Historical Research

Oxford University Press
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What, exactly, was the Charity Organization Society? Was it a cluster of affluent women imposing their moral propriety on the poor in the early 20th Century? Or was it the first concerted effort to professionalize previously random, subjective allocations of benefits and entitlements? This book will help researchers explore systematically such fascinating questions and debates in social work and social welfare history. Mastering how to pose historical questions is as essential as finding the answers. This book, from its wide-ranging coverage of historiographic theory to detailed guidelines for conducting oral history and archival research, offers clear and practical research tools: how to design a study, select primary sources, understand the vocabulary of archives, determine useful secondary sources, and analyze them all. The book also features a guide to archives and special collections that details their holdings, access and locations, and research grants - essential knowledge for any researcher. The thrill of stumbling across unexplored data in the stacks of a library is notorious. Now, this clearly written pocket guide will help established scholars as well as doctoral students get the most out of historical data.
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About the author

Elizabeth Ann Danto is associate professor and chair of the Foundations of Practice at Hunter College School of Social Work, City University of New York.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Oxford University Press
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Published on
Sep 16, 2008
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Pages
224
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ISBN
9780199715596
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Language
English
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Genres
Medical / Public Health
Social Science / Social Work
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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Today many view Sigmund Freud as an elitist whose psychoanalytic treatment was reserved for the intellectually and financially advantaged. However, in this new work Elizabeth Ann Danto presents a strikingly different picture of Freud and the early psychoanalytic movement. Danto recovers the neglected history of Freud and other analysts' intense social activism and their commitment to treating the poor and working classes.

Danto's narrative begins in the years following the end of World War I and the fall of the Habsburg Empire. Joining with the social democratic and artistic movements that were sweeping across Central and Western Europe, analysts such as Freud, Wilhelm Reich, Erik Erikson, Karen Horney, Erich Fromm, and Helene Deutsch envisioned a new role for psychoanalysis. These psychoanalysts saw themselves as brokers of social change and viewed psychoanalysis as a challenge to conventional political and social traditions. Between 1920 and 1938 and in ten different cities, they created outpatient centers that provided free mental health care. They believed that psychoanalysis would share in the transformation of civil society and that these new outpatient centers would help restore people to their inherently good and productive selves.

Drawing on oral histories and new archival material, Danto offers vivid portraits of the movement's central figures and their beliefs. She explores the successes, failures, and challenges faced by free institutes such as the Berlin Poliklinik, the Vienna Ambulatorium, and Alfred Adler's child-guidance clinics. She also describes the efforts of Wilhelm Reich's Sex-Pol, a fusion of psychoanalysis and left-wing politics, which provided free counseling and sex education and aimed to end public repression of private sexuality.

In addition to situating the efforts of psychoanalysts in the political and cultural contexts of Weimar Germany and Red Vienna, Danto also discusses the important treatments and methods developed during this period, including child analysis, short-term therapy, crisis intervention, task-centered treatment, active therapy, and clinical case presentations. Her work illuminates the importance of the social environment and the idea of community to the theory and practice of psychoanalysis.

With over 100 archival photographs and nine original, wide-ranging essays, Freud/Tiffany brings to life the fascinating intersection of psychoanalysis and education. Out of the cultural and political ferment of inter-war Vienna emerged the Hietzing School, founded in the 1920s by Anna Freud, the youngest daughter of Sigmund Freud, and Dorothy Tiffany Burlingham, the youngest daughter of the great American artist Louis Comfort Tiffany.

Anna Freud’s story unfolds over three decades from her adolescence through the 1940s, as she and Dorothy Tiffany Burlingham leverage their hands-on research with children into educational innovations at the Hietzing School and beyond. The Viennese psychoanalysts of the 1920s demonstrated a unique sensitivity to marginalised populations and to the impact of war, its threats and its aftermath, especially on the lives of children. The book features never-before-seen historical photographs, including four of Sigmund Freud, as well as unpublished archival material and original paintings. Drawings, manuscripts and memoirs make vivid the founders’ vision of the Hietzing School’s origins, its day-to-day experience and its enduring significance for our understanding of education and the developing mind.

Marking the first publication of many of the historic materials originally showcased in 2017 at a major Freud Museum London exhibition, the international scholarship behind Freud/Tiffany demonstrates that the Hietzing School remains the seedbed for a surprising range of modern theory and practice in child and adolescent mental health, from Erik Erikson’s lifespan model of 'identity' to the legal concept of 'the best interests of the child'. The Freud and Tiffany legacies are now brought together as never before in this lively book, and the Hietzing School is restored to its rightful place in the history of so many ideas with which we are still working today. The book is essential for any reader interested in the cultural legacy of interwar Vienna.

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