Despite its tensions and contradictions, the various discourses on globalization hint at a desire to build a space and time for encounters between worlds and cultures, through the persistence of a dialogue that shortens the distances, but respects the differences. A considerable part of the political, cultural, urban, linguistic shape of the Western world drew inspirations and solutions from the experience of poleis and cosmopoleis of the Ancient World. On the other hand, mobility may even be perceived as a characteristic feature of Luso-Brazilian culture, from the Portuguese Discoveries and their cultural production in the early stages of Jesuit literature in Brazil, especially in José de Anchieta, down to António Vieira, Machado de Assis, Guimarães Rosa, among others. Therefore, the presence and the different hues respecting the topic of mobility and of old cosmopoleis in the reception of Classical Antiquity in Portuguese literature are as well a central theme of the volume.
Gabriele Cornelli é professor de Filosofia Antiga no Departamento de Filosofia da Universidade de Brasília (UnB). Ele é Presidente da Sociedade Internacional de Platão (2013-2016) e Diretor da Cátedra UNESCO Archai sobre as origens do pensamento ocidental. Atua nos Programas de pós-graduação em Metafísica e Bioética da UnB e em Filosofia na Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. É editor da revista Archai e da revista Atlantís. É editor de quatro coleções: Brill’s Plato Studies, Archai (Annablume, SP), Cátedra (Paulus , SP) e Filosofia e Tradição (UNESCO, Brasil). Já foi presidente da Sociedade Brasileira de Estudos Clássicos (2012-13) e da Sociedade Brasileira de Platão (2008-2010).
Gabriele Cornelli is Professor of Ancient Philosophy at the Department of Philosophy at the University of Brasília (UnB). He is President of the International Plato Society (2013-2016) and Director of the Archai UNESCO Chair on the origins of Western Thought. He works in Post-Graduate Programs in Metaphysics and Bioethics at UnB and in Philosophy at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. He is also Editor of the Archai and Atlantís journals. He is currently editing four monograph Series: Brill’s Plato Studies, Archai (Annablume, SP), Cátedra (Paulus, SP) and Filosofia e Tradição (UNESCO, Brazil). He was President of the Brazilian Society of Classical Studies (2012-13) and of the Brazilian Plato Society (2008-2010).
Maria do Céu Fialho é Professora Catedrática do Instituto de Estudos Clássicos e investigadora no Centro de Estudos Clássicos e Humanísticos da Universidade de Coimbra. A sua atividade de investigadora e docente tem‐se centrado na língua e literatura grega, e em estudos de teatro clássico, contexto e recepção, bem como de poética. Trabalha também a obra de Plutarco.
Maria do Céu Fialho is Full Professor at the Institute of Classical Studies and researcher at the Centre for Classical and Humanistic Studies at the University of Coimbra. Her research and teaching activity has focused on Greek language and literature, on classical theater studies, context and reception, as well as on poetics. She currently studies as well the work of Plutarch.
Delfim F. Leão é Professor Catedrático do Instituto de Estudos Clássicos e investigador no Centro de Estudos Clássicos e Humanísticos da Universidade de Coimbra. A sua investigação tem incidido em particular sobre o direito e teorização política dos Gregos, a pragmática teatral e o romance latino. Tem também um grande interesse na área das Humanidades Digitais. Entre os seus trabalhos encontram-se D. F. Leão, E. M. Harris e P. J. Rhodes (eds.), Law and Drama in Ancient Greece (Duckworth, London, 2010); D. F. Leão e F. Frazier (eds.), Tychè et pronoia. La marche du monde selon Plutarque (Coimbra e Paris, Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra, 2010); D. F. Leão e P. J. Rhodes, The Laws of Solon. A New Edition, with Introduction, Translation and Commentary (I.B. Tauris, London, 2015).
Delfim F. Leão is Full Professor at the Institute of Classical Studies and researcher at the Centre for Classical and Humanistic Studies at the University of Coimbra. His main areas of scientific interest are ancient history, law and political theory of the Greeks, theatrical pragmatics, and the ancient novel. He also has a deep interest in Digital Humanities. Among his works are D. F. Leão, E. M. Harris and P. J. Rhodes (eds.), Law and Drama in Ancient Greece (Duckworth, London, 2010); D. F. Leão and F. Frazier (eds.), Tychè et pronoia. La marche du monde selon Plutarque (Coimbra and Paris, Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra, 2010); and D. F. Leão and P. J. Rhodes, The Laws of Solon. A New Edition, with Introduction, Translation and Commentary (I.B. Tauris, London, 2015).
Identity is constructed through the interaction between the ‘I’ and the numerous ‘others’ that constitute its world. From this plurivocal dialogue results a diversity of ways of acting and thinking, responsible not only for the creation of norms but also for passing beyond the transmitted code, that is, for transgression. It is the constant updating of this dynamic correlation between norm and transgression that gives rise to progress (moving forwards) of the ‘I’, both individual and collective. In it lies the very nature of creative activity, the fascination for discovery, the impulse and need for revolution.
Polis/Cosmopolis publishes the results of research, arising from diverse perspectives, into the coexistence, in tension or in harmony, of regional and global identities, minorities, and majorities in the Graeco-Roman world, in the Middle Ages, and in the Renaissance. This work will explore the ways in which these cultural modalities were shaped, and transformed themselves, involving the polis system, the phenomenon of colonization, the hegemonic leagues, and Athens, both ideally imagined and historically beset with instability and lost values (as attested by its leading men). Our investigations also envision the Other, and consider the variety of political dispensations for the Other down to the Hellenistic kingdoms with, naturally, Alexandria first and foremost. There then follows the evolution that leads from Rome to a linguistic Romanitas and from Europe to the New World. Indeed, for a long time, local languages and the language of imperium coexisted as affirmations of regional identity and global integration, as was the case in the Hellenistic East as well as, in fact, in Hispania.