SOCRATES: An international, multi-lingual, multi-disciplinary, refereed (peer-reviewed) and indexed scholarly journal.

About this issue:

This issue of Socrates witnessed many changes in our publication policies. One of the most encouraging changes is our presence through Open journal system. These changes will not only facilitate the authors but also boost our presence on international platform. This issue of Socrates has been divided into seven sections. The first section is Language & Literature- English which contains a paper which is analysis on Laura Mulvey’s theory of visual pleasure and attempts to apply it on the re-imagination of sexuality in cinematic spaces. The paper also examines the consumer spaces where the homo-sexual communities occupy substantial space as target audience which has enough potential to determine the direction and success of any popular cultural medium. The second section is History, which contains a paper that is extracted from a project that records the memories of men and women in Manipur, who witnessed the Nupi Lan (1939) and Second World War (1942 – 1945). Scored highly by the Referee, this paper is undoubtedly an asset for researchers. The third section is Philosophy contains a few excellent papers. The first paper of this section argues that Nozick’s entitlement theory leads to indirect injustice and is therefore an unfitting philosophical theory. The second paper of this section draws comparisons between Socratic Questioning and Zen Buddhist Koan Practice. The third paper of this section contains a Dialectic and Literary Essay Intimate Marxist Space: The Dialectic House must read for the scholars. The fourth paper of this section is my personal favorite. This paper has attempted a critical analysis of the arguments from alternation and recollection for the immortality of the soul in Plato’s Phaedo. It argues that Plato fails to prove beyond reasonable doubt the reality of the soul. It also mentions that its proof for reincarnation which is hinged on the reality of the soul is not tenable. The fifth paper of this section is a Creative writing focused on Exaggeration, Human nature and moral values. The fourth section of this issue Politics, Law and Governance contains two selected articles. The first paper of this section highlights the Need for south - south cooperation to confront the challenges posed by the Global north as to north -south. The second paper of this section highlights the 21st century scramble for Africa, must read for development thinkers. The fifth section of this issue is Sociology, contains a paper based on a study conducted at University of Kashmir which attempts to find out the impact of internet on research. The sixth section of this issue is Economics, Management and commerce which contains a paper that highlights the Role of Microfinance in the Socio Economic development of Women. The seventh section of this issue contains Interview of renowned contemporary poet Dr. A.k. Chaudhary.

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About the author

Soumya Mukherjee PhD (Indian Diaspora) Centre for Study of Indian Diaspora University of Hyderabad India

Dr. W. Jyotirmoy Singh Assistant Professor (Senior) D.M.C.T.E., Imphal, India

Casey Rentmeester Ph.D. Assistant Professor - Finlandia University United States

Stephanie E. Hake University of Minnesota Twin Cities United States

Stephen M. Bourque Temple University United States

Olúkáyọ̀dé R. ADÉṢUYÌ Department of Philosophy Adekunle Ajasin University Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria

Dibakar Pal Civil Servant in India and PhD Student Kolkata India

Aynul Haque Assistant Professor of Political Science Guskara Mahavidyalaya Guskara, Burdwan, WB India

Adesanya Olusegun Paul Afe Babalola University Ado-Ekiti (ABUAD), Ekiti, Nigeria.

Heena Qadir Doctoral Scholar Discipline of Sociology School of Social Sciences IGNOU New Delhi India

Fiona Jeelani Assistant Professor, School of Business Studies, Islamic University of Science and Technology, Awantipora Jammu and Kashmir India

Dr. Ashutosh Kumar Assistant Prof. Of English Murarka College, Sultanganj Bhagalpur, India

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Additional Information

Publisher
Saurabh Chandra, Socrates Scholarly Research Journal
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Published on
Oct 10, 2014
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Pages
153
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Business & Economics / General
Business & Economics / Human Resources & Personnel Management
History / General
History / Military / World War II
Literary Criticism / Subjects & Themes / Politics
Philosophy / Political
Poetry / European / English, Irish, Scottish, Welsh
Political Science / General
Social Science / Gender Studies
Social Science / Men's Studies
Social Science / Sociology / General
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SOCRATES is an international, multi-lingual, multi-disciplinary refereed and indexed scholarly journal produced as par of the Harvard Dataverse Network. This journal appears quarterly in English, Hindi, Persian in 22 disciplines.

About the Issue

This Issue of Socrates contains selected scholarly articles from various scholarly disciplines. The entire issue has been divided into five sections.

The first Section of the edition Language and Literature contains scholarly Research Papers from English language and Literature, Hindi literature and Persian literature. The first research paper of this section and the edition deals with Feminism and endeavours to investigate the origin and development of this movement; and also pays tribute to the inextinguishable and daredevil spirit of innumerable women who tirelessly contributed in making the “new woman” a reality.

The Second paper which belongs to the scholarly discipline of Hindi Literature is a comparative analysis of two spiritual ideologies that prevails in India and different parts of the world. This sort of comparative study is rarely found in and which makes it an asset for the research literature.

The second section of this issue, Swedish History, contains a paper that presents Sweden’s most dignified and faithful Queen Dowager: Catherine Stenbock.

The third section of this issue, Politics, Law and Governance, contains various research articles on various scholarly themes. The first research paper of this section attempts to analyse Carl Schmitt’s and Agamben’s theories through this interesting tripartite relation among the political, sovereignty and exception which gives an interesting account to reconfigure sovereignty and its effects felt on Indian emergency of 1975-77 and anti-terror laws in recent times. Also in what ways it appears as a challenge to the centrality of law in a democracy. The second research paper of this section examines the Scottish enlightenment and involvement in this debate through James Mackintosh’s response to Burke this encounter of British and French enlightenment will illuminate our modern vision of human rights theories. The third research paper of this section is a research study in context of global security under the impact of globalization. The fourth research paper of this section deals with a universal problem popularly known as “Corruption”. This paper investigates the remedies of corruption as suggested by the great philosopher and teacher Kautilya in his masterpiece Arthashastra. The fifth research paper of this section deals with one of vibrant issues of free world “Human rights”.

The fourth section of this issue contains some of the best research papers from the scholarly disciplines of Commerce Management and Economics. These research papers are based on the original research carried out by author(s). The first paper of this section studies the relationship between BPR and Organizational Structure with special reference to State Bank of India. The second paper of this section raises evacuation issues. The third paper of this section studies the dimensions of customer service in supply chain management (SCM) of small and medium enterprises of Jammu region. The fourth paper of this section investigates the Effectiveness of Public Distribution System in Jammu & Kashmir. The fifth paper of this section paper examines the role of cooperative societies in economic development of Bangladesh. The sixth paper of this section studies green marketing and reveals its challenges and opportunities in rural India.

The fifth section of this issue represents the scholarly disciplines of Education. It contains a research paper which is based on an action research project to find out ways to improve student’s participation in the class.

SOCRATES is an international, multi-lingual, multi-disciplinary refereed and indexed scholarly journal produced as par of the Harvard Dataverse Network. This journal appears quarterly in English, Hindi, Persian in 22 disciplines.

About this Issue:

This issue of Socrates has been divided into five sections. The first section of this issue is Language & Literature- English. The first article of this section deals with Pierre Bourdieu’s concept of “symbolic” or “soft” violence in Margaret Drabble’s latest novel, The Pure Gold Baby (2013).The second article of this section tends to analyses Connection in Richard Ford’s A Multitude of Sins.The third article of this section applies the formalistic approach to scrutinize the two poems of William Butler Yeats. 

The second section of this issue is Philosophy. The first article of this section analyzes the epistemological limit that separates the superhero fictitious universe from our universe of causal reality. The second article of this section argues that whatever might be said about his attack on other German philosophers, Santayana’s attack on Kant, despite its subtlety, its force and its intelligence, is fundamentally misguided. 

The third section of this issue is Economics, Commerce and Management. In the first paper of this section authors have examined how, when and to what extent Strategic Human Resource Practices affect performance at the employee level. The second article of this section explores some of the important aspects of effective mobile money and digital financial services in bringing financial inclusion.

The fourth section of this issue is Politics, Law and Governance. The article in this section explores the African Union’s (“AU”) science and technology plan and strategy for Africa within the construct of Kwame Nkrumah’s socio-political thought.

The fifth section of this issue The new Book, reviews AamNama by renowned scholar and poet "Suhail Kakorvi".

SOCRATES is an international, multi-lingual, multi-disciplinary refereed and indexed scholarly journal produced as par of the Harvard Dataverse Network. This journal appears quarterly in English, Hindi, Persian in 22 disciplines.

About this Issue:

This issue of Socrates has been divided into five sections.

The first section of this issue is Language & Literature- English. The first article of this section focuses on the ways, Dariyush Mehrjoui (well-known Iranian filmmaker) has tried to portray an Iranian intellectual in a situation similar to that of Herzog, rendering through this character the complex socio-political and cultural situation of post-revolutionary Iran., with the objective of offering insight into the political and cultural atmosphere of the modernized and post-revolutionary Iran. The second article of this section analyses Sam Shepard reflection on the traditional meanings of myth and their erasure in the postmodern societies.

The second section of this issue is Language & Literature- Persian. The first article of this section is in Persian script, which analyses the Photography of water and reflection of meaning in the works of Prof. Amir H. Zekrgoo. The second article of this section seeks to provide a short introduction of notables who migrated to Awadh after the fall of Delhi and give a general overview of the life and contribution of these literary figures towards the development of the Persian literature.

The third section of this issue is Philosophy, which contains an article that details the experiences of a social scientist in his quest to develop a greater understanding of science, scientists and those characteristics that ultimately determine greatness.

The fourth section of this issue is Politics, Law and Governance, which contains an article that identifies good governance approach in tackling the raging menace of insecurity in the African continent. Finally, the paper concluded that one important missing link in the current democratization as well as guarantee of security in Africa is the challenge of flawed democracy.

The fifth section of this issue is Interviews and Discussions, which contains the interview of Author and Historian Monette Bebow-Reinhard, who has been working with copper ancient rarities since 2000. She has been incorporating a database of copper ancient rarities (CAMD)all through the country with an end goal to track an exchange system.

 SOCRATES is an international, multi-lingual, multi-disciplinary refereed and indexed scholarly journal produced as par of the Harvard Dataverse Network. This journal appears quarterly in English, Hindi, Persian in 22 disciplines.

About this Issue:

This issue of Socrates has been divided into three sections. The first section of this issue is Language & Literature- English. The first article of this section tends to illustrate how, in spite of all those failures, Oedipus can be a hero.The second article of this section aims to explore artificial intelligence within the area of popular science fiction novels and films, which incorporates the fantasy of techno-salvation in the near future of singularity through overcoming the carbon limitations of human, fusing essence of spirituality with technology as well as extending spiritual beliefs into technological faith. The third article of this section deals with Comparative Poetics. It claims that the emergent plurivocal conversation of a comparative poetics that includes Middle East will open new horizons to our cross-cultural perspective.

The second section of this issue is Philosophy. The first article of this section argues that we ought to make a concerted effort to promote intrinsic value in education.The philosophical novel, when written, taught, or read playfully, has potential to furnish this intrinsic value, thereby offering a promising way of seizing the moment in education. The second article of this section explores the systematic relationship in the work of Giordano Bruno (1548-1600) between his monadology, his metaphysics as presented in works such as De la causa, principio et uno, the mythopoeic cosmology of Lo spaccio de la bestia trionfante, and practical works like De vinculis in genere. The third article of this section argues for the synthesis of the Internalism and Externalism theory of justification. It is the opinion of the paper that since both internalist and externalists legitimately seeks the epistemic quest for certainty, both are important epistemologically.

The third section of this issue is Economics, Commerce and Management. The Paper of this section analyzes different monetary and non-monetary factors influencing the poverty level. The analyze is based on data from the Living Standard Measurement Survey and using structural equations model.

SOCRATES is an international, multi-lingual, multi-disciplinary refereed and indexed scholarly journal produced as par of the Harvard Dataverse Network. This journal appears quarterly in English, Hindi, Persian in 22 disciplines.

About this Issue:

This issue of Socrates has been divided into five sections. The first section of this issue is Language & Literature- English. The first article of this section deals with Pierre Bourdieu’s concept of “symbolic” or “soft” violence in Margaret Drabble’s latest novel, The Pure Gold Baby (2013).The second article of this section tends to analyses Connection in Richard Ford’s A Multitude of Sins.The third article of this section applies the formalistic approach to scrutinize the two poems of William Butler Yeats. 

The second section of this issue is Philosophy. The first article of this section analyzes the epistemological limit that separates the superhero fictitious universe from our universe of causal reality. The second article of this section argues that whatever might be said about his attack on other German philosophers, Santayana’s attack on Kant, despite its subtlety, its force and its intelligence, is fundamentally misguided. 

The third section of this issue is Economics, Commerce and Management. In the first paper of this section authors have examined how, when and to what extent Strategic Human Resource Practices affect performance at the employee level. The second article of this section explores some of the important aspects of effective mobile money and digital financial services in bringing financial inclusion.

The fourth section of this issue is Politics, Law and Governance. The article in this section explores the African Union’s (“AU”) science and technology plan and strategy for Africa within the construct of Kwame Nkrumah’s socio-political thought.

The fifth section of this issue The new Book, reviews AamNama by renowned scholar and poet "Suhail Kakorvi".

SOCRATES is an international, multi-lingual, multi-disciplinary refereed and indexed scholarly journal produced as par of the Harvard Dataverse Network. This journal appears quarterly in English, Hindi, Persian in 22 disciplines.

About this Issue

This issue of SOCRATES covers research papers from Anthropology, Environmental-science, Public-administration, Political-science, and Philosophy, Hindi literature, Persian Literature, and some of the best works from the pen of renowned poets and scholars. We are focused on expanding our scope and consolidating our position in both conceptual development and practical application with special emphasis on social issues. Our motive is to promote research as research is an essential part of higher learning. Research is generally undertaken so as to find the answers of those problems which are not easy or readily available to them. It helps the individuals to find out the solution or answer of any question in a systematic manner based on scientific investigation of those problems. Research always adds something to emerging stock of knowledge making for its advancement. It is the pursuit of truth with the aid of observation, comparison, study and experiment. We believe that India cannot aspire to a future as an advanced society without cultivating large numbers of original thinkers and researchers to inspire new generation. Our mission behind introducing and initiating this journal is to motivate Scholars who have the willingness to Produce and publish quality research and discuss his/her original research, thoughts and ideas. We strongly believe in the concept of connected academic world. Thus we have indexed our journal at some of the best citation centers.

Editorial

We are living in an era of digitization thus moving towards a digital government. The use of ICT in public-administration is beneficial and it is not mere a coincidence that the top 10 countries in e-government implementation (according to UN E-Government Survey 2016) are flourishing democracies. There has been a sharp rise in the number of countries using e-government to provide public services online through one stop-platform. According to the 2016 survey, 90 countries now offer one or more single entry portal on public information or online services, or both and 148 countries provide at-least one form of online transaction services. More and more countries are making efforts through e-government to ensure and increase inclusiveness, effectiveness, accountability and transparency in their public institutions. Across the globe, data for public information and security is being opened up. The 2016 survey shows that 128 countries now provide data-sets on government spending in machine readable formats. E-government and innovation seems to have provided significant opportunities to transform public administration into an instrument of sustainable development. The governments around the globe are rapidly transforming. The use of information and communication technology in public administration – combined with organizational change and new skills- seems to be improving public services and democratic processes and strengthening support to public policies. There has been an increased effort to utilize advanced electronic and mobile services that benefits all. Fixed and wireless broadband subscriptions have increased unevenly across regions, with Europe leading, but Africa still lagging behind. We have to focus on these substantial region disparities and growing divide. All countries agreed, in SDG 9, that a major effort is required to ensure universal access to internet in the least developed countries. The rise of Social media and its easy access seems to have enabled an increasing number of countries moving towards participatory decision making, in which developed European countries are among the top 50 performers. But, the issues of diminishing collective thinking and rising Individual thinking are some rising issues that we will have to deal with in the future. There are more sensitive issues like the new classification of citizens into literate-illiterate, e-literate and e-illiterate, that the governments need to look upon. It is a good sign that many developing countries are making good progress. Enhanced e-participation can support the realization of the SDGs by enabling more participatory decision making, but the success of e-government will ultimately depend upon our ability and capability to solve the contrasting issues raised due to this transition with sensitivity.

In this issue of SOCRATES we have discussed, this new era of Digital Government. We have focused on what we have learned from the past and the future we want. From discussions on the role of e-governance within the local government settings in a modern democratic state to the experience of an academia with online examination, we have tried to include every possible aspect of e-government.

Paper authored by Dr. Hoff Maarten, aims to outline the role of e-governance within the setting of a local government in a modern democratic state. It is agreed that a local governmental organization needs to be fit for the purpose of serving its citizens. Fits can be tested both through universally acknowledged principles, and drivers that suit modern on-demand organizations.

Paper authored by Mr. Alsaeed Abraheem and Dr. Carl, proposes a conceptual framework which captures the main factors (both enablers and barriers) influence and contributes toward a successful implementation of eServices in countries that have unstable status. The paper draws upon Osborn and Gaebler’s work, ‘reinventing government’, which identifies 10 principles of government transformation. This is used to examine eGov examples in the case of Syria along with previous work covering barriers and enablers to eGov activities within countries that have unstable status. The resulting derived conceptual framework provides a base to understand eGov activity for nations going through geopolitical uncertainty.

Paper authored by Mr. Saurabh Chandra highlights the initiatives taken by the Governments in India at various levels to modernise their processes and functions for delivery of information and services to the citizens, using the Information and Communication technology [ICT]. It also highlights E-Government uptake in different parts of the world, highlighting its need in India, as in developing countries like India, there is no comprehensive data on actual e-government uptake on a global scale.

Paper authored by Mr. Peter Asare-Nuamah and Mr. Darko Emmanuel Agyepong highlights the various legal policies and framework that support e-governance in Ghana as well as the challenges of implementing e-governance initiatives. The findings of the study indicate that several polices and frameworks support e-governance in Ghana but their implementations are burdened with social, cultural, political and legal constraints. The study provides some recommendations that are necessary to tackle the challenges of e-governance implementation.

Paper authored by Mr. Ojo Patrick highlights battling sub-Saharan African countries. The perspective in this paper is that the emergence of democratic governments in this region occurred through lopsided process which impacts on their governance structures. Consequently, the institutionalization of liberal democracy has been omitted; the absence of which creates gaps between aspiration for and struggle by African people for democracy on the one hand, and the actual performance of democratic governments on the other hand. The paper identifies structural deficiencies in the current pattern of governance as the political missing link in the value chain between democracy and development in the region. The paper recommends e-governance; an administrative process that guarantees good governance through accountability and transparency, as the necessary connecting link and panacea to bridging the observable existing gaps.

Paper authored by Dr. Nandita Kaushal highlights the Plausibility of E-Governance as a Public Service Delivery Mechanism in India. It argues that there is no doubt, wherever e-governance projects have been conceived, designed and implemented with due regard to the needs of the people there positive outcomes have been visible. However, it has to be acknowledged that most of the projects are facing multiple challenges which are reducing their success rate. It recommends serious consideration to all the issues which are hampering their efficiency. At the same time it suggests measures that must be taken up to maintain the human face of these initiatives.

Paper authored by Dr. Inderjeet Singh Sodhi reviews the achievements and progress of e-government in India. The paper briefly discusses various e-government projects in India. The purpose of the paper is to delve into policy and issue of the government of India in making e-government accessible to the common person. It briefly identifies the strategic issues for achievement of e-government. This paper derives a list of key strategic factors that are appropriate for planning, designing, development and implementation of e-government. The paper identifies the range of diverse problems, challenges and barriers planners and developers must face as they work in the e-government projects. The paper discusses prospects and future of e-government in India. The paper highlights the role of government to develop richer and deeper understanding of e-government.

Paper authored by Ms. Shreyasi Ghosh attempts to trace the essence of e-government in the modern era of Indian Public Administration today as another new paradigm shift is in the offspring and slowly becoming distinct from the amorphous shape of Public Administration in the Indian context with the ICT-blessed governance, or e-Governance.

Paper authored by Ms. Stuti Saxena probes the OGD platform using a qualitative and quantitative lens. This paper shows that OGD usage is popular among the end-users in terms of the number of views and downloads of the datasets. Future research might undertake the empirical investigation of the research hypotheses advanced in the paper.

Paper authored by Dr. Jyotirmoy W. Singh is developed by a contributor who has been a national and International online examiner for past six or more years. This paper is based on his experience. It seeks to compare the traditional mode of examination with that of the online examination in citing the mode of High School Leaving Examination of Board of Secondary Education Manipur and International Baccalaureate Organisation (IBO) examination as case studies.

I wish scholars and potential readers will find this issue useful. We will bring more special issues focused on e-government and other various dimensions of governance in the near future.


Issue Editor

Prof. Manoj Dixit

Professor and Head, Department of Public Administration, University of Lucknow, Lucknow, India

 

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