Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, Weights and Measures: Their SI Equivalences and Origins

Springer Science & Business Media
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Mankind has a fascination with measurement. Down the centuries we have produced a plethora of incompatible and duplicatory systems for measuring everything from the width of an Egyptian pyramid to the concentration of radioactivity near a nuclear reactor and the value of the fine structure constant. With the introduction first of the metric system and of its successor the Système International d'Unités (SI), the scientific community has established a standard method of measurement based on only seven core units.

The Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, Weights and Measures converts the huge variety of units from all over the world in every period of recorded history into units of the SI. Featuring:
- An A - Z of conversion tables for over 10,000 units of measurements.
- Tables of the fundamental constants of nature with their units.
- Listings of professional societies, and national standardization bodies for easy reference.
- An extensive bibliography detailing further reading on the multifarious aspects of measurement and its units.

This huge work is simply a "must have" for any reference library frequented by scientists of any discipline or by those with historical interests in units of measurement such as archaeologists.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Springer Science & Business Media
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Published on
Dec 6, 2012
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Pages
848
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ISBN
9781447100034
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Computers / Computer Science
Medical / General
Science / Chemistry / General
Science / Life Sciences / General
Science / Physics / General
Technology & Engineering / Engineering (General)
Technology & Engineering / General
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This content is DRM protected.
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The unique and practical Materials Handbook (third edition) provides quick and easy access to the physical and chemical properties of very many classes of materials. Its coverage has been expanded to include whole new families of materials such as minor metals, ferroalloys, nuclear materials, food, natural oils, fats, resins, and waxes. Many of the existing families—notably the metals, gases, liquids, minerals, rocks, soils, polymers, and fuels—are broadened and refined with new material and up-to-date information. Several of the larger tables of data are expanded and new ones added. Particular emphasis is placed on the properties of common industrial materials in each class. After a chapter introducing some general properties of materials, each of twenty-four classes of materials receives attention in its own chapter. The health and safety issues connected with the use and handling of industrial materials are included.
Detailed appendices provide additional information on subjects as diverse as crystallography, spectroscopy, thermochemical data, analytical chemistry, corrosion resistance, and economic data for industrial and hazardous materials. Specific further reading sections and a general bibliography round out this comprehensive guide. The index and tabular format of the book makes light work of extracting what the reader needs to know from the wealth of factual information within these covers.


Dr. François Cardarelli has spent many years compiling and editing materials data. His professional expertise and experience combine to make this handbook an indispensable reference tool for scientists and engineers working in numerous fields ranging from chemical to nuclear engineering. Particular emphasis is placed on the properties of common industrial materials in each class. After a chapter introducing some general properties of materials, materials are classified as follows.

ferrous metals and their alloys; ferroalloys; common nonferrous metals; less common metals; minor metals; semiconductors and superconductors; magnetic materials; insulators and dielectrics; miscellaneous electrical materials; ceramics, refractories and glasses; polymers and elastomers; minerals, ores and gemstones; rocks and meteorites; soils and fertilizers; construction materials; timbers and woods; fuels, propellants and explosives; composite materials; gases; liquids; food, oils, resin and waxes; nuclear materials. food materials

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From a renowned historian comes a groundbreaking narrative of humanity’s creation and evolution—a #1 international bestseller—that explores the ways in which biology and history have defined us and enhanced our understanding of what it means to be “human.”

One hundred thousand years ago, at least six different species of humans inhabited Earth. Yet today there is only one—homo sapiens. What happened to the others? And what may happen to us?

Most books about the history of humanity pursue either a historical or a biological approach, but Dr. Yuval Noah Harari breaks the mold with this highly original book that begins about 70,000 years ago with the appearance of modern cognition. From examining the role evolving humans have played in the global ecosystem to charting the rise of empires, Sapiens integrates history and science to reconsider accepted narratives, connect past developments with contemporary concerns, and examine specific events within the context of larger ideas.

Dr. Harari also compels us to look ahead, because over the last few decades humans have begun to bend laws of natural selection that have governed life for the past four billion years. We are acquiring the ability to design not only the world around us, but also ourselves. Where is this leading us, and what do we want to become?

Featuring 27 photographs, 6 maps, and 25 illustrations/diagrams, this provocative and insightful work is sure to spark debate and is essential reading for aficionados of Jared Diamond, James Gleick, Matt Ridley, Robert Wright, and Sharon Moalem.

Ph. D. in Chemical Engineering Postgraduate Degree in Electrochemistry M. Sc. in Physical Chemistry B. Sc. in Physical Chemistry and Nuclear Engineering in Geophysics and Geology Associate Degree Author Working Areas The successive author working areas since 1990 up to 1997 are in order: (I) Research scientist at the Laboratory of Electrochemistry (University Pierre & Marie Curie, Paris) for the development of a nuclear detector device for electrochemical experiments involving radiolabelled compounds; (2) Research scientist at the Institute of Marine Biogeochemistry (CNRS & Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris) for the environmental monitoring of heavy metals pollution by electro analytical techniques; (3) Research scientist for the production of tantalum protective-coatings for the chemical process industries by electro chemistry in molten salts; (4) Research scientist for the preparation and characterization of IrOrbased Dimensionally Stable Anodes (DSA ®, for oxy gen evolution in acidic media, used in industrial electrochemical processes (Laboratory of Electrochemical Engineering, Toulouse); (5) Consultant in Electrochemical Engineering (Toulouse); (6) Battery Product Leader (Argo Tech Productions Inc, Boucheville, Quebec, Canada). Contents List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii 1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1. 1 Why a Conversion Handbook? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1. 2 How to Use This Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2 The International System of Units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2. 1 History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2. 2 The General Conference on Weights and Measures . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2. 3 Organization of the SI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2. 3. 1 SI Base Units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2. 3. 2 SI Supplementary Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2. 3. 3 SI Derived Units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The author of the bestseller The Disappearing Spoon reveals the secret inner workings of the brain through strange but true stories.

Early studies of the human brain used a simple method: wait for misfortune to strike -- strokes, seizures, infectious diseases, horrendous accidents -- and see how victims coped. In many cases their survival was miraculous, if puzzling. Observers were amazed by the transformations that took place when different parts of the brain were destroyed, altering victims' personalities. Parents suddenly couldn't recognize their own children. Pillars of the community became pathological liars. Some people couldn't speak but could still sing.

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*"The Tale of the Dueling Neurosurgeons" refers to the case of French king Henri II, who in 1559 was lanced through the skull during a joust, resulting in one of the most significant cases in neuroscience history. For hundreds of years scientists have gained important lessons from traumatic accidents and illnesses, and such misfortunes still represent their greatest resource for discovery.
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