create an intrusion alarm, holiday lights, wearable electronic jewelry, audio processors, a reflex tester, and a combination lock Build an autonomous robot cart that can sense its environment and avoid obstacles Get clear, easy-to-understand explanations of what you're doing and why
©2018 GoogleSite Terms of ServicePrivacyDevelopersArtistsAbout Google|Location: United StatesLanguage: English (United States)
By purchasing this item, you are transacting with Google Payments and agreeing to the Google Payments Terms of Service and Privacy Notice.