Synchrotron Radiation

Springer Science & Business Media
Free sample

In this book the characteristics of synchrotron radiation, including insertion device radiation, are described and derived from first principles. The reader is first introduced to the subject in an intuitive way in order to gain familiarity with the underlying physical processes. A rigorous mathematical derivation of the theory then follows. Since the characteristics of synchrotron radiation are intimately connected with the parameters of the electron beam and its accelerator, a basic introduction to electron beam dynamics and accelerator design is included. The book is aimed at graduate students and scientists working with synchrotron radiation and is designed to serve both as a textbook and as a reference work. It includes numerous exercises, some with solutions.
Read more
Collapse
Loading...

Additional Information

Publisher
Springer Science & Business Media
Read more
Collapse
Published on
Mar 9, 2013
Read more
Collapse
Pages
274
Read more
Collapse
ISBN
9783662053126
Read more
Collapse
Read more
Collapse
Best For
Read more
Collapse
Language
English
Read more
Collapse
Genres
Science / Physics / Atomic & Molecular
Science / Physics / Condensed Matter
Science / Physics / General
Science / Physics / Nuclear
Technology & Engineering / Lasers & Photonics
Technology & Engineering / Materials Science / General
Technology & Engineering / Microwaves
Read more
Collapse
Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
Read more
Collapse

Reading information

Smartphones and Tablets

Install the Google Play Books app for Android and iPad/iPhone. It syncs automatically with your account and allows you to read online or offline wherever you are.

Laptops and Computers

You can read books purchased on Google Play using your computer's web browser.

eReaders and other devices

To read on e-ink devices like the Sony eReader or Barnes & Noble Nook, you'll need to download a file and transfer it to your device. Please follow the detailed Help center instructions to transfer the files to supported eReaders.
The development of advanced materials with preselected properties is one of the main goals of materials research. Of especial interest are electronics, high-temperature and supemard materials for various applications, as well as alloys with improved wear, corrosion and mechanical resistance properties. The technical challenge connected with the production of these materials is not only associated with the development of new specialised preparation techniques but also with quality control. The energetic charged particle, electron and photon beams offer the possibility of modifying the properties of the near-surface regions of materials without seriously affecting their bulk, and provide unique analytical tools for testing their qUality. This volume includes most of the lectures and contributions delivered at the NATO-funded Advanced Study Institute "Application of Particle and Laser Beams in Materials Technology", which was held in Kallithea, Chalkidiki, in Northern Greece, from the 8th to the 21st of May, 1994 and attended by 73 participants from 21 countries. The aim of this ASI was to provide to the participants an overview of this rapidly expanding field. Fundamental aspects concerning the interactions and collisions on atomic, nuclear and solid state scale were presented in a didactic way, along with the application of a variety of techniques for the solution of problems ranging from the development of electronics materials to corrosion research and from archaeometry to environmental protection.
Inthepastfewdecades,greatprogresshasbeenmadeinthe?eldofdynamical interactions of photons and charged particles with surfaces. Developments in this ?eld have largely been driven by technological advances. Foremost, the preparation and characterization of atomically ?at surfaces has opened up opportunities to precisely and reproducibly investigate surface structure and dynamics in unprecedented detail. An equally important advance represents the availability of new sources for projectiles interacting with and probing surfaces. Third-generation s- chrotron sources provide high-brilliance photon ?ux over a broad range of energies extending from the ultraviolet to the hard X-ray regime. In the c- text of the primary topics of this book of even greater importance is the development of ion sources that provide slow, very highly charged ions with signi?cant intensities covering charge states up to bare uranium. Currently pursueddevelopment projects suchas HITRAP(highly charged trapped ions) atGSIDarmstadtholdthepromisetodeliverwithinthenextfewyearscooled highly charged ions in the sub-eV kinetic energy regime. These advances in experimental techniques have led to an increased - cus on technological applications. Prominent examples include the controlled nanostructuring of surfaces for novel functionalities on the sub-micron scale and the search of surface materials suited for divertor surfaces in future th- monuclear fusion reactors, in particular to control and reduce physical and chemical sputtering. Concurrently, theory has made great strides. The und- standing and solution of the many-body problem beyond the ground state, which is at the core of the description of dynamical surface processes, has considerably advanced.
Science is often a journey to the limits of the feasible and ascertainable. In low-temperature physics this journey strives towards absolute zero. When Louis Cailletet on December 2nd, 1877, realized a major step in terms of the production of low temperatures, namely the ?rst liquefaction of oxygen, he could hardly imagine the wealth of exciting physical phenomena that would bediscoveredinthis?eld. Despitetheanticipation fromeverydayexperience, which generally equates cold with discomfort and sti?ening, condensed m- ter at low temperatures reveals a wide array of fascinating properties. As the mostprominentexamplesletusmentionsuper?uidityandsuperconductivity, whose attraction is undiminished since their discovery. With every step - wards lower temperatures numerous new insights have resulted, which make the traditional subject of low-temperature physics an attractive and modern research topic. The present book is based on material from lectures that both authors have given several times at the universities of Heidelberg, Bayreuth and Konstanz. It is focused on the discussion of physical phenomena that become most apparent at low temperatures. The book is mainly aimed at students, and provides a compact and comprehensible introduction to various topics of low-temperature physics. Selection and emphasis of the material is subj- tive and certainly re?ects our personal preferences. However, we have tried to give room for as wide a spectrum of topics as possible. The contents are organized in three parts, entitled quantum ?uids, solids at low temperatures and principles of refrigeration and thermometry.
This text is a continuation of the first volume of "Particle Accelerator Physics" on "Basic Principles and Linear Beam Dynamics". While the first volume was written as an introductory overview into beam dynamics, it does not include more detailled discussion of nonlinear and higher-order beam dynamics or the full theory of synchrotron radiation from relativistic electron beams. Both issues are, however, of fundamental importance for the design of modern particle accelerators. In this volume, beam dynamics is formulated within the realm of Hamil tonian dynamics, leading to the description of multiparticle beam dynamics with the Vlasov equation and including statistical processes with the Fokker Planck equation. Higher-order perturbations and aberrations are discussed in detail, including Hamiltonian resonance theory and higher-order beam dynamics. The discussion of linear beam dynamics in Vol. I is completed here with the derivation of the general equation of motion, including kine matic terms and coupled motion. To build on the theory of longitudinal motion in Vol. I, the interaction of a particle beam with the rf system, in cluding beam loading, higher-order phase focusing, and the combination of acceleration and transverse focusing, is discussed. The emission of syn chrotron radiation greatly affects the beam quality of electron or positron beams and we therefore derive the detailled theory of synchrotron radiation, including spatial and spectral distribution as well as properties of polariza tion.
NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER

Journalist Adam Higginbotham’s definitive, years-in-the-making account of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster—and a powerful investigation into how propaganda, secrecy, and myth have obscured the true story of one of the twentieth century’s greatest disasters.

Early in the morning of April 26, 1986, Reactor Number Four of the Chernobyl Atomic Energy Station exploded, triggering history’s worst nuclear disaster. In the thirty years since then, Chernobyl has become lodged in the collective nightmares of the world: shorthand for the spectral horrors of radiation poisoning, for a dangerous technology slipping its leash, for ecological fragility, and for what can happen when a dishonest and careless state endangers its citizens and the entire world. But the real story of the accident, clouded from the beginning by secrecy, propaganda, and misinformation, has long remained in dispute.

Drawing on hundreds of hours of interviews conducted over the course of more than ten years, as well as letters, unpublished memoirs, and documents from recently-declassified archives, Adam Higginbotham has written a harrowing and compelling narrative which brings the disaster to life through the eyes of the men and women who witnessed it firsthand. The result is a masterful nonfiction thriller, and the definitive account of an event that changed history: a story that is more complex, more human, and more terrifying than the Soviet myth.

Midnight in Chernobyl is an indelible portrait of one of the great disasters of the twentieth century, of human resilience and ingenuity, and the lessons learned when mankind seeks to bend the natural world to his will—lessons which, in the face of climate change and other threats, remain not just vital but necessary.
©2019 GoogleSite Terms of ServicePrivacyDevelopersArtistsAbout Google|Location: United StatesLanguage: English (United States)
By purchasing this item, you are transacting with Google Payments and agreeing to the Google Payments Terms of Service and Privacy Notice.