Islamic Law in Palestine and Israel: A History of the Survival of Tanzimat and Sharia in the British Mandate and the Jewish State

Grave Distractions Publications
Free sample

Robert Eisenman’s classic work, Islamic Law in Palestine and Israel: A History of the Survival of Tanzimat and Sharia, examines how Islamic law, such as Sharia law, survived in Palestine and Israel in a pure form perhaps longer than in any other Ottoman successor state.

It did this for a variety of reasons, chief among which are the innate conservatism of the British and the inability of the Israelis, particularly in the country’s early days, to do much about it. Besides Lebanon and Gaza, only in Israel did those three great monuments of Islamic and Ottoman modernism: the Ottoman Law of Family Rights, the Ottoman Land Code, and the Mecelle-i Akham-i Adliye, survive simultaneously.

Author, Robert Eisenman, traces this continuity from Ottoman times in terms understandable to both specialists, lawyers, and laypersons. The anomaly of Islamic laws', such as Sharia law, survival against the backdrop of British legal concepts and renascent Jewish nationalism is delineated completely. Detailed attention is also given to the effect, or non-effect, of such Israeli reforms in Women’s Equal Rights Law on the Muslim community and on Islamic law, as well as to the creation of Israeli hybrid laws, such as the Land Law of 1969, and a new Israeli modernism.

The situation in Israel today remains more or less the same. In some areas beyond the 1967 Green Lines, where Israeli Law has been applied, it is as described in this book. In others, which have not been annexed or where it has not, Jordanian Law for the most part still obtains.

Read more

About the author

Robert Eisenman is the author of The New Testament Code: The Cup of the Lord, the Damascus Covenant, and the Blood of Christ (2006), James the Brother of Jesus: The Key to Unlocking the Secrets of Early Christianity and the Dead Sea Scrolls (1998), The Dead Sea Scrolls and the First Christians (1996), Islamic Law in Palestine and Israel: A History of the Survival of Tanzimat and Shari'ah (1978), and co-editor of The Facsimile Edition of the Dead Sea Scrolls (1989) and The Dead Sea Scrolls Uncovered (1992).

He is Emeritus Professor of Middle East Religions and Archaeology and the former Director of the Institute for the Study of Judeo-Christian Origins at California State University Long Beach and Visiting Senior Member of Linacre College, Oxford. He holds a B.A. from Cornell University in Philosophy and Engineering Physics (1958), an M.A. from New York University in Near Eastern Studies (1966), and a Ph.D from Columbia University in Middle East Languages and Cultures and Islamic Law (1971). He was a Senior Fellow at the Oxford Centre for Postgraduate Hebrew Studies and an American Endowment for the Humanities Fellow-in-Residence at the Albright Institute of Archaeological Research in Jerusalem, where the Dead Sea Scrolls were first examined.

In 1991-92, he was the Consultant to the Huntington Library in San Marino, California on its decision to open its archives and allow free access for all scholars to the previously unpublished Scrolls. In 2002, he was the first to publicly announce that the so-called 'James Ossuary', which so suddenly and 'miraculously' appeared, was fraudulent; and he did this on the very same day it was made public on the basis of the actual inscription itself and what it said without any 'scientific' or 'pseudo-scientific' aids.
Read more

Reviews

Loading...

Additional Information

Publisher
Grave Distractions Publications
Read more
Published on
Jun 6, 2015
Read more
Pages
346
Read more
ISBN
9781311051011
Read more
Language
English
Read more
Genres
Law / Government / General
Political Science / World / Middle Eastern
Read more
Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
Read more
Read Aloud
Available on Android devices
Read more
Eligible for Family Library

Reading information

Smartphones and Tablets

Install the Google Play Books app for Android and iPad/iPhone. It syncs automatically with your account and allows you to read online or offline wherever you are.

Laptops and Computers

You can read books purchased on Google Play using your computer's web browser.

eReaders and other devices

To read on e-ink devices like the Sony eReader or Barnes & Noble Nook, you'll need to download a file and transfer it to your device. Please follow the detailed Help center instructions to transfer the files to supported eReaders.
Robert Eisenman
This is the follow-up work to Prof. Eisenman's Maccabees, Zadokites, Christians, and Qumran: A New Hypothesis of Qumran Origins, in which he attempts to prove in a case-by-case manner some of the hypotheses he suggested in that original ground-breaking work. Both works turn out to be, surprisingly enough, just about exactly the same number of pages and what Prof. Eisenman does in this short volume is to go through what is known by scholars as "The Habakkuk Pesher" and laymen, "The Habakkuk Commentary" - "Pesher" in Hebrew having the same sense as "Commentary" in English - in a line-by-line, passage-by-passage fashion; and meticulously set forth just how they can relate to known events, ideas, and happenstances known from and associated with the life of James or as all Early Christian accounts would have it: "James the Just" (the cognomen, "the Just One" of course, being at all times all-important) or "James the Zaddik.." As everyone knows, he has expanded this in two 1000+ page books since: James the Brother of Jesus: The Key to Unlocking the Secrets of Early Christianity and the Dead Sea Scrolls (1997-98) and The New Testament Code: The Cup of the Lord, the Damascus Covenant, and the Blood of Christ (2006) and two shorter ones: James the Brother of Jesus and the Dead Sea Scrolls I and II (2012 and 2013); but these two initial volumes represent his first forays into this territory. Once again, despite the impression by a few critics, who try make light of or marginalize his theories or scholarship (as if they could produce anything better); as in MZCQ, he absolutely distinguishes between "the Spouter of Lies" or "Lying" (the so-called "Liar" or "Scoffer" - for Eisenman, a more accurate translation of this last being "the Jester") and "the Wicked Priest"; and this dichotomy has withstood the test of time and initiated a host of imitators. Not only does he make it clear - despite some simplistic "Consensus" theorizing - that these two are utterly different; but, in doing so, he absolutely confirms through internal analysis a First Century CE date for principal Qumran original Documents (called by so-called 'consensus scholars', "Sectarian"), a position he already basically set forth in MZCQ. The first, of course, is an internal ideological Adversary of the hero of the Scrolls, "the Righteous Teacher" - "the Liar" who "denied the Law in the midst of their entire Congregation" - the second, the present Establishment High Priest and this, definitively not a "Maccabean" but the reigning "Herodian" one. It is he who is responsible for the death or destruction of "the Righteous Teacher" and some of those with him - called revealingly "the Poor" - "the Ebionim" in the Hebrew of the Scrolls and very probably equivalent to "the Ebionites" of Early Church History about whom Eusebius in the 4th Century is so contemptuous and scathing of. These and many other things are meticulously delineated in this, Eisenman's first foray into a line-by-line decipherment of the Habakkuk Pesher - having already dealt definitively and in detail with the twin issues of Archaeology and Paleography in MZCQ preceding it. Both of these very-hard-to-acquire books will not, it is hoped, disappoint, Prof. Eisenman's many admirers.
Kevin Lacz
“One of the very best books to come out of the war in Iraq,” (Lt. Col. Dave Grossman, bestselling author of On Killing), The Last Punisher is a gripping and intimate on-the-ground memoir from a Navy SEAL who was part of SEAL Team THREE with American Sniper Chris Kyle. Experience his deployment, from his first mission to his first kill to his eventual successful return to the United States to play himself in the Oscar-nominated film directed by Clint Eastwood and starring Bradley Cooper.

The Last Punisher is a “thoughtful, funny, and raw…always compelling” (Bing West, New York Times bestselling author of No True Glory) first-person account of the Iraq War. With wry humor and moving testimony, Kevin Lacz tells the bold story of his tour in Iraq with SEAL Team THREE, the warrior elite of the Navy. This legendary unit, known as “The Punishers,” included Chris Kyle (American Sniper), Mike Monsoor, Ryan Job, and Marc Lee. These brave men were instrumental in securing the key locations in the pivotal 2006 Battle of Ramadi.

Minute by minute, Lacz relays the edge-of-your-seat details of his team’s missions in Ramadi, offering a firsthand glimpse into the heated combat, extreme conditions, and harrowing experiences they faced every day. Through it all, Lacz and his teammates formed unbreakable bonds and never lost sight of the cause: protecting America with their fight.

“A rare glimpse into the mind of a Navy SEAL,” (Clint Emerson, New York Times bestselling author of 100 Deadly Skills) Kevin Lacz brings you onto the battlefield and relays the tough realities of war. At the same time, Lacz shares how these experiences made him a better man and how proud he is of his contributions to one of this country’s most difficult military campaigns.

The Last Punisher is the story of a SEAL and an “honest-to-God American hero” (Mike Huckabee, #1 bestselling author) who was never afraid to answer the call.
Robert H. Eisenman
Robert Eisenman
The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Roots of Christianity and Islam: Re-Erecting the Fallen Tent of David in the Land North of Damascus represents a small part of Prof. Eisenman’s groundbreaking work in deciphering the hidden history and influence the Dead Sea Scrolls have had on the world’s three major religions; Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

The Dead Sea scrolls were discovered in a desolate, and place called Qumran on the north-west shore of the Dead Sea, between 1946 and 1956. Over 970 documents were found in 11 caves. The scrolls have courted controversy ever since because of their Biblical and extra-Biblical content, and the question of who actually wrote theta continues to be disputed till this day.

Because the scrolls were possessively kept secret for a long time, conspiracy theories arose with some claiming that the Vatican was suppressing information found in the scrolls that was damaging to the church, á la Dan Brown's The Da Vinci Code. In reality, it was greed and a turf war between scholars that kept the scrolls hidden from the public—scholars wanted to be the first to interpret the texts, for obvious reasons. Today, you can view the fragments of the scrolls on the Internet.

"We said (the scrolls) should be open to anybody," said Prof. Eisenman. "It should he free for anyone religious, Christian, Muslim, Buddhist, or whomever to look at the scrolls for themselves. And the Israelis didn't want that. They wanted their scholars to see the documents and write the principal works so that their version would be the official interpretation.”
Joby Warrick
WINNER OF THE 2016 PULITZER PRIZE FOR GENERAL NONFICTION

“A Best Book of 2015”—The New York Times, The Washington Post, People Magazine, San Francisco Chronicle, Kansas City Star, and Kirkus Reviews

In a thrilling dramatic narrative, awarded the 2016 Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction, Joby Warrick traces how the strain of militant Islam behind ISIS first arose in a remote Jordanian prison and spread with the unwitting aid of two American presidents.
 
   When the government of Jordan granted amnesty to a group of political prisoners in 1999, it little realized that among them was Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, a terrorist mastermind and soon the architect of an Islamist movement bent on dominating the Middle East. In Black Flags, an unprecedented character-driven account of the rise of ISIS, Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter Joby Warrick shows how the zeal of this one man and the strategic mistakes of Presidents Bush and Obama led to the banner of ISIS being raised over huge swaths of Syria and Iraq.
   Zarqawi began by directing terror attacks from a base in northern Iraq, but it was the American invasion in 2003 that catapulted him to the head of a vast insurgency. By falsely identifying him as the link between Saddam and bin Laden, U.S. officials inadvertently spurred like-minded radicals to rally to his cause. Their wave of brutal beheadings and suicide bombings persisted until American and Jordanian intelligence discovered clues that led to a lethal airstrike on Zarqawi’s hideout in 2006.
   His movement, however, endured. First calling themselves al-Qaeda in Iraq, then Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, or ISIS, his followers sought refuge in unstable, ungoverned pockets on the Iraq-Syria border. When the Syrian civil war broke out in 2011, and as the U.S. largely stood by, ISIS seized its chance to pursue Zarqawi’s dream of an ultra-conservative Islamic caliphate.
   Drawing on unique high-level access to CIA and Jordanian sources, Warrick weaves gripping, moment-by-moment operational details with the perspectives of diplomats and spies, generals and heads of state, many of whom foresaw a menace worse than al Qaeda and tried desperately to stop it. Black Flags is a brilliant and definitive history that reveals the long arc of today’s most dangerous extremist threat.


From the Hardcover edition.
Robert Eisenman
Robert Eisenman’s War Territory Nation: Israel, the Arabs, and the Jewish People develops ideas conceived of while he was living in Israel’s “Occupied Territories” after The Six-Day War for five years and in the U.S.A. thereafter after The Yom Kippur War.

There are seven pieces in all, the last Cyprus: Aphrodite’s Isle being rather an autobiographical story, but all overlap in the areas of History, Politics, Sociology, and Religion. Though each deals with somewhat different subject matter, all provide the same insights and understandings. Moreover, the reader will see that all are still absolutely valid today as almost nothing has changed, particularly the situation in the so-called “Occupied Territories”, but also on Cyprus.

Just as Theodore Herzl's Jewish State was conceived of as the solution to “The Jewish Question” and subtitled as such(unfortunately Hitler picked up the same language after that), so too “Why we Must Stop Being Jews and Become Hebrews Again” and “The Problem with Rabbinic Judaism” deal with the “Question” a hundred years later in the light of the new configuration of circumstances after the destruction of the mass of European Jewry and the Establishment of the State of Israel. However, just as Herzl was contemplating a physical transformation of the Jewish People, Eisenman is contemplating a Spiritual.

"Arab Class Structure and the New Terrorism", "The Assassination of Feisal", and “The Nuclear Threat to Israel” deal with the ever-present Arab-Israeli Struggle and the Middle East generally. Cyprus: Aphrodite’s Isle, while an autobiographical story as noted, portrays how the author was thrust into the midst of the struggle between the Greeks and the Turks there, but reflects the same general ethos and perception.

The solutions being considered are radical but, with the memory of the Holocaust and the possible future destruction of the Jewish People in mind, it is hoped that such questions as the destruction of Israel, the Arab mindset, the relevance of Judaism to the Modern Jew, the future disappearance of Diaspora Jewry, and the use of nuclear weaponry in the Middle East in general are faced up to with honesty and fairly as in the end what is finally being contemplated is the future survival of the Jewish People and, with it, the associated survival of the State of Israel.


Robert Eisenman

In The New Testament Code: The Cup of the Lord, the Damascus Covenant, and the Blood of Christ world-renowned scholar and bestselling author Robert Eisenman uncovers the Truth and unravels the real code behind New Testament allusions like “this is the Cup of the New Covenant in my blood” and connects them to “the New Covenant in the Land of Damascus” and “drinking the Cup of the Wrath of God” in the Dead Sea Scrolls.

 

In doing so, Eisenman demonstrates the integral relationship of James the Brother of Jesus to the Righteous Teacher of the Dead Sea Scrolls, deciphers the way the picture of “Jesus” was put together in the Gospels, and clarifies the real history of Palestine in the first century and, as a consequence, what can be known about the real “Jesus.” In paring away the traces of Greco-Roman anti-Semitism—which were deliberately introduced into “this picture” thereby tainting Western history ever since—The New Testament Code shows what really happened in Palestine in that time, not what the enemies of those making war against Rome wanted people to think happened.

 

In making these arguments and exposing these revisions, overwrites, and falsifications that were introduced into the New Testament, Eisenman also explains the esoteric meaning of many of the usages with which we are all so familiar in the Western World. In doing so, he identifies the Scrolls as the literature of ‘the Messianic Movement in Palestine’ and ‘decodes’ many well-known and beloved sayings in the Gospels such as, “Every Plant which My Heavenly Father has not planted shall be uprooted,” “Do not throw Holy Things to dogs,” “A man shall not be known by what goes into his mouth but, rather, by what comes out of it,” and “These are the signs that the Lord did in Cana of Galilee.” Offering a thorough and in-depth, point-by-point analysis of James’ relationship to the Dead Sea Scrolls, he illumines such subjects as the “Pella Flight,” “the Wilderness Camps,” and Paul as an “Herodian,” exposing Peter’s true historical role as “a prototypical Essene,” who was used in the Gospels and the Book of Acts as a mouthpiece for Anti—Semitism, and demonstrating how, once we have found the Historical James, we have found the Historical Jesus.

 

He covers new archaeological discoveries along the Dead Sea, AMS radiocarbon dating of the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the controversial almost miraculous appearance of the “James Ossuary” (which he considers having been based on his book on James) and the reasons for its being considered a fraud. A crucial new point that emerges in The New Testament Code is the identification of the document known as the MMT as a Letter from James to someone early Church Fathers call the “Great King of the Peoples beyond the Euphrates.” Readers will not be disappointed.

 

The crowning point of all his arguments will be his exposition of the relationship of “the New Covenant in the Land of Damascus” in the Dead Sea Scrolls to the ritual of “the Last Supper;” and ‘the Cup’ connected to both, to be but a parody–one of the other. The final mysteries of the Dead Sea Scrolls as they relate to Peter, Paul and James will be elucidated. Did Paul know the meaning of the famous Damascus Document, discovered in the Cairo Genizah in 1897, “to set the Holy Things up according to their precise specifications”? Or the reverse of it, as Peter was presented as discovering it in the Books of Acts—to make “no distinctions between Holy and profane”? These and many other questions will be revealed in The New Testament Code.

 

Robert Eisenman
In this concluding volume of James the Brother of Jesus and the Dead Sea Scrolls II: The Damascus Code, the Tent of David, the New Covenant, and the Blood of Christ, renowned biblical scholar Robert Eisenman compresses in a more reader-friendly format the results of previous work, creating a more comprehensive picture of Jesus’ brother James as “the pivotal Opposition Leader” of the time leading up to the War against Rome (66-70 CE).

Is there an interconnecting code between the New Testament and the Dead Sea Scrolls? Eisenman – who broke the Scrolls monopoly and was the first to identify the so-called “James Ossuary” as fraudulent – shows that there is. Moreover, in this newly-revised volume, he ‘decodes’ many beloved and famous sayings of the Gospels, such as “Every plant which My Heavenly Father has not planted shall be uprooted,”“A man shall not be known by what goes into his mouth but by what comes out of it,”“Do not throw Holy Things to dogs”, etc. including chapters like “The Dogs who Licked Poor Lazarus’ Sores” or “Rabbi Eliezer’s Bad Breath and Lazarus’ Stinking Body”.

In identifying the Scrolls as the literature of “the Messianic Movement in Palestine”; he not only connects “James the Brother of Jesus” to the Leadership of ‘Early Christianity’ in Palestine, but also to "the Righteous Teacher” in the Scrolls.

Offering a point-by-point analysis of James' relationship to the Habakkuk Commentary, The Damascus Document, The War Scroll, etc., he also illumines the subjects "the Pella Flight and raising the Fallen Tent of David”, “Paul as an Herodian,”“the Wilderness Camps,” and “Peter”’s role as “a prototypical Essene” but in Acts as a mouthpiece for anti-Semitism. In doing so he, not only clarifies the true history of Palestine in the First Century, but deciphers the way ‘the picture’ of “Jesus” was put together in the Gospels and, as a consequence, what can be known about the real “Jesus”.

He also covers subjects like “the New Covenant in the Land of Damascus” and Paul’s attack on James on the Temple steps, extending it to the competition between Paul and “the Party of James” over “Circumcision” in Antioch and the conversion of Queen Helen Adiabene and her sons in Northern Syria, who led the “famine relief” effort ascribed to Paul in Acts. Moreover, he will show the figure of James to have been so influential and highly-regarded in the Jerusalem of his day that his death was the capstone event leading up to the Jewish Revolt against Rome.

In making these arguments and exposing actual ‘overwrites’, a crucial new point that emerges is his identification of the Qumran document called by scholars “MMT” as a ‘Jamesian’ Letter to “the Great King of the Peoples beyond the Euphrates.” At the same time, he unravels the real “code” behind the pivotal New Testament allusion: “This is the Cup of the New Covenant in My Blood,” connecting it to “the New Covenant in the Land of Damascus” and “giving the Cup of the Right Hand of the Lord ( "the Cup of Divine Wrath”) to drink” in both the Damascus Document and Habakkuk Pesher in the Scrolls.

Did Paul know the meaning of the famous Damascus Document (discovered in Cairo in the Nineteenth Century) “to set the Holy Things up according to their precise specifications”– or the reverse of it, as Peter is presented as being made to understand by “a Voice out of Heaven” and “a Tablecloth” descending out of it –“to make no distinctions between Holy and profane”– on a rooftop in Gaza?

In this series, Eisenman’s revelations will extend far beyond these examples. James the Brother of Jesus and the Dead Sea Scrolls, both I and II, will complete the task of rescuing James from the oblivion into which he was cast, either intentionally or via benign neglect. His conclusion will, therefore, definitively bear on the problem of “the Historical Jesus”: “Who and whatever James was, so was Jesus.” Eisenman’s many readers will not be disappointed.

Robert Eisenman
Suzanne Fisher continues the story of Triphammer Falls but now all the action is in Europe. It follows James Levin from the time he lands at Le Havre till a month later when he meets Suzanne at the Gare Saint-Lazare in Paris. Once in Paris, they take a room together on the Left Bank, but find there really wasn't much they could get done there nor achieve living as they were in a dollar-a-day hotel room in "The Latin Quarter." The book takes place completely in Europe at a time when it really was a "Bohemian Paradise" and there wasn't any place you really couldn't get a room for less than a Dollar a night. Suzanne is petrified of her father and that he will find out they are living together in Paris and, therefore, bring her home. Levin decides to solve the problem unilaterally, as it were, and goes, albeit unwillingly, not to Vienna - where he had always wanted to return - but to Alt Aussee in the Austrian Salzkammergut, which some people at a Cafe on the Left Bank, The Contrascarpe - known for its guitar-playing folk singers, French, English, Scottish, and American, near where Hemingway used to live - had recommended to him. From there, still unable to work effectively because of worrying about Suzanne alone in Paris, he goes to Vienna and several times back to Paris before finally going down to Hydra off the Coast of the Peloponnesos (since made famous by Leonard Cohen in his song So Long, Marianne) and the Greek Islands. It has also recently been discovered by the editors that Theodore Herzl, the acclaimed Zionist Thinker, used regularly to spend his summers at Alt Aussee. In Hydra, not only are Levin's adventures there described, but from there the last stages of his relationship with Suzanne Fisher are worked out before he finally returns to Paris one last time where the book reaches a climax.
©2018 GoogleSite Terms of ServicePrivacyDevelopersArtistsAbout Google
By purchasing this item, you are transacting with Google Payments and agreeing to the Google Payments Terms of Service and Privacy Notice.