In order to overcome these issues, the UN has created the Sustainable Development Goals, common goals that are shared by all countries, and is calling for a higher level of international cooperation of promoting public service innovation and sharing the accomplishments.
Based on the experience of building an e-government with the foundation of rational law and regulation, Korean government is improving productivity and effectiveness of administrative service for its people using advanced ICT. Also, the government is working to create a better government that can take on the important role of promoting sustainable development.
Government 3.0 is a people-focused government innovation policy, opening and sharing government-owned data. Through it, customized and integrated service is provided, and efficiency and transparency of government administration is heightened by building a structured system for better communication with people and for close cooperation among government branches.
This book aims to introduce in detail the 28 model cases of Korea’s public service under the theme of people’s happiness, the vibrant economy , and efficient public service, so that civil servants around the world and those working for international organizations that devote themselves to government innovation and sustainable development understand Korean government’s efforts on public governance innovation.
We hope that through international cooperation on public service, each country can communicate, cooperate, and share to solve today’s issues for a better future for all.
Happiness to People's Lives
01. Citizen-centric Government Innovation Policy (Government 3.0)
02. Ac hievements of Forest Policy and International Forest Cooperation
03. Citizen-oriented Civil Petition Service (Minwon 24)
04. Customer-oriented advanced immigration services based on ICT
05. e-People, The Online System for Communicating with People
06. Integrated Food Safety Information Network
07. Intelligent Transport System (ITS)
08. K orean Information System of Criminal Justice Services (KICS)
09. Open Data Strategy and Key Initiatives
10. Promotion of Patient Safety and Public Health with Drug
11. R esident Registration System
12. Vehicle History Information Service
Vitality to the Economy
13. Customized Service for Businesses and Policy Information System for SMEs
14. G4B, Government Integrated Portal for Supporting Business
15. Korea Legal Information Service
16. Korea's Customs Administration and UNI-PASS
17. National Crop Pest Management System
18. National E-Procurement System (KONE PS)
19. National Spatial Data Infrastructure Portal
20. Weather Information Service for Ag riculture
21. World-Class Electronic Tax Administration Service (Hometax)
Efficiency to Public Administration
22. A dministration, Law·Institutions·Policy of eGovernment Standard Framework
23. Digital Budget & Acc ounting System (dBrain)
24. Government Integrated Data Center
25. National Archives Management of Korea
26. On-Nara Business Process Management System (On-Nara BPS)
27. Public Information Sharing Service
28. Register-based Census of Population and Housing
There has been an enormous increase in interest in the use of evidence for public policymaking, but the vast majority of work on the subject has failed to engage with the political nature of decision making and how this influences the ways in which evidence will be used (or misused) within political areas. This book provides new insights into the nature of political bias with regards to evidence and critically considers what an ‘improved’ use of evidence would look like from a policymaking perspective.
Part I describes the great potential for evidence to help achieve social goals, as well as the challenges raised by the political nature of policymaking. It explores the concern of evidence advocates that political interests drive the misuse or manipulation of evidence, as well as counter-concerns of critical policy scholars about how appeals to ‘evidence-based policy’ can depoliticise political debates. Both concerns reflect forms of bias – the first representing technical bias, whereby evidence use violates principles of scientific best practice, and the second representing issue bias in how appeals to evidence can shift political debates to particular questions or marginalise policy-relevant social concerns.
Part II then draws on the fields of policy studies and cognitive psychology to understand the origins and mechanisms of both forms of bias in relation to political interests and values. It illustrates how such biases are not only common, but can be much more predictable once we recognise their origins and manifestations in policy arenas.
Finally, Part III discusses ways to move forward for those seeking to improve the use of evidence in public policymaking. It explores what constitutes ‘good evidence for policy’, as well as the ‘good use of evidence’ within policy processes, and considers how to build evidence-advisory institutions that embed key principles of both scientific good practice and democratic representation. Taken as a whole, the approach promoted is termed the ‘good governance of evidence’ – a concept that represents the use of rigorous, systematic and technically valid pieces of evidence within decision-making processes that are representative of, and accountable to, populations served.