Homonyms, Homophones and Homographs

English Word Power

Book 3
Manik Joshi
13
Free sample

HOMONYMS
Homonym a word that is spelt like another word (or pronounced like it) but which has a different meaning, for example Key meaning ‘set of answer to problems’ and Key meaning ‘button on computer keyboard’.

The state of being a homonym is called homonymy.

Very Important Note:

In Strict Sense, Homonyms have same spelling, same pronunciation, and different meaning.

HOMONYMS in Strict Sense:

Same Spelling / Same Pronunciation / Different meaning
Homonyms are also known as “Multiple Meaning Words”.

Examples: fare, principal, etc.

Fare -- a passenger | Fare -- price
Principal -- most important | Principal -- head of a school


In Wider Sense, Homonyms can also include words that have same or similar pronunciation (but different spelling) or same spelling (but different pronunciation).
In first situation, they are called ‘HOMOPHONES’
In second situation, they are called ‘HOMOGRAPHS’

HOMONYMS In Wider Sense:

HOMOPHONES:
Different Spelling / Same or Similar Pronunciation / Different meaning

Note: ‘Homophones’ are also called ‘Heterographs’.
Homophones are also known as “Sound-Alike Words”.

Examples: ad/add, know/no, etc.

ad -- advertisement | add -- to include
know -- to have information | no -- refusal


HOMOGRAPHS:
Same Spelling / Different Pronunciation / Different meaning

Note: ‘Homographs’ are also called ‘Heterophones’.

Examples: bow, lead, etc.

Bow (noun) -- [Pronunciation -- boʊ] -- a weapon used for shooting arrows
Bow (verb) -- [Pronunciation -- baʊ] -- to move your head forwards and downwards

Lead (noun) -- [Pronunciation -- led] -- a metallic element
Lead (verb) -- [Pronunciation -- li:d] -- to go in front


100 HOMONYMS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS:
Sample This:

01. Accident
1. Accident -- an event in which injury or damage is caused in or by vehicle
2. Accident -- something that happens unexpectedly

02. Action
1. Action -- a legal process
2. Action -- fighting in a war

03. Alight
1. Alight -- on fire
2. Alight -- to get out of a vehicle

04. Angle
1. Angle -- inclination of two lines with each, measure in degrees
2. Angle -- to catch fish

05. Arch
1. Arch -- curve; semicircle
2. Arch -- mischievous


600 HOMOPHONE PAIRS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS:
Sample This:

01. Abhorrent / Aberrant
1. Abhorrent -- causing hatred for moral reasons
2. Aberrant -- unusual and socially unacceptable

02. Accede / Exceed
1. Accede -- to agree
2. Exceed -- to surpass

03. Accept / Except
1. Accept -- to admit
2. Except -- apart from

04. Acclamation / Acclimation
1. Acclamation -- loud and enthusiastic welcome
2. Acclimation -- process of getting used to a new climate or situation

05. Adapt / Adept / Adopt
1. Adapt -- to adjust or modify
2. Adept -- skillful
3. Adopt -- to become legal parents of somebody’s child


150 HOMOGRAPHS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS:
Sample This:

01. Absent
1. Absent (adjective) -- not present
2. Absent (verb) -- to not be in a place

02. Abuse
1. Abuse (noun) -- misuse
2. Abuse (verb) -- to misuse something

03. Accent
1. Accent (noun) -- pronunciation
2. Accent (verb) -- to put emphasis on a part of something

04. Address
1. Address (noun) -- details of the place where you live or work; postal address
2. Address (verb) -- to make a formal speech

05. Advocate
1. Advocate (noun) -- supporter of something
2. Advocate (verb) -- to support something publicly
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About the author

Manik Joshi was born on Jan 26, 1979 at Ranikhet and is permanent resident of Haldwani, Kumaon zone of India. He is an Internet Marketer by profession. He is interested in domaining (business of buying and selling domain names), web designing (creating websites), and various online jobs (including 'self book publishing'). He is science graduate with ZBC (zoology, botany, and chemistry) subjects. He is also an MBA (with specialization in marketing). He has done three diploma courses in computer too.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Manik Joshi
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Published on
Oct 25, 2014
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Pages
123
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Language
English
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Genres
Language Arts & Disciplines / Public Speaking
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AFFIX

A letter or group of letters added to the beginning or end of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.

Examples –

im- in impossible; ntier- in international

-able in agreeable; -er in learner

 

English Affixes could be divided into two groups:

Prefixes and Suffixes

 

PREFIX

A letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.

Examples –

im- in impossible; inter- in international; un- in unaffected

 

SUFFIX

A letter or group of letters added to the end of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.

Examples –

-able in agreeable; -er in learner; -ness in quickness

 

Sample This:

 

ENGLISH PREFIXES – A

 

a-

Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns

General meaning: not, without

Examples:

acellular / amoral / apolitical / atheism / atheist / atypical

 

******

 

ad-

Used to form: nouns and verbs

General meaning: addition, tendency

Examples:

adjoin / adjudge / admixture

 

******

 

ambi-

Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns

General meaning: both of two

Examples:

ambidexterity / ambidextrous / ambivalence / ambivalent

 

******

 

ante-

Used to form: adjectives, nouns and verbs

General meaning: prior to; in front of

Examples:

antedate / antenatal / anterior / ante-room

 

******

 

anti-

Used to form: adjectives and nouns

General meaning: against; the opposite of; preventing

Examples:

anti-aircraft / anti-bacterial / antibiotic / antibody / anti-choice / anticlerical / anticlimax / anticlockwise / anticoagulant / anti-competitive / anti-copying / anti-corruption / anticyclone / antidepressant / anti-drug / anti-encroachment / anti-extremism / antifreeze / anti-globalization / anti-graft / antigravity / anti-hate / anti-hero / anti-inflammatory / anti-liquor / anti-lock / anti-malarial / anti-national / antioxidant / antiparticle / anti-people / anti-personnel / antiperspirant / anti-poaching / antipyretic / antiretroviral / anti-rowdy / anti-sabotage / antiseptic / antisocial / anti-stalking / antitank / anti-terror / anti-terrorism / anti-theft / antitrust / antiviral / antivirus

 

******

 

ENGLISH SUFFIXES – A

 

-able

Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns

General meaning: that can, should or must be done; having the characteristic of

Examples:

adaptable / agreeable / amenable / amicable / appreciable / approachable / assessable / avertable / avoidable / believable / breakable / calculable / changeable / chargeable / comfortable / companionable / computable / conceivable / controllable / curable / decipherable / declarable / desirable / detectable / detestable / doable / enjoyable / escapable / excitable / explainable / explicable / exploitable / fashionable / foreseeable / graspable / honorable / imaginable / imperturbable / indubitable / inevitable / justifiable / manageable / moveable / noticeable / observable / payable / pleasurable / portable / preventable / punishable / quantifiable / questionable / ratable / reachable / readable / reasonable / reckonable / recognizable / reliable / reputable / respectable / serviceable / sociable / stoppable / taxable / traceable / transferable / translatable / transportable / understandable / usable / utilizable / variable / washable / wearable / workable

 

******

 

-ability

Used to form: nouns

General meaning: a level of skill, intelligence, etc.

Example:

capability / curability / excitability / inescapability / inevitability / playability / preventability / serviceability / unavoidability / usability / workability

 

******

 

-ably

Used to form: adverbs

General meaning: skillful and well; in a particular manner

Examples:

affably / capably / charitably / comfortably / demonstrably / indisputably / inevitably / irritably / notably / noticeably / presumably / probably / reasonably / remarkably

 

******

 

-acy

Used to form: nouns

General meaning: the position, quality, state or status of

Examples:

accuracy / adequacy / delicacy / democracy / intimacy / primacy / privacy / supremacy

 ******

What are “Combining Forms”?

Combining form is a form of a word that can combine with free word, root word or another combining form to get a new word. ‘Combining form’ adds extra meaning to the new word. ‘Combining form’ is added to the beginning or end of free word, root word or another combining form.

(A). Examples of “Combining form + Free Word”:

Agro- + Industry = Agro-industry
Agro- denotes: connected with farming


(B). Example of “Combining form + Root Word”:

Aero- + Gramme = Aerogramm
Aero- denotes: connected with aircraft
Gramme denotes: writing


(C). Examples of “Combining form + Combining form”:

Hydro- + -Logy = Hydrology [the scientific study of the earth's water]
Hydro- denotes: relating to water
-Logy denotes: a subject of study


IMPORTANT NOTES:


1. “Combining form” generally cannot stand alone as free words, but there are many exceptions to this rule.
EXAMPLES:
Combining Form: -like [free word]
lotus + -like = lotus-like
rope + -like = rope-like
-like- denotes: similar to the thing that is mentioned


2. Many Words ending in “-ed”, “-en”, etc. are used as COMBINING FORMS.
EXAMPLES:
Combining Form: -based (ending in ‘-ed’)
foreign + -based = foreign-based
demand + -based = demand-based
-based denotes: containing something as an important feature or part


3. Many words ending in “-ing” are used as COMBINING FORMS.
EXAMPLES:
Combining Form: -looking (ending in ‘-ing’)
fine + -looking = fine-looking
suspicious + -looking = suspicious-looking
-looking- denotes: to be appearing in a way that is mentioned


Alphabetical List of Combining Forms Along With Their Meanings And Examples

Combining Forms -- A

AERO-
Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns
General meaning: connected with aircraft
Examples:
aerobatics / aerodrome / aerodynamics / aerofoil / aerogramme (also, aerogram) / aeronaut / aeronautics / aerospace / aerostat

******

-AFFECTED
Used to form: adjectives
General meaning: suffering from the thing that is mentioned
Examples [along with their use in phrases]:
drug-affected ---- [drug-affected newborns]
famine-affected ---- [famine-affected village]
flu-affected ---- [flu-affected patients]
militancy-affected ---- [militancy-affected state]
quake-affected ---- [quake-affected hills]

Other Examples:
flood-affected / cyclone-affected / explosion-affected / drought-affected / rain-affected / violence-affected

******

AFRO-
Used to form: adjectives and nouns
General meaning: African
Examples [along with their use in phrases]:
Afro-Brazilian ---- [Afro-Brazilian heritage]
Afro-British ---- [Afro-British people]
Afro-Caribbean ---- [Afro-Caribbean cooperation]
Afro-Colombian ---- [Afro-Colombian celebrities]
Afro-Cuban ---- [Afro-Cuban player]
Afro-descendant ---- [Afro-descendant communities]
Afro-Iranian ---- [Afro-Iranian minority]
Afro-Latina ---- [Afro-Latina engineers]
Afro-Mexican ---- [Afro-Mexican students]
Afro-Palestinian ---- [Afro-Palestinian group]
Afro-Turk ---- [Afro-Turk music star]


ALL-
Used to form: adjectives and adverbs
General meaning: each and every one | totally | in the highest degree
Examples:
all-American / all-around / all-British / all-Canadian / all-clear / all-consuming / all-embracing / all-encompassing / all-important / all-inclusive / all-night / all-nighter / all-out / all-over / all-party / all-pervading / all-powerful / all-purpose / all-round / all-rounder / all-star / all-ticket / all-time
WHAT ARE “LITERARY WORDS”?

‘Literary words’ are associated with literature.
‘Literary words’ are typical of a work of literature and imaginative writing.
‘Literary words’ are used with a particular meaning, in narrative, drama, poetry and other writing in a literary manner.

This book has been divided into three sections:
Section 01: Common Literary Words
Section 02: Figurative Use of the Words
Section 03: Glossary of Literary Terms

IMPORTANT NOTES

NOTE -- A:
ELEVATED WORDS
Use of an ‘Elevated’ Word in Place of a ‘Simple’ Word
‘Elevated language’ is widely used in literature.
Elevated Word -- a word that is used to show a high intellectual level
Simple Word -- a word that is used to keep conversation simple in daily life

Example 1:
‘Behold’ [elevated word] | ‘See’ [simple word]
Meaning of ‘behold’ and ‘see’:
to become aware of something by using your eyes

Example 2:
‘Blithe’ [elevated word] | ‘Happy’ [simple word]
Meaning of ‘blithe’ and ‘happy’:
showing or feeling pleasure

******

NOTE -- B:
FIGURATIVE USE OF THE WORDS
Many words and phrases are used in a different (literary) way from their usual (literal) meanings to produce a special effect. [I have put these words together in Section-2 (figurative use of the words) of this book.]

Example-1:
ache: In general sense -- to feel a continuous pain
His leg ached because of injury.
ache: In literary sense -- to be very sad
His false accusations made our heart ache. [= made us sad]

Example-2:
Flash: In general sense -- to shine brightly for a few moments
Camera flashed once.
Flash: In literary sense -- to suddenly show a strong emotion
Their eyes flashed with horror.


******

NOTE -- C:
‘LITERARY TERMS’
There are many words which are used to describe particular form of writing in a literary work, or used in analysis, discussion, classification, and criticism of a literary work. [I have defined these terms in Section-3 (glossary of literary terms) of this book.]

Examples:
catharsis -- the process of releasing strong feelings through artistic activities
diction -- the choice and use of words to create a specific effect in a literary work
epithet -- a word or expression used to attribute special quality to somebody/something
genre -- a particular category, style or type to which a literary wok belongs
holograph -- handwritten piece of writing by its author
idyll -- a poem that describes a peaceful and happy scene
juvenilia -- a literary work produced by an artist, in his/her youth
melodrama -- a literary work that is full of exciting and exaggerated events or emotions
opera -- a dramatic work where a majority of the words are sung to music
panegyric -- a speech or written composition that praises somebody/something
prosody -- the patterns of rhythms and sounds in poetry
quatrain -- a verse of a poem that has four lines
refrain -- a line or number of lines of a song or poem that is repeated after each verse
scene -- one of the small sections within an act (a major division) of a play
semantic -- relating to the meaning of words and sentences
trilogy -- a set of three books, plays, movies, etc. on the same characters or subject

figure of speech -- an expression in which a word or phrase represents one thing in terms of something dissimilar (non-literal) to create a particular effect in somebody’s mind, or in which an emphasis is produced by patterns of sound. [Some common figures of speech are as follows -- alliteration, anaphora, antistrophe. apostrophe, assonance, consonance, hyperbole, irony, litotes, metaphor, metonymy, periphrasis, personification, simile, synecdoche]
What are “Old-fashioned Words”?

Definition of ‘Old-fashioned words’:
“Words and expressions that were common in the past but are passing out of ordinary use.”

‘Old-fashioned words’ are also known as ‘archaic words’. Many people use the term ‘old use’ for the words and expressions that were common in the past but have passed out of ordinary use.
These words are mainly used in historical novels. They are also used to amuse people.

Examples:
Old-fashioned word:
dandified [adjective]
(of a man) too careful about his look or clothes

Old-fashioned word:
vamoose [verb]
to leave fast

Old-fashioned idiom
blot your copybook -- to do something bad to spoil your good reputation among people

Old-fashioned phrasal verb
buck up! -- used to tell somebody to make haste


Detailed list of “old-fashioned words”, parts of speech they belong to, and their meanings are as follows:


Old-fashioned Words -- A

abed [adverb]
in bed

abide [verb]
to stay or live in a place
Use in a sentence: Everybody must abide by the law.

abroad [adverb]
outside; outdoors

accidence [noun]
the part of grammar that deals with the change in the form of a word

accursed [adjective]
having a bad magic spell on something
Use in a sentence: They lived in the forest as if accursed. || There is no escaping the sense of anxiety that we humans are accursed with.

adieu [exclamation]
goodbye
Use in a sentence: They bid adieu to him with mixed emotions.

addled [adjective]
confused / (of an egg) not fresh
Use in a sentence: He is not a silly and addled dude.

without further/more ado [idiom]
at once; immediately
Use in a sentence: Once it was sure that the area had been secured, the children were without more ado accompanied to the assembly hall.

adventurer / adventuress [noun]
a person who is very fond of going to unusual places or gaining new experiences
Use in a sentence: She is a hard-core adventuress, a travel journalist, who has traveled around the world.

aerodrome (airdrome) [noun]
a small airport
Use in a sentence: The extension of the runway was aimed at better services for private operators at the aerodrome.

affair [noun]
an strange or inexplicable thing

affright [verb]
to scare; to frighten
Use in a sentence: Let nothing affright you.

ague [noun]
malaria, dengue or other disease that causes fever and shivering

ail [verb]
to make somebody ill/sick

air hostess [noun]
a female flight attendant

alack [exclamation]
a word that is used to show you are sad or sorry
Use in a sentence: Alas and alack, only a few of those stories are all that funny.

alas [exclamation]
a word that is used to show you are sad or sorry
Use in a sentence: His experiments, alas, were flawed and had been mythologized.

be all up (with somebody) [idiom]
to be the end for somebody

almoner [noun]
a person employed by a hospital to handle financial and social problems of patients
Use in a sentence: They wanted a more active almoner, who could find innovative ways to help the poor.

alms [noun]
money, clothes, food, etc. given to beggars or poor people
Use in a sentence: They were injured in a stampede to receive alms being distributed by a charity.

in the altogether [idiom]
without wearing any clothes

Amerindian [noun]
Native American
Use in a sentence: The word 'guava' originates from the language of the Arawaks, an Amerindian people from the Caribbean.

ammo [noun]
ammunition
Use in a sentence: They have tested and run a lot of ammo through their rifles.

amour [noun]
a secret love affair

anon [adverb]
soon; early, immediately; in a moment

apoplexy [noun]
the sudden and complete loss of the ability to sense or move
apoplectic [adjective]
related to apoplexy

apparel [noun]
formal clothes
Use in a sentence: The US apparel industry is highly fragmented with many players.

applesauce [noun]
nonsense
Use in a sentence: All politics is applesauce!

apprehend [verb]
to understand, realize or be aware of something
Use in a sentence: Making language easy to apprehend is intrinsic to making it appealing.

apricity [noun]
the sun’s warmth on a cold winter’s day

aright [adverb]
correctly or properly
What are “Humorous Words”?

What is Humor? [HUMOUR [(British English) | HUMOR (AMERICAN ENGLISH)]
Humor is something that is funny, comical, or amusing

Definition of ‘Humorous Words’
Words that are intended to be amusing, entertaining, funny, or comical are called humorous words.

Examples:
beak [noun] – large or pointed nose of somebody
ego-surfing [noun] – the activity of searching your name in different websites on Internet
iron rations [noun] – a small amount of food carried for emergency by soldiers, etc. while climbing or walking
unhand [verb] – to release somebody that you are holding


Besides “Humorous Words”, there are some Idioms and Phrasal Verbs which are used to express humor (amusement or funniness)
Example- (idiom): a big cheese – a very important and influential person in a big organization
Example- (phrasal verb): gird (up) your loins – to get ready to do a difficult task or activity


NOTE: Many ‘Humorous Words’ are also used in ‘formal’, ‘informal’ or other sense
Example:
BEAST
beast [noun] [Humorous] – a person or thing who is unpleasant
beast [noun] [Informal] – a thing of a particular type
beast [noun] [Formal] – a large and dangerous animal


Detailed list of ‘humorous words’, parts of speech they belong to, and their meanings are as follows:

Humorous Words -- A

abaya [noun]
a full-length, sleeveless outer garment worn by Arabs

abdicate [verb]
to give up all hope of ever having a flat stomach

abibliophobia [noun]
the fear of running out of reading material

abomasums [noun]
the fourth stomach of a ruminant, such as a cow or sheep

absquatulate [verb]
to abruptly leave or abscond with something

academe [noun]
the world of studying, teaching, etc. at academic institutions e.g. universities and colleges

accoutrements (accouterments) [noun]
pieces of equipment that are required for an activity; accessories

acerbate [verb]
to embitter somebody

acidulous [adjective]
rather sour or sharp in speech, manner, etc.

adjourn to… [phrasal verb]
to go to another place to calm down

of advanced years | sb's advanced age [idiom]
used to show that somebody is ‘very old’ or aged

agelast [noun]
one who never laughs

aglet [noun]
the plastic tip on the end of a shoelace

alack [exclamation]
used to express sadness or regret

allegator [noun]
someone who alleges

allergic [adjective]
strong dislike towards somebody

amatory [adjective]
relating to physical activity or desire

amphibology [noun]
grammatically ambiguous phrase or sentence (e.g.: he talked to his son and his daughter)

amphisbaena [noun]
a mythical serpent with a head at each end

anencephalous [adjective]
lacking a brain

anfractuous [adjective]
circuitous or winding

anguilliform [adjective]
resembling an eel

anserine [adjective]
goose-like | silly or foolish

antediluvian [adjective]
traditional or out-of-date

anthropophagy [noun]
cannibalism

apolaustic [adjective]
devoted to the seeking of enjoyment

apple-knocker [noun]
ignorant or unsophisticated person

appurtenance [noun]
a smaller part of something larger, superior or more significant

archipelago [noun]
a chain of islands

argle-bargle [noun]
meaningless and abundant talk or writing

argus-eyed [adjective]
vigilant, referring to Argos, a Greek mythological watchman with a hundred eyes

argute [adjective]
shrewd

argy-bargy [noun]
noisy arguing

assignation [noun]
a secret meeting with a lover

autotomy [noun]
the casting off of a limb or other part of the body by an animal under threat, such as a lizard

avuncular [adjective]
uncle-like
AFFIX

A letter or group of letters added to the beginning or end of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.

Examples –

im- in impossible; ntier- in international

-able in agreeable; -er in learner

 

English Affixes could be divided into two groups:

Prefixes and Suffixes

 

PREFIX

A letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.

Examples –

im- in impossible; inter- in international; un- in unaffected

 

SUFFIX

A letter or group of letters added to the end of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.

Examples –

-able in agreeable; -er in learner; -ness in quickness

 

Sample This:

 

ENGLISH PREFIXES – A

 

a-

Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns

General meaning: not, without

Examples:

acellular / amoral / apolitical / atheism / atheist / atypical

 

******

 

ad-

Used to form: nouns and verbs

General meaning: addition, tendency

Examples:

adjoin / adjudge / admixture

 

******

 

ambi-

Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns

General meaning: both of two

Examples:

ambidexterity / ambidextrous / ambivalence / ambivalent

 

******

 

ante-

Used to form: adjectives, nouns and verbs

General meaning: prior to; in front of

Examples:

antedate / antenatal / anterior / ante-room

 

******

 

anti-

Used to form: adjectives and nouns

General meaning: against; the opposite of; preventing

Examples:

anti-aircraft / anti-bacterial / antibiotic / antibody / anti-choice / anticlerical / anticlimax / anticlockwise / anticoagulant / anti-competitive / anti-copying / anti-corruption / anticyclone / antidepressant / anti-drug / anti-encroachment / anti-extremism / antifreeze / anti-globalization / anti-graft / antigravity / anti-hate / anti-hero / anti-inflammatory / anti-liquor / anti-lock / anti-malarial / anti-national / antioxidant / antiparticle / anti-people / anti-personnel / antiperspirant / anti-poaching / antipyretic / antiretroviral / anti-rowdy / anti-sabotage / antiseptic / antisocial / anti-stalking / antitank / anti-terror / anti-terrorism / anti-theft / antitrust / antiviral / antivirus

 

******

 

ENGLISH SUFFIXES – A

 

-able

Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns

General meaning: that can, should or must be done; having the characteristic of

Examples:

adaptable / agreeable / amenable / amicable / appreciable / approachable / assessable / avertable / avoidable / believable / breakable / calculable / changeable / chargeable / comfortable / companionable / computable / conceivable / controllable / curable / decipherable / declarable / desirable / detectable / detestable / doable / enjoyable / escapable / excitable / explainable / explicable / exploitable / fashionable / foreseeable / graspable / honorable / imaginable / imperturbable / indubitable / inevitable / justifiable / manageable / moveable / noticeable / observable / payable / pleasurable / portable / preventable / punishable / quantifiable / questionable / ratable / reachable / readable / reasonable / reckonable / recognizable / reliable / reputable / respectable / serviceable / sociable / stoppable / taxable / traceable / transferable / translatable / transportable / understandable / usable / utilizable / variable / washable / wearable / workable

 

******

 

-ability

Used to form: nouns

General meaning: a level of skill, intelligence, etc.

Example:

capability / curability / excitability / inescapability / inevitability / playability / preventability / serviceability / unavoidability / usability / workability

 

******

 

-ably

Used to form: adverbs

General meaning: skillful and well; in a particular manner

Examples:

affably / capably / charitably / comfortably / demonstrably / indisputably / inevitably / irritably / notably / noticeably / presumably / probably / reasonably / remarkably

 

******

 

-acy

Used to form: nouns

General meaning: the position, quality, state or status of

Examples:

accuracy / adequacy / delicacy / democracy / intimacy / primacy / privacy / supremacy

 ******

500 Words and Their Synonyms

Synonym is a word that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word.

Sample This:

English Synonyms – A

001. ABET -- (meaning) to encourage somebody to do something illegal
Synonyms for ‘Abet’ --
incite / instigate / provoke

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002. ABEYANCE -- (meaning) being stopped for a period of time
Synonyms for ‘Abeyance’ --
dormancy / intermission / suspension

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003. ABILITY -- (meaning) the fact that somebody is able to do something
Synonyms for ‘Ability’ --
aptitude / capability / competence / knack / potential / proficiency / skill / talent

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004. ABLAZE -- (meaning) burning; on fire
Synonyms for ‘Ablaze’ --
aflame / afire / alight

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005. ABRASIVE -- (meaning) not smooth
Synonyms for ‘Abrasive’ --
coarse / harsh / rough

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006. ABSENCE -- (meaning) not available, present, etc.
Synonyms for ‘Absence’ --
nonexistence / nonappearance / nonattendance

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007. ABSTRUSE -- (meaning) difficult to understand
Synonyms for ‘Abstruse’ --
arcane / complicated / convoluted / esoteric / garbled / inarticulate / incoherent / incomprehensible / indecipherable / inexplicable / intricate / obscure / rarefied / recondite / unfathomable / unintelligible / unplumbed

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008. ABUSE -- (meaning) unfair or cruel treatment
Synonyms for ‘Abuse’ --
brutality / cruelty / exploitation / ill-treatment / maltreatment / mistreatment / misuse / spitefulness / viciousness

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009. ABYSS -- (meaning) a very deep crack in the ground
Synonyms for ‘Abyss’ --
chasm / gulf

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010. ACCEDE -- (meaning) to agree to a demand, request, proposal, etc.
Synonyms for ‘Accede’ --
acquiesce / approve / assent / commend / comply / endorse / grant / permission / ratify / sanction

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011. ACCENTUATE -- (meaning) to make something more noticeable
Synonyms for ‘Accentuate’ --
emphasize / highlight / underline / underscore

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012. ACCLIMATIZE -- (meaning) to get used to new situation
Synonyms for ‘Acclimatize’ --
adapt / adjust

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013. ACCOMPLISH -- (meaning) to succeed in getting something
Synonyms for ‘Accomplish’ --
attain / conquer / manage

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014. ACCOST -- (meaning) to come near to somebody/something
Synonyms for ‘Accost’ --
advance / approach / confront

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015. ACCREDITED -- (meaning) officially recognized
Synonyms for ‘Accredited’ --
certified / endorsed / licensed

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016. ACCRUAL -- (meaning) increase in something over a period of time
Synonyms for ‘Accrual’ --
accretion / addition / amassing / buildup / gathering

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017. ACCUSE -- (meaning) to say somebody is guilty of something
Synonyms for ‘Accuse’ --
arraign / blame / charge / impeach / indict / prosecute

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018. ACQUIT -- (meaning) to say officially that somebody is not guilty for a crime
Synonyms for ‘Acquit’ --
absolve / exculpate / exonerate

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019. ADMIRATION -- (meaning) praise or approval
Synonyms for ‘Admiration’ --
acclaim / accolade / applause / approbation / commendation / ovation

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020. ADMIRING -- (meaning) behavior that shows that you respect somebody/something
Synonyms for ‘Admiring’ --
chivalrous / considerate / courteous / deferential / gracious / respectful / reverent / reverential

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021. ADROIT -- (meaning) skillful and accurate
Synonyms for ‘Adroit’ --
agile / deft / dexterous / natty / nifty / nimble / swift

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022. ALARMING -- (meaning) causing feeling of fear and worry
Synonyms for ‘Alarming’ --
baffling / bewildering / confounding / disconcerting / disquieting / distressing / perplexing / puzzling / tormenting / upsetting / worrying

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:

01. Collective Phrases
02. Cries of Creatures
03(A). Young Ones of Birds/Animals/Insects
03(B). Animals/Birds/Insects and Their Homes
04. Flowers and the Quality They Refer to
05. Anniversary Gifts
06. Idiomatic Comparisons
07. Natives


Sample This:
01. Collective Phrases
[AMOUNT / NUMBER]

01. ACCUMULATION
Meaning: gradual increase of something in number or quantity
Examples:
an accumulation of capital
an accumulation of fat
an accumulation of laws
an accumulation of paperwork

02. ARMADA
Meaning: a large group of armed ships | a large group of people, things, etc.
Examples:
an armada of drivers
an armada of gunboats
an armada of trucks
an armada of vessels

03. ARMY
Meaning: an organized group of people or things
Examples:
an army of advisers
an army of ants
an army of nurses
an army of photographers
an army of robots
an army of soldiers
an army of volunteers

04. ARRAY
Meaning: an impressive group or collection of things or people
Examples:
an array of activities
an array of bottles
an array of costumes
an array of hats
an array of jackets
an array of programs
an array of regulations
an array of services
an array of styles
an array of topics
an array of weapons

05. ASSORTMENT
Meaning: a collection of different things or of different types of the same thing
Examples:
an assortment of artists
an assortment of clothes
an assortment of dishes
an assortment of evidence
an assortment of films
an assortment of games
an assortment of gifts
an assortment of homes
an assortment of plates
an assortment of weapons

06. BAND
Meaning: a group of people who do something together or who have the same ideas, interest or purpose
Examples:
a band of criminals
a band of activists
a band of musicians
a band of outlaws
a band of protesters
a band of singers
a band of thieves

07. BALE
Meaning: a large amount of a light material; pressed or wrapped tightly together and tied up with cords, etc.
Examples:
a bale of cardboard
a bale of cotton
a bale of the fibers
a bale of hay
a bale of paper
a bale of straw
a bale of wool

08. BARRAGE
Meaning: a sudden and aggressive occurrence of large number of something, that are directed at somebody
Examples:
a barrage of abuses
a barrage of attacks
a barrage of bullets
a barrage of changes
a barrage of complaints
a barrage of criticism
a barrage of digital ads
a barrage of emails
a barrage of gunfire
a barrage of phone calls
a barrage of punches
a barrage of queries
a barrage of questions
a barrage of tests

09. BATCH
Meaning: a number of people or things that are regarded as a group | a consignment of goods produced at one time
Examples:
a batch of bottles
a batch of cookies
a batch of ice cream
a batch of images
a batch of letters
a batch of noodles
a batch of petitions
a batch of players
a batch of students
a batch of vehicles

10. BEVY
Meaning: a large group of people or things of the same kind
Examples:
a bevy of dancers
a bevy of girls or women
a bevy of laws
a bevy of models
a bevy of officers
a bevy of proposals
a bevy of quails
a bevy of schools
a bevy of sensors
a bevy of vendors

11. BOARD
Meaning: a powerful group of people who make decisions and control a company or other organization
Examples:
a board of advisors
a board of commissioners
a board of directors
a board of doctors
a board of governors
a board of legislators
a board of managers
a board of regents
a board of service operators
a board of supervisors
a board of trustees
THIS BOOK CONTAINS MEANINGS OF MORE THAN 3400 ADVANCED ENGLISH WORDS (including phrasal verbs and idioms).

Learn Difficult English Words & Their Meanings

Sample This:

("sb" implies somebody, "sth" implies something)

abate to become, or make sth less strong
abed in bed
aberrant not socially acceptable
abet to help, or encourage sb to do sth wrong
in abeyance not being used for a period of time
ablutions act of washing yourself
aboard on a ship, plane, bus etc.
abode where sb lives
abolition ending of sth
abominate to feel hatred, or disgust
abomination extremely unpleasant, disgusting
abortive unsuccessful
above board legal and honest; in a legal and honest way
abridge to make book, etc. shorter
absent minded forgetful
abstainer who chooses not to vote, who never drinks alcohol
abstruse difficult to understand
abundant plentiful
abysmal extremely bad
abyss deep wide space, or hole that seems to have no bottom
accede to agree, to become king, or queen
accommodating willing to help, obliging
accomplish to achieve sth
in accord with sb/sth in agreement with
accord with sth to agree with sth
accountable responsible
accoutrements pieces of equipment for a particular activity
accredited officially recognized
accrue to increase over a period of time
accursed suffering from a curse, or black magic
ace person who is very good at doing sth
Achilles heel weak point in sb's character attacked by other people
acme peak
acquaintance with sb slight friendship
make sb's acquaintance to meet sb first time
acquiesce to accept sth, even if you do not agree
acrimonious bitter
acrobat rope dancer
acronym a word formed using initial letters of other words
act up to behave badly
acumen ability to understand and decide things quickly
ad hominem against person's character
ad nauseam again and again in boring and annoying way
Adam's apple lump at the front of the throat
adamantine very strong and impossible to break
add up to seem reasonable
add-on a thing that is added to sth else
adieu goodbye
ad-infinitum for ever
adjourn to postpone
adjudicate to make official decision
adjure to order sb to do sth
Adonis extremely attractive young man
adorable attractive
adoration great love, or worship
adore to love very much, to like very much
adrenalin hormone produced in the body due to excitement, fear, or anger
adulation excessive praise
the advent of sb/sth coming of invention, etc.
adventitious happening by accident; not planned
advisable sensible
advise sb of sth to inform
advisory official warning
aeon thousands of years
aerodrome small airport
aesthete who love art and beautiful things
affaire love affair
affectation behaviour, action to impress other people
affectionate loving
affections person's feelings of love
affective connected with emotions, attitudes
affliction pain and suffering, or sth that causes it
afforestation process of planting areas of land with trees
aficionado who likes a particular subject, etc. very much and knows a lot about it
afloat floating on water
afoot being planned
afore mentioned mentioned earlier
aftermath situation existing after a war, an accident, etc.
her mouth was agape wide open, because of surprise or shock
come of age to become mature
age of consent legal age to have sex
aggrandizement increase in the power, or importance of a person, or country
aggravate to worsen
agonize over sth to spend a long time thinking and worrying about sth
agreeable pleasant and easy to like
aggrieved feeling that you have been treated unfairly
aghast horrified
ahead of earlier than
agog excited
What are “Combining Forms”?

Combining form is a form of a word that can combine with free word, root word or another combining form to get a new word. ‘Combining form’ adds extra meaning to the new word. ‘Combining form’ is added to the beginning or end of free word, root word or another combining form.

(A). Examples of “Combining form + Free Word”:

Agro- + Industry = Agro-industry
Agro- denotes: connected with farming


(B). Example of “Combining form + Root Word”:

Aero- + Gramme = Aerogramm
Aero- denotes: connected with aircraft
Gramme denotes: writing


(C). Examples of “Combining form + Combining form”:

Hydro- + -Logy = Hydrology [the scientific study of the earth's water]
Hydro- denotes: relating to water
-Logy denotes: a subject of study


IMPORTANT NOTES:


1. “Combining form” generally cannot stand alone as free words, but there are many exceptions to this rule.
EXAMPLES:
Combining Form: -like [free word]
lotus + -like = lotus-like
rope + -like = rope-like
-like- denotes: similar to the thing that is mentioned


2. Many Words ending in “-ed”, “-en”, etc. are used as COMBINING FORMS.
EXAMPLES:
Combining Form: -based (ending in ‘-ed’)
foreign + -based = foreign-based
demand + -based = demand-based
-based denotes: containing something as an important feature or part


3. Many words ending in “-ing” are used as COMBINING FORMS.
EXAMPLES:
Combining Form: -looking (ending in ‘-ing’)
fine + -looking = fine-looking
suspicious + -looking = suspicious-looking
-looking- denotes: to be appearing in a way that is mentioned


Alphabetical List of Combining Forms Along With Their Meanings And Examples

Combining Forms -- A

AERO-
Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns
General meaning: connected with aircraft
Examples:
aerobatics / aerodrome / aerodynamics / aerofoil / aerogramme (also, aerogram) / aeronaut / aeronautics / aerospace / aerostat

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-AFFECTED
Used to form: adjectives
General meaning: suffering from the thing that is mentioned
Examples [along with their use in phrases]:
drug-affected ---- [drug-affected newborns]
famine-affected ---- [famine-affected village]
flu-affected ---- [flu-affected patients]
militancy-affected ---- [militancy-affected state]
quake-affected ---- [quake-affected hills]

Other Examples:
flood-affected / cyclone-affected / explosion-affected / drought-affected / rain-affected / violence-affected

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AFRO-
Used to form: adjectives and nouns
General meaning: African
Examples [along with their use in phrases]:
Afro-Brazilian ---- [Afro-Brazilian heritage]
Afro-British ---- [Afro-British people]
Afro-Caribbean ---- [Afro-Caribbean cooperation]
Afro-Colombian ---- [Afro-Colombian celebrities]
Afro-Cuban ---- [Afro-Cuban player]
Afro-descendant ---- [Afro-descendant communities]
Afro-Iranian ---- [Afro-Iranian minority]
Afro-Latina ---- [Afro-Latina engineers]
Afro-Mexican ---- [Afro-Mexican students]
Afro-Palestinian ---- [Afro-Palestinian group]
Afro-Turk ---- [Afro-Turk music star]


ALL-
Used to form: adjectives and adverbs
General meaning: each and every one | totally | in the highest degree
Examples:
all-American / all-around / all-British / all-Canadian / all-clear / all-consuming / all-embracing / all-encompassing / all-important / all-inclusive / all-night / all-nighter / all-out / all-over / all-party / all-pervading / all-powerful / all-purpose / all-round / all-rounder / all-star / all-ticket / all-time
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