Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man

J. Bartlett

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J. Bartlett
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Dec 31, 1852
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 The philosopher Thomas Reid (1710 – 1796), the founder of the Scottish School of Common Sense and, was with his contemporary David Hume, played an integral role in the Scottish Enlightenment. 
Reid's classic treatise on phenomenology includes the following chapters: 

Chapter I. Introduction 
I. The importance of the subject, and the means of prosecuting it 
II. The impediments to our knowledge of the mind 
III. The present state of this part of philosophy—of Des Cartes, Nalebranche, and Locke 
IV. Apology for those philosophers 
V. Of Bishop Berkeley—the “Treatise of Human Nature”—and of scepticism 
VII. The system of all these authors is the same and leads to scepticism 
VIII. We ought not to despair of a better 

Chapter II. Of Smelling 
I. The order of proceeding. 
II. The sensation considered abstractly 
III. Sensation and its remembrance natural principles of belief 
IV. Judgment and belief in some cases precede simple apprehension 
V. Two theories of the nature of belief refuted. Conclusions from what hath been said 
VI. Apology for metaphysical absurdities. Sensation without a sentient, a consequence of the theory of ideas. Consequences of this strange opinion 
VII. The conception and belief of a sentient being or mind, is suggested by our constitution. The notion of relations not always got by comparing the related ideas 
VIII. There is a quality or virtue in bodies, which we call their smell. How this is connected in the imagination with the sensation 
IX. That there is a principle in human nature, from which the notion of this, as well as all other natural virtues or causes, is derived 
X. Whether in sensations the mind is active or passive 

Chapter III. Of Tasting 

Chapter IV. Of Hearing 
I. Variety of sounds. Their place and distance learned by custom, without reasoning 
II. Of natural language 

Chapter V. Of Touch 
I. Of heat and cold 
II. Of hardness and softness 
III. Of natural signs 
IV. Of hardness, and other primary qualities 
VI. Of extension 
VII. Of extension 
VIII. Of the existence of a material world 
IX. Of the systems of philosophers concerning the senses 

Chapter VI. Of Seeing 
I. The excellence and dignity of this faculty 
II. Sight discovers almost nothing which the blind may not comprehend. The reason of this 
III. Of the visible appearances of objects 
IV. That colour is a quality of bodies, not a sensation of the mind 
V. First inference from the preceding 
VI. Second. That none of our sensations are resemblances of any of the qualities of bodies 
VII. Of visible figure and extension 
VIII. Some queries concerning visible figure answered 
IX. Of the geometry of visibles 
X. Of the parallel motion of the eyes 
XI. Of our seeing objects erect by inverted images 
XII. The same subject continued 
XIII. Of seeing objects single with two eyes 
XIV. Of the laws of vision in brute animals 
XV. The phenomena of squinting considered hypothetically 
XVI. Facts relating to squinting 
XVII. Of the effect of custom in seeing objects single 
XVIII. Of Dr. Porterfield’s account of single and double vision 
XIX. Of Dr. Briggs's theory, and Sir Isaac Newton's conjecture on this subject 
XX. Of perception in general 
XXI. Of the process of nature in perception 
XXII. Of the signs by which we learn to perceive distance from, the eye 
XXIII. Of the signs used in these acquired perceptions 

Chapter VII. Conclusion
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