Interdisciplinary Research: Diverse Approaches in Science, Technology, Health and Society

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An important book by researchers from across disciplines introducing varying ideas on research, important in these days of inter-disciplinary and multi-centered investigation.

The book introduces academics to new areas of endeavour and encourages researchers and students to think broadly when devising their studies. Linking chapters present the contributions in an historical and theoretical context, identifying the themes between the approaches, and encourages new thinking about old problems. Includes contributions from leading researchers across the quantitative-qualitative spectrum, from marine biology to spirituality.

With funding under increasing pressure, the different views will help departments form new alliances and encourage interdisciplinary working.

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About the author

Edited by John Atkinson, Associate Dean, University of Paisley, UK and

Professor Malcolm Crowe, Associate Dean, University of Paisley, UK

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Additional Information

Publisher
John Wiley & Sons
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Published on
Nov 2, 2006
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Pages
262
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ISBN
9780470029473
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Medical / Critical Care
Medical / Nursing / Research & Theory
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Reading information

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Whilst the ‘health sciences’ are a broad and diverse area, and includes public health, primary care, health psychology, psychiatry and epidemiology, the research methods and data analysis skills required to analyse them are very similar. Moreover, the ability to appraise and conduct research is emphasised within the health sciences – and students are expected increasingly to do both.

Introduction to Research Methods and Data Analysis in the Health Sciences

presents a balanced blend of quantitative research methods, and the most widely used techniques for collecting and analysing data in the health sciences. Highly practical in nature, the book guides you, step-by-step, through the research process, and covers both the consumption and the production of research and data analysis. Divided into the three strands that run throughout quantitative health science research – critical numbers, critical appraisal of existing research, and conducting new research – this accessible textbook introduces:

Descriptive statistics

Measures of association for categorical and continuous outcomes

Confounding, effect modification, mediation and causal inference

Critical appraisal

Searching the literature

Randomised controlled trials

Cohort studies

Case-control studies

Research ethics and data management

Dissemination and publication

Linear regression for continuous outcomes

Logistic regression for categorical outcomes.

A dedicated companion website offers additional teaching and learning resources for students and lecturers, including screenshots, R programming code, and extensive self-assessment material linked to the book’s exercises and activities.

Clear and accessible with a comprehensive coverage to equip the reader with an understanding of the research process and the practical skills they need to collect and analyse data, it is essential reading for all undergraduate and postgraduate students in the health and medical sciences.

The Delphi Technique in Nursing and Health Research is a practical guide to using the Delphi methodology for students and researchers in nursing and health. It adopts a logical step-by-step approach, introducing the researcher to the Delphi, outlining its development, analysing key characteristics and parameters for its successful use and exploring its applications in nursing and health. The book addresses issues of methodology, design, framing the research question, sampling, instrumentation, methodological rigour, reliability and validity, and methods of data analysis.

The Delphi Technique in Nursing and Health Research enables the reader to be aware of the limitations of the technique and possible solutions, to design a Delphi questionnaire for each of the different rounds of a study, to consider different approaches to the technique in relation to a study, to analyse the data from each round of a Delphi study, and to understand the importance of feedback between rounds.

Key Features

A practical guide to facilitate use of the Delphi technique Provides the reader with the necessary information to participate in and conduct Delphi studies Examines different types of Delphi, including the e-Delphi, and modifications made to the technique Includes examples of real empirical investigations, brief case scenarios and key learning points for each chapter Explores the role of the Delphi researcher Explores ethical issues and issues of anonymity, use of experts and controlled feedback
First Edition received 2012 First Place AJN Book of the Year Award in Nursing Research!

“This is a resource for success and should be a part of any researcher's library."

--Doody's Medical Reviews (Praise for the First Edition)

Written for researchers, clinicians and doctoral students, the newly revised edition of this comprehensive reference continues to deliver the essentials of intervention research with added content on evidence-based quality improvement, a must for improving healthcare quality, safety and population health outcomes. Although typically it takes years for research-based interventions to make their way to real world clinical settings, this “prolonged time for translation” frustrates researchers and their interprofessional teams. This second edition now delves even deeper into key strategies for rapidly moving research-based interventions into real world settings in the form of evidence-based quality improvement as well as the challenges of working in an increasingly diverse professional research environment.

Intervention Research and Evidence-Based Quality Improvement, Second Edition begins at the pilot study phase for intervention research and highlights every step of the way through to full-scale randomized controlled trials. Written in user-friendly format, content covers designing, conducting, analyzing, and funding intervention studies that improve healthcare quality and people’s health outcomes. Chapters cover writing grant applications and show examples of actual applications that have been funded by NIH and other organizations. These real-life samples are available online, alongside additional progress reports and final reports. Real-world examples of evidence-based quality improvement projects that have improved outcomes also are highlighted in this second edition.

New to the Second Edition:

Describes evidence-based quality improvement and specific steps in conducting EBQI projects, which are essential for enhancing healthcare quality, safety and costs along with enhancing population health outcomes.Emphasizes the importance of interprofessional teamsFocuses on using research-based interventions in real-world settingsSix new chapters

o Generating Versus Using Evidence to Guide Best Practice

o Setting the Stage for Intervention Research and Evidence-based Quality Improvement

o Evidence-based Quality Improvement

o Translational Research: Why and How

o Factors Influencing Successful Uptake of Evidence-Based Interventions in Clinical Practice

o Using Social Media to Enhance Uptake of Research-Based Interventions into Real World Clinical Settings

Key Features:

Provides a practical, comprehensive resource for designing, conducting, analyzing, and funding intervention studiesOutlines the specific steps in designing, conducting and evaluating outcomes of evidence-based quality improvement projectsIncludes examples of funding research grants, progress reports, and final reportsServes as a core text for students in doctoral nursing and other health sciences programs
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