2016 Building Better Governance: The Korean Case

MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR
2

Human civilization and development are the results of endless pursuit of challenge. However, myriad of issues of poverty and hunger, polarization of wealth, continued inequality, accelerating ageing society, difficulty in creating jobs, and rapid climate change borne out of global warming are blocking our path to a better future.


In order to overcome these issues, the UN has created the Sustainable Development Goals, common goals that are shared by all countries, and is calling for a higher level of international cooperation of promoting public service innovation and sharing the accomplishments.

Based on the experience of building an e-government with the foundation of rational law and regulation, Korean government is improving productivity and effectiveness of administrative service for its people using advanced ICT. Also, the government is working to create a better government that can take on the important role of promoting sustainable development.

Government 3.0 is a people-focused government innovation policy, opening and sharing government-owned data. Through it, customized and integrated service is provided, and efficiency and transparency of government administration is heightened by building a structured system for better communication with people and for close cooperation among government branches.

This book aims to introduce in detail the 28 model cases of Korea’s public service under the theme of people’s happiness, the vibrant economy , and efficient public service, so that civil servants around the world and those working for international organizations that devote themselves to government innovation and sustainable development understand Korean government’s efforts on public governance innovation.

We hope that through international cooperation on public service, each country can communicate, cooperate, and share to solve today’s issues for a better future for all.

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Index

Happiness to People's Lives

01. Citizen-centric Government Innovation Policy (Government 3.0)

02. Ac hievements of Forest Policy and International Forest Cooperation

03. Citizen-oriented Civil Petition Service (Minwon 24)

04. Customer-oriented advanced immigration services based on ICT

05. e-People, The Online System for Communicating with People

06. Integrated Food Safety Information Network

07. Intelligent Transport System (ITS)

08. K orean Information System of Criminal Justice Services (KICS)

09. Open Data Strategy and Key Initiatives

10. Promotion of Patient Safety and Public Health with Drug

11. R esident Registration System

12. Vehicle History Information Service


Vitality to the Economy

13. Customized Service for Businesses and Policy Information System for SMEs

14. G4B, Government Integrated Portal for Supporting Business

15. Korea Legal Information Service

16. Korea's Customs Administration and UNI-PASS

17. National Crop Pest Management System

18. National E-Procurement System (KONE PS)

19. National Spatial Data Infrastructure Portal

20. Weather Information Service for Ag riculture

21. World-Class Electronic Tax Administration Service (Hometax)


Efficiency to Public Administration

22. A dministration, Law·Institutions·Policy of eGovernment Standard Framework

23. Digital Budget & Acc ounting System (dBrain)

24. Government Integrated Data Center

25. National Archives Management of Korea

26. On-Nara Business Process Management System (On-Nara BPS)

27. Public Information Sharing Service

28. Register-based Census of Population and Housing

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Additional Information

Publisher
MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR
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Published on
Dec 14, 2016
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Pages
172
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ISBN
9791160700053
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Language
English
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Genres
Law / Government / General
Political Science / Intergovernmental Organizations
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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For decades no law enforcement program has been as cloaked in controversy and mystery as the Federal Witness Protection Program. Now, for the first time, Gerald Shur, the man credited with the creation of WITSEC, teams with acclaimed investigative journalist Pete Earley to tell the inside story of turncoats, crime-fighters, killers, and ordinary human beings caught up in a life-and-death game of deception in the name of justice.

WITSEC
Inside the Federal Witness Protection Program

When the government was losing the war on organized crime in the early 1960s, Gerald Shur, a young attorney in the Justice Department’s Organized Crime and Racketeering Section, urged the department to entice mobsters into breaking their code of silence with promises of protection and relocation. But as high-ranking mob figures came into the program, Shur discovered that keeping his witnesses alive in the face of death threats involved more than eradicating old identities and creating new ones. It also meant cutting off families from their pasts and giving new identities to wives and children, as well as to mob girlfriends and mistresses.

It meant getting late-night phone calls from protected witnesses unable to cope with their new lives. It meant arranging funerals, providing financial support, and in one instance even helping a mobster’s wife get breast implants. And all too often it meant odds that a protected witness would return to what he knew best–crime.

In this book Shur gives a you-are-there account of infamous witnesses, from Joseph Valachi to “Sammy the Bull” Gravano to “Fat Vinnie” Teresa, of the lengths the program goes to to keep its charges safe, and of cases that went very wrong and occasionally even protected those who went on to kill again.

He describes the agony endured by innocent people who found themselves in the wrong place at the wrong time and ended up in a program tailored to criminals. And along with Shur’s war stories, WITSEC draws on the haunting words of one mob wife, who vividly describes her life of lies, secrecy, and loss inside the program.

A powerful true story of the inner workings of one of the most effective and controversial weapons in the war against organized crime and the inner workings of organized crime itself–and more recently against Colombian drug dealers, outlaw motorcycle gang members, white-collar con men, and international terrorists–this book takes us into a tense, dangerous twilight world carefully hidden in plain sight: where the family living next door might not be who they say they are. . .


From the Paperback edition.
The Open Access version of this book, available at http://www.tandfebooks.com/, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.

There has been an enormous increase in interest in the use of evidence for public policymaking, but the vast majority of work on the subject has failed to engage with the political nature of decision making and how this influences the ways in which evidence will be used (or misused) within political areas. This book provides new insights into the nature of political bias with regards to evidence and critically considers what an ‘improved’ use of evidence would look like from a policymaking perspective.

Part I describes the great potential for evidence to help achieve social goals, as well as the challenges raised by the political nature of policymaking. It explores the concern of evidence advocates that political interests drive the misuse or manipulation of evidence, as well as counter-concerns of critical policy scholars about how appeals to ‘evidence-based policy’ can depoliticise political debates. Both concerns reflect forms of bias – the first representing technical bias, whereby evidence use violates principles of scientific best practice, and the second representing issue bias in how appeals to evidence can shift political debates to particular questions or marginalise policy-relevant social concerns.

Part II then draws on the fields of policy studies and cognitive psychology to understand the origins and mechanisms of both forms of bias in relation to political interests and values. It illustrates how such biases are not only common, but can be much more predictable once we recognise their origins and manifestations in policy arenas.

Finally, Part III discusses ways to move forward for those seeking to improve the use of evidence in public policymaking. It explores what constitutes ‘good evidence for policy’, as well as the ‘good use of evidence’ within policy processes, and considers how to build evidence-advisory institutions that embed key principles of both scientific good practice and democratic representation. Taken as a whole, the approach promoted is termed the ‘good governance of evidence’ – a concept that represents the use of rigorous, systematic and technically valid pieces of evidence within decision-making processes that are representative of, and accountable to, populations served.

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