Large-Scale Machine Learning in the Earth Sciences

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From the Foreword:

"While large-scale machine learning and data mining have greatly impacted a range of commercial applications, their use in the field of Earth sciences is still in the early stages. This book, edited by Ashok

Srivastava, Ramakrishna Nemani, and Karsten Steinhaeuser, serves as an outstanding resource for anyone interested in the opportunities and challenges for the machine learning community in analyzing these data sets to answer questions of urgent societal interest...I hope that this book will inspire more computer scientists to focus on environmental applications, and Earth scientists to seek collaborations with researchers in machine learning and data mining to advance the frontiers in Earth sciences."

--Vipin Kumar, University of Minnesota

Large-Scale Machine Learning in the Earth Sciences

provides researchers and practitioners with a broad overview of some of the key challenges in the intersection of Earth science, computer science, statistics, and related fields. It explores a wide range of topics and provides a compilation of recent research in the application of machine learning in the field of Earth Science.

Making predictions based on observational data is a theme of the book, and the book includes chapters on the use of network science to understand and discover teleconnections in extreme climate and weather events, as well as using structured estimation in high dimensions. The use of ensemble machine learning models to combine predictions of global climate models using information from spatial and temporal patterns is also explored.

The second part of the book features a discussion on statistical downscaling in climate with state-of-the-art scalable machine learning, as well as an overview of methods to understand and predict the proliferation of biological species due to changes in environmental conditions. The problem of using large-scale machine learning to study the formation of tornadoes is also explored in depth.

The last part of the book covers the use of deep learning algorithms to classify images that have very high resolution, as well as the unmixing of spectral signals in remote sensing images of land cover. The authors also apply long-tail distributions to geoscience resources, in the final chapter of the book.

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About the author

Ashok N. Srivastava, Ph.D. is the VP of Data and Artificial Intelligence Systems and the Chief Data Scientist at Verizon. He leads a new research and development center in Palo Alto focusing on building products and technologies powered by big data, large-scale machine learning, and analytics. He is an Adjunct Professor at Stanford University in the Electrical Engineering Department and is the Editor-in-Chief of the AIAA Journal of Aerospace Information Systems. Dr. Srivastava is a Fellow of the IEEE, the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA).

He is the author of over 100 research articles, has edited 4 books, has 5 patents awarded, and over 30 under file. He has won numerous awards including the IEEE Computer Society Technical Achievement Award for "pioneering contributions to intelligent information systems," the NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal for contributions to state-of-the-art data mining and analysis, the NASA Honor Award for Outstanding Leadership, the NASA Distinguished Performance Award, several NASA Group Achievement Awards, the Distinguished Engineering Alumni Award from UC Boulder, the IBM Golden Circle Award, and the Department of Education Merit Fellowship.

Dr. Ramakrishna Nemani is a senior Earth scientist with the NASA Advanced Supercomputing division at Ames Research Center, California, USA. He leads NASA's efforts in ecological forecasting to understand the impacts of the impending climatic changes on Earth’s ecosystems and in collaborative computing, bringing scientists together with big data and supercomputing to provide insights into how our planet is changing and the forces underlying such changes.

He has published over 190 papers on a variety of topics including remote sensing, global ecology, ecological forecasting, climatology and scientific computing with over 28000 citations. He served on the science teams of several missions including Landsat-8, NPP, EOS/MODIS, ALOS-2 and GCOM-C. He has received numerous awards from NASA including the exceptional scientific achievement medal in 2008, exceptional achievement medal in 2011, outstanding leadership medal in 2012 and eight group achievement awards.

Karsten Steinhaeuser, Ph.D. is a Research Scientist affiliated with the Department of Computer Science & Engineering at the University of Minnesota and a Data Scientist with Progeny Systems Corporation. His research centers around data mining and machine learning, in particular construction and analysis of complex networks, with applications in diverse domains including climate, ecology, social networks, time series analysis, and computer vision. He is actively involved in shaping an emerging research area called climate informatics, which lies at the intersection of computer science and climate sciences, and his interests are more generally in interdisciplinary research and scientific problems relating to climate and sustainability.

Dr. Steinhaeuser has been awarded one patent and has authored several book chapters as well as numerous peer reviewed articles and papers on these topics. His work has been recognized with multiple awards including two Oak Ridge National Laboratory Significant Event Awards for "Novel Analyses of the Simulation Results from the CCSM 3.0 Climate Model" and "Science Support for a Climate Change War Game and Follow-Up Support to the US Department of Defense."

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Additional Information

Publisher
CRC Press
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Published on
Aug 1, 2017
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Pages
208
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ISBN
9781315354460
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Language
English
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Genres
Computers / Databases / Data Mining
Computers / Machine Theory
Science / Earth Sciences / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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Divided into three parts, the book explains how the fundamental algorithms and methods of both physics-based and data-driven approaches effectively address systems health management. The first part of the text describes data-driven methods for anomaly detection, diagnosis, and prognosis of massive data streams and associated performance metrics. It also illustrates the analysis of text reports using novel machine learning approaches that help detect and discriminate between failure modes. The second part focuses on physics-based methods for diagnostics and prognostics, exploring how these methods adapt to observed data. It covers physics-based, data-driven, and hybrid approaches to studying damage propagation and prognostics in composite materials and solid rocket motors. The third part discusses the use of machine learning and physics-based approaches in distributed data centers, aircraft engines, and embedded real-time software systems.

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Divided into three parts, the book explains how the fundamental algorithms and methods of both physics-based and data-driven approaches effectively address systems health management. The first part of the text describes data-driven methods for anomaly detection, diagnosis, and prognosis of massive data streams and associated performance metrics. It also illustrates the analysis of text reports using novel machine learning approaches that help detect and discriminate between failure modes. The second part focuses on physics-based methods for diagnostics and prognostics, exploring how these methods adapt to observed data. It covers physics-based, data-driven, and hybrid approaches to studying damage propagation and prognostics in composite materials and solid rocket motors. The third part discusses the use of machine learning and physics-based approaches in distributed data centers, aircraft engines, and embedded real-time software systems.

Reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of the field, this book shows how various machine learning and knowledge discovery techniques are used in the analysis of complex engineering systems. It emphasizes the importance of these techniques in managing the intricate interactions within and between the systems to maintain a high degree of reliability.

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