Odyssey of the Voice

Plural Publishing
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 Renowned French otolaryngologist Jean Abitbol, a lifetime student of the human voice, takes readers on an unforgettable odyssey spanning man's first use of voice through the acquisition of language to the use of voice as an expression of self. With great wit and charm, Dr. Abitbol's narrative encompasses everything from the psychological to the physiological, from explaining the workings of the voice to celebrating the human voice's highest achievements.

He describes a fascinating history of the voice, its origins, its course since the Homo Sapiens' first sentences, its episodes of hoarseness, and its achievements, from the newborn cry to the coloratura soprano, from the impersonator to the ventriloquist. After exploring what is known about the voice, Dr. Abitbol tells us what our voices are capable of. He examines what he describes as "the magic of the voice": the voice as a fingerprint, a reflection of our personality in expressing our sex and sexuality.

A great portion of this odyssey is devoted to singing and singers, both to the complexity of singing in general and to lyrical singing, the intricacies of which requires participation of the mechanical, emotional, and cerebral systems. The mysteries of the voice unfold as Dr. Abitbol guides readers through the latest physiological and pathological research using examples of historical figures', patients', and celebrities' voices to explain how the ways in which the body moves affect the way the voice sounds and how vocal quality is unique to each human being.

A unique tour de force of the human vocal instrument, Odyssey of the Voice changes the way we think about our voices.

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About the author

Jean Abitbol, MD is Ancien Chef de Clinique at the Faculty of Medicine of Paris. An otorhinolaryngologist, he specializes in phoniatrics and voice surgery. Based on his clinical experience and research, he has published extensively on voice medicine and is recognized internationally for his contributions to voice surgery and care of the professional voice.

A lifelong student of the intricacies of the human voice, Dr. Abitbol practices otolaryngology, phoniatry, and laser voice surgery in Paris where he is Ancien Chef de Clinique at the University of Paris. His interest in the human voice led him to develop innovative diagnostic and therapeutic techniques, including vocal dynamic exploration, a method that allows physicians to look at the vocal folds speaking or singing and, more recently, the use of three-dimensional imaging of the larynx. His research has centered on the effects of hormones on the human voice.

Dr. Abitbol has published over 300 articles in the medical literature and produced several medical movies for which he has won film prizes. He hosts an annual international seminar for physicians and voice professionals on laser voice surgery and voice care and gives conferences to teachers and singers on voice care. A popular international presenter at scientific and professional meetings, he has received many honors, the most recent of which was the prestigious Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur for which he was nominated by the Ministry of Health on behalf of the President of the French republic. 

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Additional Information

Publisher
Plural Publishing
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Published on
Dec 31, 2006
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Pages
500
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ISBN
9781597568050
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Language
English
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Genres
Medical / Audiology & Speech Pathology
Medical / Otorhinolaryngology
Music / Instruction & Study / Voice
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Read Aloud
Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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關於聲音,那些你根本不知道但你絕對想知道的事,

從醫學、科學、心理學、藝術發現人聲的奧祕。

 

◎席琳‧狄翁清亮飽滿的歌聲宛如天籟,是什麼原因造成她一度失聲?

◎已故世界男高音帕華洛帝,他的嗓音涵蓋了七個「泛音」,然而一般人只有三個!

◎所向無敵的刑法女律師在動手術治好了聲帶水腫後,卻從此輸掉每個案子?!

◎英王喬治六世如何克服口吃障礙,發表一場動人的演說?

◎德國獨裁者希特勒操控人心的關鍵之一,竟是高亢而歇斯底里的聲音!

◎腹語師如何應用不同的發聲部位展現異於常人的絕妙音色?

◎西方15世紀出現的閹伶,其寬廣高亢的音域連女高音都自嘆弗如,他們是怎麼辦到的?

 

人類擁有一個無價之寶:聲音。它就像指紋,人人皆有卻天下無雙。母體裡的胎兒,從三個月起就開始感知「母語」,所以,失聲患者在治癒後開口說出連自己都聽不懂的外語一點也不奇怪!

 

從古希臘的廣場到現代的電視螢幕,聲音在所有諸如司法、政治、廣告、藝術或情愛……等等人類事務上施展它的力量。聲音是我們日常生活必備的成分。它無所不在,以至於我們視它為理所當然,毫無節制地濫用,直到它消失,我們才開始想念……

 

聲音,看得見嗎?當然可以!吸氣的時候,聲帶會張開;說話、咳嗽或假裝哭泣的時候會閉合。這個機制就是喉嚨發聲的源頭。喉頭是絃樂器也是管樂器,保護著兩條聲帶,當聲帶振動時,它就是弦樂器;當共鳴腔振動時,它就是管樂器。

 

◎聲音何以具有誘惑力,反映我們的過去,喚起苦痛、喜樂的記憶?

 

聲音,反映了我們的過去、苦痛和喜樂,喚起我們某些已經歷過,連結了歡快與愉悅的印象。然而,魔力和吸引力往往源自於不完美的聲音。在美國知名爵士樂歌手路易‧阿姆斯壯沙啞、粗糙的嗓音背後,我們聽見了他的過去、他的堅韌,也聽見了他的族人淪為奴隸、苦不聊生的歷史。聲音反映出我們的個性,讓他人感受到我們的七情六慾。

 

 

◎領袖的聲音明明沒有魔法,為什麼卻讓我們心甘情願把票投給他?

 

邱吉爾的嗓音充滿英雄氣概、希特勒則近乎歇斯底里,還有甘地、馬丁路德‧金恩的聲音……都證明了治國者的聲音沒有魔法公式,但他們會順應技巧及外表上的特徵,讓聲音同時具有令人安心的低音以及慷慨激昂的高音,如此才具有足夠的份量。此外,領袖的聲音必須透露出人生中的傷疤,彰顯出和我們擁有共同點的人生。正因如此,我們才會把選票投給他。

 

◎當「聲音」做為職業,腹語師、閹伶如何超越自己,無限延伸聲音的極限?

 

除了自娛或是合作表演以外,聲音也是一種職業。有些人天生就能吃這行飯,但也必須持續苦練。能將聲音表演造就成一種情緒,既是手段,也是藝術的一切精髓。

 

聲音表演並不是唱獨角戲,腹語師、模仿藝人或歌手都需要聽眾,這樣的聲音才能充分顯露力量。因此詮釋者不得不超越自己,將人聲的極限無限推展──腹語師如果是喉頭的柔體特技演員,模仿藝人就是喉頭的鋼索特技演員,一個人就有一千種聲音!而閹伶為了達到高廣音域的絕妙唱功,卻不得不犧牲自己的身體。

 

◎想擁有好聲音?專科醫生教你這麼做──

1.避免長時間使用電話交談,因為你聽不見回音,反而會不自覺加大音量,傷害聲帶!

2.在潮濕、太熱或是過於乾燥的房間裡睡覺或久待,都會妨礙聲音的表現。

3.飲食習慣健康、清淡,才能避免胃食道逆流,聲道灼傷。

4.搭乘飛機或高速火車期間,經常喝水,少說話,避免喝紅酒以外的酒精。

5.避免衣領太緊的襯衫,同時不要繫太緊的皮帶!

6.乳製品、乳酪會製造黏液,讓人不斷清喉嚨,是聲帶的大敵!

7.訓練腹肌和呼吸節奏的運動,例如游泳、結合專注力與思考的武術,可以讓聲音充分發揮。

 

身為外科醫生及熱中於人聲研究的作者,

將帶領大家探索聲音,不只是從科學和醫學的角度,

還有從導師(mentor)到獨裁者的政治層面、

講道者的精神層面和歌手的藝術方面,

以及從聲色到誘惑的美學方面。

揭開無形的聲音振動中,情感和理智之間的化學作用,

滲入以喉頭為首的聲音王國之中,

揭示聲音力量的奧祕。

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