SOCRATES: VOL. 4 NO. 4 (2016) Issue-December

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 This issue of Socrates has been divided into three sections.

The first section is Language & Literature- Persian. The paper authored by Nazia Jafri critically analyses the novel Gunah-e-Muqaddas. This novel represents the Political and social situation in Iran during the Pahlavi.

The second section of this issue is Philosophy. The Paper authored by Olivera Z. Mijuskovic, critically analyses Aristotle's concept of the State. The word policy comes from the ancient Greek word "polis" and from it created another word "politeia" which refers to a lifestyle and "a general thing of all citizens". "Bios politikos" or practical life was related to life in community with other people. The definition of man as a political being (physei zoon politikon) comes from Aristotle. The paper authored by Giuseppe Gagliano proposes a historical analysis of The French school of economic warfare tradition, focusing on the last three decades of the 20th Century. The paper authored by George Papageorgakis shows how the requirement for the measure was reflected in the theoretical thinking of Presocratic philosophers. The paper deals with the period, when the concepts of measure, measurement and moderation penetrated into the fields of ethics and political philosophy, fields that still have not acquired a more systematic form as it happens in the era of Plato, Aristotle and their descendants. The paper authored by István Király V. attempts to conceptualise the “ancient” issues of human death and human mortality in connection to the timely and vital subject of euthanasia. The paper authored by Viviana Yaccuzzi Polisena emphasises upon one of the most beautiful theories offering an optimal explanation of the Cosmos: Everett III's theory, Relative State Formulation Of Quantum Mechanics, later expanded by Bryce DeWitt (1971) as The Many-Worlds Interpretation Of Quantum Mechanics.

 

 The third section of this issue is Politics law and Governance. The paper authored by Prida Ariani Ambar Astuti is a Case Study of Elections in Jakarta, Indonesia which attempts to prove that Social media platforms have paved the way for political participation among youth, and has re-conceptualization the traditional form of political participation.

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About the author

Nazia Jafri, Research Scholar, Department of Persian, University of Lucknow, India

Olivera Z. Mijuskovic Full Member International Association of Greek Philosophy, University of Athens, Greece

Giuseppe Gagliano Chairman Cestudec (Center for Strategic Studies Carlo De Cristoforis) Italy

George Papageorgakis PhD Candidate in “Greek Philosophy – Philosophy of Sciences” School of Philosophy University of Ioannina, Greece

István Király V. (PhD)Associate Professor Department of Philosophy Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj, Romania

Viviana Yaccuzzi Polisena Philosophy Professor. UNNE Argentina

Prida Ariani Ambar Astuti Department of Library and Information Science North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, Meghalaya, India. Graduate Education Program, Communication Sciences University of Indonesia Jakarta, Indonesia

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Additional Information

Publisher
Saurabh Chandra, Socrates Scholarly Research Journal
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Published on
Mar 23, 2017
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Pages
114
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Education / Philosophy, Theory & Social Aspects
Foreign Language Study / Persian
History / Military / Persian Gulf War (1991)
Mathematics / History & Philosophy
Philosophy / Essays
Philosophy / Ethics & Moral Philosophy
Philosophy / Free Will & Determinism
Philosophy / General
Philosophy / History & Surveys / Medieval
Philosophy / History & Surveys / Modern
Philosophy / Logic
Philosophy / Movements / Pragmatism
Philosophy / Movements / Rationalism
Philosophy / Movements / Realism
Philosophy / Political
Philosophy / Social
Science / Philosophy & Social Aspects
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Giuseppe Gagliano
 Nell’era della globalizzazione totale è sempre più importante comprendere come le forze economiche di un Paese si organizzino per fare dell’informazione uno strumento di sviluppo economico e di difesa dei suoi interessi vitali, tanto più che la crisi in cui siamo entrati rischia di accrescere, ancora di più, la lotta per l’accesso ai mercati mondiali. Lo scontro a livello economico si è radicato con forza soprattutto dopo la conclusione della
Guerra Fredda e si presenta come un conflitto in crescita, nel quale non solo gli attori coinvolti sono spesso tra loro interdipendenti, ma agiscono all’interno di una rete globale che non ha dei riferimenti geografici o giuridici precisi e unici, complicando ancora di più la lettura del quadro d’insieme. Per annientare il proprio nemico nella guerra economica qualunque mezzo è lecito – dalle misure protezionistiche fino allo spionaggio o alle attività di lobbying – e non vi sono strutture che determinino limiti o stabiliscano un ordine.
In particolare, con l’enorme diffusione dei mezzi di comunicazione, la guerra economica si è avvalsa sempre più di un suo strumento efficace: la guerra dell’informazione. Gli attori coinvolti, siano essi Stati o imprese, usano questo strumento per aumentare il proprio raggio d’azione a livello planetario (basti pensare alla possibilità di comunicare in tempo reale da una parte all’altra del mondo), ma anche come mezzo marcatamente offensivo (manipolando a proprio vantaggio, per esempio, le informazioni destinate ai consumatori).
Jordan Ellenberg
The Freakonomics of math—a math-world superstar unveils the hidden beauty and logic of the world and puts its power in our hands

The math we learn in school can seem like a dull set of rules, laid down by the ancients and not to be questioned. In How Not to Be Wrong, Jordan Ellenberg shows us how terribly limiting this view is: Math isn’t confined to abstract incidents that never occur in real life, but rather touches everything we do—the whole world is shot through with it.

Math allows us to see the hidden structures underneath the messy and chaotic surface of our world. It’s a science of not being wrong, hammered out by centuries of hard work and argument. Armed with the tools of mathematics, we can see through to the true meaning of information we take for granted: How early should you get to the airport? What does “public opinion” really represent? Why do tall parents have shorter children? Who really won Florida in 2000? And how likely are you, really, to develop cancer?

How Not to Be Wrong presents the surprising revelations behind all of these questions and many more, using the mathematician’s method of analyzing life and exposing the hard-won insights of the academic community to the layman—minus the jargon. Ellenberg chases mathematical threads through a vast range of time and space, from the everyday to the cosmic, encountering, among other things, baseball, Reaganomics, daring lottery schemes, Voltaire, the replicability crisis in psychology, Italian Renaissance painting, artificial languages, the development of non-Euclidean geometry, the coming obesity apocalypse, Antonin Scalia’s views on crime and punishment, the psychology of slime molds, what Facebook can and can’t figure out about you, and the existence of God.

Ellenberg pulls from history as well as from the latest theoretical developments to provide those not trained in math with the knowledge they need. Math, as Ellenberg says, is “an atomic-powered prosthesis that you attach to your common sense, vastly multiplying its reach and strength.” With the tools of mathematics in hand, you can understand the world in a deeper, more meaningful way. How Not to Be Wrong will show you how.
Nazia Jafri
This issue of SOCRATES has been divided into four sections.

The first section of this issue is Language & Literature- Persian, which contains an article authored by Nazia Jafri. In this paper, hidden corners and unfamiliar life and priceless works of  Hussain Quli Mastan, who was the the first Iranian photo-journalist, has been introduced.

The second section of this issue if Language and Literature-English. Paper authored by Dr. P. Saravanakumar studies the use of a mask in Girish Karnad’s play “Tughlaq.”  Tughlaq is the most complex and complicated of Girish Karnad’s works. Paper authored by R. Kaliyaperumal highlights the Science and Technology in Dan Brown’s Digital Fortress. Paper authored by Vincent P discusses Black Community Voice Echoes on Eradicate of Identity in Toni Morrison’s Novel Home. While exploring the twenty-first-century work Home we find the voices, which indicates the voice of the colonised people.  A deep study of this novel exposes the events and happenings at the time of colonisation.  It also exposes their emotions and feelings.

The third section of this issue is Philosophy. Paper authored by Giuseppe Gagliano intends to identify several key concepts that emerge from an analysis of Aron’s acclaimed work on the role played by Marxist-Leninist ideology in the development of the 20th-century philosophic thought. Paper authored by Rocco Angelo Astore is an argument in favor of the Universal health care.

The fourth section of this issue is Politics, Law and Governance. Paper authored by Dr. Galyna Fesenko and Dr. Tetiana Fesenko aims to outline the role of e-democracy within the setting of the Eastern Partnership program. The article provides the comparative review of E-Government progress in six EaP countries in 2009 – 2016. Paper authored by Dr. Surendra Misra is related to Governance, Good Governance and development of different sectors in India. Paper authored by Dr. Sanjay Kumar Dwivedi focuses on the E-Governance initiatives that have changed the life style of rural citizens and in which the citizens derive benefit through direct transactions with the services provided by the union and the provincial governments. The paper also highlights the variety of constraints in implementing the E-governance projects in rural areas.

Giuseppe Gagliano
 Nell’era della globalizzazione totale è sempre più importante comprendere come le forze economiche di un Paese si organizzino per fare dell’informazione uno strumento di sviluppo economico e di difesa dei suoi interessi vitali, tanto più che la crisi in cui siamo entrati rischia di accrescere, ancora di più, la lotta per l’accesso ai mercati mondiali. Lo scontro a livello economico si è radicato con forza soprattutto dopo la conclusione della
Guerra Fredda e si presenta come un conflitto in crescita, nel quale non solo gli attori coinvolti sono spesso tra loro interdipendenti, ma agiscono all’interno di una rete globale che non ha dei riferimenti geografici o giuridici precisi e unici, complicando ancora di più la lettura del quadro d’insieme. Per annientare il proprio nemico nella guerra economica qualunque mezzo è lecito – dalle misure protezionistiche fino allo spionaggio o alle attività di lobbying – e non vi sono strutture che determinino limiti o stabiliscano un ordine.
In particolare, con l’enorme diffusione dei mezzi di comunicazione, la guerra economica si è avvalsa sempre più di un suo strumento efficace: la guerra dell’informazione. Gli attori coinvolti, siano essi Stati o imprese, usano questo strumento per aumentare il proprio raggio d’azione a livello planetario (basti pensare alla possibilità di comunicare in tempo reale da una parte all’altra del mondo), ma anche come mezzo marcatamente offensivo (manipolando a proprio vantaggio, per esempio, le informazioni destinate ai consumatori).
Giuseppe Gagliano
 Dalla fine della Guerra Fredda i conflitti hanno visto sempre più come protagonisti non più singoli Stati ed eserciti nazionali, bensì gruppi insurrezionali, istituzioni internazionali, organizzazioni terroristiche e bande armate. Oggi si combattono guerre a bassa intensità e spesso per procura, ma non solo con le armi. La nuova concezione di amico-nemico, specie se si considera il sempre maggiore coinvolgimento dei civili nelle guerre moderne, ha fatto si che dovessero essere riformulati, in un confronto armato, i termini strategici anche sotto il profilo psicologico, economico e sociale. Tra i primi a affrontare queste nuove tematiche militari vi sono gli analisti della scuola francese quali: Charles Larechoy, Roger Trinquier, David Galula e Jacques Hogard il cui pensiero nel presente saggio è pubblicato per la prima volta in lingua italiana, mettendo in evidenza, in primo luogo, come l’esperienza da questi maturata in Indocina e in Algeria, fra il 1940 e il 1960, servirà per comprendere la dimensione profondamente innovativa offerta, rispetto alla guerra tradizionale, del concetto di guerra rivoluzionaria. L’ampia disamina formulata nel saggio contribuisce a chiarire la centralità che esercitò su questi esperti il pensiero militare di Mao Zedong nell’elaborazione della strategia della contro-insurrezione francese, mentre l’analisi comparata delle biografia di Galula e Trinquier rivela la profonda influenza determinata dalla loro riflessione sulla strategia contro-insurrezionale americana in Vietnam. Al di là delle profonde innovazioni in ambito strategico e tecnologico delle guerre contemporanee, è indubbio che la comprensione della guerra rivoluzionaria nell’accezione francese sia ancora oggi centrale per conseguire risultati efficaci e duraturi da parte degli eserciti moderni, come in parte avvenuto in Iraq ed in Afghanistan.
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