Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Wiley Survival Guides in Engineering and Science

Book 14
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Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology explains nanotechnology to an audience that does not necessarily have a scientific background. It covers all aspects, including the new areas of biomedical applications and the use of nanotechnology to probe the "quantum vacuum." After discussing the present state of the art in nanotechnology, the book makes estimates of where these technologies are going and what will be possible in the future.
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About the author

CHRIS BINNS, PhD, is Professor of Nanoscience in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Leicester, United Kingdom. He spent two years working at Synchrotron Radiation Sources (SSRL, Stanford and NSLS, Brookhaven) in the USA. Professor Binns then obtained a permanent academic post at the University of Leicester and continued synchrotron radiation experiments. In the last decade his research has focused on magnetic nanoparticles, and at present is moving into the new areas of biomedical applications of nanoparticles and in Casimir force measurements using scanning probe microscopes.
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Additional Information

Publisher
John Wiley & Sons
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Published on
Oct 19, 2010
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Pages
301
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ISBN
9781118017067
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Language
English
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Genres
Technology & Engineering / Electrical
Technology & Engineering / Electronics / Microelectronics
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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A resource for probability AND random processes, with hundreds ofworked examples and probability and Fourier transform tables



This survival guide in probability and random processes eliminatesthe need to pore through several resources to find a certainformula or table. It offers a compendium of most distributionfunctions used by communication engineers, queuing theoryspecialists, signal processing engineers, biomedical engineers,physicists, and students.

Key topics covered include:
* Random variables and most of their frequently used discrete andcontinuous probability distribution functions
* Moments, transformations, and convergences of randomvariables
* Characteristic, generating, and moment-generating functions
* Computer generation of random variates
* Estimation theory and the associated orthogonalityprinciple
* Linear vector spaces and matrix theory with vector and matrixdifferentiation concepts
* Vector random variables
* Random processes and stationarity concepts
* Extensive classification of random processes
* Random processes through linear systems and the associated Wienerand Kalman filters
* Application of probability in single photon emission tomography(SPECT)


More than 400 figures drawn to scale assist readers inunderstanding and applying theory. Many of these figures accompanythe more than 300 examples given to help readers visualize how tosolve the problem at hand. In many instances, worked examples aresolved with more than one approach to illustrate how differentprobability methodologies can work for the same problem.

Several probability tables with accuracy up to nine decimal placesare provided in the appendices for quick reference. A specialfeature is the graphical presentation of the commonly occurringFourier transforms, where both time and frequency functions aredrawn to scale.

This book is of particular value to undergraduate and graduatestudents in electrical, computer, and civil engineering, as well asstudents in physics and applied mathematics. Engineers, computerscientists, biostatisticians, and researchers in communicationswill also benefit from having a single resource to address mostissues in probability and random processes.
A compelling treatment of FTTH

Written by telecommunications pioneer Paul Green Jr., Fiber to theHome is a comprehensive examination of the technical and socialimplications of fiber to the home (FTTH), the technology thatextends the current fiber optic backbone to optically connect itdirectly to homes and offices.

Fiber to the Home addresses the payoffs expected from thisimpending technological revolution; provides a detailed guide tothe optoelectronic components and architectures of which the systemis made; and includes an equally thorough guide to the mechanics ofdeploying the fiber paths, whether underground or elevated.Additionally, the book concludes with a recent country-by-countrysurvey of the legalities and the state of play in this importantnew trend.

Green points out how completing the "last mile" between today'sfiber network backbone and customer premises will not only unleashnew usage modes for consumer computers, TVs, phones, and otherterminal types, but will also empower both the computer andtelecommunication industries toward new levels of investment andprofitability.

Aimed at a general audience, Fiber to the Home uses essentially nomathematics, and all terms are carefully explained and reinforcedwith a vocabulary quiz at the end of each chapter. Because of thetutorial emphasis of the explanations, the wide spectrum of readersaffected by this emerging and ever-accelerating revolution willgain a thorough understanding of the technical details of FTTH thatwill aid them in the practice of their professions. These readersinclude:
* Technicians, craftsmen, and engineers involved in installingfiber systems
* Telecommunication network planners
* Venture investors curious about the future of this dynamicindustry sector
* Research and product engineers who need to know the detailedarchitecture, cost, and performance imperatives of this"post-bubble" optical networking business opportunity
* Students interested in a vibrant new industry with new jobs andnew R & D challenges
* Telecommunication regulators and attorneys who need a quick fixon what the technology is and what it does
* Individuals concerned with international competitiveness in anage when the country's information infrastructure is such a keyingredient for future growth

With Fiber to the Home, readers are armed with all they need tofully understand and participate in the FTTH revolution.
Everything readers need to implement and support a wirelesspoint-to-point communications environment

In order to cope with the tremendous explosion of thetelecommunications market, the field of wireless communications hasgreatly expanded in the past fifty years, especially in the domainsof microwave radio systems including line-of-sight, satellites, andtropospheric-scatter. Now, Microwave Engineering: Land & SpaceRadio- communications answers the growing worldwide demand for anauthoritative book on this important and emerging subject area.

In five succinct chapters, the book introduces students andpracticing engineers to the main propagation phenomena that areencountered and that must be considered in the design and planningfor any given system type and frequency of operation:

Electromagnetic wave propagation—An introduction to thefundamentaltheory of radiation and propagation of electromagneticwaves, polarization, antenna properties, free space attenuation,atmospheric refractivity, diffraction, reflection, multipath andscattering mechanisms, hydrometeor effects, and probabilitydistributions

Principles of digital communication systems—Modulationtechniques, signal processing, error probability, spectralcharacteristics, spectrum efficiency, thermal noise,intermodulation, jamming, and interference

Microwave line-of-sight systems—Path profile, flat fadingand frequency-selective fading, interferometric method for spaceand frequency diversity techniques, International Standards and ITURecommendations, optimization of the frequency-plan resource, linkbudget, quality, reliability, and availability

Microwave transhorizon systems—Design ofbeyond-the-horizon communication systems, properties of scatteringand diffraction modes, multipath statistical relations, long-termand short-term field strength variations, quality of service,optimization of antenna alignment, and experimental analysis ofvarious diversity and combining methods

Satellite communications—Design of satellitecommunications systems, orbital parameters, Earth-satellitegeometry, uplink and downlink budgets for both space and Earthsegments, and total system noise temperature

Microwave Engineering: Land & Space Radiocommunications issuitable for engineers involved in wireless telecommunications, aswell as for students and members of various seminars andworkshops.

A resource for probability AND random processes, with hundreds ofworked examples and probability and Fourier transform tables



This survival guide in probability and random processes eliminatesthe need to pore through several resources to find a certainformula or table. It offers a compendium of most distributionfunctions used by communication engineers, queuing theoryspecialists, signal processing engineers, biomedical engineers,physicists, and students.

Key topics covered include:
* Random variables and most of their frequently used discrete andcontinuous probability distribution functions
* Moments, transformations, and convergences of randomvariables
* Characteristic, generating, and moment-generating functions
* Computer generation of random variates
* Estimation theory and the associated orthogonalityprinciple
* Linear vector spaces and matrix theory with vector and matrixdifferentiation concepts
* Vector random variables
* Random processes and stationarity concepts
* Extensive classification of random processes
* Random processes through linear systems and the associated Wienerand Kalman filters
* Application of probability in single photon emission tomography(SPECT)


More than 400 figures drawn to scale assist readers inunderstanding and applying theory. Many of these figures accompanythe more than 300 examples given to help readers visualize how tosolve the problem at hand. In many instances, worked examples aresolved with more than one approach to illustrate how differentprobability methodologies can work for the same problem.

Several probability tables with accuracy up to nine decimal placesare provided in the appendices for quick reference. A specialfeature is the graphical presentation of the commonly occurringFourier transforms, where both time and frequency functions aredrawn to scale.

This book is of particular value to undergraduate and graduatestudents in electrical, computer, and civil engineering, as well asstudents in physics and applied mathematics. Engineers, computerscientists, biostatisticians, and researchers in communicationswill also benefit from having a single resource to address mostissues in probability and random processes.
Electrical Engineering 101 covers the basic theory and practice of electronics, starting by answering the question "What is electricity?" It goes on to explain the fundamental principles and components, relating them constantly to real-world examples. Sections on tools and troubleshooting give engineers deeper understanding and the know-how to create and maintain their own electronic design projects. Unlike other books that simply describe electronics and provide step-by-step build instructions, EE101 delves into how and why electricity and electronics work, giving the reader the tools to take their electronics education to the next level. It is written in a down-to-earth style and explains jargon, technical terms and schematics as they arise. The author builds a genuine understanding of the fundamentals and shows how they can be applied to a range of engineering problems.

This third edition includes more real-world examples and a glossary of formulae. It contains new coverage of:

MicrocontrollersFPGAsClasses of componentsMemory (RAM, ROM, etc.)Surface mountHigh speed designBoard layoutAdvanced digital electronics (e.g. processors)Transistor circuits and circuit designOp-amp and logic circuitsUse of test equipmentGives readers a simple explanation of complex concepts, in terms they can understand and relate to everyday life. Updated content throughout and new material on the latest technological advances.Provides readers with an invaluable set of tools and references that they can use in their everyday work.
A compelling treatment of FTTH

Written by telecommunications pioneer Paul Green Jr., Fiber to theHome is a comprehensive examination of the technical and socialimplications of fiber to the home (FTTH), the technology thatextends the current fiber optic backbone to optically connect itdirectly to homes and offices.

Fiber to the Home addresses the payoffs expected from thisimpending technological revolution; provides a detailed guide tothe optoelectronic components and architectures of which the systemis made; and includes an equally thorough guide to the mechanics ofdeploying the fiber paths, whether underground or elevated.Additionally, the book concludes with a recent country-by-countrysurvey of the legalities and the state of play in this importantnew trend.

Green points out how completing the "last mile" between today'sfiber network backbone and customer premises will not only unleashnew usage modes for consumer computers, TVs, phones, and otherterminal types, but will also empower both the computer andtelecommunication industries toward new levels of investment andprofitability.

Aimed at a general audience, Fiber to the Home uses essentially nomathematics, and all terms are carefully explained and reinforcedwith a vocabulary quiz at the end of each chapter. Because of thetutorial emphasis of the explanations, the wide spectrum of readersaffected by this emerging and ever-accelerating revolution willgain a thorough understanding of the technical details of FTTH thatwill aid them in the practice of their professions. These readersinclude:
* Technicians, craftsmen, and engineers involved in installingfiber systems
* Telecommunication network planners
* Venture investors curious about the future of this dynamicindustry sector
* Research and product engineers who need to know the detailedarchitecture, cost, and performance imperatives of this"post-bubble" optical networking business opportunity
* Students interested in a vibrant new industry with new jobs andnew R & D challenges
* Telecommunication regulators and attorneys who need a quick fixon what the technology is and what it does
* Individuals concerned with international competitiveness in anage when the country's information infrastructure is such a keyingredient for future growth

With Fiber to the Home, readers are armed with all they need tofully understand and participate in the FTTH revolution.
From stars to terrestrial networks and satellites

From outdoors to indoors

From ancient to future applications

From techniques to technologies . . .

The field of radionavigation signals and systems has seensignificant growth in recent years. Satellite systems are veryefficient, but owing to their limited exposure and/or availabilityin some environments, they do not cover the whole spectrum ofapplications. Thus, many other positioning techniques are beingdeveloped.

Now, Global Positioning presents an overview of the strengthsand weaknesses of various systems with a specific emphasis on thosethat are satellite-based. Beginning with a description of theevolution of positioning systems, the book provides detailedcoverage of the three main Global Navigation Satellite System(GNSS) constellations, discusses how to cope with indoorpositioning, defines development activities and commercialpositioning, and proposes a vision for the future of the field.

Special features of the book include:

Exercises to test and challenge the reader's understanding

Direct comparison between constellations and other positioningsystems

Mathematical content kept to a minimum in order to maximizeaccessibility and readability

Descriptions of European and U.S. discussions for Galileo

Historical aspects and links between the distant past andcurrent systems

Footnotes that provide hints and comments to the reader

At a time when the positioning domain is experiencing suchimmense transformation, it is vital to have a solid understandingof the fundamental principles, current tech-nologies, and futureimprovements that will help estimate the performance andlimita-tions of existing systems. Global Positioning fills animportant need for professionals and students in a variety offields who want a complete and authoritative overview of globalpositioning techniques.

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