This issue of SOCRATES has been divided into two sections.
The first section of this issue is English Literature.
The first paper of this section has been authored by Sara Setayesh. This paper reviews ‘Blasted’, the first play by the British author Sarah Kane. The paper analyses the Ian and Cate’s psychological behavior and their romantic relationship portrayed in the play, as important implications for psychoanalytic criticism. The second paper of this section has been authored by Muhammad Yar Tanvir and Dr Ali Usman Saleem. It evaluates the power, privilege or right enjoyed by the men in Pakistani Patriarchal society as reflected in ‘Attar of Roses and Other Stories’ of Pakistan, a collection by Tahira Naqvi. The objective of this paper is to pinpoint the social and political position of patriarchal society through which woman subjugation by men becomes a power, a privilege or a right to be exercised. Radical Feminism will serve as a theoretical and conceptual framework for the apt exploration of the problematic.
The second section of this issue is Philosophy.
The first paper of this section has been authored by Maftouni Nadia and Mahmoud Nuri. It analyses the Farabi’s philosophy (utopia) and concluded that the public is not used to implement their rational faculty and they cannot perceive the rational happiness directly. So the rational happiness should be presented to their imagination, and thus, the artist of the utopia makes images of the rational happiness using sensible and imaginary forms.
The second paper of this section has been authored by Smrutipriya Pattnaik and C Upendra. The paper critically addresses the fall narrative of the narrative of the failure of the communist experiment. It claims that if the idea of “return to socialism” makes no sense, equally is senseless the triumphalism debate of liberal-capitalism.
The third paper of this section has been authored by Lidija Kovacheva. This paper provides a comparative interpretation of the Ancient Greek image of Hermes as a mythological figure with the image of Archangel Michael as a highly revered Orthodox saint in modern Macedonian society. The goal of this research is to show the similarities and the differences between these two characters and how these images are understood today in modern society.
1. Sara Setayesh, Instructor, Zand Institute of Higher Education, Shiraz, Iran
2. Muhammad Yar Tanvir, Lecturer in English (Ph. D Scholar), Government Postgraduate College Samanabad Faisalabad, Pakistan
3. Dr Ali Usman Saleem, Assistant Professor of English, Government Postgraduate College Samanabad Faisalabad, Pakistan
4. Maftouni Nadia, Associate Professor at University of Tehran Islamic Republic of Iran
5. Mahmoud Nuri PhD Candidate at Tehran University of Art, Islamic Republic of Iran
6. Smrutipriya Pattnaik, Doctoral Research Scholar, Department of Philosophy, School of Humanities and Social Sciences Indian Institute of Technology Indore, India
7. C Upendra, Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, School of Humanities and Social Sciences Indian Institute of Technology Indore, India
8. Lidija Kovacheva, Assistant Professor, Classical (ancient) studies, University EURO Balkan Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
The first section of this issue is Language & Literature- Persian, which contains an article authored by Nazia Jafri. In this paper, hidden corners and unfamiliar life and priceless works of Hussain Quli Mastan, who was the the first Iranian photo-journalist, has been introduced.
The second section of this issue if Language and Literature-English. Paper authored by Dr. P. Saravanakumar studies the use of a mask in Girish Karnad’s play “Tughlaq.” Tughlaq is the most complex and complicated of Girish Karnad’s works. Paper authored by R. Kaliyaperumal highlights the Science and Technology in Dan Brown’s Digital Fortress. Paper authored by Vincent P discusses Black Community Voice Echoes on Eradicate of Identity in Toni Morrison’s Novel Home. While exploring the twenty-first-century work Home we find the voices, which indicates the voice of the colonised people. A deep study of this novel exposes the events and happenings at the time of colonisation. It also exposes their emotions and feelings.
The third section of this issue is Philosophy. Paper authored by Giuseppe Gagliano intends to identify several key concepts that emerge from an analysis of Aron’s acclaimed work on the role played by Marxist-Leninist ideology in the development of the 20th-century philosophic thought. Paper authored by Rocco Angelo Astore is an argument in favor of the Universal health care.
The fourth section of this issue is Politics, Law and Governance. Paper authored by Dr. Galyna Fesenko and Dr. Tetiana Fesenko aims to outline the role of e-democracy within the setting of the Eastern Partnership program. The article provides the comparative review of E-Government progress in six EaP countries in 2009 – 2016. Paper authored by Dr. Surendra Misra is related to Governance, Good Governance and development of different sectors in India. Paper authored by Dr. Sanjay Kumar Dwivedi focuses on the E-Governance initiatives that have changed the life style of rural citizens and in which the citizens derive benefit through direct transactions with the services provided by the union and the provincial governments. The paper also highlights the variety of constraints in implementing the E-governance projects in rural areas.
About this issue:
This issue of Socrates has been divided into five sections.
The first section of this issue is Language & Literature- English. The article in this section focuses on "The perspective of contemporaneity". It concludes that if we delve into the roots of ‘now’ ness we find that that we are defined by a past which is mostly girdled by the colonial shadows which continues to invade every segments of human civilization.
The second section of this issue is Anthropology. The article in this section highlight ancient Macedonian customs and their influence in the modern Republic of Macedonia.This paper concludes that certain ritual actions from the ancient period, although modified, still largely correspond to the current Macedonian folk customs and beliefs, both in terms of the time of celebration and in terms of ritual actions, procedures and symbolism. Their continuity reflects the Macedonian identity, from antiquity to today.
The third section of this issue is Economics,Management and Commerce. The paper in this section develops a model for designing and explaining Cost Management Strategies in the home appliance industry in Iran. It has also implemented organizational resource–based view to limit the research domain and focus on organizational actions; then it has used porter value chain (1985) to analyze the cost structure of the company which supports strategic decision making and inter–organizational verifications.
The fourth section of this issue is Politics, Law and Governance, which contains an article that identifies lack of education as the main reasons for the backwardness of Indian Muslims. It claims that until and unless Muslim educational backwardness is addressed, the empowerment of Indian Muslims would remain elusive. The Muslims in India would remain politically marginalized and economically poor unless they overcome their educational backwardness and India cannot march on the path of development and claim to be world leader if majority of its minority community remains educationally backward.
The fifth section of this issue is The New Book which reviews the Book "God Einstein and Shankardeva" Authored by Shri. Surendra Nath Bora.