Women in Engineering: Gender, Power, and Workplace Culture

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Who are the women who became engineers in the 1970s and 1980s?

How have they fared in the most male-dominated profession in America? This is the first book to answer these questions. It explores the backgrounds, family lives, work experiences, and attitudes of engineers in order to explain the unequal patterns of career development for women, who generally hold lower positions and receive fewer promotions than their male counterparts. McIlwee and Robinson synthesize two theoretical approaches frequently used to explain the status of women in the workforce—gender role and structural theories—providing new insights into improving women’s careers in traditionally male occupations.
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About the author

Judith S. McIlwee is Lecturer in the Department of Sociology at the University of San Diego.

J. Gregg Robinson is Associate Professor at Grossmont College, El Cajon, California.

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Additional Information

Publisher
SUNY Press
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Pages
248
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ISBN
9781438412474
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Social Science / Women's Studies
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Eligible for Family Library

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The book began to be put into written form only after the author had been cajoled into doing it by a few of his colleagues who were constantly hearing the many stories of the crazy things that happened during his journey from New Zealand when traveling overland through Central and South America which took six months in 1956 and to end up in Brazil penniless. The crazy stories however still continued to flow after he had landed a job with a British company as project engineer on the construction of a large irrigation dam being undertaken by the Brazilian Government in the interior of the North-Eastern State of Cear. They still kept coming during his four year term with the company which took him all over Brazil and afterwards when he went out on his own in the construction and engineering business in a partnership which he eventually had to sever. However, once deciding to put pen to paper he realized that he could not commence one third through the story, he had to go right back to the day he was born and his early childhood when a traumatic event occurred in his family which he realized in later life which definitely had its effect on his inner being and mental approach to life. It left him with a feeling which without knowing it, he was on his own from that moment and would have to fend for himself. The date of his birth happened to be Friday the 13th. Which some folk looked upon as unlucky but he thought the opposite. The story briefly covers his first quarter century, educating himself through university to graduate in civil engineering only to realize that he was living in a totally socialistic state which had evolved as New Zealand began climbing out of the Great Depression. He could not see any future working as a civil servant for the next forty years with no real challenges to contend with. He decided to quit New Zealand and the welfare state and head to where no Kiwi had ever been,- Central and South America. When he mentioned Brazil to a few of his colleagues he was told that he would either end up having his head shrunken by Amazon Indians or be swallowed up by an anaconda. He decided to take the risk. He walked across the border from Uruguay into Brazil in November, 1956 and eventually arrived in the city of So Paulo with not a penny in his pocket. It was not Friday the 13th. but it could have been as within two weeks he was employed by a British engineering company who was seeking an engineer to managed a contract they had just landed and the Canadian engineer they had contracted had taken one look at the place, only to catch the next plane home. To be thrown into such a responsibility at the age of 27 and not knowing the language or the people he was to work with was probably the challenge he was looking for,- but was he up to it? The engineering experience he gained during the next four years way outweighed anything he had learnt at university or would have working for the Ministry of Works in NZ. His partnership with a Canadian engineer never worked out and after several years he was forced to sever the relationship to start all over again. From there on he enjoyed considerable success engaged in projects throughout both Central and South America as well as other countries.and became associated with several UK companies as a director of their operations in Brazil. He never lost contact with his country of birth and in fact as the only Kiwi with a business background in Brazil he was continually being requested for assistance from both the NZ Government and NZ companies in their endeavours to establish business and trading opportunities. His connection with New Zealand finally lead to him being appointed the first ever Honorary Consul and later Consul General of his home country, the tenure of which he retained for a period of fifteen years. He relates many weird stories during this period.
#1 National Bestseller

From two of our most fiercely moral voices, a passionate call to arms against our era’s most pervasive human rights violation: the oppression of women and girls in the developing world.

With Pulitzer Prize winners Nicholas D. Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn as our guides, we undertake an odyssey through Africa and Asia to meet the extraordinary women struggling there, among them a Cambodian teenager sold into sex slavery and an Ethiopian woman who suffered devastating injuries in childbirth. Drawing on the breadth of their combined reporting experience, Kristof and WuDunn depict our world with anger, sadness, clarity, and, ultimately, hope.

They show how a little help can transform the lives of women and girls abroad. That Cambodian girl eventually escaped from her brothel and, with assistance from an aid group, built a thriving retail business that supports her family. The Ethiopian woman had her injuries repaired and in time became a surgeon. A Zimbabwean mother of five, counseled to return to school, earned her doctorate and became an expert on AIDS.

Through these stories, Kristof and WuDunn help us see that the key to economic progress lies in unleashing women’s potential. They make clear how so many people have helped to do just that, and how we can each do our part. Throughout much of the world, the greatest unexploited economic resource is the female half of the population. Countries such as China have prospered precisely because they emancipated women and brought them into the formal economy. Unleashing that process globally is not only the right thing to do; it’s also the best strategy for fighting poverty.

Deeply felt, pragmatic, and inspirational, Half the Sky is essential reading for every global citizen.
NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER

“In her book, Melinda tells the stories of the inspiring people she’s met through her work all over the world, digs into the data, and powerfully illustrates issues that need our attention—from child marriage to gender inequity in the workplace.” — President Barack Obama

“The Moment of Lift is an urgent call to courage. It changed how I think about myself, my family, my work, and what’s possible in the world. Melinda weaves together vulnerable, brave storytelling and compelling data to make this one of those rare books that you carry in your heart and mind long after the last page.”

— Brené Brown, Ph.D., author of the New York Times #1 bestseller Dare to Lead

“Melinda Gates has spent many years working with women around the world. This book is an urgent manifesto for an equal society where women are valued and recognized in all spheres of life. Most of all, it is a call for unity, inclusion and connection. We need this message more than ever.” — Malala Yousafzai

"Melinda Gates's book is a lesson in listening. A powerful, poignant, and ultimately humble call to arms." — Tara Westover, author of the New York Times #1 bestseller Educated

A debut from Melinda Gates, a timely and necessary call to action for women's empowerment.

“How can we summon a moment of lift for human beings – and especially for women? Because when you lift up women, you lift up humanity.”


For the last twenty years, Melinda Gates has been on a mission to find solutions for people with the most urgent needs, wherever they live. Throughout this journey, one thing has become increasingly clear to her: If you want to lift a society up, you need to stop keeping women down.

In this moving and compelling book, Melinda shares lessons she’s learned from the inspiring people she’s met during her work and travels around the world. As she writes in the introduction, “That is why I had to write this book—to share the stories of people who have given focus and urgency to my life. I want all of us to see ways we can lift women up where we live.”

Melinda’s unforgettable narrative is backed by startling data as she presents the issues that most need our attention—from child marriage to lack of access to contraceptives to gender inequity in the workplace. And, for the first time, she writes about her personal life and the road to equality in her own marriage. Throughout, she shows how there has never been more opportunity to change the world—and ourselves.

Writing with emotion, candor, and grace, she introduces us to remarkable women and shows the power of connecting with one another.

When we lift others up, they lift us up, too.

“I am most grateful for two things: that I was born in North Korea, and that I escaped from North Korea.”

Yeonmi Park has told the harrowing story of her escape from North Korea as a child many times, but never before has she revealed the most intimate and devastating details of the repressive society she was raised in and the enormous price she paid to escape.

Park’s family was loving and close-knit, but life in North Korea was brutal, practically medieval. Park would regularly go without food and was made to believe that, Kim Jong Il, the country’s dictator, could read her mind. After her father was imprisoned and tortured by the regime for trading on the black-market, a risk he took in order to provide for his wife and two young daughters, Yeonmi and her family were branded as criminals and forced to the cruel margins of North Korean society. With thirteen-year-old Park suffering from a botched appendectomy and weighing a mere sixty pounds, she and her mother were smuggled across the border into China.

I wasn’t dreaming of freedom when I escaped from North Korea. I didn’t even know what it meant to be free. All I knew was that if my family stayed behind, we would probably die—from starvation, from disease, from the inhuman conditions of a prison labor camp. The hunger had become unbearable; I was willing to risk my life for the promise of a bowl of rice. But there was more to our journey than our own survival. My mother and I were searching for my older sister, Eunmi, who had left for China a few days earlier and had not been heard from since.

Park knew the journey would be difficult, but could not have imagined the extent of the hardship to come. Those years in China cost Park her childhood, and nearly her life.  By the time she and her mother made their way to South Korea two years later, her father was dead and her sister was still missing. Before now, only her mother knew what really happened between the time they crossed the Yalu river into China and when they followed the stars through the frigid Gobi Desert to freedom. As she writes, “I convinced myself that a lot of what I had experienced never happened. I taught myself to forget the rest.”

In In Order to Live, Park shines a light not just into the darkest corners of life in North Korea, describing the deprivation and deception she endured and which millions of North Korean people continue to endure to this day, but also onto her own most painful and difficult memories. She tells with bravery and dignity for the first time the story of how she and her mother were betrayed and sold into sexual slavery in China and forced to suffer terrible psychological and physical hardship before they finally made their way to Seoul, South Korea—and to freedom.

Still in her early twenties, Yeonmi Park has lived through experiences that few people of any age will ever know—and most people would never recover from. Park confronts her past with a startling resilience, refusing to be defeated or defined by the circumstances of her former life in North Korea and China. In spite of everything, she has never stopped being proud of where she is from, and never stopped striving for a better life. Indeed, today she is a human rights activist working determinedly to bring attention to the oppression taking place in her home country.

Park’s testimony is rare, edifying, and terribly important, and the story she tells in In Order to Live is heartbreaking and unimaginable, but never without hope. Her voice is riveting and dignified. This is the human spirit at its most indomitable.
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