This issue of SOCRATES has been divided into two sections.
The first section of this issue is English Literature.
The first paper of this section has been authored by Sara Setayesh. This paper reviews ‘Blasted’, the first play by the British author Sarah Kane. The paper analyses the Ian and Cate’s psychological behavior and their romantic relationship portrayed in the play, as important implications for psychoanalytic criticism. The second paper of this section has been authored by Muhammad Yar Tanvir and Dr Ali Usman Saleem. It evaluates the power, privilege or right enjoyed by the men in Pakistani Patriarchal society as reflected in ‘Attar of Roses and Other Stories’ of Pakistan, a collection by Tahira Naqvi. The objective of this paper is to pinpoint the social and political position of patriarchal society through which woman subjugation by men becomes a power, a privilege or a right to be exercised. Radical Feminism will serve as a theoretical and conceptual framework for the apt exploration of the problematic.
The second section of this issue is Philosophy.
The first paper of this section has been authored by Maftouni Nadia and Mahmoud Nuri. It analyses the Farabi’s philosophy (utopia) and concluded that the public is not used to implement their rational faculty and they cannot perceive the rational happiness directly. So the rational happiness should be presented to their imagination, and thus, the artist of the utopia makes images of the rational happiness using sensible and imaginary forms.
The second paper of this section has been authored by Smrutipriya Pattnaik and C Upendra. The paper critically addresses the fall narrative of the narrative of the failure of the communist experiment. It claims that if the idea of “return to socialism” makes no sense, equally is senseless the triumphalism debate of liberal-capitalism.
The third paper of this section has been authored by Lidija Kovacheva. This paper provides a comparative interpretation of the Ancient Greek image of Hermes as a mythological figure with the image of Archangel Michael as a highly revered Orthodox saint in modern Macedonian society. The goal of this research is to show the similarities and the differences between these two characters and how these images are understood today in modern society.
1. Sara Setayesh, Instructor, Zand Institute of Higher Education, Shiraz, Iran
2. Muhammad Yar Tanvir, Lecturer in English (Ph. D Scholar), Government Postgraduate College Samanabad Faisalabad, Pakistan
3. Dr Ali Usman Saleem, Assistant Professor of English, Government Postgraduate College Samanabad Faisalabad, Pakistan
4. Maftouni Nadia, Associate Professor at University of Tehran Islamic Republic of Iran
5. Mahmoud Nuri PhD Candidate at Tehran University of Art, Islamic Republic of Iran
6. Smrutipriya Pattnaik, Doctoral Research Scholar, Department of Philosophy, School of Humanities and Social Sciences Indian Institute of Technology Indore, India
7. C Upendra, Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, School of Humanities and Social Sciences Indian Institute of Technology Indore, India
8. Lidija Kovacheva, Assistant Professor, Classical (ancient) studies, University EURO Balkan Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
The first section of this issue is Language & Literature- Persian. The article in this section introduces a Manuscript that highlights the 18th Century History of Awadh India.
The second section of this issue is Anthropology. The article in this section provides the role of weaving activity in socio-cultural life of Oromo society in general and Macca Oromo in particular. It also highlights how weavers play a great role in perseveration of cultural heritage, employment creation, tourist attraction and environmental protection in these areas.
The third section of this issue is History. The paper in this section is the excerpt of the UGC Minor Research Project under the financial help of the University Grants Commission carried out in the year 2014. This paper highlights Political identities and dilemma in Jharkhand Movement, India and raises Questions of ‘environmental revivalism' and its consequences.
The fourth section of this issue is Philosophy. The first article in this section tries to demonstrate that the emergence of the Internet refutes any claims posed by neurologists on the traditional epistemological field of philosophy, proceeding from this ontological decision, the equation of human cognition to cybernetic systems. The paper also explores some social-semantic aspects of the cyberspace as a nexus of social representations of the individual identity that forms a new sphere of being, where the subjective and the objective merge in a virtual subjective objectivity with unique epistemological attributes and possibilities.
The second article of this section deals with the question of how and why the civilizations of modernity construct social realities that fundamentally and institutionally are socio-politically unequal, unsustainable and that ecologically these societies reproduce unequal exchange of human, social and environmental resources and information. Moreover, it tries to position an alternative pathway for radical and democratic transformation through “the project of autonomy” influenced from the struggle for the commons as a protest against the commodification and monetarization of the whole of our existence. It aims to expand the knowledge about the struggle of social movements, as well as exposing the endless possibilities humanity have to re-imagine an autonomous present and a sustainable future.
The fifth section of this issue is Politics, Law and Governance which contains an artilce that dwells on the experiences of India in the software and pharmaceutical industries to argue for the need for policy space in technology evolution.
About this Issue
This issue of SOCRATES covers research papers from Anthropology, Environmental-science, Public-administration, Political-science, and Philosophy, Hindi literature, Persian Literature, and some of the best works from the pen of renowned poets and scholars. We are focused on expanding our scope and consolidating our position in both conceptual development and practical application with special emphasis on social issues. Our motive is to promote research as research is an essential part of higher learning. Research is generally undertaken so as to find the answers of those problems which are not easy or readily available to them. It helps the individuals to find out the solution or answer of any question in a systematic manner based on scientific investigation of those problems. Research always adds something to emerging stock of knowledge making for its advancement. It is the pursuit of truth with the aid of observation, comparison, study and experiment. We believe that India cannot aspire to a future as an advanced society without cultivating large numbers of original thinkers and researchers to inspire new generation. Our mission behind introducing and initiating this journal is to motivate Scholars who have the willingness to Produce and publish quality research and discuss his/her original research, thoughts and ideas. We strongly believe in the concept of connected academic world. Thus we have indexed our journal at some of the best citation centers.
About this issue:
This issue of Socrates witnessed many changes in our publication policies. One of the most encouraging changes is our presence through Open journal system. These changes will not only facilitate the authors but also boost our presence on international platform. This issue of Socrates has been divided into seven sections. The first section is Language & Literature- English which contains a paper which is analysis on Laura Mulvey’s theory of visual pleasure and attempts to apply it on the re-imagination of sexuality in cinematic spaces. The paper also examines the consumer spaces where the homo-sexual communities occupy substantial space as target audience which has enough potential to determine the direction and success of any popular cultural medium. The second section is History, which contains a paper that is extracted from a project that records the memories of men and women in Manipur, who witnessed the Nupi Lan (1939) and Second World War (1942 – 1945). Scored highly by the Referee, this paper is undoubtedly an asset for researchers. The third section is Philosophy contains a few excellent papers. The first paper of this section argues that Nozick’s entitlement theory leads to indirect injustice and is therefore an unfitting philosophical theory. The second paper of this section draws comparisons between Socratic Questioning and Zen Buddhist Koan Practice. The third paper of this section contains a Dialectic and Literary Essay Intimate Marxist Space: The Dialectic House must read for the scholars. The fourth paper of this section is my personal favorite. This paper has attempted a critical analysis of the arguments from alternation and recollection for the immortality of the soul in Plato’s Phaedo. It argues that Plato fails to prove beyond reasonable doubt the reality of the soul. It also mentions that its proof for reincarnation which is hinged on the reality of the soul is not tenable. The fifth paper of this section is a Creative writing focused on Exaggeration, Human nature and moral values. The fourth section of this issue Politics, Law and Governance contains two selected articles. The first paper of this section highlights the Need for south - south cooperation to confront the challenges posed by the Global north as to north -south. The second paper of this section highlights the 21st century scramble for Africa, must read for development thinkers. The fifth section of this issue is Sociology, contains a paper based on a study conducted at University of Kashmir which attempts to find out the impact of internet on research. The sixth section of this issue is Economics, Management and commerce which contains a paper that highlights the Role of Microfinance in the Socio Economic development of Women. The seventh section of this issue contains Interview of renowned contemporary poet Dr. A.k. Chaudhary.
About the Issue
This Issue of Socrates contains selected scholarly articles from various scholarly disciplines. The entire issue has been divided into five sections.
The first Section of the edition Language and Literature contains scholarly Research Papers from English language and Literature, Hindi literature and Persian literature. The first research paper of this section and the edition deals with Feminism and endeavours to investigate the origin and development of this movement; and also pays tribute to the inextinguishable and daredevil spirit of innumerable women who tirelessly contributed in making the “new woman” a reality.
The Second paper which belongs to the scholarly discipline of Hindi Literature is a comparative analysis of two spiritual ideologies that prevails in India and different parts of the world. This sort of comparative study is rarely found in and which makes it an asset for the research literature.
The second section of this issue, Swedish History, contains a paper that presents Sweden’s most dignified and faithful Queen Dowager: Catherine Stenbock.
The third section of this issue, Politics, Law and Governance, contains various research articles on various scholarly themes. The first research paper of this section attempts to analyse Carl Schmitt’s and Agamben’s theories through this interesting tripartite relation among the political, sovereignty and exception which gives an interesting account to reconfigure sovereignty and its effects felt on Indian emergency of 1975-77 and anti-terror laws in recent times. Also in what ways it appears as a challenge to the centrality of law in a democracy. The second research paper of this section examines the Scottish enlightenment and involvement in this debate through James Mackintosh’s response to Burke this encounter of British and French enlightenment will illuminate our modern vision of human rights theories. The third research paper of this section is a research study in context of global security under the impact of globalization. The fourth research paper of this section deals with a universal problem popularly known as “Corruption”. This paper investigates the remedies of corruption as suggested by the great philosopher and teacher Kautilya in his masterpiece Arthashastra. The fifth research paper of this section deals with one of vibrant issues of free world “Human rights”.
The fourth section of this issue contains some of the best research papers from the scholarly disciplines of Commerce Management and Economics. These research papers are based on the original research carried out by author(s). The first paper of this section studies the relationship between BPR and Organizational Structure with special reference to State Bank of India. The second paper of this section raises evacuation issues. The third paper of this section studies the dimensions of customer service in supply chain management (SCM) of small and medium enterprises of Jammu region. The fourth paper of this section investigates the Effectiveness of Public Distribution System in Jammu & Kashmir. The fifth paper of this section paper examines the role of cooperative societies in economic development of Bangladesh. The sixth paper of this section studies green marketing and reveals its challenges and opportunities in rural India.
The fifth section of this issue represents the scholarly disciplines of Education. It contains a research paper which is based on an action research project to find out ways to improve student’s participation in the class.
About this Issue
This is the final issue of Socrates Vol. 2. divided into five sections.
The first section of this issue Language & Literature- English contains a Film Analysis that covers Japanese society, Post-WWII.
The second section of this issue Gender and sexuality studies contains a paper that foregrounds the issues of choice and consent for women which can in true terms establish them as ‘free agents’ and destabilize the master-slave hierarchical relation.
The third section of this issue Short Comment Contains a short comment on film version of important German literary work “Die neuen Leiden des jungen W.”
The fourth section of this issue, The New Book contains review of a new book that recollects the “Memories of a Dialysis Patient”
The final section of this issue Children & Maternal Health - Informative Article contains an informative article from the domain of Children & Maternal Health. This paper attempts to show that mobile eHealth services are a perfect companion of the pregnant women in various stages of pregnancy and highlights the necessity to analyse the requirements of the pregnant women and their technological skills as user of the eHealth services arises before deployment of it.