Discoveries in Australia: Volume 2

T. and W. Boone
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Publisher
T. and W. Boone
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Published on
Dec 31, 1846
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Pages
586
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English
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Perhaps best known as the intrepid adventurer who located the missing explorer David Livingstone in equatorial Africa in 1871, Henry Morton Stanley (1841-1904) played a major role in assembling the fragmented discoveries and uncertain geographical knowledge of central Africa into a coherent picture. He was the first European to explore the Congo River; assisted at the founding of the Congo Free State, and helped pave the way for the opening up of modern Africa.
In this classic account of one of his most important expeditions, the venerable Victorian recounts the incredibly difficult and perilous journey during which he explored the great lakes of Central Africa, confirming their size and position, searched for the sources of the Nile, and traced the unknown Congo River from the depths of the continent to the sea. Accompanied by three Englishmen and a crew of Africans, Stanley left Zanzibar in 1874. He traveled to Lake Victoria, which he circumnavigated in his boat, the Lady Alice. Almost immediately, illness, malnutrition and conflicts with native tribes began to decimate his followers. Nevertheless, the explorer pushed on, also circumnavigating Lake Tanganyika, which he determined to be unconnected with the Nile system. Finally in 1876, Stanley was ready to undertake "the grandest task of all" — exploring the Livingstone (Congo) River. He sailed down the vast waterway to the lake he called Stanley Pool, then on to a series of 32 cataracts he named Livingstone Falls. Unable to go further by boat, Stanley continued overland, reaching the Atlantic Ocean on August 12, 1877. Mishaps, hostile tribes, and disease had killed his three white companions and half the Africans, but Stanley had attained his objective.
His tremendous perseverance (his persistence led his men to nickname him Bula Matari — "the rock breaker") was complemented by Stanley's abilities as a keen observer and accomplished prose stylist. These talents are fully evident in this exciting narrative. It offers not only the action and adventure of a life-and-death struggle to survive in the African wilderness, but detailed descriptions of native peoples, customs, and culture; the flora and fauna of central Africa; and a wealth of geographical, ecological, and other information. Supplemented with 149 black-and-white illustrations and a foldout map, this monumental narrative will be welcomed by anyone interested in the European exploration of central Africa during the nineteenth century, the exploits of one of the great explorers of all time, and a breathtaking story of human endurance and achievement in the face of immense odds.
Boongaree accompanied King on his first voyage, 21 December 1817; Bundell accompanied King on 26 May 1821 voyage; mentions of both Aboriginal men throughout; intermittent encounters with natives throughout journeys, main references - v.1, p.4; Twofold Bay natives sighted, woman covered with kangaroo skin; p.38+ Native taken on board near Enderby Island, physical description of Aborigines, logs of wood used for transporting families across river; p.88+ Attack by natives at Port Essington, description of canoe used and taken by Capt. King; p.110+ Melville Island, natives timid, exchanges food & water for axes; p.159+ Outer Bay (Tas.) Physical appearance, clothing, small vocab. (parts of body, names of plants, obtained by Mr. Cunningham); p.175. Port Macquarie - sheets of bark used for water transport, types of huts; p.197. Palm Island - huts and canoes examined; p.200+ Goode Is. Fishbooks and lines exchange for baskets and turtle pegs, males had noses pierced, bracelet of plaited hair only ornament worn; Types of ovens used, natives very friendly; p.212. Intercourse with natives at Endeavour River; p.366. Endeavour R. small vocab. collected by Mr. Cunningham; v.2, p.27+ Description of rock carvings & paintings on Clack Island; p.61+ Hanover Bay natives spear Surgeon, natives hostile, description of catamarans, description of weapons and implements, physical appearance; p.120+ Intercourse with natives at Oyster Harbour, firesticks, eating of seal; Full description of weapons, clothing, small vocab., names of natives; p.139. Pt. Essington - open hostilities; Appendix D; comparative table of languages of natives of Caledon Bay (Flinders), Endeavour R. (Capt. Cook & Forster), King George the Third Sound, Port Jackson, Burrah Burrah tribe (Scott), Limestone Creek (Oxley), Port Macquarie (Hunter), Van Diemens Land.
In this edited selection of his journals, Matthew Flinders, Australia's greatest navigator and the man who named our island continent, describes in captivating detail his epic mission to map our shores between 1796 and 1803.

Edited and introduced by Tim Flannery, Terra Australis is a vital step toward a new understanding of our own history. Flinders tells of meeting and communicating with Aborigines, of the scrub and wilderness. His descriptions of the difficulties that he and his sailors faced still bristle with energy and immediacy two hundred years later. This is Flinders' story in his own words, neglected until now, but destined to be eagerly read by all ages.

First published in two-volumes in 1814, this is the enthralling account of the circumnavigation of Australia, by the man who gave our country its name.

Matthew Flinders was born in England in 1774. In 1789, defying his father's wishes that he enter the field of medicine, Flinders volunteered his services to the British Navy. He became the greatest early navigator of Australia, and explored the Australian coastline with George Bass in his eight-foot long vessel Tom Thumb and later Tom Thumb II. His account of his journeys, A Voyage to Terra Australis, is one of the great achievements of our literature.

Tim Flannery is a bestselling writer, scientist and explorer. He has published over a dozen books, most recently Among the Islands: Adventures in the Pacific. In 2011 he was appointed chief commissioner of the Australian Climate Commission.

textclassics.com.au

'Engrossing.' Age

'These texts convey well the nature of inshore maritime exploration then, and to Flinders's important contributions to the delineation of Australia.' Weekend Australian

'With a series of finely edited versions of Australian historical classics, of which Terra Australis: Matthew Flinders' Great Adventures in the Circumnavigation of Australia is the latest instalment, Tim Flannery and Text Publishing have made Australian history interesting again.' Australian Review of Books

'A fascinating document.' Sun Herald

'Flinders' detailed stories remain vivid to this day...described with the backdrop of the unforgettable wilderness of Australia.' Lobbyist

'The writing is fresh, clear and entertaining.' Australian Review of Books

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