Like it or not, sometimes we need to put a monetary value on people's lives. In the past, government agencies used the financial "cost of death" to monetize the mortality risks of regulatory policies, but this method vastly undervalued life. Pricing Lives tells the story of how the government came to adopt an altogether different approach--the value of a statistical life, or VSL—and persuasively shows how its more widespread use could create a safer and more equitable society for everyone.
In the 1980s, W. Kip Viscusi used the method to demonstrate that the benefits of requiring businesses to label hazardous chemicals immensely outweighed the costs. VSL is the risk-reward trade-off that people make about their health when considering risky job choices. With it, Viscusi calculated how much more money workers would demand to take on hazardous jobs, boosting calculated benefits by an order of magnitude. His current estimate of the value of a statistical life is $10 million. In this book, Viscusi provides a comprehensive look at all aspects of economic and policy efforts to price lives, including controversial topics such as whether older people's lives are worth less and richer people's lives are worth more. He explains why corporations need to abandon the misguided cost-of-death approach, how the courts can profit from increased application of VSL in assessing liability and setting damages, and how other countries consistently undervalue risks to life.
Pricing Lives proposes sensible economic guideposts to foster more protective policies and greater levels of safety in the United States and throughout the world.
With tips, examples and solutions throughout, this multi-disciplinary text delivers an effective and comprehensive approach to help you to understand how dynamic risk assessment (DRA) can be integrated into predictive (PRA) and strategic risk assessments (SRA) to enhance your organization’s effectiveness.
The 3-Level Risk Management Model fully supports and complements the systematic ‘five steps to risk assessment’ process
A multi-disciplinary approach to dynamic risk assessment that covers workers operating in teams and those working alone within the public, private and third sectors
Contains practical examples, tips and case studies drawn from a wide range of organizations
The book comes with access to downloadable materials from an accompanying website at: www.routledge.com/cw/dynamic-risk-assessment
In their careers, the authors, Brian Allen and Rachelle Loyear, have been instrumental in successfully reorganizing the way security is handled in major corporations. In this ground-breaking book, the authors begin by defining Enterprise Security Risk Management (ESRM):
“Enterprise security risk management is the application of fundamental risk principles to manage all security risks − whether information, cyber, physical security, asset management, or business continuity − in a comprehensive, holistic, all-encompassing approach.”
In the face of a continually evolving and increasingly risky global security landscape, this book takes you through the steps of putting ESRM into practice enterprise-wide, and helps you to:Differentiate between traditional, task-based management and strategic, risk-based management. See how adopting ESRM can lead to a more successful security program overall and enhance your own career. . Prepare your security organization to adopt an ESRM methodology. . Analyze and communicate risks and their root causes to all appropriate parties. . Identify what elements are necessary for long-term success of your ESRM program. . Ensure the proper governance of the security function in your enterprise. . Explain the value of security and ESRM to executives using useful metrics and reports. .
Throughout the book, the authors provide a wealth of real-world case studies from a wide range of businesses and industries to help you overcome any blocks to acceptance as you design and roll out a new ESRM-based security program for your own workplace.