Probability Theory: The Logic of Science

Cambridge University Press
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The standard rules of probability can be interpreted as uniquely valid principles in logic. In this book, E. T. Jaynes dispels the imaginary distinction between 'probability theory' and 'statistical inference', leaving a logical unity and simplicity, which provides greater technical power and flexibility in applications. This book goes beyond the conventional mathematics of probability theory, viewing the subject in a wider context. New results are discussed, along with applications of probability theory to a wide variety of problems in physics, mathematics, economics, chemistry and biology. It contains many exercises and problems, and is suitable for use as a textbook on graduate level courses involving data analysis. The material is aimed at readers who are already familiar with applied mathematics at an advanced undergraduate level or higher. The book will be of interest to scientists working in any area where inference from incomplete information is necessary.
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Additional Information

Publisher
Cambridge University Press
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Published on
Apr 10, 2003
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Pages
762
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ISBN
9781139435161
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Language
English
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Genres
Mathematics / Applied
Mathematics / Probability & Statistics / General
Science / Physics / General
Science / Physics / Mathematical & Computational
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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​​Since the parameters in dynamical systems of biological interest are inherently positive and bounded, bounded noises are a natural way to model the realistic stochastic fluctuations of a biological system that are caused by its interaction with the external world. Bounded Noises in Physics, Biology, and Engineering is the first contributed volume devoted to the modeling of bounded noises in theoretical and applied statistical mechanics, quantitative biology, and mathematical physics. It gives an overview of the current state-of-the-art and is intended to stimulate further research.

The volume is organized in four parts. The first part presents the main kinds of bounded noises and their applications in theoretical physics. The theory of bounded stochastic processes is intimately linked to its applications to mathematical and statistical physics, and it would be difficult and unnatural to separate the theory from its physical applications. The second is devoted to framing bounded noises in the theory of random dynamical systems and random bifurcations, while the third is devoted to applications of bounded stochastic processes in biology, one of the major areas of potential applications of this subject. The final part concerns the application of bounded stochastic processes in mechanical and structural engineering, the area where the renewed interest for non-Gaussian bounded noises started. Pure mathematicians working on stochastic calculus will find here a rich source of problems that are challenging from the point of view of contemporary nonlinear analysis.

Bounded Noises in Physics, Biology, and Engineering is intended for scientists working on stochastic processes with an interest in both fundamental issues and applications. It will appeal to a broad range of applied mathematicians, mathematical biologists, physicists, engineers, and researchers in other fields interested in complexity theory. It is accessible to anyone with a working knowledge of stochastic modeling, from advanced undergraduates to senior researchers.

In response to unanswered difficulties in the generalized case of conditional expectation and to treat the topic in a well-deservedly thorough manner, M.M. Rao gave us the highly successful first edition of Conditional Measures and Applications. Until this groundbreaking work, conditional probability was relegated to scattered journal articles and mere chapters in larger works on probability. This second edition continues to offer a thorough treatment of conditioning while adding substantial new information on developments and applications that have emerged over the past decade.

Conditional Measures and Applications, Second Edition clearly elucidates the subject, from fundamental principles to abstract analysis. The author illustrates the computational difficulties in evaluating conditional probabilities in nondiscrete cases with numerous examples, demonstrates applications to Markov processes, martingales, potential theory, and Reynolds operators as well as sufficiency in statistics, and clarifies ideas in modern noncommutative probability structures through conditioning in general structures, including parts of operator algebras and "free" random variables. He also discusses existence and construction problems from the Bishop-Brouwer constructive analysis point of view.

With open problems in every chapter and links to other areas of mathematics, this invaluable second edition offers complete coverage of conditional probability and expectation and their structural analysis, from simple to advanced abstract levels, for both novices and seasoned mathematicians.
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