Dictionary of Category Words

English Word Power

Book 12
Manik Joshi
6
Free sample

This Book Covers The Following Topics:

01. Category Words -- Sounds
02. Category Words -- Ways of Thinking
03. Category Words -- Ways of Walking
04. Category Words -- Ways of Movement
05. Category Words -- Ways of Changing
06. Category Words -- Ways of Laughing and Smiling
07. Category Words -- Ways of Seeing
08. Category Words -- Ways of Saying Something
09. Category Words -- Ways of Writing and Marking
10. Category Words -- Ways of Continuing
11. Category Words -- Feelings
12. Category Words -- Cooking
13. Category Words -- Disturbance
14. Category Words -- Situation of Confusion
15(A). Category Words -- Smells
15(B). Category Words -- Tastes
16. Category Words -- Cries of Creatures
17. Category Words -- Colors
18. Category Words -- Remarks
19. Category Words -- Body Marks
20. Category Words -- Body and Body Shape
21. Category Words -- ‘Old’
22. Category Words -- Time and Numbers
23. Category Words -- Zodiac Sign and Birthstones
24. Category Words -- Fabrics
25. Category Words -- Shapes
26. Category Words -- Religion
27(A). Category Words -- Nature
27(B). Category Words -- Biomes
28. Category Words -- People and Family
29. Category Words -- Currencies
30. Category Words -- Measurement Units
31. Category Words -- Government
32. Category Words -- Miscellaneous

Sample This:

01. Category Words -- Sounds

01. Babble -- the sound of many people speaking all together
Example: Babble of Voices

02. Bang -- sudden loud noise
Example: Bang of a Gun

03. Beat -- sound made by a series of regular blows to something
Examples: Beating of Drums | Beating of Wings

04. Blast -- the sound of an explosion | sound made by blowing of musical instruments
Examples: Blast of a Bomb | Blast of a siren

05. Blow -- to produce a sound by forcing your breath out when your lips are closed
Examples: Blowing of Bungles | Blowing of Trumpet | Blowing of Whistle

06. Boom -- loud deep sound
Example: Booming of Guns

07. Chatter -- a series of short high sounds
Examples: Chattering of Birds | Chattering of Monkeys | Chattering of Teeth

08. Chink -- light ringing sound
Example: Chinking of Glass

09. Clang -- loud ringing sound of metals
Examples: Clanging of Arms | Clanging of Bells

10. Clank -- loud sound of metal objects hitting together
Example: Clanking of Chains

11. Clap -- the sound of hitting something by hand | sudden loud noise
Examples: Clapping of Hands | Clapping of Thunder

12. Clatter -- loud noise made by knocking of hard objects
Examples: Clattering of Hoofs | Clattering of Knife

13. Crackle -- a series of light sharp sounds
Examples: Crackling of Fire-Wood | Crackling of Gunfire | Crackling of Flames

14. Creak -- a series of sharp sounds
Examples: Creaking of a Whip | Creaking of Shoes

15. Din -- loud, unpleasant sound that lasts for a long time
Example: Din of a Crowd

16. Ding -- sound made by a bell
Example: Ding of a Bell

17. Explode -- to make loud, violent sound
Examples: Exploding of Guns | Exploding of Bombs | Exploding of Rocket

18. Flap -- quick noisy movement
Examples: Flapping of Wings | Flapping of Newspaper | Flapping of Steam

19. Jingle -- a sound like small bells ringing
Example: Jingling of Coins

20. Knock -- the sound of somebody hitting a door, gate, window, etc.
Examples: Knocking of a Door | Knocking of a Window
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About the author

Manik Joshi was born on Jan 26, 1979 at Ranikhet and is permanent resident of Haldwani, Kumaon zone of India. He is an Internet Marketer by profession. He is interested in domaining (business of buying and selling domain names), web designing (creating websites), and various online jobs (including 'self book publishing'). He is science graduate with ZBC (zoology, botany, and chemistry) subjects. He is also an MBA (with specialization in marketing). He has done three diploma courses in computer too. ManikJoshi.com is the personal website of the author.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Manik Joshi
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Published on
Oct 25, 2014
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Pages
72
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Language
English
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Genres
Language Arts & Disciplines / Public Speaking
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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One-Word Substitutes: A Word that is used in place of a complete sentence

This book covers the following topics:
(01). Related Words
(02). Scientific Studies
(03). That Which Cannot Be…
(04). Types of Behavior
(05). Types of Doctors
(06). Different Instruments
(07). A Particular Type of Place
(08). A Particular Type of Person
(09). Phobia and Mania
(10). Connected With…
(11). Country-Government
(12). Types of States
(13). Types of Statements
(14). Money-Related
(15). Other Topics
(A). Professions
(B). A Collection of Things
(C). Act of Killing
(D). Physical Appearance of A Person
(16). Various One-word Substitutes

Sample This:

(01). Related Words

01a. A person who looks at the bright side of things -- Optimist
01b. A person who looks at the dark side of things -- Pessimist

02a. All the animals living in a particular area -- Fauna
02b. Plants and vegetation in a particular area -- Flora

03a. A government tax on goods brought into the country -- Customs
03b. A government tax on goods made within a country -- Excise

04a. A person who is more interested in others -- Extrovert
04b. A person who keeps himself to himself -- Introvert

05a. That which cannot be harmful or dangerous -- Innocuous
05b. Causing serious harm in gradual or unnoticeable way -- Insidious

06a. A person who is taking examination -- Examinee
06b. A person who examine the copies of examinees -- Examiner

07a. A person who talks too much -- Garrulous/Loquacious
07b. A person who eats too much -- Glutton

08a. To suddenly change direction -- Deflect
08b. To keep on changing direction during movement -- Meander

09a. Ability to know something on the basis of feelings rather than reasoning -- Intuition
09b. Ability to speak without moving your lips -- Ventriloquism

10a. To change a law in order to improve it -- Amend
10b. To correct the mistakes in manuscript, etc. -- Emend

11a. A person between 70 and 79 years old -- Septuagenarian
11b. A person between 80 and 89 years old -- Octogenarian

12a. Animals having spinal column -- Vertebrate
12b. An animal with thick skin -- Pachyderm

13a. Obeying rules and requests -- Compliance
13b. Open refusal to obey -- Defiance

14a. The state of being married -- Matrimony
14b. The state of being unmarried -- Bachelorhood

15a. A woman whose husband has died -- Widow
15b. A man whose wife has died -- Widower

16a. Things of different nature -- Heterogeneous
16b. Things of same nature -- Homogeneous

17a. A religious song -- Hymn
17b. A pleasant song used for causing children to sleep -- Lullaby

18a. To rise in value -- Appreciate
18b. To go down in value -- Depreciate

19a. A disorder in which person eats too less because of abnormal fear of being fat -- Anorexia
19b. A disorder in which person repeatedly eats too much -- Bulimia

20a. To increase the intensity of a disease -- Aggravate
20b. To go from bad to worse – Deteriorate

21a. A school for small children -- Kindergarten
21b. A student who has left school or class without permission -- Truant

22a. To free somebody from all blame -- Exonerate
22b. To free a person from a charge by verdict -- Acquit

23a. A co-worker in the same institution -- Colleague
23b. Equal in rank -- Peer

24a. An office with high salary but no work -- Sinecure
24b. A position in an organization without salary -- Honorary

25a. An assembly of hearers at a lecture or concert -- Audience
25b. An assembly of worshippers -- Congregation
What are “Hypernyms and Hyponyms”?

HYPERNYM ----
[Hyper- Over; -Onym: Name]
Hypernym is a word that denotes general category.
Hypernym [singular] | Hypernyms [plural]
Examples: game, bird, etc.
Hypernym is also called ‘Generic term’, ‘Super-ordinate’, ‘Super-type’, or ‘Superset’.

Derived terms related to ‘Hypernyms’:
Hypernymous
Words that are hypernyms are said to be hypernymous.
Hypernymy
The state of being a hypernym is called hypernymy.

HYPONYM ----
[Hypo- Under; -Onym: Name]
Hyponym is a word that denotes particular item from general category.
Hyponym [singular] | Hyponyms [plural]
Examples: football/hockey/cricket, eagle/peacock/sparrow, etc.
Hyponym is also called ‘Subordinate’, ‘Subtype’ or ‘Subset’.

Derived terms related to ‘Hyponyms’:
Hyponymous
Words that are hyponyms are said to be hyponymous.
Hyponymy
The state of being a hyponym is called hyponymy.

In above examples, ‘game’ is the hypernym (or supertype) of ‘cricket’, ‘football’ and ‘hockey’.
‘Cricket’, ‘football’ and ‘hockey’ are hyponyms (or subtypes) of ‘game’.

Similarly, ‘bird’ is the hypernym (or supertype) of ‘eagle’, ‘peacock’ and ‘sparrow’.
‘Eagle’, ‘peacock’ and ‘sparrow’ are hyponyms (or subtypes) of ‘bird’.


IMPORTANT NOTE 1:
Relationship between hypernym and hyponym is termed as ‘is-a relationship’.
Pattern:
Hyponym + is-a/an + Hypernym

Example 1:
Hypernym: game
Hyponym: cricket, football, hockey

Cricket is a game.
Football is a game.
Hockey is a game.

Example 2:
Hypernym: bird
Hyponym: eagle, peacock, sparrow

Eagle is a bird.
Peacock is a bird.
Sparrow is a bird.


Hypernyms and Hyponyms -- A

Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A1 --
Hypernym -- acid
Hyponyms -- amino acid / ascetic acid / ascorbic acid / boric acid / carbonic acid / citric acid / hydrochloric acid / hydrofluoric acid / lactic acid / nitric acid / nucleic acid / oxalic acid / phosphoric acid / sulfuric (sulphuric) acid


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A2 --
Hypernym -- account
Hyponyms -- budget account / checking account / current account / deposit account / savings account


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A3 --
Hypernym -- affix
Hyponyms -- prefix / suffix


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A4 --
Hypernym -- African
Hyponyms -- Algerian / Congolese / Egyptian / Kenyan / Liberian / Libyan / Moroccan / Senegalese / Sudanese / Ugandan


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A5 --
Hypernym -- algae
Hyponyms -- anabaena / cowstail / cuvie / dabbylocks / featherweed / flans / grapestone / gulf weed / honeyware / laver / liadhaig / murlins / nostoc / pod weed / pompon / oscillatoria / rockweed / seaweed / thong weed / watersilk


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A6 --
Hypernym -- age [a particular period of history
Hyponyms -- bronze age / iron age / new age / stone age


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A7 --
Hypernym -- agent
Hyponyms -- double agent / estate agent / land agent / press agent / secret agent / special agent / travel agent


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A08 --
Hypernym -- alloy
Hyponyms -- amalgam / billon / brass / bronze / iron / magnalium / megallium / nichrome / scandium / solder / steel / stellite

Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A09 --
Hypernym -- amphibian
Hyponyms -- frog / salamander / toad

Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A10 --
Hypernym -- angle
Hyponyms -- acute angle / adjacent angle / exterior angle / interior angle / obtuse angle / reflex angle / right angle
What are “Holonyms and Meronyms”?

HOLONYMS ----
[Holo- Whole; -Onym: Name]
Holonym is a word that denotes a thing that is complete in itself and whose part, member or substance is represented by another word.
Holonym [singular] | Holonyms [plural]
Example: ‘Bird’ is a holonym of ‘Feather’.

Derived terms related to ‘Holonyms’:
Holonymous
Words that are Holonyms are said to be Holonymous.
Holonymy
The state of being a Holonym is called Holonymy.

MERONYMS ----
[Mero- Part; -Onym: Name]
Meronym is a word that denotes a constituent part, member or substance of something that is complete in itself.
Meronym [singular] | Meronyms [plural]
Example: ‘Feather’ is a meronym of ‘Bird’.

Derived terms related to ‘Meronyms’:
Meronymous
Words that are Meronyms are said to be Meronymous.
Meronymy
The state of being a Meronym is called Meronymy.


Holonyms and Meronyms -- A

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A1 --
Holonym -- air-conditioner
Meronyms -- blower / compressor / condenser coil / control panel / cooling coil / evaporator coil / expansion valve / fan / motor / temperature sensing bulb / thermostat

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A2 --
Holonym -- airplane (aeroplane)
Meronyms -- aileron / altimeter / black box / cabin / cargo / cockpit / cowling / elevator / fin / flap / flight deck / fuselage / galley / hatch / jet engine / leading edge / nose / propeller / rudder / seat / slat / tail / trailing edge / undercarriage / wing

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A3 --
Holonym -- airport
Meronyms -- airplane / airstrip / air terminal / control tower / hangar / lounge / taxiway / terminal

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A4 --
Holonym -- algae
Meronyms -- cell membrane / cell wall / chloroplast / cytoplasm / flagellum / nucleolus / nucleus / starch vacuole

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A5 --
Holonym -- atom
Meronyms -- electron / neutron / proton

Other Examples:
Holonym / Meronym -- Example A6 –
‘abacus’ is the holonym of ‘wire’
wire’ is a meronym of ‘abacus’

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A7 –
‘album’ is the holonym of ‘photograph’
‘photograph’ is a meronym of ‘album’

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A8 --
‘asparagus’ is the holonym of ‘spear’
‘spear’ is a meronym of ‘asparagus’

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A9 --
‘atmosphere’ is the holonym of ‘stratosphere’
‘stratosphere’ is a meronym of ‘atmosphere’
What are “Oronym Words”?

ORONYMS ----
[Oro- Whole; Nym: Name]
An oronym is a word or phrase that sounds very much the same as another word or phrase, often as a result of sounds running together. Oronyms are spelt differently and they have different meanings.

Oronym [singular] | Oronyms [plural]
Example: A name ---- an aim

Some Important Points:
1. An oronym is also called a continunym or a sliceonym.

2. An oronym generally originates when it is difficult to tell where one word ends and the next begins (e.g. a name -- an aim). An oronym also originates when a particular word may be divided into two or more meaningful words (e.g. affection -- a faction).

3. Effectiveness of oronyms may depend on what somebody is saying in context with the rest of the conversation.

3(A). Oronyms may completely alter the meaning of what somebody is saying.
Example:
They wanted the allocation of house.
They wanted the location of house.

3(B). Oronyms may also make conversation very funny.
Example:
Teacher asked the student to give an example.
Teacher asked the student to give an egg sample.

3(C). Oronyms may also make conversation completely senseless.
Example:
They will appoint a new manager at the earliest.
They will a point a new manager at the earliest.

4. Oronyms may also include abbreviations (shortened form of a word or group of words)
Examples:
ICT -- I see tea
VC -- we see


Derived Terms Related To ‘Oronyms’:
Oronymous
Words or phrases that are Oronyms are said to be Oronymous.
Oronymy
The state of being an Oronym is called Oronymy.

Following is the detailed list of Oronyms:


Oronym Words -- A

Oronym Pair -- A1
air-to-air ---- year-to-year
Example:
The jets had air-to-air weapons.
The jets had year-to-year weapons.

Oronym Pair -- A2
aggregate ---- a green gate
[aggregate -- total]

Oronym Pair -- A3
aggregator ---- a grass eater
[aggregator -- a kind of Internet company]

Oronym Pair -- A4
agree to differ ---- a great offer
[agree to differ -- (of two people) to not discuss their different views about something | offer -- proposal]

Oronym Pair -- A5
angry response ---- a grey sponge

Oronym Pair -- A6
accede ---- a seat
[accede -- to agree]

Oronym Pair -- A7
accent ---- a cent
[accent -- pronunciation | cent -- a coin]

Oronym Pair -- A8
accord ---- a cord
[accord -- agreement | cord -- string or rope]

Oronym Pair -- A9
accounting ---- a counting
[accounting -- bookkeeping]

Oronym Pair -- A10
accrue ---- a crew
[accrue -- amass | crew -- team]
What are “Root Words”? -- A root, or root word is a word which is used to form another word. It is also called a base word. A root does not have a prefix (A letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word) or a suffix (A letter or group of letters added to the end of a word). Root is the primary lexical unit of a word, and of a word family. For example, pure is a root. By adding prefixes and suffixes, the following words could be made: impure, purity, pureness. Similarly, play and move are root words. By adding prefixes and suffixes, the following words could be made: plays, played, playing, player; moving, movement, moved, movable, mover, movingly. In this book, I have given most common Greek and Latin roots which are used in English language. Sample this: Root Words -- A-  AB/ABS-Origin: Latin-Meaning: -way, from, off-Examples:-abate -- to subside; abhor -- to hate | related word: abhorrence; abject -- hopeless; abjure -- to renounce; abnormal -- unusual | related words: abnormally, abnormality; abrasion -- cut or scratch; abroad -- out of the country; abscess -- swelling; abscond -- to run away | related word: absconder; abseil -- to go down a steep cliff; absence -- nonattendance | related words: absent / absentee / absenteeism / absentia / absently; absolute -- complete; absolve -- to forgive; absorb -- to soak up | related words: absorbable / absorbance / absorbed / absorbency / absorbent / absorbing / absorption; abstain -- to give up something for moral reason | related words: abstainer / abstention / abstinence; abstemious -- critical; abstinent -- not having something for moral reason; abstract -- theoretical | related words: abstracted / abstractedly / abstraction / abstractly; abstruse -- difficult to understand; obscure; absurd -- ridiculous | related words: absurdist / absurdity / absurdly; abundance -- plenty | related words: abundant / abundantly **** ALB -Origin: Latin - Meaning: white - Examples:- albino -- somebody born with no pigment in skin | related word: albinism; albumen -- white of an egg **** AMBI- Origin: Latin-Meaning: both-Examples:- ambiguous -- double meaning; uncertain; ambidexterity -- ability to use both the left and right hand equally well | related word: ambidextrous; ambivalent -- showing both good and bad feelings **** ANIM- Origin: Latin- Meaning: breath, life - Examples:-animate -- having life; to make something full of liveliness | related words: animated, animatedly, animation, animato, animator; animateur -- a person who promotes social activities; animism -- the belief that natural objects possesses soul | related words: animist, animistic **** AQUA- Origin: Latin- Meaning: water- Examples: -aquaculture -- the act of growing of plants in water for food; aqualung -- a device for breathing for divers; aquamarine -- a pale greenish-blue stone or color; aquaplane -- an equipment used in boat; aquarium -- container to kept fish and water plants; aquarobics -- physical exercises that are done in water; aquatic -- growing near water **** AUD- Origin: Latin- Meaning: hearing- Examples:- audible -- capable of being heard | related words: audibly, audibility; audience -- crowd of listeners; auditorium -- a building for public meetings, etc. **** Other Root Words – A - Root Word [Origin] – Meaning - a [Greek] -- not | ab [Latin] -- away, off | ablat [Latin] -- remove | ablut [Latin] -- wash | abort [Latin] -- born too soon | abr [Greek] -- delicate | abras [Latin] -- rub off | abund [Latin] -- overflow | aca [Greek] -- point; silence | acanth [Greek] -- thorn | acar [Greek] -- tiny | acceler [Latin] -- hasten | ace [Greek] -- heal | acer [Latin] -- sharp | acerb [Latin] -- bitter | acet [Latin] -- vinegar | ach [Greek] -- pain | achr [Greek] -- colorless | acid [Latin] -- sour | acm [Greek] -- summit | aco [Greek] -- relief | acri [Latin] -- bitter | acrib [Greek] -- exact | acrit [Greek] -- confused | acro [Greek] -- height, summit | acut [Latin] -- sharp | ad [Latin] -- toward | ade [Greek] -- enough | adip [Latin] -- fat | adol [Greek] -- genuine | adox [Greek] -- irrelevant | adr [Greek] -- thick | adul [Latin] -- flatter | adulter [Latin] -- pollute | aegi [Latin] -- a shield | aegr [Latin] -- sick | aeno [Greek] -- terrible | aep [Greek] -- tall | aequa [Latin] -- equal | aero [Greek] -- atmosphere | aesthet [Greek] -- sensitive | aeth [Greek] -- unusual | aeti [Greek] -- a cause | ag [Latin] -- toward | aga [Greek] -- very | agall [Greek] -- adorn | agan [Greek] -- gentle | agath [Greek] -- good | agglutin [Latin] -- joined together with glue | agn [Greek] -- pure | agr [Greek] -- booty | agro [Greek] -- field | aist [Greek] -- unseen | alb [Latin] -- white | ale [Greek] -- strong | aleo [Greek] -- warm | alg [Greek] -- pain | alia [Greek] -- assembly | alio [Greek] -- different | alluv [Latin] -- overflow | alter [Latin] -- other | alti [Latin] -- high | am [Greek] -- not, without | ama [Greek] -- together | amal [Greek] -- soft | amar [Latin] -- bitter | ambi Latin] -- both | ambl [Greek] -- blunt | ambo [Latin] -- both | ambul [Latin] -- to walk | ameb/amoeb [Greek] -- change | ami [Latin] -- friend | amor [Latin] -- liking | amphi [Greek] -- both | ampl [Latin] -- plentiful | an [Greek] -- not, without | anch [Greek] -- strangle | anchi [Greek] -- near | andr [Greek] -- masculine | anemo [Greek] -- wind | aneu [Greek] -- without | ang [Greek] -- vessel | ania [Greek] -- trouble | ann [Latin] -- yearly | annal [Latin] -- annual | ano [Greek] -- up | anomal [Greek] -- irregular | ante [Latin] -- before, old | antho [Greek] -- flower | anthra [Greek] -- coal | anthropo [Greek] -- human | anti [Greek] -- against | antr [Greek] -- cavity | anu [Latin] -- ring | aper [Latin] -- open | aphe [Greek] -- touch | aphel [Greek] -- smooth | aphod [Greek] -- departure | aphr [Greek] -- foam | aphron [Greek] -- silly | aphy [Greek] -- suck | apor [Greek] -- away from | apsi [Greek] -- juncture | ar [Greek] -- not, without | ara [Latin] -- plow | arc [Latin] -- arch | arcan [Latin] -- box | arcan [Latin] -- hidden | arch [Greek] -- ruler | archae/arche [Greek] -- ancient | arcy [Greek] -- net | ardo [Greek] -- water, irrigate | aren [Latin] -- sand | argent [Latin] -- silver | ari [Greek] -- much | arid [Latin] -- dry | arist [Greek] -- excellence | arthr [Greek] -- joint | asci [Greek] -- bladder | asine [Greek] -- harmless | aspr [Latin] -- rough | aster [Greek] -- star | atav [Latin] -- ancestor | athl [Greek] -- contest | atm [Greek] -- smoke | atr [Latin] -- black | au [Greek] -- besides | aug [Latin] -- increase | aur [Latin] -- relating to gold | auri [Latin] -- relating to the ear | auro [Latin] -- air | auto [Greek] -- self | avar [Latin] -- greed | avi [Latin] -- bird | axi [Latin] -- axis | axio [Greek] -- precious
One-Word Substitutes: A Word that is used in place of a complete sentence

This book covers the following topics:
(01). Related Words
(02). Scientific Studies
(03). That Which Cannot Be…
(04). Types of Behavior
(05). Types of Doctors
(06). Different Instruments
(07). A Particular Type of Place
(08). A Particular Type of Person
(09). Phobia and Mania
(10). Connected With…
(11). Country-Government
(12). Types of States
(13). Types of Statements
(14). Money-Related
(15). Other Topics
(A). Professions
(B). A Collection of Things
(C). Act of Killing
(D). Physical Appearance of A Person
(16). Various One-word Substitutes

Sample This:

(01). Related Words

01a. A person who looks at the bright side of things -- Optimist
01b. A person who looks at the dark side of things -- Pessimist

02a. All the animals living in a particular area -- Fauna
02b. Plants and vegetation in a particular area -- Flora

03a. A government tax on goods brought into the country -- Customs
03b. A government tax on goods made within a country -- Excise

04a. A person who is more interested in others -- Extrovert
04b. A person who keeps himself to himself -- Introvert

05a. That which cannot be harmful or dangerous -- Innocuous
05b. Causing serious harm in gradual or unnoticeable way -- Insidious

06a. A person who is taking examination -- Examinee
06b. A person who examine the copies of examinees -- Examiner

07a. A person who talks too much -- Garrulous/Loquacious
07b. A person who eats too much -- Glutton

08a. To suddenly change direction -- Deflect
08b. To keep on changing direction during movement -- Meander

09a. Ability to know something on the basis of feelings rather than reasoning -- Intuition
09b. Ability to speak without moving your lips -- Ventriloquism

10a. To change a law in order to improve it -- Amend
10b. To correct the mistakes in manuscript, etc. -- Emend

11a. A person between 70 and 79 years old -- Septuagenarian
11b. A person between 80 and 89 years old -- Octogenarian

12a. Animals having spinal column -- Vertebrate
12b. An animal with thick skin -- Pachyderm

13a. Obeying rules and requests -- Compliance
13b. Open refusal to obey -- Defiance

14a. The state of being married -- Matrimony
14b. The state of being unmarried -- Bachelorhood

15a. A woman whose husband has died -- Widow
15b. A man whose wife has died -- Widower

16a. Things of different nature -- Heterogeneous
16b. Things of same nature -- Homogeneous

17a. A religious song -- Hymn
17b. A pleasant song used for causing children to sleep -- Lullaby

18a. To rise in value -- Appreciate
18b. To go down in value -- Depreciate

19a. A disorder in which person eats too less because of abnormal fear of being fat -- Anorexia
19b. A disorder in which person repeatedly eats too much -- Bulimia

20a. To increase the intensity of a disease -- Aggravate
20b. To go from bad to worse – Deteriorate

21a. A school for small children -- Kindergarten
21b. A student who has left school or class without permission -- Truant

22a. To free somebody from all blame -- Exonerate
22b. To free a person from a charge by verdict -- Acquit

23a. A co-worker in the same institution -- Colleague
23b. Equal in rank -- Peer

24a. An office with high salary but no work -- Sinecure
24b. A position in an organization without salary -- Honorary

25a. An assembly of hearers at a lecture or concert -- Audience
25b. An assembly of worshippers -- Congregation
500 Words and Their Synonyms

Synonym is a word that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word.

Sample This:

English Synonyms – A

001. ABET -- (meaning) to encourage somebody to do something illegal
Synonyms for ‘Abet’ --
incite / instigate / provoke

******

002. ABEYANCE -- (meaning) being stopped for a period of time
Synonyms for ‘Abeyance’ --
dormancy / intermission / suspension

******

003. ABILITY -- (meaning) the fact that somebody is able to do something
Synonyms for ‘Ability’ --
aptitude / capability / competence / knack / potential / proficiency / skill / talent

******

004. ABLAZE -- (meaning) burning; on fire
Synonyms for ‘Ablaze’ --
aflame / afire / alight

******

005. ABRASIVE -- (meaning) not smooth
Synonyms for ‘Abrasive’ --
coarse / harsh / rough

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006. ABSENCE -- (meaning) not available, present, etc.
Synonyms for ‘Absence’ --
nonexistence / nonappearance / nonattendance

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007. ABSTRUSE -- (meaning) difficult to understand
Synonyms for ‘Abstruse’ --
arcane / complicated / convoluted / esoteric / garbled / inarticulate / incoherent / incomprehensible / indecipherable / inexplicable / intricate / obscure / rarefied / recondite / unfathomable / unintelligible / unplumbed

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008. ABUSE -- (meaning) unfair or cruel treatment
Synonyms for ‘Abuse’ --
brutality / cruelty / exploitation / ill-treatment / maltreatment / mistreatment / misuse / spitefulness / viciousness

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009. ABYSS -- (meaning) a very deep crack in the ground
Synonyms for ‘Abyss’ --
chasm / gulf

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010. ACCEDE -- (meaning) to agree to a demand, request, proposal, etc.
Synonyms for ‘Accede’ --
acquiesce / approve / assent / commend / comply / endorse / grant / permission / ratify / sanction

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011. ACCENTUATE -- (meaning) to make something more noticeable
Synonyms for ‘Accentuate’ --
emphasize / highlight / underline / underscore

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012. ACCLIMATIZE -- (meaning) to get used to new situation
Synonyms for ‘Acclimatize’ --
adapt / adjust

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013. ACCOMPLISH -- (meaning) to succeed in getting something
Synonyms for ‘Accomplish’ --
attain / conquer / manage

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014. ACCOST -- (meaning) to come near to somebody/something
Synonyms for ‘Accost’ --
advance / approach / confront

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015. ACCREDITED -- (meaning) officially recognized
Synonyms for ‘Accredited’ --
certified / endorsed / licensed

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016. ACCRUAL -- (meaning) increase in something over a period of time
Synonyms for ‘Accrual’ --
accretion / addition / amassing / buildup / gathering

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017. ACCUSE -- (meaning) to say somebody is guilty of something
Synonyms for ‘Accuse’ --
arraign / blame / charge / impeach / indict / prosecute

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018. ACQUIT -- (meaning) to say officially that somebody is not guilty for a crime
Synonyms for ‘Acquit’ --
absolve / exculpate / exonerate

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019. ADMIRATION -- (meaning) praise or approval
Synonyms for ‘Admiration’ --
acclaim / accolade / applause / approbation / commendation / ovation

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020. ADMIRING -- (meaning) behavior that shows that you respect somebody/something
Synonyms for ‘Admiring’ --
chivalrous / considerate / courteous / deferential / gracious / respectful / reverent / reverential

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021. ADROIT -- (meaning) skillful and accurate
Synonyms for ‘Adroit’ --
agile / deft / dexterous / natty / nifty / nimble / swift

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022. ALARMING -- (meaning) causing feeling of fear and worry
Synonyms for ‘Alarming’ --
baffling / bewildering / confounding / disconcerting / disquieting / distressing / perplexing / puzzling / tormenting / upsetting / worrying

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This Book Covers the Following Topics:

Transitional Expressions -- Definition
Transitional Expressions – Punctuation Rules
01. Transitional Expressions -- Addition
02. Transitional Expressions -- Cause and Effect
03. Transitional Expressions -- Concession
04. Transitional Expressions -- Condition
05. Transitional Expressions -- Consequence
06. Transitional Expressions -- Contrast
07. Transitional Expressions -- Dismissal
08. Transitional Expressions -- Illustration
09. Transitional Expressions -- Emphasis
10. Transitional Expressions -- Exception
11. Transitional Expressions -- Explanation
12. Transitional Expressions -- Generalization
13. Transitional Expressions -- Location
14. Transitional Expressions -- Purpose
15. Transitional Expressions -- Quantifier
16. Transitional Expressions -- Reference
17. Transitional Expressions -- Sequence
18. Transitional Expressions – Similarity
19. Transitional Expressions -- Summary
20. Transitional Expressions -- Time
Exercise: 1(A) and 1(B)
Exercise: 2(A) to 2(C)


SAMPLE THIS:

Transitional Expressions -- Definition

Meaning of ‘Transition’ -- to go from one point to another
“Transitional Expressions” = “Transitional Words” + “Transitional Phrases”
“Transitional (or Transition) Words” are also known as “connecting words”, “linking words” or “signal words“
“Transitional (or Transition) Phrases” are also known as “connecting phrases”, “linking phrases” or “signal phrases“

“Transitional Expressions” (also “Transitions”) could be defined as follows:
•    ‘Transitional expressions’ are words or phrases that provide bridges between sentences, parts of sentences, paragraphs and sections.
•    ‘Transitional expressions’ connect and relate sentences and paragraphs.
•    ‘Transitions expressions’ signal the relationship between sentences and paragraphs.
•    ‘Transitions expressions’ state the connections between ideas.
•    ‘Transitions expressions’ help carry over a thought from one part of a sentence to another, from one sentence to another, from one paragraph to another, from one section to another, or from one idea to another.
•    ‘Transitional expressions’ connect ideas from sentence to sentence and paragraph to paragraph.
•    ‘Transitional expressions’ are placed in the beginning, middle, or end of the sentences/paragraphs to explain connections between two or more ideas.
•    ‘Transitional expressions’ help carry over a thought from one idea to another.
•    ‘Transitional expressions’ produce clearer expression, by eliminating the excessive use of such words as ‘and’, ‘but’, ‘for’ ‘nor’, ‘or’ ‘so’ ‘yet’, etc.

Choosing Transitional Expression --
Some transitional words and transitional phrases belong to more than one category. A transitional expression can change the whole meaning of a sentence. Therefore, you should choose the transition that best conveys your meaning. You should also avoid repetition and use different transition words or phrases in the same category if necessary.

Placing transitional words:
There are three options for placing transitional words:
• The beginning of a sentence [Most common]
• The middle of a sentence
• The end of a sentence [Least Common]

Example:
Their products come with an insurance pack that covers accidental damage, theft, and breakage for a year. Furthermore, customers can also avail for an additional year of warranty. [Use of transitional word ‘furthermore’ at the beginning of a sentence]

Their products come with an insurance pack that covers accidental damage, theft, and breakage for a year. Customers, furthermore, can also avail for an additional year of warranty. [Use of transitional word ‘furthermore’ in the middle of a sentence]

Their products come with an insurance pack that covers accidental damage, theft, and breakage for a year. Customers can also avail for an additional year of warranty, furthermore. [Use of transitional word ‘furthermore’ in the end of a sentence]
THIS BOOK CONTAINS MEANINGS OF MORE THAN 3400 ADVANCED ENGLISH WORDS (including phrasal verbs and idioms).

Learn Difficult English Words & Their Meanings

Sample This:

("sb" implies somebody, "sth" implies something)

abate to become, or make sth less strong
abed in bed
aberrant not socially acceptable
abet to help, or encourage sb to do sth wrong
in abeyance not being used for a period of time
ablutions act of washing yourself
aboard on a ship, plane, bus etc.
abode where sb lives
abolition ending of sth
abominate to feel hatred, or disgust
abomination extremely unpleasant, disgusting
abortive unsuccessful
above board legal and honest; in a legal and honest way
abridge to make book, etc. shorter
absent minded forgetful
abstainer who chooses not to vote, who never drinks alcohol
abstruse difficult to understand
abundant plentiful
abysmal extremely bad
abyss deep wide space, or hole that seems to have no bottom
accede to agree, to become king, or queen
accommodating willing to help, obliging
accomplish to achieve sth
in accord with sb/sth in agreement with
accord with sth to agree with sth
accountable responsible
accoutrements pieces of equipment for a particular activity
accredited officially recognized
accrue to increase over a period of time
accursed suffering from a curse, or black magic
ace person who is very good at doing sth
Achilles heel weak point in sb's character attacked by other people
acme peak
acquaintance with sb slight friendship
make sb's acquaintance to meet sb first time
acquiesce to accept sth, even if you do not agree
acrimonious bitter
acrobat rope dancer
acronym a word formed using initial letters of other words
act up to behave badly
acumen ability to understand and decide things quickly
ad hominem against person's character
ad nauseam again and again in boring and annoying way
Adam's apple lump at the front of the throat
adamantine very strong and impossible to break
add up to seem reasonable
add-on a thing that is added to sth else
adieu goodbye
ad-infinitum for ever
adjourn to postpone
adjudicate to make official decision
adjure to order sb to do sth
Adonis extremely attractive young man
adorable attractive
adoration great love, or worship
adore to love very much, to like very much
adrenalin hormone produced in the body due to excitement, fear, or anger
adulation excessive praise
the advent of sb/sth coming of invention, etc.
adventitious happening by accident; not planned
advisable sensible
advise sb of sth to inform
advisory official warning
aeon thousands of years
aerodrome small airport
aesthete who love art and beautiful things
affaire love affair
affectation behaviour, action to impress other people
affectionate loving
affections person's feelings of love
affective connected with emotions, attitudes
affliction pain and suffering, or sth that causes it
afforestation process of planting areas of land with trees
aficionado who likes a particular subject, etc. very much and knows a lot about it
afloat floating on water
afoot being planned
afore mentioned mentioned earlier
aftermath situation existing after a war, an accident, etc.
her mouth was agape wide open, because of surprise or shock
come of age to become mature
age of consent legal age to have sex
aggrandizement increase in the power, or importance of a person, or country
aggravate to worsen
agonize over sth to spend a long time thinking and worrying about sth
agreeable pleasant and easy to like
aggrieved feeling that you have been treated unfairly
aghast horrified
ahead of earlier than
agog excited
What are “Hypernyms and Hyponyms”?

HYPERNYM ----
[Hyper- Over; -Onym: Name]
Hypernym is a word that denotes general category.
Hypernym [singular] | Hypernyms [plural]
Examples: game, bird, etc.
Hypernym is also called ‘Generic term’, ‘Super-ordinate’, ‘Super-type’, or ‘Superset’.

Derived terms related to ‘Hypernyms’:
Hypernymous
Words that are hypernyms are said to be hypernymous.
Hypernymy
The state of being a hypernym is called hypernymy.

HYPONYM ----
[Hypo- Under; -Onym: Name]
Hyponym is a word that denotes particular item from general category.
Hyponym [singular] | Hyponyms [plural]
Examples: football/hockey/cricket, eagle/peacock/sparrow, etc.
Hyponym is also called ‘Subordinate’, ‘Subtype’ or ‘Subset’.

Derived terms related to ‘Hyponyms’:
Hyponymous
Words that are hyponyms are said to be hyponymous.
Hyponymy
The state of being a hyponym is called hyponymy.

In above examples, ‘game’ is the hypernym (or supertype) of ‘cricket’, ‘football’ and ‘hockey’.
‘Cricket’, ‘football’ and ‘hockey’ are hyponyms (or subtypes) of ‘game’.

Similarly, ‘bird’ is the hypernym (or supertype) of ‘eagle’, ‘peacock’ and ‘sparrow’.
‘Eagle’, ‘peacock’ and ‘sparrow’ are hyponyms (or subtypes) of ‘bird’.


IMPORTANT NOTE 1:
Relationship between hypernym and hyponym is termed as ‘is-a relationship’.
Pattern:
Hyponym + is-a/an + Hypernym

Example 1:
Hypernym: game
Hyponym: cricket, football, hockey

Cricket is a game.
Football is a game.
Hockey is a game.

Example 2:
Hypernym: bird
Hyponym: eagle, peacock, sparrow

Eagle is a bird.
Peacock is a bird.
Sparrow is a bird.


Hypernyms and Hyponyms -- A

Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A1 --
Hypernym -- acid
Hyponyms -- amino acid / ascetic acid / ascorbic acid / boric acid / carbonic acid / citric acid / hydrochloric acid / hydrofluoric acid / lactic acid / nitric acid / nucleic acid / oxalic acid / phosphoric acid / sulfuric (sulphuric) acid


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A2 --
Hypernym -- account
Hyponyms -- budget account / checking account / current account / deposit account / savings account


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A3 --
Hypernym -- affix
Hyponyms -- prefix / suffix


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A4 --
Hypernym -- African
Hyponyms -- Algerian / Congolese / Egyptian / Kenyan / Liberian / Libyan / Moroccan / Senegalese / Sudanese / Ugandan


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A5 --
Hypernym -- algae
Hyponyms -- anabaena / cowstail / cuvie / dabbylocks / featherweed / flans / grapestone / gulf weed / honeyware / laver / liadhaig / murlins / nostoc / pod weed / pompon / oscillatoria / rockweed / seaweed / thong weed / watersilk


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A6 --
Hypernym -- age [a particular period of history
Hyponyms -- bronze age / iron age / new age / stone age


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A7 --
Hypernym -- agent
Hyponyms -- double agent / estate agent / land agent / press agent / secret agent / special agent / travel agent


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A08 --
Hypernym -- alloy
Hyponyms -- amalgam / billon / brass / bronze / iron / magnalium / megallium / nichrome / scandium / solder / steel / stellite

Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A09 --
Hypernym -- amphibian
Hyponyms -- frog / salamander / toad

Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A10 --
Hypernym -- angle
Hyponyms -- acute angle / adjacent angle / exterior angle / interior angle / obtuse angle / reflex angle / right angle
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