Cicero on the Emotions: Tusculan Disputations 3 and 4

University of Chicago Press
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The third and fourth books of Cicero's Tusculan Disputations deal with the nature and management of human emotion: first grief, then the emotions in general. In lively and accessible style, Cicero presents the insights of Greek philosophers on the subject, reporting the views of Epicureans and Peripatetics and giving a detailed account of the Stoic position, which he himself favors for its close reasoning and moral earnestness. Both the specialist and the general reader will be fascinated by the Stoics' analysis of the causes of grief, their classification of emotions by genus and species, their lists of oddly named character flaws, and by the philosophical debate that develops over the utility of anger in politics and war.

Margaret Graver's elegant and idiomatic translation makes Cicero's work accessible not just to classicists but to anyone interested in ancient philosophy and psychotherapy or in the philosophy of emotion. The accompanying commentary explains the philosophical concepts discussed in the text and supplies many helpful parallels from Greek sources.
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About the author

Margaret Graver is an assistant professor of classics at Dartmouth College.
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Additional Information

Publisher
University of Chicago Press
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Published on
Mar 5, 2009
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Pages
283
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ISBN
9780226305196
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Language
English
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Genres
Philosophy / History & Surveys / Ancient & Classical
Psychology / Emotions
Psychology / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Cicero's Rome's greatest orator, Marcus Tullius Cicero was a renowned philosopher and political theorist whose influence upon the history of European literature has been immense.  For the first time in digital publishing history, readers can now enjoy Cicero’s complete works in English and Latin on their eReaders, with beautiful illustrations, informative introductions and the usual Delphi bonus material. (Version 1)

* Beautifully illustrated with images relating to Cicero's life and works
* Features the complete works of Cicero, in both English translation and the original Latin
* Concise introductions to the orations, treatises and other works
* The complete speeches, with rare fragments, arranged in precise chronological order
* Includes many translations previously appearing in Loeb Classical Library editions of Cicero’s works
* Excellent formatting of the texts
* Easily locate the orations or treatises you want to read with individual contents tables
* Includes rare fragments of Cicero's epic poem, first time in digital print
* Many rare treatises appearing here for the first time in digital print
* Features four biographies – immerse yourself in Cicero's ancient world!
* Scholarly ordering of texts into chronological order and literary genres

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CONTENTS:

Orations
PRO QUINCTIO
PRO ROSCIO AMERINO
PRO Q. ROSCIO COMOEDO
PRO TULLIO
DIVINATIO IN CAECILIUM
IN VERREM
PRO FONTEIO
PRO CAECINA
PRO LEGE MANILIA
PRO CLUENTIO
IN TOGA CANDIDA
PRO RABIRIO PERDUELLIONIS REO
PRO MURENA
IN CATILINAM I-IV
DE LEGE AGRARIA CONTRA RULLUM
PRO SULLA
PRO ARCHIA POETA)
PRO FLACCO
POST REDITUM IN SENATU
POST REDITUM IN QUIRITES
DE HARUSPICUM RESPONSIS
DE DOMO SUA
PRO SESTIO
PRO CAELIO
PRO BALBO
IN VATINIUM TESTEM
DE PROVINCIIS CONSULARIBUS
IN PISONEM
PRO RABIRIO POSTUMO
PRO PLANCIO
PRO MILONE
PRO REGE DEIOTARO
PRO MARCELLO
PRO LIGARIO
PHILIPPICAE
FRAGMENTS OF SPEECHES

Rhetorical and Political Treatises
DE INVENTIONE (About the Composition of Arguments)
DE ORATORE AD QUINTUM FRATREM LIBRI TRES (On the Orator)
DE PARTITIONIBUS ORATORIAE (About the Subdivisions of Oratory)
DE OPTIMO GENERE ORATORUM (About the Best Kind of Orators)
DE RE PUBLICA (On the Republic)
BRUTUS (Short History of Orators)
ORATOR AD M. BRUTUM (About the Orator)
TOPICA (Topics of Argumentation)
DE LEGIBUS (On the Laws)

Philosophical Treatises
PARADOXA STOICORUM (Stoic Paradoxes)
ACADEMICA (The Academics)
DE FINIBUS BONORUM ET MALORUM (About the Ends of Goods and Evils)
TUSCULANAE QUAESTIONES (Tusculum Disputations)
DE NATURA DEORUM (On the Nature of the Gods)
DE DIVINATIONE (On Divination)
DE FATO (On Fate)
CATO MAIOR DE SENECTUTE (On Old Age)
LAELIUS DE AMICITIA (On Friendship)
DE OFFICIIS (On Duties)

Letters
EPISTULAE AD ATTICUM (Letters to Atticus)
EPISTULAE AD QUINTUM FRATREM (Letters to his brother Quintus)
EPISTULAE AD BRUTUM (Letters to Brutus)
EPISTULAE AD FAMILIARES (Letters to his friends)

Poetry
DE CONSULATU SUO (On Cicero’s Consulship)

Spurious Works
RHETORICA AD HERENNIUM (To the Tribune Publius Sulpicius Rufus)
COMMENTARIOLUM PETITIONIS (Essay on Running for Consul)

The Latin Texts
LIST OF LATIN TEXTS

The Biographies
CICERO by Plutarch
LIFE OF CICERO by Anthony Trollope
CICERO by W. Lucas Collins
ROMAN LIFE IN THE DAYS OF CICERO by Alfred John Church


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On the surface, stoicism and emotion seem like contradictory terms. Yet the Stoic philosophers of ancient Greece and Rome were deeply interested in the emotions, which they understood as complex judgments about what we regard as valuable in our surroundings. Stoicism and Emotion shows that they did not simply advocate an across-the-board suppression of feeling, as stoicism implies in today’s English, but instead conducted a searching examination of these powerful psychological responses, seeking to understand what attitude toward them expresses the deepest respect for human potential.

In this elegant and clearly written work, Margaret Graver gives a compelling new interpretation of the Stoic position. Drawing on a vast range of ancient sources, she argues that the chief demand of Stoic ethics is not that we should suppress or deny our feelings, but that we should perfect the rational mind at the core of every human being. Like all our judgments, the Stoics believed, our affective responses can be either true or false and right or wrong, and we must assume responsibility for them. Without glossing over the difficulties, Graver also shows how the Stoics dealt with those questions that seem to present problems for their theory: the physiological basis of affective responses, the phenomenon of being carried away by one’s emotions, the occurrence of involuntary feelings and the disordered behaviors of mental illness. Ultimately revealing the deeper motivations of Stoic philosophy, Stoicism and Emotion uncovers the sources of its broad appeal in the ancient world and illuminates its surprising relevance to our own.
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