Hoch considers some five hundred Semitic words found in Egyptian texts from about 1500 to 650 b.c.e. Building on previous scholarship, he proposes new etymologies and translations and discusses phonological, morphological, and semantic factors that figure in the use of these words. The Egyptian evidence is essential to an understanding of the phonology of Northwest Semitic, and Hoch presents a major reconstruction of the phonemic systems. Of equal importance is his account of the particular semantic use of Semitic vocabulary, in contexts sometimes quite different from those of the Hebrew scriptures and Ugaritic myths and legends. With its new critical assessment of many hotly debated issues of Semitic and Egyptian philology, this book will be consulted for its lexical and linguistic conclusions and will serve as the basis for future work in both fields.
Originally published in 1994.
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Middle East and thus obscured the human realities of the
region. This monograph addresses the inadequacy and validity
of existing theoretical perspectives on the Middle East. The
critique presented offers Islam as a unifying constant rather
than a sporadic phenomenon correlated to the flux of social,
political and economic conditions and argues that Islam
should be conceptually incorporated into any analysis of the
The book defines the essence of Islamic civilization and
highlights aspects of the colonial encounter as a background
for understanding contemporary dynamics. Against a subtle
leitmotiv of contrasting imagery, it profiles the Islamic view
of the state, the role of the faith as well as that of the community.
Useful distinctions are made between the Islamic and
Western approaches to the area which should prove illuminating
to both the area specialist and the lay reader.