SOCRATES is an international, multi-lingual, multi-disciplinary refereed and indexed scholarly journal produced as par of the Harvard Dataverse Network. This journal appears quarterly in English, Hindi, Persian in 22 disciplines.

About this Issue

This issue of Socrates contains selected scholarly articles from various scholarly disciplines. The entire issue has been divided into six sections.

The first Section of the issue, Art, Culture and Literature, contains scholarly articles from English language and Literature, Hindi literature and Persian literature. A serious question raising article of National and International importance has also been included in this section under the title, Safeguard the cultural Heritage of Ladakh.

The second section of this issue, American History, contains an article that investigates, why Lieutenant Colonel Custer met with defeat in order to take the Black Hills?


The third section of this issue, Media Studies, contains an article that aims to provide a theoretical framework of public television networks in western countries pointing to the pertaining relationships with their political systems.

The fourth section of this issue contains some of the best research papers from the scholarly disciplines of Commerce Management and Economics. The first research paper of this section empirically measures employee satisfaction in key areas.

The fifth section of this issue represents the scholarly disciplines of Law and Politics. The first article analyses the socio-political movement for the establishment of democracy in Nepal. The second article analyses the Industrial dispute act and its impact on the Industrial development in India.

The sixth section contains two general articles. The first article reflects the life of a great Sufi Saint Shah Kazim Qalander. The second article highlights the views of authors on various themes.

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About the author

Farhat Bano Beg is Research Scholar in the School of Hospitality and Tourism management, at The University of Jammu, Jammu India.

Furqan Aalam Beg is Research Scholar in the Department of Strategic and Regional Studies at the University of Jammu, Jammu India.

डॉ0 आभा रानी, रांची विश्वविद्यालय रांची के अंगीभूत एस एस मेमोरियल कॉलेज के हिन्दी विभाग की अध्यक्षा हैं तथा उत्तर-प्रदेश हिन्दी संस्थान साहित्यकार निर्दर्शिनी में सम्मिलित समकालीन हिन्दी साहित्यकार हैं |

Dr. Shazia Siddiqui Khan is Assistant Professor & Head in the Department of English at Mumtaz P.G.College, Lucknow India.

Navya. V.K is Research Scholar in the Department of Cultural Studies at The English and Foreign Languages University Hyderabad India.

Iftikhar Hussain Lone is teaching assistant at the Boys degree college Anantnag Jammu and Kashmir India.

Shafaq Muzaffer is PG student at the university of Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir India.

Sayan Dey is Research Scholar in the Department of English at the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) India

Adineh Khojastehpour is Ph.D Candidate of English Literature in the Department of Foreign Languages and Linguistics College of Literature and Humanities at the Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

Behnam Mirzababazadeh is Ph.D Candidate of English Literature in the Department of Foreign Languages and Linguistics College of Literature and Humanities at the Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

Monette Bebow-Reinhard is an Historian/Independent Scholar/Freelance Writer/Author/Editor. This article is based on her thesis, part of a major non-fiction book, “Civil War & Bloody Peace: following orders.”

Raimonda Nelku is PhD candidate and Gazetare journalist from Albania.

Prof. Madhurima is Professor in the Department of Applied Economics at the University of Lucknow, Lucknow, India. She holds the Limca Book of World Records (2008) for being the most highly qualified person of India.

Dr. Jainendra Kumar Verma is D. Litt. Candidate at Ravenshaw University, Cuttack, Odisha, India.

Biplab Kumar Dey is Research scholar in the Department of humanities and social science At NIT Silchar, Assam, India

Jyoti Sharma is Research Scholar at the Department of Commerce, at University of Jammu, Jammu India

शिव कुमार राजीव गाँधी राष्ट्रीय शोधवेत्ता, अनुप्रयुक्त अर्थशास्त्र विभाग लखनऊ विश्वविद्यालय लखनऊ

आशीष कुमार पी - एच डी शोधार्थी व्यावहारिक अर्थशास्त्र विभाग लखनऊ विश्वविद्यालय लखनऊ

Ms. Vaishali is Research scholar in the Dept. of Commerce at the University of Jammu, Jammu India

Shailendra Kumar is pursuing his Masters in Economics, at National P. G. College, Lucknow Indal Kumar is Ph.D. Scholar at NGBU Allahabad India.

डॉ. आशीष गौतम पोस्ट - डाक्टरल फेलो - राजनीती शास्त्र विभाग लखनऊ विश्वविद्यालय लखनऊ

Bheemvrat Pratap Singh, L.L.B. (Hons.) at Faculty of Law, University of Lucknow, Lucknow

अल्लामा सुहैल काकोरवी हिन्दी, उर्दू, फ़ारसी और अंग्रेजी के सुप्रसिद्ध शायर एवं विद्वान हैं |

Fabio Scorza is a published author; He was born in 1973 in a beautiful town in Calabria, San Lucido (CS). He grew up in Tuscany, Lucca. Or lived in different regions of Italy and other European countries: France, Spain and Germany. He has traveled to different countries: Portugal, Austria, Switzerland, Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary, Romania and Senegal. He currently lives in Reggio Calabria.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Saurabh Chandra, Socrates Scholarly Research Journal
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Published on
Mar 28, 2014
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Pages
317
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Business & Economics / General
Business & Economics / Human Resources & Personnel Management
Business & Economics / Industries / Media & Communications
Foreign Language Study / Hindi
Foreign Language Study / Persian
History / General
History / United States / Civil War Period (1850-1877)
History / United States / State & Local / Middle Atlantic (DC, DE, MD, NJ, NY, PA)
Language Arts & Disciplines / Journalism
Literary Collections / General
Literary Criticism / European / English, Irish, Scottish, Welsh
Photography / Photojournalism
Political Science / General
Political Science / Geopolitics
Religion / Islam / Sufi
Religion / Spirituality
Social Science / Media Studies
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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SOCRATES is an international, multi-lingual, multi-disciplinary refereed and indexed scholarly journal produced as par of the Harvard Dataverse Network. This journal appears quarterly in English, Hindi, Persian in 22 disciplines.

About this Issue

This issue of SOCRATES covers research papers from Anthropology, Environmental-science, Public-administration, Political-science, and Philosophy, Hindi literature, Persian Literature, and some of the best works from the pen of renowned poets and scholars. We are focused on expanding our scope and consolidating our position in both conceptual development and practical application with special emphasis on social issues. Our motive is to promote research as research is an essential part of higher learning. Research is generally undertaken so as to find the answers of those problems which are not easy or readily available to them. It helps the individuals to find out the solution or answer of any question in a systematic manner based on scientific investigation of those problems. Research always adds something to emerging stock of knowledge making for its advancement. It is the pursuit of truth with the aid of observation, comparison, study and experiment. We believe that India cannot aspire to a future as an advanced society without cultivating large numbers of original thinkers and researchers to inspire new generation. Our mission behind introducing and initiating this journal is to motivate Scholars who have the willingness to Produce and publish quality research and discuss his/her original research, thoughts and ideas. We strongly believe in the concept of connected academic world. Thus we have indexed our journal at some of the best citation centers.

SOCRATES: An international, multi-lingual, multi-disciplinary, refereed (peer-reviewed) and indexed scholarly journal.

About this issue:

This issue of Socrates witnessed many changes in our publication policies. One of the most encouraging changes is our presence through Open journal system. These changes will not only facilitate the authors but also boost our presence on international platform. This issue of Socrates has been divided into seven sections. The first section is Language & Literature- English which contains a paper which is analysis on Laura Mulvey’s theory of visual pleasure and attempts to apply it on the re-imagination of sexuality in cinematic spaces. The paper also examines the consumer spaces where the homo-sexual communities occupy substantial space as target audience which has enough potential to determine the direction and success of any popular cultural medium. The second section is History, which contains a paper that is extracted from a project that records the memories of men and women in Manipur, who witnessed the Nupi Lan (1939) and Second World War (1942 – 1945). Scored highly by the Referee, this paper is undoubtedly an asset for researchers. The third section is Philosophy contains a few excellent papers. The first paper of this section argues that Nozick’s entitlement theory leads to indirect injustice and is therefore an unfitting philosophical theory. The second paper of this section draws comparisons between Socratic Questioning and Zen Buddhist Koan Practice. The third paper of this section contains a Dialectic and Literary Essay Intimate Marxist Space: The Dialectic House must read for the scholars. The fourth paper of this section is my personal favorite. This paper has attempted a critical analysis of the arguments from alternation and recollection for the immortality of the soul in Plato’s Phaedo. It argues that Plato fails to prove beyond reasonable doubt the reality of the soul. It also mentions that its proof for reincarnation which is hinged on the reality of the soul is not tenable. The fifth paper of this section is a Creative writing focused on Exaggeration, Human nature and moral values. The fourth section of this issue Politics, Law and Governance contains two selected articles. The first paper of this section highlights the Need for south - south cooperation to confront the challenges posed by the Global north as to north -south. The second paper of this section highlights the 21st century scramble for Africa, must read for development thinkers. The fifth section of this issue is Sociology, contains a paper based on a study conducted at University of Kashmir which attempts to find out the impact of internet on research. The sixth section of this issue is Economics, Management and commerce which contains a paper that highlights the Role of Microfinance in the Socio Economic development of Women. The seventh section of this issue contains Interview of renowned contemporary poet Dr. A.k. Chaudhary.

SOCRATES is an international, multi-lingual, multi-disciplinary refereed and indexed scholarly journal produced as par of the Harvard Dataverse Network. This journal appears quarterly in English, Hindi, Persian in 22 disciplines.

About the Issue

This Issue of Socrates contains selected scholarly articles from various scholarly disciplines. The entire issue has been divided into five sections.

The first Section of the edition Language and Literature contains scholarly Research Papers from English language and Literature, Hindi literature and Persian literature. The first research paper of this section and the edition deals with Feminism and endeavours to investigate the origin and development of this movement; and also pays tribute to the inextinguishable and daredevil spirit of innumerable women who tirelessly contributed in making the “new woman” a reality.

The Second paper which belongs to the scholarly discipline of Hindi Literature is a comparative analysis of two spiritual ideologies that prevails in India and different parts of the world. This sort of comparative study is rarely found in and which makes it an asset for the research literature.

The second section of this issue, Swedish History, contains a paper that presents Sweden’s most dignified and faithful Queen Dowager: Catherine Stenbock.

The third section of this issue, Politics, Law and Governance, contains various research articles on various scholarly themes. The first research paper of this section attempts to analyse Carl Schmitt’s and Agamben’s theories through this interesting tripartite relation among the political, sovereignty and exception which gives an interesting account to reconfigure sovereignty and its effects felt on Indian emergency of 1975-77 and anti-terror laws in recent times. Also in what ways it appears as a challenge to the centrality of law in a democracy. The second research paper of this section examines the Scottish enlightenment and involvement in this debate through James Mackintosh’s response to Burke this encounter of British and French enlightenment will illuminate our modern vision of human rights theories. The third research paper of this section is a research study in context of global security under the impact of globalization. The fourth research paper of this section deals with a universal problem popularly known as “Corruption”. This paper investigates the remedies of corruption as suggested by the great philosopher and teacher Kautilya in his masterpiece Arthashastra. The fifth research paper of this section deals with one of vibrant issues of free world “Human rights”.

The fourth section of this issue contains some of the best research papers from the scholarly disciplines of Commerce Management and Economics. These research papers are based on the original research carried out by author(s). The first paper of this section studies the relationship between BPR and Organizational Structure with special reference to State Bank of India. The second paper of this section raises evacuation issues. The third paper of this section studies the dimensions of customer service in supply chain management (SCM) of small and medium enterprises of Jammu region. The fourth paper of this section investigates the Effectiveness of Public Distribution System in Jammu & Kashmir. The fifth paper of this section paper examines the role of cooperative societies in economic development of Bangladesh. The sixth paper of this section studies green marketing and reveals its challenges and opportunities in rural India.

The fifth section of this issue represents the scholarly disciplines of Education. It contains a research paper which is based on an action research project to find out ways to improve student’s participation in the class.

SOCRATES is an international, multi-lingual, multi-disciplinary refereed and indexed scholarly journal produced as par of the Harvard Dataverse Network. This journal appears quarterly in English, Hindi, Persian in 22 disciplines.

About this Issue:

This issue of Socrates has been divided into five sections. The first section of this issue is Language & Literature- English. The first article of this section deals with Pierre Bourdieu’s concept of “symbolic” or “soft” violence in Margaret Drabble’s latest novel, The Pure Gold Baby (2013).The second article of this section tends to analyses Connection in Richard Ford’s A Multitude of Sins.The third article of this section applies the formalistic approach to scrutinize the two poems of William Butler Yeats. 

The second section of this issue is Philosophy. The first article of this section analyzes the epistemological limit that separates the superhero fictitious universe from our universe of causal reality. The second article of this section argues that whatever might be said about his attack on other German philosophers, Santayana’s attack on Kant, despite its subtlety, its force and its intelligence, is fundamentally misguided. 

The third section of this issue is Economics, Commerce and Management. In the first paper of this section authors have examined how, when and to what extent Strategic Human Resource Practices affect performance at the employee level. The second article of this section explores some of the important aspects of effective mobile money and digital financial services in bringing financial inclusion.

The fourth section of this issue is Politics, Law and Governance. The article in this section explores the African Union’s (“AU”) science and technology plan and strategy for Africa within the construct of Kwame Nkrumah’s socio-political thought.

The fifth section of this issue The new Book, reviews AamNama by renowned scholar and poet "Suhail Kakorvi".

“The industry bible” (Los Angeles Times), now updated, essential for anyone in the music business—musicians, songwriters, lawyers, agents, promoters, publishers, executives, and managers—trying to navigate the rapid transformation of the industry.

For more than twenty years, All You Need to Know About the Music Business has been universally regarded as the definitive guide to the music industry. Now in its ninth edition, this latest edition leads novices and experts alike through the crucial, up-to-the-minute information on the industry’s major changes in response to today’s rapid technological advances and uncertain economy.

Whether you are—or aspire to be—a performer, writer, or executive, veteran music lawyer Donald Passman’s comprehensive guide is an indispensable tool. He offers timely, authoritative information from how to select and hire a winning team of advisors and structure their commissions and fees; navigate the ins and outs of record deals, songwriting, publishing, and copyrights; maximize concert, touring, and merchandising deals; understand the digital streaming services; and how to take a comprehensive look at the rapidly transforming landscape of the music business as a whole.

The music industry is in the eye of the storm, when everyone in the business is scrambling to figure out what’s going to happen to the major labels and what it will mean for the careers of artists and business professionals. No musician, songwriter, entertainment lawyer, agent, promoter, publisher, manager, or record company executive—anyone who makes their living from music—can afford to be without All You Need to Know About the Music Business. As Adam Levine, lead singer and guitarist of Maroon 5, says, “If you want to be in music, you have to read this book.”
Cementitious materials, rocks and fibre-reinforced composites commonly termed as quasibrittle, need a different fracture mechanics approach to model the crack propagation study because of the presence of significant size of fracture process zone ahead of the crack-tip. Recent studies show that concrete structures manifest three important stages in fracture process: crack initiation, stable crack propagation and unstable fracture or failure. Fracture Mechanics concept can better explain the above various stages including the concepts of ductility, size-effect, strain softening and post-cracking behavior of concrete and concrete structures.

The book presents a basic introduction on the various nonlinear concrete fracture models considering the respective fracture parameters. To this end, a thorough state-of-the-art review on various aspects of the material behavior and development of different concrete fracture models is presented. The development of cohesive crack model for standard test geometries using commonly used softening functions is shown and extensive studies on the behavior of cohesive crack fracture parameters are also carried out. The subsequent chapter contains the extensive study on the double-K and double-G fracture parameters in which some recent developments on the related fracture parameters are illustrated including introduction of weight function method to Double-K Fracture Model and formulization of size-effect behavior of the double-K fracture parameters. The application of weight function approach for determining of the KR-curve associated with cohesive stress distribution in the fracture process zone is also presented. Available test data are used to validate the new approach. Further, effect of specimen geometry, loading condition, size-effect and softening function on various fracture parameters is investigated. Towards the end, a comparative study between different fracture parameters obtained from various models is presented.

In this New York Times bestseller, an award-winning journalist uses ten maps of crucial regions to explain the geo-political strategies of the world powers—“fans of geography, history, and politics (and maps) will be enthralled” (Fort Worth Star-Telegram).

Maps have a mysterious hold over us. Whether ancient, crumbling parchments or generated by Google, maps tell us things we want to know, not only about our current location or where we are going but about the world in general. And yet, when it comes to geo-politics, much of what we are told is generated by analysts and other experts who have neglected to refer to a map of the place in question.

All leaders of nations are constrained by geography. In “one of the best books about geopolitics” (The Evening Standard), now updated to include 2016 geopolitical developments, journalist Tim Marshall examines Russia, China, the US, Latin America, the Middle East, Africa, Europe, Japan, Korea, and Greenland and the Arctic—their weather, seas, mountains, rivers, deserts, and borders—to provide a context often missing from our political reportage: how the physical characteristics of these countries affect their strengths and vulnerabilities and the decisions made by their leaders.

Offering “a fresh way of looking at maps” (The New York Times Book Review), Marshall explains the complex geo-political strategies that shape the globe. Why is Putin so obsessed with Crimea? Why was the US destined to become a global superpower? Why does China’s power base continue to expand? Why is Tibet destined to lose its autonomy? Why will Europe never be united? The answers are geographical. “In an ever more complex, chaotic, and interlinked world, Prisoners of Geography is a concise and useful primer on geopolitics” (Newsweek) and a critical guide to one of the major determining factors in world affairs.
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