Piracy explores the intellectual property wars from the advent of print culture in the fifteenth century to the reign of the Internet in the twenty-first. Brimming with broader implications for today’s debates over open access, fair use, free culture, and the like, Johns’s book ultimately argues that piracy has always stood at the center of our attempts to reconcile creativity and commerce—and that piracy has been an engine of social, technological, and intellectual innovations as often as it has been their adversary. From Cervantes to Sonny Bono, from Maria Callas to Microsoft, from Grub Street to Google, no chapter in the story of piracy evades Johns’s graceful analysis in what will be the definitive history of the subject for years to come.
Peter Baldwin explains why the copyright wars have always been driven by a fundamental tension. Should copyright assure authors and rights holders lasting claims, much like conventional property rights, as in Continental Europe? Or should copyright be primarily concerned with giving consumers cheap and easy access to a shared culture, as in Britain and America? The Copyright Wars describes how the Continental approach triumphed, dramatically increasing the claims of rights holders. The book also tells the widely forgotten story of how America went from being a leading copyright opponent and pirate in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to become the world’s intellectual property policeman in the late twentieth. As it became a net cultural exporter and its content industries saw their advantage in the Continental ideology of strong authors’ rights, the United States reversed position on copyright, weakening its commitment to the ideal of universal enlightenment—a history that reveals that today’s open-access advocates are heirs of a venerable American tradition.
Compelling and wide-ranging, The Copyright Wars is indispensable for understanding a crucial economic, cultural, and political conflict that has reignited in our own time.
Following an overarching European chapter, which addresses general considerations and the relevant European Union law, including the jurisprudence of the Court of Justice (CJEU) and the EFTA Court, this book contains separate national chapters for eleven key jurisdictions ? i.e., Germany, the United Kingdom, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Sweden, Iceland, and Switzerland, as well as a concluding chapter summarizing the fundamentals of SPC law and practice in sixteen further European countries. The contributors to this book, all experts in the field of SPCs in their respective jurisdictions, provide clear and hands-on guidance on a range of specific topics of practical and strategic relevance, including:• What is or is not an ‘active ingredient' amenable to SPC protection? • What is required for an active ingredient to be ‘protected' by a basic patent? • What relevance has the ‘core inventive advance' of the basic patent? • Can SPCs be obtained for ‘loose' combinations of separately formulated active ingredients? • Which basic patent should be chosen for an SPC filing? • Which types of marketing authorizations can be relied upon? • Under which conditions can SPCs be obtained for a new specific salt, ester or other derivative of a previously approved active ingredient, for a new specific enantiomer of a previously approved racemate, and for new therapeutic applications of previously approved active ingredients? • Can affiliated companies obtain several SPCs for the same product? • Does the revocation of an SPC enable the filing of a new SPC for the same product? • What are the limits to the filing of ‘unfriendly' SPCs based on third-party marketing authorizations? • What relevance does the product definition of an SPC have for its scope of protection? • What is the scope of protection of an SPC in relation to derivatives of an active ingredient? • How is the SPC term calculated, and how can an erroneous term be corrected? • How can SPCs and paediatric extensions be invalidated, and which grounds of invalidity can be invoked? • What pitfalls must be avoided in terms of unfair competition law?
This book provides invaluable assistance to IP practitioners in devising successful pan-European SPC filing strategies. Its practice-oriented, country-by-country format makes it easy to compare the national practices and the respective national case law of the different European countries.
Yet how can private rights accumulation and enforcement further the public interest in higher education? What is to be gained and lost as institutions become more guarded and contentious in their orientation toward intellectual property? In this pioneering book, law professor Jacob H. Rooksby uses a mixture of qualitative, quantitative, and legal research methods to grapple with those central questions, exposing and critiquing the industry’s unquestioned and growing embrace of intellectual property from the perspective of research in law, higher education, and the social sciences.
While knowledge creation and dissemination have a long history in higher education, using intellectual property as a vehicle for rights staking and enforcement is a relatively new and, as Rooksby argues, dangerous phenomenon for the sector. The Branding of the American Mind points to higher education’s love affair with intellectual property itself, in all its dimensions, including newer forms that are less tied to scholarly output. The result is an unwelcome assault on the public’s interest in higher education.
Presuming no background knowledge of intellectual property, and ending with a call to action, The Branding of the American Mind explores applicable laws, legal regimes, and precedent in plain English, making the book appealing to anyone concerned for the future of higher education.
Willinsky analyzes the favored citation records from the three editorial periods of the OED's compilation: the Victorian, imperial first edition; the modern supplement; and the contemporary second edition composed on an electronic database. He reveals shifts in linguistic authority: the original edition relied on English literature and, surprisingly, on translations, reference works, and journalism; the modern editions have shifted emphasis to American sources and periodicals while continuing to neglect women, workers, and other English-speaking countries.
Willinsky's dissection of dictionary entries exposes contradictions and ambiguities in the move from citation to definition. He points out that Shakespeare, the most frequently cited authority in the OED, often confounds the dictionary's simple sense of meaning with his wit and artfulness. He shows us how the most famous four-letter words in the language found their way through a belabored editorial process, sweating and grunting, into the supplement to the OED. Willinsky sheds considerable light on how the OED continues to shape the English language through the sometimes idiosyncratic, often biased selection of citations by hired readers and impassioned friends of the language.
Anyone who is fascinated with words and language will find Willinsky's tour through the OED a delightful and stimulating experience. No one who reads this book will ever feel quite the same about Murray's web of words.