Computational Methods for Agricultural Research: Advances and Applications brings computing solutions to ancient practices and modern concerns, sowing the seeds for a sustainable, constant food supply. This book treats subjects as old modeling flood patterns and predicting potential climates to distinctly 21st century topics such as pesticide leaching models and the impact of agricultural policy. All of these studies utilize cutting-edge computational techniques of interest to both academics and practitioners in agriculture but also computational modeling researchers, creating a reference practical significance.
Dr Alfredo José Barreto Luiz is a researcher in Applied Statistics at the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa) and a post-doctoral fellow at brazilian National Institute of Space Research (INPE). He received his D.Sc. in Remote Sensing at INPE and his Master degree in Statistics and Quantitative Methods from the University of Brasília (UnB). He did his undergraduate course in Agronomy at Federal University of Lavras (UFLa). His research interest includes the study of scenarios and the spatial and temporal dynamics of agriculture, beside data analysis in biometrics and environmetrics.
Homero Chaib Filho was born in 1954 in Belém-PA, Brazil. In 1970 was awarded the diploma of merit, by the National Council of nuclear energy of Brazil, for the monograph on the development of nuclear energy in Brazil. In 1977 has taken his bachelor’s degree in Mathematics at Universidade de Brasília, Brazil. In 1983, took his master in Production Engineering, with emphasis on Operation Research, at Universidade de Santa Catarina, Brazil. At Escuela superior de Ingenieros agrónomos of the Universidad de Madri, took his Doctoral degree in Applied Mathematics, in 1990. Since 1977, he was a researcher at Embrapa, where he worked in the areas of data analysis and computational methods. In 2009 came to retire at Embrapa to seek new horizons. [Editor]
Grunt tackles the science behind some of a soldier's most challenging adversaries—panic, exhaustion, heat, noise—and introduces us to the scientists who seek to conquer them. Mary Roach dodges hostile fire with the U.S. Marine Corps Paintball Team as part of a study on hearing loss and survivability in combat. She visits the fashion design studio of U.S. Army Natick Labs and learns why a zipper is a problem for a sniper. She visits a repurposed movie studio where amputee actors help prepare Marine Corps medics for the shock and gore of combat wounds. At Camp Lemmonier, Djibouti, in east Africa, we learn how diarrhea can be a threat to national security. Roach samples caffeinated meat, sniffs an archival sample of a World War II stink bomb, and stays up all night with the crew tending the missiles on the nuclear submarine USS Tennessee. She answers questions not found in any other book on the military: Why is DARPA interested in ducks? How is a wedding gown like a bomb suit? Why are shrimp more dangerous to sailors than sharks? Take a tour of duty with Roach, and you’ll never see our nation’s defenders in the same way again.
"Reduce, reuse, recycle" urge environmentalists; in other words, do more with less in order to minimize damage. But as this provocative, visionary book argues, this approach perpetuates a one-way, "cradle to grave" manufacturing model that dates to the Industrial Revolution and casts off as much as 90 percent of the materials it uses as waste, much of it toxic. Why not challenge the notion that human industry must inevitably damage the natural world?
In fact, why not take nature itself as our model? A tree produces thousands of blossoms in order to create another tree, yet we do not consider its abundance wasteful but safe, beautiful, and highly effective; hence, "waste equals food" is the first principle the book sets forth. Products might be designed so that, after their useful life, they provide nourishment for something new-either as "biological nutrients" that safely re-enter the environment or as "technical nutrients" that circulate within closed-loop industrial cycles, without being "downcycled" into low-grade uses (as most "recyclables" now are).
Elaborating their principles from experience (re)designing everything from carpeting to corporate campuses, William McDonough and Michael Braungart make an exciting and viable case for change.
No one understands the frackers—their ambitions, personalities, and foibles—better than Wall Street Journal reporter Gregory Zuckerman. His exclusive access drives this dramatic narrative, which stretches from North Dakota to Texas to Wall Street.