William G. Gale is a vice president and director of the Brookings Institution's Economic Studies program, where he holds the Arjay and Frances Fearing Miller Chair in Federal Economic Policy. He is also founding codirector of the Tax Policy Center, a joint venture of the Brookings Institution and the Urban Institute. Janet Rothenberg Pack is professor of business and public policy and real estate at the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania.
When the news broke in 1975 that New York City was on the brink of fiscal collapse, few believed it was possible. How could the country’s largest metropolis fail? How could the capital of the financial world go bankrupt? Yet the city was indeed billions of dollars in the red, with no way to pay back its debts. Bankers and politicians alike seized upon the situation as evidence that social liberalism, which New York famously exemplified, was unworkable. The city had to slash services, freeze wages, and fire thousands of workers, they insisted, or financial apocalypse would ensue.
In this vivid account, historian Kim Phillips-Fein tells the remarkable story of the crisis that engulfed the city. With unions and ordinary citizens refusing to accept retrenchment, the budget crunch became a struggle over the soul of New York, pitting fundamentally opposing visions of the city against each other. Drawing on never-before-used archival sources and interviews with key players in the crisis, Fear City shows how the brush with bankruptcy permanently transformed New York—and reshaped ideas about government across America.
At once a sweeping history of some of the most tumultuous times in New York's past, a gripping narrative of last-minute machinations and backroom deals, and an origin story of the politics of austerity, Fear City is essential reading for anyone seeking to understand the resurgent fiscal conservatism of today.
Charles Montgomery's Happy City will revolutionize the way we think about urban life.
After decades of unchecked sprawl, more people than ever are moving back to the city. Dense urban living has been prescribed as a panacea for the environmental and resource crises of our time. But is it better or worse for our happiness? Are subways, sidewalks, and tower dwelling an improvement on the car-dependence of sprawl?
The award-winning journalist Charles Montgomery finds answers to such questions at the intersection between urban design and the emerging science of happiness, and during an exhilarating journey through some of the world's most dynamic
cities. He meets the visionary mayor who introduced a "sexy" lipstick-red bus to ease status anxiety in Bogotá; the architect who brought the lessons of medieval Tuscan hill towns to modern-day New York City; the activist who turned Paris's urban freeways into beaches; and an army of American suburbanites who have transformed their lives by hacking the design of their streets and neighborhoods.
Full of rich historical detail and new insights from psychologists and Montgomery's own urban experiments, Happy City is an essential tool for understanding and improving our own communities. The message is as surprising as it is hopeful: by retrofitting our cities for happiness, we can tackle the urgent challenges of our age. The happy city, the green city, and the low-carbon city are the same place, and we can all help build it.
Based on the results of more than a decade of research by the Pew Partnership for Civic Change, Smart Communities provides directions for strategic decision-making and outlines the key strategies used by thousands of leaders who have worked to create successful communities. Outlining seven "leverage points" for decision-making used by thousands of leaders who have worked to create successful communities, this new Second Edition offers leaders from both the public and private sectors the tools they need to build a civic infrastructure and create a better future for all the community's citizens.Second Edition has been thoroughly updated with current knowledge and researchCovers new developments from current design thinking and strategy literature to innovation and invention in communitiesAdvises on how to create community readiness that will help avert problems before they beginAll case vignettes have been revised to include more detailed information about the process and application of the seven leverage pointsExamples from communities around the country illustrate how these change agents' well-structured decision-making processes can be traced to their effective use of the seven key leverage points
Smart Communities offers hope to those who are striving to improve their communities and addresses vital issues such as poverty, race relations, and children's health and welfare.
"Startup communities" are popping up everywhere, from citieslike Boulder to Boston and even in countries such as Iceland. Thesetypes of entrepreneurial ecosystems are driving innovation andsmall business energy. Startup Communities documents thebuzz, strategy, long-term perspective, and dynamics of buildingcommunities of entrepreneurs who can feed off of each other'stalent, creativity, and support.
Based on more than twenty years of Boulder-based entrepreneurturned-venture capitalist Brad Feld's experience in the field?aswell as contributions from other innovative startupcommunities?this reliable resource skillfully explores what ittakes to create an entrepreneurial community in any city, at anytime. Along the way, it offers valuable insights into increasingthe breadth and depth of the entrepreneurial ecosystem bymultiplying connections among entrepreneurs and mentors, improvingaccess to entrepreneurial education, and much more.Details the four critical principles needed to form asustainable startup communityPerfect for entrepreneurs and venture capitalists seeking freshideas and new opportunitiesWritten by Brad Feld, a thought-leader in this field who hasbeen an early-stage investor and successful entrepreneur for morethan twenty years
Engaging and informative, this practical guide not only showsyou how startup communities work, but it also shows you how to makethem work anywhere in the world.