English Interrogative Sentences

English Daily Use

Book 2
Manik Joshi
3
Free sample

This Book Covers The Following Topics:

What are “Interrogative Sentences”?
Structure (1) -- Wh-Question Word + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1A). What + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1B). When + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1C). Where + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1D). Which + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1E). Who + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1F). Whom + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1G). Whose + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1H). Why + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1I). How + Be/Do/Have/Modal
Structure (2) -- Wh-Question Word + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2A). What + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2B). When + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2C). Where + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2D). Which + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2E). Who + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2F). Whom + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2G). Whose + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2H). Why + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2I). How + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
Structure (3) -- Wh-Question Word + Main Verb (Present or Past)
Structure (4) – Interrogatives Sentences – Be/Do/Have/Modal
(4A). Interrogatives Starting From – Am, Is, Are, Was, Were
(4B). Interrogatives Starting From – Do, Does, Did
(4C). Interrogatives Starting From – Have, Has, Had
(4D). Interrogatives Starting From – Modal Verbs
Structure (5) -- Question Tags
Structure (6) -- What if
Structure (7) – How Long/How Much/How Many
Structure (8) -- Wh-Question Word + To + Verb Word
Structure (9) – “What About” and “How About”
Structure (9) – “What About” and “How About”
Structure (10) – Alternative Questions
Structure (11) – Indirect Questions
Formation of Interrogatives from Affirmatives
Exercises

Sample This:

What are “Interrogative Sentences”?

Interrogative sentences are used to ask questions. An interrogative sentence ends with a question mark.
Most common interrogative words are as follows:
What, When, Where, Which, Who, Whom, Whose, Why, How

Interrogative words and what they refer:
What – refers ‘specific information’ or confirmation/repetition
When – refers ‘at what time’ or ‘on what occasion’
Where – refers ‘in what place, position or situation’
Which – refers ‘choice or alternative’
Who – refers ‘identity’ of a subject (person/people)
Whom – refers ‘identity’ of a object (person/people)
Whose – refers ‘who something belongs to’
Why – refers ‘reason, explanation or purpose’
How – refers ‘way or manner’, ‘condition or quality’

These words are called 'Wh-question words' because all these words contain letter ‘w’ and ‘h’. All these words (except ‘how’) even start from ‘Wh’.

NOTE: The following words are also used to ask questions:
Whatever, Whenever, Wherever, Whoever
These forms show ‘surprise, confusion, or emphasis.

Besides ‘Wh-question words’, Auxiliary Verbs ‘Be’, ‘Do’, ‘Have’, and ‘Modal Verbs’ are also used to form interrogative sentences. Following is the list of auxiliary and modal verbs:
Auxiliary Verb-- Be-- Am, Is, Are, Was, Were
Auxiliary Verb-- Do-- Do, Does, Did
Auxiliary Verb-- Have-- Have, Has, Had
Modal Verbs-- May, Might, Can, Could, Will, Would, Shall, Should, Must, Need, Used (To), Ought (To), Dare
You can begin sentences with these verbs to form Yes/No interrogative sentences.


(1A). What + Be/Do/Have/Modal

What is a good pet to give a five-year-old child?
What is a long way away?
What is a reasonable grocery budget?
What is age got to do with it?
What is all that?
What is Australia's national food?
What is behind nation's food shortages?
What is better for your company: happy staff or short-term profits?
What is Brazil to you?
What is going on in India?
What is going to take place over the next 90 minutes?
What is in the haze we are breathing?
What is it about the first day of the year that gets us so excited?
What is it and does it work?
What is it like to be sectioned?
What is it like to fly an Airbus A380?
What is it like to have won an unlimited supply of something?
What is it like to live in a hut?
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About the author

Manik Joshi was born on Jan 26, 1979 at Ranikhet and is permanent resident of Haldwani, Kumaon zone of India. He is an Internet Marketer by profession. He is interested in domaining (business of buying and selling domain names), web designing (creating websites), and various online jobs (including 'self book publishing'). He is science graduate with ZBC (zoology, botany, and chemistry) subjects. He is also an MBA (with specialization in marketing). He has done three diploma courses in computer too.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Manik Joshi
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Published on
Oct 25, 2014
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Pages
88
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ISBN
9781491050149
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Language
English
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Genres
Language Arts & Disciplines / Public Speaking
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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What are “Imperative Sentences”?

The word "imperative" is derived from the term "emperor".
Imperative sentences are used to give commands (orders).
Imperative sentences are also used to give instruction/advice/suggestion/warning/invitation/appeal.
Imperative sentences are also used to make a request. You should use ‘please’ (or other polite word) in the beginning or at the end of the sentence to make a request.
An imperative sentence begins with the base (first) form of a verb which is also called verb word. In imperative sentence, subject - ‘you’ - is understood. However, for first and third person imperative, imperative sentence begins with ‘let’.
You can end imperative sentence with period (.) or exclamation (!). Exclamation is used to show direct and firm command.
‘Imperative’ is one of the three moods of an English verb (indicative, imperative and subjunctive).

EXAMPLES OF IMPERATIVE SENTENCES:

(A). DIRECT ORDER
Attend the meeting.
Discharge your duty.
Enforce the law.
Quash the previous order.
Return to work.
Vacate this place.

(B). INSTRUCTION
Climb the stair.
Fill out this form.
Go on foot.
Hang a painting.
Light a candle.
Note this down.
Open up the cage.
Push a trolley.
Spell it out.
Tie your shoe laces.
Unpack the luggage.

(C). INFORMAL ADVICE
Book a hotel room.
Improve your appearance.
Mend your ways.
Walk elegantly.

(D). SUGGESTION
Follow your dreams
Keep up your English.

(E). WARNING
Don’t Jump that gate!
Watch out for traffic signal!

(F). INVITATION
Come to the party with me.
Have a meal with us.
Let’s stay in my house.

(G). APPEAL
Be Silent.
Let’s curb the menace of drugs addiction.

(H). REQUEST
Give me five hundred dollars, please.
Come soon, please.

Other Uses of Imperative Sentences:
1. Wish -- Have a safe journey.
2. Apology -- Pardon me.
3. Permission -- Join us if you want.
4. Public Notice --
Imperatives are used on signboards or notice board:
Keep off the grass.
Insert your ATM card.
Pull the door.
Push inside.

Important Note -- An imperative sentence can imply different senses (command/instruction/advice, etc.) based on the intonation. [Note: ‘Intonation’ is defined as the rise and fall of the voice in speaking, as this affects the meaning of what is being said.]


English Imperative Sentences -- A

Abide by the commission’s verdict.
Accept his decision.
Achieve your target.
Acknowledge achievements of women.
Acquire land for road infrastructure.
Act quickly. / Act swiftly.
Add details to this report.
Address a press conference.
Address his concerns regarding payments next week.
Address their demands.
Adhere to dos and don’ts of the pilgrimage.
Adhere to the standard operating procedure.
Adjust the rules to help consumers.
Adjust to a new location.
Admire your parents.
Adopt ‘do it right’ approach.
Adopt a good strategy in choosing right candidates.
Adopt long-term vision for industry.
Adopt modern technology.
Adopt wait and watch policy.
Adopt zero tolerance against underage driving.
Aim it.
Airlift the injured to the state capital for treatment.
Allow her to explain herself completely without interrupting her.
Allow him to return home.
Alter the course of your life.
Amend the act.
Analyze the reasons for your defeat.
Analyze the sample.
Announce a compensation for the victim’s family.
Announce your candidacy.
Answer the question.
Anticipate rate hikes.
Apologize if you hurt someone.
Apply band aid / Apply ointment.
Apply colours on his forehead.
Apply for a job.
Apply for marks verification.
Apply for passport.
Appoint a manager.
Appreciate compassionate behaviour.
Approach him for help.
Approach the court.
Approve the plan.
Arrange everything before it is late.
Arrange for cash to meet your expenses.
Arrange funds from your relatives.
Arrange funds on your own.
Arrive early on the scene.
Ask for a receipt.
Ask for more information.
Ask him his name.
Ask him what had happened.
Ask politely.
Ask the right questions.
This Book Covers The Following Topics:

BY NO MEANS
LITTLE
BUT NOT
NEVER
NO/NOT/NEVER ------- NOR
NO/NOT/NEVER ------- OR
NEITHER ------- NOR
NOBODY/NO ONE
NOTHING
NO DOUBT
NO LONGER
NO MATTER + Question Word
NOT + LONG AGO
NOT/NOT ONLY & BUT
NOT + -ING form of Verb
NOT TO + MAIN VERB
RARELY
SELDOM
MISCELLANY
TENSE - Negative Statements
Present Tense – Negative Statements
Past Tense – Negative Statements
Future Tense – Negative Statements
Negative Forms of Modals
Exercises: 1
Exercises: 2

Sample This:


BY NO MEANS
Meaning: Not At All

Based on a rough count, by no means definitive, they had about 625 tents set up last year.
By no means am I saying this is a bad thing, but it is not a choice that I made.
By no means did we settle on anything.
By no means does he think children need to go through terrible times to be better people.
By no means is he guaranteed to win.
By no means is this fight over or even anywhere near under control.
By no means let him dominate the conversation.
By no means should individuals or groups be allowed to go that building.
By no means should we be complacent with being second.


LITTLE
Meaning: Small

[Little + Auxiliary Verb + Subject]
Little do managers and executives realize that delay is in itself a decision!
Little do they know that she is better qualified than any of them in survival skills.
Little do they know that the journey ahead is not going to be easy.
Little do they know that their loss is actually a win for all of us, including for them.
Little do we realize the exact meaning or the appropriate use of many terms.


BUT NOT

But not for a minute did he make me feel angry.
Embassy shutdowns happen, but not usually on this scale.
Gender equality is still a goal, but not a present reality, for university campuses around the world.
He could be right, but not for the reason he thinks.
He has time for sports but not for family.
He is clearly the strongest but not superhuman.
He looks comfortable but not great.


NEVER
Meaning: Not At Any Time/Not On Any Occasion

Contractor left the work midway and never came back to finish it.
He gave a press conference explaining he never did anything wrong in his career.
He had to come clean but he never did.
He never does anything for us.
He never does anything truly charitable.
He never went to class.
He said he would text me after the weekend but never did.
He thought he was never in with a chance of becoming a mayor last year.
His wife is soft-spoken and never hurt anyone.
I am ashamed that I saw injustice and never did anything about it.
I am not sure he will even make the team, never mind have a big role.
I am sure I will never forget this moment.
I could never go back.
This Book Covers The Following Topics:

1. What is an “Exclamation”?
2. Exclamatory Sentences
3. Exclamatory Sentences with ‘What’
4. Exclamatory Sentences with ‘How’
5. Exclamatory Sentences with So and Such
6. Exclamations in Declarative Sentences
7. Exclamations in Interrogative Sentences
8. Exclamations in Imperative Sentences
9. Detailed List of Interjections
10. Using ‘Common Words’ as Exclamations
11. Useful Exclamatory Phrases/Sentences
12. Other Patterns
13. List of Emotions Shown by Exclamations
Exercise: 1
Exercise: 2

Sample This:

1. What is an “Exclamation”?

DEFINITION: An exclamation (or interjection) is a short sound, word or phrase which is spoken suddenly to express strong emotion.
Or
Exclamatory words that can stand alone as a sentence while expressing emotions or reactions are called exclamations (or interjections).

Exclamation mark (!) should be written after an exclamation. “Exclamation Mark” is called "Exclamation Point" in American English.

There are many exclamatory words (interjections or exclamations) which are often used in daily life. Some of these words express one strong emotion while others express two or more strong emotions. They do not have a grammatical purpose in the sentence and are not associated to the other parts of the sentence. They do not play the role of a subject or a verb. They can stand by themselves, or are placed before, after or in middle of a sentence to express a strong emotion or feeling.

Examples:
Exclamatory Word -- Alas!
Represents feeling of ‘Sadness, Sorry’

Exclamatory Word -- Um!
Represents feeling of ‘Hesitation’

Exclamatory Word -- Yum!
Represents feeling of ‘Pleasant Taste or Smell’

You can use exclamations to show the following emotions:

admiration, affection, anger, annoyance, anticipation, apathy, approval, attention, awe, confusion, delight, despair, disappointment, disapproval, discontent, dislike, distress, eagerness, elation, enjoyment, excitement, fear, frustration, grief, happiness, humour, hurt, irritation, joy, love, mourning, pain, panic, pleasure, pride, remorse, respect, shame, shock, sorrow, sorry, surprise, sympathy, terror, wonder, etc.

IMPORTANT NOTES:

(1). Use Of An Exclamation (Interjection) In A Sentence

(a). Beginning A Sentence With An Interjection
When you begin a sentence with an interjection you can place either comma (,) or exclamatory mark (point) (!) after the interjection.

Examples:
Ah, what a wonderful gift!
Comma (,) after an interjection expresses less emotion.

Ah! What a wonderful gift!
Exclamatory mark (point) (!) after an interjection expresses more emotion.

Note: Both the sentences have exclamatory mark at the end.

Obviously, both are exclamatory sentences. But second one is more emphatic. Also note: if you put comma after an interjection then next word in the sentence will begin from small letter but if you put exclamatory mark after an interjection then next word in the sentence will begin from capital letter.

Important Note: You can also end the sentence with period (.) or question mark (?) to show mild emotion.
Ah, what a wonderful gift.
Ah! What a wonderful gift.

Wow, We won.
Oh, did you go there?

(B). Use Of An Interjection In The Middle Of A Sentence

Examples:
Hundreds of people, alas, feared killed in a massive landslide.
Albert Einstein was born in...er…Germany.
You deleted my folder…um…my file!

(C). Use Of An Interjection At The End Of A Sentence

Example:
So got married, huh!
What do you think of me, eh?

This Book Covers The Following Topics:

What are “Causative Sentences”?
Causative Sentences -- HAVE
Structure 1(A) ---- Active Causative Structure
Structure 1(B) ---- Passive Causative Structure
Structure 2(A) ---- Active Causative Structure
Structure 2(B) ---- Passive Causative Structure
Structure 3(A) ---- Active Causative Structure
Structure 3(B) ---- Passive Causative Structure
Causative Verb ‘Have’ and Tense Change
Causative Sentences -- GET
Structure (1) ---- Active Causative Structure
Structure (2) ---- Passive Causative Structure
Causative Verb ‘Get’ and Tense Change
Causative Sentences -- MAKE
Causative Sentences -- LET
Causative Sentences -- HELP
Sentences with Verb ‘Cause’
Other ‘Causative Verbs’
Use of ‘Modal Verbs’ with Causative Verbs
Exercises: 1(A) and 1(B)
Exercises: 2(A) and 2(B)
Exercises: 3(A) and 3(B)
Exercises: 4(A) and 4(B)


Sample This:

What are “Causative Sentences”?

In a causative, a person or thing does not perform an action directly. The subject (person or thing) causes it to happen by forcing, persuading, assisting, etc. an agent (another person or thing) to perform it. The subject (person or thing) does not carry out an action oneself but rather has the action done by an agent (another person or thing).

Examples:
Faulty design caused a bridge to collapse.
Modern lifestyles cause children and adults to spend most of their time indoors.
Rain caused water to collect on the road.
She caused needle to run.


Causative verbs – Have, Get, Make, Let, Help -- Comparison
Causative ‘Have’ has less force and authority than Causative ‘Get’.
Causative ‘Get’ has less force and authority than Causative ‘Make’

Causative Verb ‘Have’ -- used to express “arrangement/duty/responsibility” [Less Forceful]
Causative Verb ‘Get’ -- used to express “encouragement/persuasion". [Forceful]
Causative Verb ‘Make’ -- used to express "compulsion/insistence/requirement” [Most Forceful]
Causative Verb ‘Let’ -- used to express “permission". [No Force]
Causative Verb ‘Help’ -- used to express “assistance". [No Force]

Causative ‘Have’ is more formal than causative ‘Get’.
In the imperative form, causative ‘Get’ is more frequent than causative ‘Have’.


Types of Causative Verbs
Causative structures are of two types –
(1). ‘Active’ in Nature – (Done By Somebody/Something)
(2). ‘Passive’ in Nature – (Done To Somebody/Something)
Passive causatives are used to take attention away from the doer of the action, and give more attention to the action being done.

ALSO NOTE:
“Have somebody do something” is more common in American English.
“Get somebody to do something” is more common in British English.

All causative verbs are transitive.


CAUSATIVE VERB – HAVE
Structure 1(A) ---- Active Causative Structure

Subject + Have (Causative Verb) + Agent (Someone/Something) + Base Form of Verb + Object (Someone/Something)

Example: I have him take my photograph. (Present)
Explanation:
I arrange for my photograph to be taken by him.
[I cause him to take my photograph.]
Therefore, this is like active causative structure.

Example: I had him take my photograph. (Past)
Explanation:
I arranged for my photograph to be taken by him.
[I caused him to take my photograph.]
Therefore, this is like active causative structure.

Example: I will have him take my photograph. (Future)
Explanation:
I will arrange for my photograph to be taken by him.
[I will cause him to take my photograph.]
Therefore, this is like active causative structure.

OTHER EXAMPLES:

CAUSATIVE - HAVE --
Have/Has + Someone/Something + Base Form of Verb
Note: This pattern may denote past, present, or future tense based on another verb in the sentence.

Her desire to have me write a memoir only raised my stress level.
We are so blessed to have her sing on one of our songs.
It is one thing to have somebody else ask him about what he has done and it is quite another to have me ask him.
He refused to have investigation officers search his home.
Conditional sentences– conditional in English grammar | English conditional sentence- formation, structure, pattern | real and unreal conditional sentences | if clause | present conditionals- (i) present real conditional sentences (ii) present unreal conditional sentences | past conditionals- (i) past real conditional sentences (ii) past unreal conditional sentences | future conditionals- (i) future real conditional sentences, (ii) future unreal conditional sentences | continuous forms of conditional sentences, mixed conditional sentences | use of were to, 'special force' - conditional sentences, conditional- wish, miscellaneous usage- as though, as if, even if, only if, unless, happen, provided that, otherwise, or else | more than 500 conditional sentences | get fluent with conditional sentences | complete guide for English conditional sentences


Sample This:

Present Real Conditional Sentences

The Present Real Conditional Is Used To Talk About What You Normally Do In Real-Life Situations.

STRUCTURE
[First Part – If / When + Subject + Present Verb…,   Second Part – Simple Present]
OR
[First Part – Simple Present,   Second Part – If / When + Subject + Present Verb…]

Whether Use “If” OR “When”?
"If" implies - things don’t happen regularly.
“When” implies - things happen regularly.

If you eat too much fast food, it makes you overweight.
Or [It makes you overweight if you eat too much fast food.]

If you put salt on salad, they taste nicer.
Or [They taste nicer if you put salt on salad.]

When I have a free time, I often sit in the library. [Regularly]
Or [I often sit in the library when I have a free time.]

MORE EXAMPLES:
[First Part – If / When + Subject + Present Verb…,   Second Part – Simple Present]
If I move to school, I never take my mobile.
If you want to be a super achiever, first recognize your own capabilities.
If it melts, it raises the sea level.
If something bad happens anywhere, it is natural to be sad.
If you heat water, it boils.
If office closes early, we definitely go to library.
If you need help, call me.
If I don’t come on time, you are supposed to leave the office.
If you feel sleepy, just go to bed.
If that isn’t absolute verification, I don’t know what is.
If the contractors fail to achieve the target within the specified period, they are liable to pay damages.
If you don't get the first good, be content with the second good. [Note: Use of Imperative Sentence]
If you are working for something with convictions, you are satisfied.
If proper punishment is not awarded to the accused, the faith of the society is shaken in the legal system of the country. [Note: Use of passive voice – is + awarded, and is + shaken]
If uranium is bombarded with neutron, it absorbs some.
If a Swedish govt. is interested in such a deal at all, Sweden can negotiate for itself a better deal.
If a person is abused repeatedly then that person has the right to object and right to argue also.
If my statement has pained someone then I regret it.
If they have done something wrong that doesn’t mean I have also done something wrong.
If the refugee cannot afford to pay, she may be refused access to the hospital or have her refugee card confiscated.


[First Part – Simple Present,   Second Part – If / When + Subject + Present Verb…]
I have come to bother you if you don’t mind.
We don’t even know if any person by that name exists.
Their wages are cut if they do not report for duty on time.
You learn a language better if you visit the country where it is spoken.
Agency works under pressure if one goes by what ex-Director says.
I apologize if at all the article hurt anyone.
Power companies can hike the tariffs if the cost of imported coal rises.
Hang me if I am guilty.
I meet him if I go there.
Butter dissolves if you leave it in sun.
Plants die if you don’t water them.
Milk goes off if you don’t keep it in a cool place.
Ask the officer if you have any problem.
I don’t mind if you sit in my cabin.
Customers get upset if they are being overcharged.
I have no problem if her name is disclosed.
They promised to slash power rates if they are elected.
Existing laws can be deterrent if time-based trial is conducted.
Do you mind if I turn on the radio for a while.
A death row convict cannot be executed if he is not physically and mentally fit.
A student may not be motivated to work hard if promotion is guaranteed.
Many of the deaths can be avoided if bikers wear the helmet.
I go by taxi when the bus is late.

What are “Imperative Sentences”?

The word "imperative" is derived from the term "emperor".
Imperative sentences are used to give commands (orders).
Imperative sentences are also used to give instruction/advice/suggestion/warning/invitation/appeal.
Imperative sentences are also used to make a request. You should use ‘please’ (or other polite word) in the beginning or at the end of the sentence to make a request.
An imperative sentence begins with the base (first) form of a verb which is also called verb word. In imperative sentence, subject - ‘you’ - is understood. However, for first and third person imperative, imperative sentence begins with ‘let’.
You can end imperative sentence with period (.) or exclamation (!). Exclamation is used to show direct and firm command.
‘Imperative’ is one of the three moods of an English verb (indicative, imperative and subjunctive).

EXAMPLES OF IMPERATIVE SENTENCES:

(A). DIRECT ORDER
Attend the meeting.
Discharge your duty.
Enforce the law.
Quash the previous order.
Return to work.
Vacate this place.

(B). INSTRUCTION
Climb the stair.
Fill out this form.
Go on foot.
Hang a painting.
Light a candle.
Note this down.
Open up the cage.
Push a trolley.
Spell it out.
Tie your shoe laces.
Unpack the luggage.

(C). INFORMAL ADVICE
Book a hotel room.
Improve your appearance.
Mend your ways.
Walk elegantly.

(D). SUGGESTION
Follow your dreams
Keep up your English.

(E). WARNING
Don’t Jump that gate!
Watch out for traffic signal!

(F). INVITATION
Come to the party with me.
Have a meal with us.
Let’s stay in my house.

(G). APPEAL
Be Silent.
Let’s curb the menace of drugs addiction.

(H). REQUEST
Give me five hundred dollars, please.
Come soon, please.

Other Uses of Imperative Sentences:
1. Wish -- Have a safe journey.
2. Apology -- Pardon me.
3. Permission -- Join us if you want.
4. Public Notice --
Imperatives are used on signboards or notice board:
Keep off the grass.
Insert your ATM card.
Pull the door.
Push inside.

Important Note -- An imperative sentence can imply different senses (command/instruction/advice, etc.) based on the intonation. [Note: ‘Intonation’ is defined as the rise and fall of the voice in speaking, as this affects the meaning of what is being said.]


English Imperative Sentences -- A

Abide by the commission’s verdict.
Accept his decision.
Achieve your target.
Acknowledge achievements of women.
Acquire land for road infrastructure.
Act quickly. / Act swiftly.
Add details to this report.
Address a press conference.
Address his concerns regarding payments next week.
Address their demands.
Adhere to dos and don’ts of the pilgrimage.
Adhere to the standard operating procedure.
Adjust the rules to help consumers.
Adjust to a new location.
Admire your parents.
Adopt ‘do it right’ approach.
Adopt a good strategy in choosing right candidates.
Adopt long-term vision for industry.
Adopt modern technology.
Adopt wait and watch policy.
Adopt zero tolerance against underage driving.
Aim it.
Airlift the injured to the state capital for treatment.
Allow her to explain herself completely without interrupting her.
Allow him to return home.
Alter the course of your life.
Amend the act.
Analyze the reasons for your defeat.
Analyze the sample.
Announce a compensation for the victim’s family.
Announce your candidacy.
Answer the question.
Anticipate rate hikes.
Apologize if you hurt someone.
Apply band aid / Apply ointment.
Apply colours on his forehead.
Apply for a job.
Apply for marks verification.
Apply for passport.
Appoint a manager.
Appreciate compassionate behaviour.
Approach him for help.
Approach the court.
Approve the plan.
Arrange everything before it is late.
Arrange for cash to meet your expenses.
Arrange funds from your relatives.
Arrange funds on your own.
Arrive early on the scene.
Ask for a receipt.
Ask for more information.
Ask him his name.
Ask him what had happened.
Ask politely.
Ask the right questions.
This Book Covers The Following Topics:

How to Start a Sentence
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘AS’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘AFTER’ and ‘BEFORE’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘BY’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘FOR/FROM
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘IF’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘OF/ON/OUT’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘TO’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘IN’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘WITH’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘QUESTION WORDS’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘ING’ FORM of VERBS
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘PAST PARTICIPLES’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘-LY Words’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘PRONOUNS’
Start a Sentence – Miscellaneous
Exercises: 1(A) and 1(B)
Exercises: 2(A) and 2(B)

Sample This:

There are different ways to start a sentence in English. Using pronoun (I, we, you, they, he, she, it) is the most popular way to begin a sentence. But there are many other words which are widely used to start a sentence. They might be question words (what, where, etc.). They might be words formed from verbs, ending in –ing, -ed, -en, etc. Besides, words such as ‘to’ ‘in’ ‘with’, ‘if’, ‘after’ are also used to begin a sentence.
Here, you will learn various words and phrases to start a sentence with.

Important Note:
Starting a sentence with ‘and’ or ‘but’ is correct or not!

Using ‘And’ or ‘But’ to begin a sentence is generally considered grammatically Incorrect. But there is no hard and fast rule in this regard. So, you can use ‘And’ or ‘But’ to begin a sentence. But avoid excessive use of these words to begin a sentence. Use these words in the beginning of a sentence only when they really give strength to your language.

Note: It is said that a sentence should not be begun with a conjunction of any kind, especially one of the FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so). But this is not hard and fast rule. Particularly in spoken English, starting a sentence with ‘And’ or ‘But’ is common.


How to start a sentence -- Using ‘AS’

As a matter of fact no notice was given to anyone.
As a policeman myself, I am aware of all the laws.
As against last time four days, the fair will last for five days this year.
As always, he won the match.
As an interim arrangement, we directed the authorities not to return the land.
As fate would have it, he crossed the international border.
As for David, he is doing fine.
As he got busy, she picked up his son.
As he grew older, he developed his communications skills.
As if the bad power situation in the city wasn’t enough, the hike in power tariff has come as the last straw for residents.
As in the past, party president distanced herself from the government’s unpopular decision.
As long as here is violence by unruly mobs, use of police force is inevitable.
As often happened, he forgot to send me reply.
As part of the deal, they will hand-over control of five west bank towns.
As penance, he vowed to never scold any kid ever again.
As per his version, nobody had got injured in the incident.
As per rules, the same bill should be passed by the two Houses of the Parliament before it is sent to the President for his signature and promulgation for implementation.
As sanitary workers are absent on most of the days, sweeping of that road is also irregular resulting in trash along the road.
As the bus was nearing, / As the bus neared him, he moved aside.
As the day progressed, over a hundred men protestors gathered at the office.
As the electric cables are hanging loosely, it may anytime lead to major accident if any passer-by comes into contact.
As the mercury levels are dropping each day, difficulties for the poor are constantly rising.
As the war widened, they had to leave the city.
As we progresses, it is going to become more and more difficult.
As you know, I have sent him a letter.
What are “Capitonyms”?

CAPITONYMS ----
[Capital- capital letter; -Onym: Name]
Capitonym is a word that changes its meaning (and sometimes pronunciation) based on whether or not it is capitalized.
Capitonym [singular] | Capitonyms [plural]
Capitonyms may be nouns, pronouns, verbs, or adjectives.

Characteristics of Capitonyms:
Same spelling except for capitalization
Different meaning when capitalized
Same or different pronunciation

Examples:
Polish and polish
Polish: connected with Poland [adjective]
polish: to make a surface smooth and glossy [verb]

Piedmonts and piedmonts
Piedmont: a region of North West Italy (noun)
piedmont: a slope leading from the foot of mountains to a region of flat land (noun)

Traveler and traveler
Traveler: traveling people of Irish origin [noun]
traveler: a person who is traveling [noun]

Roman and roman
Roman: connected with the Rome
roman: the ordinary type of printing [adjective]

Rosemary and rosemary
Rosemary: a common first name for females in English speaking countries [noun]
rosemary: a bush with small narrow leaves that smell sweet and are used in cooking as a herb [noun]

Regency and regency
Regency: in the style of the period 1811–20 in Britain [adjective]
regency: government by a regent (a person who rules a country in place of the king or queen) [noun]

Scot and scot
Scot: a native of Scotland [noun]
scot: a charge, tax, or payment [noun]

Self and self
Self: a popular American magazine [noun]
self: character or personality [noun]

Warren and warren
Warren: a common name in English speaking countries [noun]
warren: a system of holes and underground tunnels where wild rabbits live [noun]

******

Capitonyms are case-sensitive words. However, when capitonyms appear at the beginning of a sentence, there is no way to understand which meaning is being referred to except the context in which they are used.
Capitonyms also create confusion in the aspect of listening. Because there is no way to understand which meaning is being referred to except the context in which they are used.

Capitonyms generally occurs due to one form being a proper noun. Proper noun is a word that is the name of a person, a place, an establishment, etc. and is written with a capital letter.
Thus, capitonyms may include:
A name of a person (Jack/jack)
A name of a place, city, country, etc. (Japan/japan)
A name of a language (Ewe/ewe)
A name of a company (Fiat/fiat)
A name of a publication (Time/time)
A name of a river/lake/hill/mountain, etc.

DETAILED LIST OF PAIRS OF CAPITONYMS
THIS BOOK CONTAINS MEANINGS OF MORE THAN 1400 ADVANCED ENGLISH WORDS (including phrasal verbs and idioms).

English Words And Meanings, Advance English Words And Their Meanings, Learn English Words For Improving Your English, English Words And Meanings From Letter A To Letter Z

Sample This:

("sb" implies somebody, "sth" implies something)

abase yourself to accept sb's power over you
knuckle under to sb/sth to accept sb/sth else's authority
submissive too willing to accept sb else's authority
subservient to sth submissive, less important than sth else

abashed ashamed and embarrassed
bashful shy and easily embarrassed
put sb on the spot to make sb feel embarrassed by asking difficult question

about turn / volte face complete change of opinion, etc.
turn about sudden and complete change in sth

abstemious not allowing yourself to have much food or alcohol or enjoyable activities
austere without any decorations; (of a person) strict and serious; abstemious

ad-lib to give a speech or a performance without preparation or practice
improvise to make or do sth using whatever is available, to ad-lib

abuse unfair or cruel treatment of sb/sth
oppress to treat sb cruelly, to weigh down
persecute to treat sb cruelly

acclaim to praise sb publicly, praise and approval
commendation / plaudits praise and approval

accolade praise or award of honour
laurels honour and praise given to sb because of sth they have achieved

acrid bitter smell or taste
acrimony bitter feelings or words

adolescent young person who is developing from a child into an adult
teens years of a person's life when they are between 13 and 19 years old

affected pretended
disaffected unsatisfied

affront to insult or offend sb
take umbrage at sth to feel offended or upset by sth

aft in the stern of the ship or aircraft
abaft in the stern of a ship
stern the back end of a boat or ship

agglomeration group of things put together in no particular order
conglomeration mixture of different things found all together

a la carte food which is selected from the list of dishes and prices
table d' hot plate of food with fixed price

agnosia inability to recognize people and things
analgesia loss of the ability to feel pain while still conscious
apoplexy inability to feel, move because of injury in the brain
asphyxia difficulty in breathing which may cause death or unconsciousness
dyslexia difficulty in reading and spelling but no effect in intelligence

agoraphobia fear of being in the crowd
claustrophobia fear of being in a small confined place

alimony money, which is given to former husband or wife after the end of the marriage
palimony money which is given to former partner after the end of a relationship

altercation noisy argument or disagreement
argy-bargy noisy disagreement

alumna former woman student
alumnus former male student

amble / saunter / stroll to walk in a slow relaxed way
ramble to walk for pleasure
This Book Covers The Following Topics:

BY NO MEANS
LITTLE
BUT NOT
NEVER
NO/NOT/NEVER ------- NOR
NO/NOT/NEVER ------- OR
NEITHER ------- NOR
NOBODY/NO ONE
NOTHING
NO DOUBT
NO LONGER
NO MATTER + Question Word
NOT + LONG AGO
NOT/NOT ONLY & BUT
NOT + -ING form of Verb
NOT TO + MAIN VERB
RARELY
SELDOM
MISCELLANY
TENSE - Negative Statements
Present Tense – Negative Statements
Past Tense – Negative Statements
Future Tense – Negative Statements
Negative Forms of Modals
Exercises: 1
Exercises: 2

Sample This:


BY NO MEANS
Meaning: Not At All

Based on a rough count, by no means definitive, they had about 625 tents set up last year.
By no means am I saying this is a bad thing, but it is not a choice that I made.
By no means did we settle on anything.
By no means does he think children need to go through terrible times to be better people.
By no means is he guaranteed to win.
By no means is this fight over or even anywhere near under control.
By no means let him dominate the conversation.
By no means should individuals or groups be allowed to go that building.
By no means should we be complacent with being second.


LITTLE
Meaning: Small

[Little + Auxiliary Verb + Subject]
Little do managers and executives realize that delay is in itself a decision!
Little do they know that she is better qualified than any of them in survival skills.
Little do they know that the journey ahead is not going to be easy.
Little do they know that their loss is actually a win for all of us, including for them.
Little do we realize the exact meaning or the appropriate use of many terms.


BUT NOT

But not for a minute did he make me feel angry.
Embassy shutdowns happen, but not usually on this scale.
Gender equality is still a goal, but not a present reality, for university campuses around the world.
He could be right, but not for the reason he thinks.
He has time for sports but not for family.
He is clearly the strongest but not superhuman.
He looks comfortable but not great.


NEVER
Meaning: Not At Any Time/Not On Any Occasion

Contractor left the work midway and never came back to finish it.
He gave a press conference explaining he never did anything wrong in his career.
He had to come clean but he never did.
He never does anything for us.
He never does anything truly charitable.
He never went to class.
He said he would text me after the weekend but never did.
He thought he was never in with a chance of becoming a mayor last year.
His wife is soft-spoken and never hurt anyone.
I am ashamed that I saw injustice and never did anything about it.
I am not sure he will even make the team, never mind have a big role.
I am sure I will never forget this moment.
I could never go back.
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